Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [political-history]

Political history is the history of: political events, politicians, political bodies, political movements and anything else related to politics. Questions on topic will be related to the significance, evolution, or veracity of things of historical consequence related to politics.

4
votes
1answer
90 views

Did Friedrich Engels support the Chartist movement?

Does anybody have primary sources of Friedrich Engels explicitly supporting the Chartist movement? (Chartism was a mid-19th century political movement)
4
votes
3answers
213 views

Micromanagement before the modern era?

We read a lot about the problem of micromanagement today, particularly in examples of failed leadership. And Google Ngram Viewer shows the first occurrences of the word in the 1970s. Did ancient (...
3
votes
2answers
320 views

Was Woodrow Wilson really a Liberal?

In a related question Ben Crowell asked, Was World War I a war of liberals against authoritarians? in that discussion, Woodrow Wilson was called a liberal. I have always believed, this has become a ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Were there socioeconomic reasons for the decline of Athenian democracy?

Historians often emphasize socioeconomic causes when describing the fall of the Roman republic, which began centuries before Augustus won the civil wars. For example, the sudden influx of wealth and ...
92
votes
10answers
17k views

Has a sovereign Communist government ever run, and conceded loss, on a fair election?

Have there been cases where a sovereign Communist government ran in an open and fair multi-party election and conceded a loss? The reason for the sovereign qualifier is simple. If, for example, the ...
6
votes
1answer
294 views

What were the most common reactions to Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott?

I'm curious about the general reactions to historical events in civil rights by people wanting to keep the status quo. However, this information is hard to find. News clippings I can find are ...
-3
votes
1answer
123 views

Was the Eye of Providence also a symbol of Bavarian illuminati? [closed]

If no, then where did it come from? This site (How the secret Illuminati society really did start in Germany) claims that the owl of Minerva was the symbol of the Bavarian Illuminati. I did my ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Largest congressional letter writing campaign in US history?

In the United States, there is a system where folks can write letters to their representative and senators in congress to bring attention to a particular issue, sometimes as a timely event or a hot-...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

What would have been the consequences of not citing a casus belli? [closed]

Are there any exceptions to the rule of always having a justification for going to war? Did not having an ostensible reason (proschema) for war up one’s sleeve ever result in any consequences? Could ...
0
votes
1answer
305 views

Are the Nazi Party, Communist Party, and Bolsheviks far-right or far-left? [closed]

I am really confused why some or all of these parties are considered to be far-right and not far-left. They are mostly socialist parties which took the ideology too far. What are the academic criteria ...
6
votes
2answers
221 views

When was the first usage of the slogan “Wer hat uns verraten…”?

Inspired by this question on Movie&TV.SE, I am looking for the origin of the phrase/slogan Wer hat uns verraten? Sozialdemokraten! Who betrayed us? Social democrats! It is still used ...
16
votes
2answers
3k views

How did Hitler imagine his succession? (for the case nazis would win the war)

I am not asking about any resolution he might have made in the feverish April of 1945. Do we have any information how Hitler imagined the government of his Reich after he would have died from old ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Why did US annex Hawaii? [closed]

Was there an economical or political reason for the annexation of Hawaii by US in 1898? It does not seem to me that Hawaii was a particularly wealthy place at that time. Did the US government need to ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

How did the election of one-third of Senators every two years stay in sync with addition of new states?

The Constitution says: The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years. Immediately after they shall be ...
4
votes
2answers
242 views

Who is the last known non-natural US citizen who would have been eligible for the Presidency? [closed]

The United States Constitution states (relevant part highlighted): No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

From Degania Alef (1909) on towards the formation of the state of Israel, what what were the major features of a Kibbutz? [closed]

I’m inquiring about the population, land area, facilities, education, skills, activities and developments related to a Kibbutz and its inhabitants.
3
votes
1answer
262 views

Did Paul Robeson wash the US flag in protest?

I vaguely remember a story where the world-famous singer Paul Robeson, probably during an anti-war protest demonstration in the 60s, washed the US flag drenched in blood as a result of the policies of ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

What were the policies of the Sammarinese communist party?

