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Questions tagged [numismatics]

Numismatics is, according to Wikipedia, the study or collection of currency, including coins, tokens, paper money, and related objects. It pertains to the auxiliary (or ancillary) sciences of history, like archaeology, codicology, and epigraphy.

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58 votes
4 answers
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Has there ever been a non-rectangular banknote?

You all know that every national flag but Nepal's is rectangular. Most coins are roundish. These are some old norms. What about paper money? The rectangular form is close to universal. After poking ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
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32 votes
1 answer
7k views

What coin is this and where is it from? Thai script, Thai arms. Rev: left facing portrait

here is the front and back of a coin which I would like to find out about. Anyone know which country this is from? Thank you very much!
Kent's user avatar
  • 323
31 votes
2 answers
7k views

Please help identify these old coins found in Germany?

We found these two identical coins in our garden (near Wuerzburg, lower Franconia / northern Bavaria): Coin side A: coat-of-arms of sorts: (the scale units are centimetres / millimetres) Coin Side ...
FrankH.'s user avatar
  • 421
27 votes
1 answer
12k views

How did people cut "pieces of eight"?

The Spanish silver peso was a very common coin consisting of "fine quality silver, assayed at .931 or .916," according to CoinWeek. Under some circumstances one peso coins, worth eight reales, would ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
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24 votes
3 answers
5k views

How to identify this coin with a bust on one side and the letters S and C on the other side?

I believe this coin is Roman but I'd like that confirmed. Can anyone give an approximate date and any other information possible (maybe difficult as it is quite worn). It measures between 2.5cm and 2....
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
24 votes
2 answers
3k views

When and where were the first coins made showing the currency or a face value?

According to this article Origin and Evolution of Money, coins ...for many centuries...were guaranteed by their intrinsic value, that is to say, by the trade value of the metal used in their ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
23 votes
1 answer
3k views

Leather 1.50 German gold mark

I have a German 1.50 gold mark that looks to be made of leather. It is about 3/16 of an inch thick. and dyed black. It has many symbols. Please if anyone can tell me about this. It looks to be dated ...
StarSapphire's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the origin of this coin? Willem WRL

My great-grandfather saved a bunch of very old coins from all around the world and from different times just for me, 7 years after he died, the coins were given to me. Here is one that I cannot find ...
Marc Sharko's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
4k views

Can anyone tell me what this coin was used for, an approximate date and possibly what it’s worth?

It says 'Play coins of the world' with a 50 in the center on one side and on the other side it says Reis Brazil.
Nick's user avatar
  • 157
11 votes
3 answers
2k views

What was the "Brakteaten" medieval monetary system?

I am reading "Interest and inflation free money" by Margrit Kennedy. I have only found this book online (here). It is not in my local libraries or bookshops. The author states (page 39 of ...
luchonacho's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is this 17th century Swiss coin?

I am trying to find more information about a coin that my father gave me before passing. All I know is that the coin is supposedly from the 17th century, Bern, Switzerland. I have found similar coins, ...
a20's user avatar
  • 213
11 votes
1 answer
659 views

What happened to the coins in ancient Greece and Rome when monarchs changed?

Were there any instances in the ancient periods of Greece and Rome, where the succeeding monarchs/state leaders refused to acknowledge the coins issued by the preceding monarch, i.e., decreed the ...
fogof mylife's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
3k views

What's the reason behind the 17th century tradition of British monarchs being depicted on coins facing in the opposite direction to their predecessor?

I have just been informed that on Britain's new currency King Charles III will be depicted facing the opposite direction from Queen Elizabeth II. There are plenty of articles on google claiming to ...
John Strachan's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why does some Califate money feature crosses?

Why does some Muslim money feature crosses? Like the following ones: Was the cross an early Muslim symbol?
Anixx's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
2k views

What coin is this? Arabic: 10 Fulus, over crossed wheat and lead

Years ago (maybe 15), my grandfather gave me this coin and I have no idea what it is or where it came from. Can anyone help? I'm pretty sure it came from the Middle East (he did a lot of work there ...
Kyle Roode's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
8k views

Did the US quarter shrink in size?

