Questions tagged [political-history]

Political history is the history of: political events, politicians, political bodies, political movements and anything else related to politics. Questions on topic will be related to the significance, evolution, or veracity of things of historical consequence related to politics.

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What religions were persecuted and disappeared (between 1000 BCE - 1 CE)? [closed]

R Gottlieb wrote in his book called "Reason to Believe" on page 66 that many cultures were persecuted between 1000 BCE - 1 CE, and none survived. As far as I'm aware, he does not provide any ...
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In the Gettysburg Address, what is the exact meaning of the phrase 'under God'?

Recently, while studying Chinese translations of this classic speech, EDIT: that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the ...
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How was the Roman Empire officially referred to by contemporaries throughout the 1st to 6th centuries AD?

I understand that the notion of state in the specified period was different from the modern one and maybe was gradually changing over time. However, I still believe that contemporary sources ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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How did 19th century politicians discredit rivals?

I'm writing a fantasy novel in which a pivotal election takes place (first vote in which everyone above the age of 21 can vote - and the first time women can vote). The setting of the novel is heavily ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Were there political parties in ancient Greece?

So I'm reading a Spanish translation of Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War and he frequently mentions a "popular party". For example: That is why the Athenians made many other ...
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3 votes
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What impact did Georgists have on the Sixteenth Amendment, and vice versa?

The Sixteenth Amendment, which allows the federal government to directly tax citizens' incomes, was ratified in 1913. That seems to be the same period of time (late 19th and early 20th centuries) that ...
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4 votes
0 answers
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What was Northern Ireland electoral law pre-1972?

I have seen claims that the voting system used in Northern Ireland pre-1972 was discriminatory. In particular, I've seen the claim that voting was allocated per household and not per person; I have ...
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Did mother Teresa ask to allow to Christianise Arunachal Pradesh to receive Bharat Ratna?

Mother Teresa is a popular person, generally known for her humanitarian work. But from my childhood, I repeatedly used to hear that she promoted and converted many Indians to Christianity either ...
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What is the evidence that Galerius raised Severus II to the rank of Augustus?

It is widely reported that Severus II was made Augustus by Galerius. But Zosimus in Historia Nova reports: "Maximianus Gallerius, when he had learned this, sent Severus Caesar against Maxentius ...
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Did William Ward write "An Address At a Meeting of the Society for Political Information held at the Talbot Inn in Derby, July 16th 1792"?

William Ward (1769–1823) the Baptist missionary assistant to William Carey (1761-1834) was a Derby man and, as a youth at any rate, a radical. He is said to have been the author of "An Address At ...
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Who are these "Millennial Folk" being referred to?

This came up on an episode of QI where the question was, "When was the First World War, first called as such". The answer was: The First World War was given its title as early as the ...
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1 answer
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Examples of failed leftist movements without support today [closed]

By support I mean popular support, whether in polls or any means of trying to gauge the views of the average citizen. It seems like almost every major historical movement spearheaded by the left ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Why is it said that the Qin dynasty was the first to unite China?

I have often heard that the Qin dynasty was the first to unite China. For example, Wikipedia says: Qin Shi Huang, or Shihuangdi, was the founder of the Qin dynasty, and first emperor of a unified ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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In terms of citizens living standards, how did Athenian democracy compare to other ancient Greek city-states using different political systems?

Athenian democracy Athenian democracy is described as having been a direct democracy whereby the citizens directly controlled all parts of the political process. World History Encycopedia In Athenian ...
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-4 votes
1 answer
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Do negotiations/concessions to dictatorial powers always bring them to wanting more? [closed]

Let's focus on European powers that existed from the 18th century until today. There's a common theory which basically says: giving concessions or not being firm enough towards dictators always ...
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1 vote
1 answer
670 views

When and why did blue become the colour of the British Conservative Party?

In Britain at Elections Conservative Party candidates always wear blue rosettes and Conservative posters usually feature the colour blue, so that even if someone does not stop to read the poster they ...
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What did US presidential ballots look like when unpledged electors were offered?