I've heard of things not going very well for many socialist countries in the 20th and 21st centuries with problems such as famine, civil war and genocide. However in contrast to states like the USSR ...
0
votes
1answer
193 views

Why is it the Irish border such a sticking point in Brexit talks? [closed]

I know little about Irish history, so this question could be very naive. Ongoing Brexit negotiations appear to be encountering a lot of problems concerning the Northern Ireland-Ireland border. Why? ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

What is this medal that LBJ is wearing?

This photo shows President Lyndon Johnson wearing a medal that I can't ID: (LBJ, Westmoreland, and Air Force One. ¿In New Orleans?) LBJ supposedly won the Silver Star in WW2, but that looks ...
-1
votes
2answers
95 views

Did monotheistic religions play a role in shaping the belief that political power should be in the hands of an all powerful monarch? [closed]

When reflecting on the past, is there a pattern in human societies whereby political power was entrusted in a sovereign with virtually absolute power under monarchies? In other words, did Kings and ...
4
votes
2answers
281 views

What was the Catholic Church trying to do in Spain in the 1930s?

Right now I'm trying to learn about Spain's transition to democracy in the 20th century. To start, I'm looking at the civil war that took place in the '30s. And the question I'm trying to answer is: ...
-1
votes
2answers
177 views

Why, and how, was the Catholic Church in Spain reactionary in the early 20th century? [closed]

Right now I'm trying to learn about Spain's transition to democracy in the 20th century. To start, I'm looking at the civil war that took place in the '30s. And the question I'm trying to answer is: ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Have map projections and distortions ever affected treaties?

Has there ever been a case of an unfair treaty occur anytime through history due to use of biased map projections, either accidentally or deliberately?
4
votes
1answer
322 views

In the election of 1800, why did Burr end up with as many electoral votes as Jefferson, rather than one fewer?

In the election of 1800, the Federalist candidate for president, John Adams, received one more electoral vote than the candidate for vice president, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney. This was by design, as ...
30
votes
2answers
5k views

Did any British working class men have the vote before 1918?

I was watching the film Suffragette recently and she mentioned her husband having the vote. I thought he looked too poor to already have the vote, but this didn't look like a film to just ignore ...
5
votes
1answer
282 views

Why is Lal Bahadur Shastri's death in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, still a mystery?

Was the death of Lal Bahadur Shastri a conspiracy (by the USA or Russia, or some other party) because of the stand he took on nuclear policy, or was it simply a natural death abroad. Context : His ...
-3
votes
2answers
349 views

Is there a historic reason for why the Balkans are so fragmented? [closed]

Is there a historic reason for why the Balkans are so fragmented? Because while I can't name any of the top of my head, I'm sure there are regions that are just as ethnically diverse, but with less ...
-11
votes
1answer
993 views

What is the primary source evidence for the theory that the African Ancient Egyptians are not black Africans whose origin is sub-Saharan Africa? [closed]

The question When did the ancient Egyptians discover or reach the Nile Headwaters? begins with the premise that the African Ancient Egyptians (pre 332 B.C.E.) did not originate at the headwaters of ...
4
votes
3answers
964 views

Was bribery instrumental to the approval of the Thirteenth Amendment?

The movie Lincoln suggests there was a fair bit of bribery involved in the passing of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. Are there actual records of this? Any sound ...
11
votes
1answer
328 views

Why did Gorbachev go to see “Prince Igor” after the August 1991 coup attempt?

After the 1991 coup attempt in the Soviet Union failed, Mikhail and Raisa Gorbachev arrived back in Moscow in the wee hours of August 21. That night or the night after, it was reported on US news ...
1
vote
5answers
413 views

Have national symbols often acquired partisan meanings?

In the U.S. today the Republican Party and its partisans use much more patriotic imagery than its opposition. Conservatives highly value loyalty (see Haidt's moral foundations theory). The national ...
1
vote
1answer
335 views

Historical accuracy of gulag archipelago [closed]

How empirically and historically accurate is The Gulag Archipelago, by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn?
-4
votes
2answers
386 views

Who is the first person in the 17th century to describe themselves as a “white” person and who invented the term “white race”?