I am confused by the size of a current US quarter. It is not a major problem, but it is baffling. It is smaller than a shilling, yet 5 shillings make a crown and 4 quarters make a dollar —...
Matteo Ferla's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
985 views

Were Roman emperors in the first century AD shown as holding stars in their hands?

The New Testament Book of Revelation starts with an image of the exalted Jesus holding several stars in his hand. I read in a commentary that there were coins at that time which showed Roman emperors ...
tbleher's user avatar
  • 371
10 votes
1 answer
2k views

A common find of metal detectorists across Britain is the silver "love token", from around 1700. Do any contemporary sources describe the custom?

A typical example. Anecdotally, a young man would give a love token to his intended who would continue to carry it around, or throw it away if she failed to return his affections. The majority are ...
g2a's user avatar
  • 417
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

When and why did round coins become a practical standard?

In the world today many countries (probably most if not all, but I don't have a reference) use round coins. It's clear that some coins of ancient times were not round, as can be seen here. At which ...
Michael Stachowsky's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
771 views

What is the largest hoard of coins ever found?

According to Guinness world records, the largest coin hoard ever found is one of 80,000 Roman coins in Brescello, Italy, in 1814 (coinsweekly says 1714). However, I stumbled across this Independent ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
11k views

Why does the Star of David feature on these African coins from 20th century?

Why does the Star of David feature on these African coins from 1936 and 1959?
bondonk's user avatar
  • 191
8 votes
3 answers
653 views

Why did overestimated coins led to inflation and well-estimated coins to deflation?

It is said in Debt, the first 5,000 years by David Graeber (chapter 4, note 2) that when the value of metal coins represented exactly their weight, the result was deflation. The author says that when ...
fyusuf-a's user avatar
  • 175
8 votes
2 answers
641 views

Why did the coins of England minted under Richard I and John bear the name of Henry?

From the middle Anglo-Saxon period until the reign of Edward I, England's coinage mainly comprised silver pennies bearing the monarch's portrait and name on the obverse side. These were frequently ...
g2a's user avatar
  • 417
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

Can someone identify this coin? ΤΙΓΡΑΝΟ(Υ) (Β)ΑΣΙΛΕΩ(Σ)

Can someone please identify this coin? I would really appreciate it if you could tell me how old it is and what era it belongs to? (https://i.sstatic.net/up4S3.jpg)
Hassan Nehme's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
656 views

When did Dei gratia/fidi defensor first appear on British coins?

Just as the title says: When did Dei gratia (D.G.) /fidi (fidei) defensor (F.D.) first appear on British coins? Answering When and how did the British Monarchy stop claiming Divine Right made me ...
Mawg's user avatar
  • 793
7 votes
1 answer
221 views

Does any of John Sutter's tin money survive?

John Sutter was a Swiss settler and investor in the late Mexican era of California. I have only seen secondary sources on the matter, but apparently his colony New Helvetia had bespoke coinage: ... ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
  • 27.5k
6 votes
2 answers
1k views

Can you tell me about this coin? श्री महेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाहदेव 2012. i.e in English Sri Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev 2012

This is a photo of both sides of the coin.
B.Rowan's user avatar
  • 61
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

When were Roman Emperor's faces placed on coins?

During an emperor's reign, were coins (i.e. sestertii) minted the year they became emperors, the year they stopped being emperors, or right in the middle?
VAlexander's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
412 views

Antoninus Pius coins

I have looked all over online and cannot find this specific coin. Can anyone help? We believe they are of Antoninus Pius, but I can’t identify anything on the back, although I believe the winged ...
AlaskanMommax2's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
719 views

Was the Byzantine follis larger than the Roman (and why, if yes)?

Today I saw in a museum a row of coins minted by Roman emperors. The last four coins were of the follis kind, belonging to Constantine the Great, Constantius II, Anastasius and Justinian I. . The ...
Felix Goldberg's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
516 views

Please help to identify these coins

First coin: it dates 1670. The coat of arms seems to show the checkerboard as in Flag of Bavaria, but that's speculation Second coin: it dates 1770. The inscription beginns with D.G.MAX.IOS. etc., ...
Dohn Joe's user avatar
  • 1,747
5 votes
0 answers
447 views

Identify Olympic Coin with USA and Japan flags

A friend has found a coin which has been a hassle to identify. It is a silver coin, which on one side has a Japanese flag and an USA flag crossed. On the reverse side is the Olympic Rings and some ...
fishyflop's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
700 views

