Skip to main content

Questions tagged [poland]

Poland was an important Eastern-European kingdom between the 11th and 18th centuries. For the next 123 years, it was partitioned between other countries. In 1918 it became a democratic republic, which after World War II joined Warsaw Pact. In 2004, Poland joined the European Union. Check full tag wiki page to see examples of related topics.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
13 votes
2 answers
4k views

Did Augustus the Strong sleep with his own daughter?

I'm working my way through Robert Massie's voluminous biography of Peter the Great at the moment. It's truly a pleasure to read; one really does have the sensation of stepping into Peter's world. ...
-1 votes
1 answer
125 views

Did Poland plant forests near the post-war German border for military protection?

Are the following statements correct, and are there any quality sources to confirm? East of rivers Oder and Neisse, there are huge forests. Covering ground that was agricultural land before WW II. ...
-3 votes
2 answers
93 views

Ranking Eastern Europe Communist regimes by severity of repression [closed]

I was wondering that the severity of repression, censorship, economic stagnation must have varied greatly across the Eastern bloc countries between 1945-1990. It may even have varied over the years in ...
1 vote
0 answers
197 views

What is this large bronze medallion?

Searched many sites but nothing matches this particular lion.
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

During the time of the German Empire, were Polish or Jewish people permitted to join the Social Democratic Party?

According to Wikipedia, the Social Democratic Party (SPD) of Germany was founded in 1890. The German empire was founded in 1871: Inside of this territory, there were many people who were ethnically ...
15 votes
6 answers
2k views

Did the Red Army and German Army clash in Poland in 1939?

I found a youtube lecture by Stephen Kotkin. He is a professor of history, wrote 2 books on Stalin with a 3rd on the way, and has access to certain Russian archives. That's all I know about him, ...
1 vote
1 answer
434 views

What is the actual Polish street name of the street in Martinau, now Rokitnica, of Strasse der SA?

My mother who was born in Beuthen/Bytom, but must have lived at least for a while in Martinau, "Strasse der SA 19". I want to go there and find the street. Martinau was Rokittnitz (part of the ...
6 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why weren’t resettled Germans compensated for their confiscated land in Prussian Pomerania after WWII?

My great-aunt and her two children were expelled from their family farm in the Prussian Province of Pomerania, at Rummelsburg (now known as Miastko), near Wernershof (now Gołębsko). They were given no ...
8 votes
1 answer
2k views

Was there a battle at "Wodziki" in October 1914?

A gravestone for Friedrich Adel Ferdinand Torsten Graf Posadowsky-Wehner, Freiherr v. Postelwitz, Kgl. Preuss Oberst und Kommandeur des (2 Oster.) Gren Rgt. 13 says gefallen am 7 Okt. 1914 i Wodziki ...
41 votes
10 answers
71k views

What is the origin of the stereotype that Polish people lack intelligence?

A quick glance at Wikipedia's list of Polish people demonstrates the stereotype as false. Poland has produced notable minds in such diverse areas of knowledge as Astronomy (Nicolaus Copernicus), ...
0 votes
3 answers
390 views

Did France send people from other countries to fight first during WWII?

I am from Poland. This past weekend, I talked with my mother-in-law, who was born in 1935 in France. In 1939, right before World War II broke out, she and her family went back to Poland. I was shocked ...
8 votes
1 answer
6k views

Would the USSR have invaded Poland in WW2 if the Germans had not crossed into previously-agreed Soviet sphere of influence?

On Quora, I read the following opinion by user Ahmad: During the war against Poland however, the Germans crossed over into the region that had been granted to the Soviet Union as part of the Molotov–...
3 votes
2 answers
253 views

What was the ethno-linguistic makeup of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth?

What was the ethno-linguistic makeup of the Rzeczpospolita, that is, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth prior to the partitions? EDIT: Clarification, asking what were the percentages to total ...
3 votes
1 answer
667 views

Is there evidence that German soldiers tried to prevent the Jedwabne Pogrom?

I believe I saw this in one of historian Sir Martin Gilbert's books but I have not seen it elsewhere nor do I know which book of Gilbert's it was. Note that I am not talking about SS but what I recall ...
12 votes
2 answers
3k views

What was Poland's posture during the Seven Years' War?

Poland seems like the "invisible" party during the Seven Years' War Ostensibly, it was fought between France, Austria, and Russia on one side, and Prussia, plus Great Britain-Hannover on the other. ...
13 votes
5 answers
6k views

Why would this word have been an unsuitable name in Communist Poland? Is it because it's a racial slur?

In Marek Hłasko's The Graveyard (set in communist-occupied Poland) there is a scene where, in a political party meeting one of the party members (Nowak) is forced to change the name of his dog. This ...
3 votes
1 answer
312 views

Where in Poland and when in 1986 did stuntman Ian B. Jamieson perform?