According to the Wikipedia article entitled White people The concept of a unified white race did not achieve universal acceptance in Europe when it first came into use in the 17th century, or ...
-3
votes
1answer
196 views

Who was the US first cross-dressing governor? [closed]

Who was the US first cross-dressing governor?
2
votes
2answers
289 views

In the 1973 war, did Israel arm 13 intermediate-range Jericho missiles with nuclear warheads?

https://www.upi.com/Yom-Kippur-Israels-1973-nuclear-alert/64941032228992/ According to a former senior CIA official, who also spoke on condition of anonymity, Dayan sought an urgent meeting with ...
30
votes
2answers
4k views

Were secret treaties ratified? How did they become official while remaining secret?

Up to early 20th century, secret treaties or secret protocols seemed to be common. For example: The Russian-French alliance before WW I was partly based on a "a secret treaty in 1894" The secret ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

What was the family relationship between British neo-Nazi politician John Tyndall and the 19th century physicist of the same name?

John Tyndall was a neo-Nazi British politician who chaired the National Front and who was the chairman of the British National Party from 1982 to 1999. According to his obituary in the Daily Telegraph,...
9
votes
2answers
966 views

During the French Revolution, how did the French address non-citizens?

I've read in multiple books and articles that during the French Revolution the address of monsieur / madame (my lord / my lady) was suspended in favor of the more égalité-friendly citoyen / citoyenne (...
4
votes
2answers
249 views

Did the House of Representatives during Meiji Era exercise their powers?

Currently, I am researching into the Imperial Diet of Japan during the Meiji Era. It has been established by historians that the House of Representatives were granted some form of power, such as the ...
2
votes
4answers
324 views

Is there an historical example for the possibility of peaceful resolution of Kashmir conflict?

For decades two nations (born out of one) have been looking for excuses to hurt each other. Just when you think that both nations have gotten over their respective pasts and are finally moving towards ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Are a fief and a vassal state the same thing?

Definition of a fief: An estate of land, especially one held on condition of feudal service; a fee. Definition of a vassal state: A vassal state is any state that is subordinate to another. The ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Why Nawab Shirajuddawla lost in the battle of Palashy (Plassey)?

I know that Nawab had 50000 soldier but on the other side English soldier was 3000 and I also know that because Mir Zafar and some other guys Nawab lost the battle. My question is only for Mir Zafar ...
44
votes
3answers
7k views

When did FDR announce he was running a 3rd time, and was there any outrage?

When did President Franklin Roosevelt announce he was running again for a 3rd term? And was there any shock or outrage at this? I noticed the Vice President, John Garner, actually ran against FDR in ...
3
votes
3answers
377 views

Why was Stalin chosen as the First General Secretary in 1922?

At the 11th Party Congress, Stalin was voted into the position of General Secretary. This was the first time the party had a General Secretary. This was in 1922 Mar/Apr. Why was Stalin chosen? I ...
2
votes
1answer
202 views

Khagantes, Aghas, and Sultanates, a feudalism of the east?

I'm confused about these terms, to keep it simple I've heard of people refer to khagantes and the system of Aghas in Kurdistan and sultanates as a kind of feudalism of the East with a pretty close ...
1
vote
1answer
267 views

Has bad government interventions in the economy ever resulted in unexpectedly good outcomes for the industry?

In the business world, people have talked about the role of serendipity or luck in a firm's success. Is there something similar for the success of a government's economic policy? More specifically, ...
30
votes
6answers
9k views

Why did Chamberlain remain Prime Minister of Britain until 10 May, 1940?

WW2 officially began on 1 September 1939, but Churchill did not become Prime Minister until 10 May 1940. Neville Chamberlain, the same leader of appeasement with Hitler, remained Prime Minister all ...
6
votes
2answers
514 views

Why was it necessary to maintain a balance of power between the Slave and Free states?

As said in the title, why was there a need to maintain the balance of power between the Slave states and Free States by keeping them equal in number, before the American Civil War? Both the Clay ...
4
votes
1answer
200 views

Does the Presidential term occurring after a death in office have a name (USA specifically)?

I'm working on a project involving US Presidents and their term dates etc. If a President dies in office, how is the new President's term until the next election year referred to? Is it simply 'The ...