Unpledged presidential electors have run in at least four US presidential elections. In 1960, 14 were elected. In this age, where the electoral college is almost a mere formality and we rarely think ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Why was East Pakistan never divided into multiple provinces? [closed]

East Pakistan had a population much bigger than West Pakistan. West Pakistan had multiple provinces, but the East had only one province. This had been a recognized problem, and that was why Mohammad ...
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16 votes
3 answers
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Did Lord Acton ever say "freedom faces four major challenges"?

I read a Chinese article that quoted a passage purported to be from Lord Acton, describing how "freedom faces four major challenges". The original Chinese states: 每个时代,自由都会面临着四大挑战: ...
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15 votes
1 answer
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Why did China decide to support Poland in 1956, but not Hungary?

In 1956, the fate of the Eastern Block was pretty uncertain: The Khrushchev Thaw was causing the satellite countries to rethink their place in the world, as de-Stalinization was bringing the promise ...
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What made Seleucid monarchy so unstable?

I would not claim that the Seleucid monarchy was more unstable than other Hellenistic monarchies (though contemporary Antigonid Macedonia appears to be more politically robust) but throughout the 3rd ...
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11 votes
1 answer
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Why were Muslims in Western Thrace and Christians in Constantinople excluded from the population exchange?

In the 1923 compulsory population exchange between Greece and Turkey, most Muslims living in Greece were forcibly moved to Turkey, and most Christians living in Turkey were forcibly moved to Greece. ...
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How did the Dominican Civil War impact culture?

I'm trying to find information about any cultural changes caused by the Dominican Civil War-- whether that be more or less radical politics, a general move to the right or left, hostility towards ...
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1 answer
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Why were the kingdom of Prussia's territorial ambitions focused in Saxony?

If I have remembered it correctly the Hohenzollerns tried several times to annex the electorate/kingdom of Saxony. From the reign of Frederick II (the great) to the aftermath of Napoleonic wars where ...
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How common was Nixon-esque espionage in 20th-century American politics?

During the Watergate scandal, President Nixon's supporters were reportedly fond of saying, "Everyone does it." When I listened to Slate's Slow Burn podcast recently, I remember them saying ...
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2 answers
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What were the heir and children of monarchs with the titles "Grand Prince" or "Prince" called?

I've tried to look everywhere, but I could not find anything substantial. What I want to know is, what were the heirs and grander offspring of monarchs, with titles such as "Grand Prince" or ...
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Is the former adviser to the prime minister Dominic Cummings related by marriage to Andrew Wakefield? [closed]

Is Dominic Cummings, the British prime minister's former chief adviser, related by marriage to Andrew Wakefield, director of the 2016 film "Vaxxed"? Dominic Cummings, the former adviser to ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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When did the news start reporting 'women and children were killed'

I'm trying to figure out when news specifically started mentioning women and children were killed when reporting fatalities. Does anyone have any reference or idea when this differentiation happened - ...
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Who Was The Last Head Of State To Participate In Battle While In Office? [duplicate]

Many historical heads of state, e.g., Charlemagne (ca. 800 CE), Henry V (ca. 1413-1422 CE), George Washington (as head of state during the Revolutionary War ca. 1776 CE), and Napoleon (late 18th and ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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Which 1848 German revolutionaries became key players in the US Republican party?

Gillian Brockell wrote in an article at the WP: In 1860, two major factors helped to propel Lincoln — a one-term congressman and country lawyer most known for losing a Senate campaign — to the ...
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-1 votes
2 answers
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When names of these countries were first called

I'd like to know when the first time the name of India in English (Inde in French) was called. What is the name in Latin and if there is one? Also, I'd like to know the first time the names of Myanmar ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Exactly what time of the day was the UN charter official?

I have been searching for information about the creation of the United Nations. The UN website says that the official date of creation was October 24, 1945. The same information can be found in ...
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Why did East Germany fail? And why did DDR need hard currency 1986-1989?

Sometime back I saw Deutschland 83 then Deutschland 86 and finally Deutschland 89. The sad part is even though you see the series, you don't really understand why did East Germany fail? Why exactly ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Are there primary sources about Jinnah's vision for Pakistan?