I've these 3 old pictures of mine: So my question is: Where and when stuntman did Ian Bruce Jamieson perform in Poland? Some known details: The pictures are from around 1986 taken in Szczecin, Poland....
0 votes
1 answer
91 views

How could Stutthof's inmates reach Palmnicken?

There's a Palmnicken Massacre section in Polish article about Stutthof concentration camp (not available in English version). It says (translation mine): The female prisoners of the sub-camps were ...
5 votes
0 answers
112 views

What can I learn from this man's uniform?

This is my Polish Great Grandfather - I'm trying to create his story by looking at his uniform. Imperial Russian Uniform? Lithuanian cross? Help! Photo taken in Saint Petersburg, Russia He was born ...
7 votes
2 answers
355 views

Of which countries was Ludwig von Mises a citizen?

This is a question regarding the economist and political thinker Ludwig von Mises. A short biography: Mises was born in 1881 in Lviv, then part of Austria–Hungary. He studied and worked in Vienna ...
5 votes
2 answers
838 views

Did the Ottomans conquer Poland-Lithuania?

Türk Tarihi | History of Turks claims that the Ottomans took Poland-Lithuania as a vassal in the late 1570s. Where did they get this from? I searched everywhere but I couldn't find anything.
11 votes
2 answers
2k views

Do we know the names of the German soldiers entombed at Babie Doły?

The Eugene Register-Guard newspaper ran the following story on the 18th of June 1951 Warsaw, Poland - (U.P.) - A 32 year-old German Soldier who said he had been buried alive for six years in a Nazi ...
10 votes
1 answer
784 views

How significant was the literary loss due to WWII?

From the Wikipedia list of libraries damaged during World War II, I learnt that millions of books stored in libraries were lost from bombings and intentional destruction by the Nazis, especially in ...
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

When did Wiktoria Narutowicz die?

Is it possible to find when Wiktoria ze Szczepkowskich, mother of Gabriel Narutowicz (his Wiki-page) died? I found rodovid.org but there is no date of death. I also checked in Gabriel Narutowicz ...
17 votes
4 answers
1k views

Help with identifying my great-grandfather's pre-WWI Cossack uniform

My great-grandfahter was a Cossack from "Then Russia" "Now Belarus" where the Belarus, Ukraine and Poland borders met, but I don't now which "type" like Don or Kuban etc. He fled from the place he ...
4 votes
1 answer
205 views

Who got a pardon from Gabriel Narutowicz?

In December 1922 Gabriel Narutowicz was president of Poland and were killed 16th of December. Just after 5 days of being president of country he got assassinated by Eligiusz Niewiadomski. I found that ...
12 votes
4 answers
3k views

Did Mussolini know that Hitler was going to attack Poland?

Did Hitler inform Mussolini of his decision to attack Poland in advance? Was Mussolini in favour?
3 votes
1 answer
299 views

What was the conspiratorial name of Roman Stanislaw Dmowski?

What name did Roman Stanislaw Dmowski before he returned to Warsaw in 1905? in Autumn 1905 after the proclamation of the constitution in Russia, he [returned] to Warsaw, where he could live under his ...
18 votes
5 answers
10k views

Have Germany and Poland ever signed a peace treaty after WWII?

I met a shocking (for me) information, that Germany and Poland have not signed a peace treaty after the World War II. Because I could not believe this, I performed some research. In the Potsdam ...
14 votes
1 answer
682 views

Why did peasant serfdom last longer in Eastern Europe than in Western?

My concern is for the early-modern period, roughly 16th to 19th centuries. Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Russia seem to provide the best known examples of long-lasting serfdom. The article on ...
5 votes
1 answer
560 views

When and why did the given name Dariusz get popular in Poland?

I recently realized that Dariusz is a) a reasonably popular given name in Poland, and b) sounds a lot like the modern Iranian name Daryush, which is derived from the name of Darius, one of the most ...
15 votes
4 answers
4k views

Did the German authorities respell Polish personal names to be more German during the time of the German Empire?

How were Polish names handled by Prussian and German authorities during the times of the German empire? It is well known there was intense Germanisation throughout the area, for example all location ...
15 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why did China decide to support Poland in 1956, but not Hungary?

In 1956, the fate of the Eastern Block was pretty uncertain: The Khrushchev Thaw was causing the satellite countries to rethink their place in the world, as de-Stalinization was bringing the promise ...
4 votes
0 answers
122 views

Was there any significant cultural shift in Russian Empire caused by the partition of Poland?