Chinese Copper Cash Coin. "咸豐通寶 Xianfeng Tongbao"

I found this Chinese copper coin, which I believe is a 4/2 characters type. One side is almost legible, the other not due to sea corrosion. I am reluctant to clean it without knowing what or from ...
Darren King's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
366 views

Identify two Medieval Indian coins

Can someone help me identifying these two old coins found in India? They are made of copper. They are very thick and weigh around 10 grams. Both the coins have a diameter of 1.5cm and thickness of 0....
Dikshit Gautam's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
299 views

Can anyone identify this coin found in Spain?

Can anyone identify this coin? Other side Width: 25mm, edge: 3mm; found on rocks by the sea on east coast of Spain.
oner's user avatar
  • 41
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Who introduced coins in India?

Which King or Kingdom first introduced the coins in India for trading (internal or external)?
Arun S's user avatar
  • 411
3 votes
1 answer
2k views

Need help identifying 2 old coins? Struck coins, one with two standing human figures facing each other

Can anyone tell me what these 2 coins are ? How can I safely clean them?
Leanna's user avatar
  • 39
3 votes
1 answer
831 views

What does GEORGIUS III·D:G·BRITANNIARUM REX·FIDEI DEF·& c·mean? [closed]

I recently came across this medal created to commemorate the preservation of George III from an assassination attempt in 1800: (the image was taken by me) The inscription reads GEORGIUS III·D:G·...
terminex9's user avatar
  • 1,374
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Can anyone help me identify this coin? Basiliea Selvykou. Rev: ICA

Can anyone help me identify this coin?
Kukichka's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
427 views

What was the value of a late 16th century Spanish Ducat?

It is a book referring to Spain in the late 16th century! Spanish ducats, each one roughly equivalent in the later sixteenth century to one escudo, or crown and to two florins. About four ducats made ...
qazxcvbnm's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
262 views

What's this antique coin?

Reverse: Obverse (click for full size) Can anyone identify this coin? I found it with other coin in a bag left by my father after he passed away.
M.hh's user avatar
  • 49
2 votes
2 answers
466 views

Why did Romans use the sesterce in written monetary records when the coin itself was so rarely used?

In the vast majority of cases, Roman writers and government officials recorded amounts of money (money donated, value of items bought/sold, amount given in wills, etc.) in sesterces. Given that the ...
Haydentech's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
138 views

What coin is this? [closed]

This is a coin I found in my grandmother's collection of old things. I would like to identify it. I'm not sure if its a replica or not.
Joshua Varghese's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
127 views

Why does some US banknotes have abstract art on the reverse instead of detailed scenes of history/monuments?

Most US paper currency has detailed images of national monuments or historical scenes on the reverse side. Why wasn't the same treatment given to all currency, such as the $500 bill? It simply ...
chiliNUT's user avatar
  • 163
2 votes
0 answers
175 views

To which age these coins belong?

I want to know where and in what age these 2 coins were produced:
user36339's user avatar
  • 218
2 votes
0 answers
196 views

What is this coin? Figure in rose. Rev: Mansion

Looks old can only make out one word (my death ) Other than that no idea.
Michael reed's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

What is the history of this coin? By Mandate of Heaven) Emperor of the Great Qin", Nurhaci - 1616-1626

I want to know the complete history of this coin.
Vipin Singh's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
501 views

Is this a Caesar silver coin?

A friend showed me a coin he found a number of years a go, but it is hard to identify if it is a Roman coin. Can someone help me identify when it is from? (images no longer available online at ...
Terry's user avatar
  • 251
1 vote
1 answer
633 views

List of Roman Imperial Coins ~0 CE/AD

I'm trying to find a list of Roman Imperial Coins that were used around 0 CE/AD. Most of the my searches turn up lots of shopping pages. After sorting through tons of listings, I can find lists that ...
Tgwizman's user avatar
  • 113
1 vote
1 answer
123 views

What is the size of these coins?

I came across this image, taken at the Shanghai Museum (Wikipedia Shanghai Museum), on Wikipedia. It would be helpful if someone could identify these coins for me. I would primarily be interested in ...
Ferenc Beleznay's user avatar