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Questions tagged [population]

Questions related to the history of the number of people inhabiting a given area, usually defined by geographical or political boundaries. The term can also be used in defining the number of items in a given set of objects, other than humans.

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Is there any Scottish population still present in Kalimpong, West Bengal, India?

During the late 1800s, the Scottish missionaries set up a large number of schools and churches in Kalimpong (present day in West Bengal, India). Is there any Scottish population that is still there, ...
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When was the deadliest year in human history in absolute terms?

The global mortality rate has been falling for quite some time. It's gone down from about 17.7 deaths per 1000 people in 1960, to 7.7 in 2016. Less discussed is absolute mortality, which I've ...
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Can a country only have one indigenous population?

I recently came across the Kalash people of Pakistan and Afghanistan (thanks to this amazing music, if anyone's interested). As far as I can tell, studies seem to suggest the Kalash are indigenous to ...
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When did Northern India and N. China begin to dominate in global demographics?

Video: Human Population Through Time This simple video says that there were 170 million people in the world at the beginning of the current era. Each dot represents a million people -there are about ...
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Are there any examples of overpopulation?

Malthus was one of the first one who raised the concern about overpopulation and it is today seen as a potential threat to humanity. Are there any historical examples where overpopulation led to ...
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When Genghis Khan took power, what was the population of Mongolia?

I searched around for this and was surprised how little data I could find. I want to know the population of all tribes that Genghis Khan had under his control when he became the Great Khan (1206). ...
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Where can I find a reliable source for the U.S. national population estimated since 1790?

I am shocked that I cannot put my finger on this information and I must resort to asking here. I am looking for U.S. population estimates from 1790-present. Preferably there is an estimate for each ...
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What was the ratio women to men after World War 2 in the Soviet Union

I can imagine that after World War 2 the ratio of women versus men changed drastically. During World War 2, Soviet casualties amounted to over 20,000,000, and as military casualties were almost all ...
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Why did the population of Descartes, France increase by so much in the 1960's?

The population of Descartes in central France increased by upwards of 150% from 1962 to 1968 after a general negative trend over the preceding seventy years. Why was this? All I can find is that the ...
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How did the increase in the birthrate and marriage impact on US homefront during WW2 (1939-1945)?

I tried to research the increase of birthrate and marriage of the US during WW2 (1939-1945), but the result just shows statistics after the war and the baby boom. Thus, they make me confused. I really ...
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How does Chinese history explain the results of this data? [closed]

This site displays an interactive graph, relating life expectancy and income of various countries over a 200 year period. I find it interesting to observe China. A little after the year 1950, life ...
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What was the population of the Roman empire around 210 AD?

I'm trying to calculate which percentage of Roman empire population was involved in the military. According to this article Imperial Roman Army, in 211 AD the size of the imperial Roman army was ...
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Why does the parish register show more baptisms than burials?

The parish registers from Eversholt, Bedfordshire, are published for the period 1602-1812. They seem mostly complete. They contain records of 2074 burials, 2792 baptisms and 571 marriages. I can ...
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Why did the population of Anchorage, Alaska, increase by so much in the 1970s?

Between 1970 and 1980, the population of Anchorage, Alaska, increased by more than 260%, around 130,000 people. What caused this? There had been previous increases of approximately the same in ...
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How would gender equality in WWI have affected UK population? [closed]

Gender equality in the armed forces is in the news. The UK army has just appointed its first front line fighting woman officer. There is discussion in US government about having women register for the ...
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Dynamics of urban populations in pre-modern times

In the book by Peter Turchin, War and Peace and War. The rise and fall of empires, on page 151, I found the following sentence: Until modern times, death rates of urban populations always ...
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List of most populous city in each U.S. state in 1950

[I have cross-posted this question on the opendata.stackexchange (see here) but would like to benefit from your expertise as historians as well.] I am looking for a list with the most populous cities ...
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How did China become so **populous**? [duplicate]

China is the world's most populous nation. But why is it? In other words, what historical factors made China as populous as it is today?
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How do you estimate world population of 1000 years ago?

I watched this video and now I am curious. They show the population of the world 1000 years ago and they also have a population distribution map. How do you estimate something like that? And is the ...
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What was the population of Muslims in the Indian subcontinent in 1800 AD?

This article states: To put it in broader perspective, Muslim population has steadily grown from 13% in 1800 to 16% in 1850 to 20% in 1900 to 25% in 1947 and anywhere between 30 to 33% today ...
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What was the population of Indian subcontinent in 1000 AD?

According to World History Site Indian subcontinent's population in 1000 AD was 79.5 million. (30% of 265 million = 79.5 million) This estimate is rejected by K.S. Lal who claims its population was ...
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What was the population within the Aurelian Walls of Rome during it's peak?

I've done some research, but population figures have been unspecific. I've seen the 1 million figure around, though I'm unsure if it refers only to the population within the Aurelian Walls, or the ...
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History of Raetia between 15 CE to 550 CE

I know most of the history of the area of Raetia (by which I mean the Roman province, today roughly resembling the states Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg) from the first sources we have until today, ...
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Was the population of Moscow wildly overstated during the Cold War?

The science fiction author Robert Heinlein was a socialist in his youth, but became a strident anticommunist during the Cold War. In 1960, he and his wife Virginia went as tourists to the USSR, and he ...
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Historical Human Fecundity info?

I'm looking for information about the number of children a woman has over their life time. I get an average to be 5-7 or 10-12 with 1-2 or ~50% dying pre-puberty. What I'm looking for now is how ...
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What percent of Sparta's population were citizens in various centuries?

I've found sources saying that Sparta's population was about 3% citizens, but obviously that number fluxed over time, and given that at one point the Spartan Empire was about 80% helots, it makes me ...
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Did the lower class tend to become more genetically similar to the upper class? [closed]

Presumably, before birth control, the upper class had larger numbers of offspring who survived to the age of reproduction than the lower class did, due to having more resources to support children. In ...
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What was the prevalence of ethnic minorities in 15th century Bohemia?

What was the prevalence of what we in contemporary western culture would consider "ethnic minorities" (Africans, East Asians, South Asians, Latinos, etc) in the population of early 15th century ...
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Are there any scientific estimates for the population of Mycenaean Greece?

There are a lot of population estimates for Greece of antiquity (from Archaic period circa VIII century B.C. to the late Roman times of Theodosius 395 A.D.) in academic press. Also I found few ...
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In which places of the UK did the Vikings/Scandinavians have most frequent contact or colonies?

I was in York, England and there was a museum called Jorvik Viking Centre, which spoke about the Vikings who lived there. It said that the area back then was mostly populated by the Vikings. Since ...
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Where can I find annual population estimates for each US state, from 1865-1899?

For 1900 onwards, the US Census Bureau has population estimates for each US state, for each year. There are also decennial censal counts for 1860, 1870, 1880, etc. But where can I find population ...