Wikipedia article on Tsardom of Russia claims that acquisition of Wild Fields and Kiev Academy caused an influx of intellectuals in Russia, which in turn kick-started later reforms by Peter The Great ...
10 votes
2 answers
391 views

What was the border regime between Poland and Czechoslovakia like during the 1970s and 1980s?

Poland and Czechoslovakia shared a rather long border after WW2. This border included several touristically relevant places, e.g. Snežka in the Krkonoše mountains and several peaks in the High Tatras. ...
34 votes
3 answers
7k views

What concessions did Hitler demand from the Poles before 1939?

On Wikipedia, it is stated that: Earlier, Hitler's foreign policy worked to weaken ties between Poland and France, and attempted to manoeuvre Poland into the Anti-Comintern Pact, forming a ...
1 vote
0 answers
170 views

Which place in Europe and/or Russia had its catenary lines removed/replaced several times for political reasons?

I could swear I remember reading about a city or rail line -- maybe in Germany? Maybe in Poland? -- that had the overhead electrical wires for trains removed, exported to another city or country, and ...
12 votes
1 answer
3k views

Where can I find information on a Polish castle dismantled by Sweden?

I recently visited a castle in Krakow, Poland, where I learned that a Polish castle was dismantled by a Swedish king and loaded onto boats to be rebuilt in Sweden. Unfortunately, the castle sank to ...
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

What does this acronym and the symbol in the middle represent?

One of my Polish friends just bought a ruined old brick house in a village in Poland, which was supposedly reigned by Germany during the second world war (I didn't ask the name nor the location of the ...
2 votes
1 answer
6k views

Did Poland help Germany take Czechoslavakia before Germany invaded Poland?

In March of 1939, "with Germany's permission" (WW2 for dummies), Poland invaded Czechoslovakia while Germany was annexing the Sudetenland per the Munich agreement. Only 6 months later, in September, ...
8 votes
4 answers
2k views

How would Eastern European emigres have traveled across Eastern Europe to Warsaw in the early 20thC?

I was looking back at my grandmother's voyage to America, she made the trip from Zbaraz in the Ukraine through Warsaw and then on to Gdanks and through steerage class to the New York. I know she took ...
2 votes
0 answers
385 views

Can anyone identify these (possibly WW1 Polish) uniforms?

The only hint I have is that the gentlemen in the picture were Polish and it was reputed to have been taken in 1917. So far I suspect that they may be cavalry?
10 votes
1 answer
1k views

How did Poland avoid partition in the 17th century, but not the 18th century?

During the "Deluge" of 1648-1667, Poland was invaded and largely overrun by Sweden and Russia, the latter supporting dissident Ukrainian rebels. (See Deluge on Wikipedia.) Yet, despite the ...
13 votes
3 answers
1k views

Did more Jews live in Poland than any other country, prior to the Holocaust, because of how Polish laws and people regarded Jews?

Poland in 1900 and just before the Sho'ah ranks 1st in a list of nations by Jewish percentage of the population. [1] Now of course in such a ranking that country is Israel. Why did Jews migrate to and ...
15 votes
3 answers
705 views

When Louis I of Hungary died in 1382, why did Polish lords choose Jadwiga instead of Mary as the monarch?

I am looking at a particular moment in Polish history when Louis I of Hungary died in 1382. Although the Hungarian throne was inherited by his daughter Mary, local power brokers back in Poland did not ...
4 votes
1 answer
295 views

Why was Polish king Sigismund II Augustus' coronation held when his father Sigismund I was still alive?

Sigismund II Augustus was born in 1520 and crowned at age 10 in 1530, while his father Sigismund I the Old was still alive. Could someone explain me the reason for this coronation? Sigismund II August ...
1 vote
0 answers
153 views

Is history of Polish Catholicism exceptional? [closed]

Zygmunt Zieliński in his study called "The myth of a Catholic Pole" in the book Polish political myths of the 19th and 20th centuries observes: (…) the criterion for distin­guishing the ...
1 vote
1 answer
129 views

What is the name for the very first Polish state likely established around 966 by Mieszko I through baptism of Poland?

In the year of likely around 966, Mieszko I united all of the tribes occupying a part of today's western Poland through Christianization of it, therefore making Poland an official sovereign state (at ...
4 votes
0 answers
143 views

What was the treatment of Polish POW in British or Soviet uniform in WW2?

Suppose that Polish soldier, member of Polish Armed Forces in the West, becomes a German POW. How good or bad would have be treated ? Like UK/US POW (relatively mildly) or like Polish POWs from 1939 (...
8 votes
2 answers
692 views

Why was Austria given the best chunk in the First Partition of Poland, even while protesting it?

In the First Partition of Poland, Austria was given 2.7 million people, versus 1.3 million for Russia, and almost 1 million for Prussia. Austria got more than twice as much land as Prussia, and only ...