Questions tagged [pope]

The leader of Catholic Church, also the Bishop of Rome and head of Vatican state, previously Papal State. The first pope ever is St. Peter.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
13 votes
4 answers
50k views

How did the Catholic Pope manage to become more powerful than Kings in old Europe?

In medieval Europe, the Roman Catholic Pope seemed to hold more power than the European kings. This is strange because monarchs can raise armies. Pope and their bishops are not exactly military men. ...
curious's user avatar
  • 4,546
11 votes
4 answers
5k views

Did Franco consider Hitler a "son of the Catholic Church" who "died while defending Christianity"?

Did Francisco Franco, who established Catholicism as the State religion of Spain, consider Hitler a "son of the Catholic Church" who "died while defending Christianity"? If so, why? Hitler acted ...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 2,277
9 votes
4 answers
1k views

Inquiry into the nature and roots of the temporal power of the Roman Catholic Pope:

The Roman Catholic Pope is head of both the Roman Catholic Church: "Supreme Pontiff of the Universal Church", and a head of state: "Sovereign of the Vatican City State". Official list of Papal titles ...
user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
4k views

Did the pope try to suppress the number zero?

Is there any evidence indicating that the Pope attempted to suppress the number zero? In an editorial review, Rob Lightner claims that "Zero: The Biography of a Dangerous Idea", by Charles Seife, ...
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
886 views

What was Pope Innocent III's response to the Children's crusade led by Stephan of Cloyes?

In 1212, two groups involving children embarked on crusades to the Holy Land. They are generally lumped together and known as the Children's Cruade. They were not true crusades in the sense that the ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
386 views

Who were the Catholic popes before Francis I who used names not of Latin, Greek or Jewish origin?

Who were the Catholic popes before the current Francis I who used names not of Latin, Greek or Jewish origin? Particularly, names of Germanic origin, like Francis.
Anixx's user avatar
  • 32.7k
6 votes
0 answers
462 views

What was Pope Innocent VIII's reaction to the Edict of Expulsion of the Jews in 1492?

What was the reaction of the Pope of the Catholic Church to the Edict of Expulsion of the Jews of Spain on March 31, 1492? Did Pope Innocent VIII (d. July 25, 1492) condemn publicly Spain's decree? ...
Polk's user avatar
  • 153
5 votes
4 answers
2k views

What authority did the Catholic Church have over European monarchs from 900–1450?

I recently described the Catholic Church as a superpower during the Middle Ages and was surprised a respected member of the board (LangLangC) objected to that characterization and thought the Catholic ...
user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
3k views

Was any pope imprisoned during his service to Catholic Church?

On 11 February 2013, the Vatican announced that Pope Benedict XVI would resign on 28 February, due to infirmity from advanced age. Earlier in the history, few popes resigned similar way, probably the ...
Darek Wędrychowski's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
4k views

What was the relationship between the Catholic Church and the Carolingian emperors?

Charlemagne was crowned by the pope in the year 800. But was it Charlemagne's choice, or was he compelled to do so? Having conquered his lands, couldn't he just crown himself emperor? Moreover, did ...
Adrian's user avatar
  • 313
4 votes
1 answer
335 views

Is Benedict XVI the first pope emeritus?

I have read in a newspaper that Benedict XVI is the first pope emeritus. Is he really the first pope in history to resign? Or does the title pope emeritus have more specific meaning than just a "pope ...
Martin's user avatar
  • 157
4 votes
1 answer
334 views

Were the popes during the Avignon era still considered bishop of Rome?

The Catholic pope is also the bishop of Rome, since St Peter. However, the Papacy moved to Avignon from 1309 to 1376. Were these popes (seven in all) still considered bishops of Rome? Bishops are ...
Mr Squid's user avatar
  • 159
3 votes
2 answers
695 views

Diminishing powers of the Roman Catholic church in international matters

Before Enlightenment and Renaissance, Church or Pope had some powers which were almost same as what international organization may have. for example: After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, ...
fortytwo's user avatar
  • 2,675
3 votes
1 answer
921 views

Do any sources confirm this quote from Pope Urban II's speech at the Council of Clermont?

according to chronicle of Robert the Monk, Pope Urban II said - ... this land which you inhabit, shut in on all sides by the seas and surrounded by the mountain peaks, is too narrow for your ...
Michael's user avatar
  • 199
2 votes
1 answer
206 views

Did the Soviets attempt to discredit the Pope because of his outspoken anti-communism?

According to Ion Pacepa, a former Romanian General and head of Secret Service, Khrushchev authorized operation seat 12 that was designed to discredit Pope Pius XII by, among other things, ...
Twilight Sparkle's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

How historically accurate are the Assassin's Creed games? [closed]

I've been highly entertained recently watching youtube videos of a game series called Assassin's Creed. It tells the story of a family who are members of a Order (called Assasins) who have waged a war ...
Mickey's user avatar
  • 150
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Historical examples of an elected absolute monarch: [closed]

The Pope of the Catholic Church is an absolute monarch - Head of State of the Vatican City State. He is granted this title through an election by the College of Cardinals. See: The Pope...is currently ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
188 views

Were Pope John Paul I's views anything that could imply a support for contraception? [closed]

Pope John Paul I was a short lived pope (only 33 days). There are rumours that he was assasinated. Someone told me that he was quite liberal (as catholic popes can go), and some of his teachings/...
Amandasaurus's user avatar
  • 3,997
1 vote
2 answers
599 views

Was there the idea of "peaceful Crusades"?

Was there the idea of "peaceful Crusades", which had symbolic meanings for pilgrims, or was it just the political invasion of Palestine territory, initiated by religious people (Pope Sylvester II and ...
Oleksandr Bratashov's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
253 views

What is the name of this author?

I'm a newbie here so please forgive me if this kind of questions are not allowed. Couple days ago my friend wanted me to find an author and gave me some hints about it. I did lots of researches but ...
Marc Grego's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
945 views

Who was the French king during Pope Alexander VI (Borgia) [closed]

Who was the French king during Pope Alexander VI (Borgia) (watching Borgias TV Show) and interested. The one who started Italian wars.
bakytn's user avatar
  • 119
-2 votes
1 answer
431 views

Why were (are) food tasters human? [closed]

In the TV series The Borgias, there were people who tasted food or drink for others (e.g., the Pope, the Queen, the King) just in case it would be poisoned. Looking this up on Wikipedia, I find that ...
BCLC's user avatar
  • 183
-4 votes
2 answers
667 views

Did the Catholic Church have a police force in the medieval period?

Did the Catholic Church have a police force in the medieval period? For example, if a British king was accused of heresy by the church, who would have arrested him? I’m specifically interested ...
Y Mi's user avatar
  • 117