Pakistan fell, a few years after independence, into military rule. I remember reading a few years ago that this was because of the deaths of its founding father and first prime minister (which is ...
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How did the generation who elected Rutherford B. Hayes and Benjamin Harrison feel about the electoral college?

In 1824, John Quincy Adams became the first president to win the presidential election, but lose the popular vote. It would not be until 52 years later in 1876 with Rutherford B. Hayes when this would ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Why is Nazi Germany called a "fascist" regime?

Fascism is an Italian political system, but it has become a catch-all term for any oppressive government. If Nazi Germany is the most infamous example of a "fascist regime," why are they not ...
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1 answer
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What wars or other serious crises have been caused by translation?

I'm researching the costs of translation, economic and of other nature. What large crises, such as the New Zealand Wars (due to the inaccurate translation of the Treaty of Waitangi) have been caused ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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How many soldiers were present in DC for past presidents' inaugurations?

Recently it has been in the news that Biden's inauguration could feature more than 2,500, more than 5,000, more than 10,000, 20,000, 25,000, or even 30,000 national guardsmen in DC. It's hard to ...
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3 votes
1 answer
328 views

When else has an incumbent president alleged election fraud by a challenger?

I know this is a hot issue these days, but I am trying to keep my question factual here. When fraud is alleged in an election, I am usually familiar with one of two cases: One or more challengers ...
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2 answers
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Do revolutions always need public support in order to succeed long-term? [closed]

I normally frequent Worldbuilding StackExchange, and I recently asked a question about werewolves attempting to declare themselves an independent, sovereign state in the American West. However, this ...
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When did the term "liberal democracy" first appear?

Reading through Western political history (whether Europe or North and South America) prior to the late 20th century, I see many references to "republicanism" and to "democracy". ...
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29 votes
4 answers
7k views

Why did some Enlightenment thinkers despise democracy?

The wikipedia page on the Enlightenment has this interesting quote: The leaders of the Enlightenment were not especially democratic, as they more often look to absolute monarchs as the key to ...
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11 votes
3 answers
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MLK used "negro" several times in his "I have a dream"-address. Could white "liberals" at the time also use "negro" as a neutral word for blacks?

According to this transcription of Martin Luther King's I have a dream-address, he used negro 15 times in his speech, as a neutral word for black people. Did/could "leading", documented non-...
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Can anyone tell me about this old portrait of George Washington?

I’ve searched online, and can’t seem to find this exact portrait of him. There are always differences in the ruffles, lips, nose, etc. Also, what type of print is this and roughly how old is it?
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1 vote
0 answers
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Why did China not become a democracy to cure involution? [closed]

I am new to politics-related questions, then please be kind if I am not asking a good question here(from your perspective). To get rid of being caught and involved in trouble I cannot not post this ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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When were weapons banned at the Thing assemblies in Norway?

First the attendants of the assemblies used the clashing of their swords and shields as an expression of their agreement, but later on weapons at the Thing assemblies were banned and the meaning of &...
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5 votes
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Were there attempts to rename the French language Prussian order Pour le Mérite, why was it never Germanised?

Were there any attempts to rename the French language but Prussian order Pour le Mèrite, why was it never Germanised? If there were attempts, how did the opponents argue? The Prussian's highest order ...
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What is known about the Tings in 10th century Norway?

There is quite a lot known about the Icelandic assemblies, but what about the Norwegian ones? Were Gulating, Borgarting, Eidsivating and Frostating also held in summer? Can we assume, that the ...
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Was there a religious revival in Uganda in the late 1980s and 1990s with pervasive impacts on society and the presidency?

I recently asked a related question on Skeptics.SE, but I haven't received answers (probably because history is not an area of expertise over there). But here I'm interested in the broader context: is ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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How did the Japanese populace view the emperor during the Edo Period?

What was the context behind the Sonnō Jōi (尊皇攘夷, "revere the emperor and repel the barbarians") movement? To my understanding, the Edo Shogunate was a typical feudal society with strict ...
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