Questions tagged [population]

Questions related to the history of the number of people inhabiting a given area, usually defined by geographical or political boundaries. The term can also be used in defining the number of items in a given set of objects, other than humans.

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Why do Wikipedia's and Guinness World Records's measurements of the Achaemenid Empire's percentage of world population differ?

Guinness World Records lists the "Largest empire by percentage of world population", as the Achaemenid Empire, circa 480 BCE, at 44%. On the other hand, Oxford University Press by a proxy of ...
Malady's user avatar
  • 1,369
2 votes
2 answers
330 views

Did humans live more densely in the past, and if so, how much denser?

I know family sizes were larger in the past, "average U.S. household – from 5.79 people per household in 1790 to 2.58 in 2010." but how closely did those family members live in their houses? ...
Malady's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
738 views

How many Jews lived in Rome in the period immediately before (and during) the First Jewish–Roman War (66–73 CE)?

I have been researching some of the events that occurred during the Jewish-Roman wars in ancient Israel. I have tried to find approximate population records of the Jews before and during the period of ...
Curiosity's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
76 views

How was immigration from Latin America handled before the passage of the Immigration & Nationality act of 1965?

I know that in the United States, before the passage of the Immigration & Nationality act of 1965, immigration was controlled by the Immigration Act of 1924. It limited the number of immigrants ...
j.jerrod.taylor's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
471 views

Why did Italy's Battle for Births fail?

According to Wikipedia:Battle for Births: The Battle for Births began in 1927: Mussolini introduced a number of measures to encourage reproduction, with an objective of increasing the population from ...
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3 votes
1 answer
177 views

Why was East Pakistan never divided into multiple provinces? [closed]

East Pakistan had a population much bigger than West Pakistan. West Pakistan had multiple provinces, but the East had only one province. This had been a recognized problem, and that was why Mohammad ...
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
538 views

What happened in Kazakhstan that its population dropped from 16m to 14m between 1992 - 2001?

I just found the image below on Google. There is a significant drop of Kazakhstan's population. What happened in those years? I did used Google search to find more information but I did not find the ...
AGamePlayer's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
176 views

What was the nature and extent of forced or coerced sterilization in Puerto Rico from the 1940s-1970s?

During the period from the 1950s to the 1970s, if not earlier, female sterilization rates in Puerto Rico were extremely high (see e.g. "Voluntary Sterilization-A World View", Presser, ...
Obie 2.0's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
387 views

What were the demographics of the ancient Crete (any population estimates from 500BCE to 1BCE will do)?

I am looking for any estimates on the population of ancient Crete in the time period 500BCE to 1BCE. I have searched for such estimates on google but I haven't found anything relevant. (Note: The ...
GEP's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
331 views

What were the demographics of the ancient Greek colonies of Cyprus (any population estimates from 500BCE to 1BCE will do)?

Are there any estimates on the ancient populations of Cyprus from 500BCE to 1BCE. What were the demographics of the ancient Greek colonies of Cyprus (any population estimates from 500BCE to 1BCE will ...
GEP's user avatar
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39 votes
9 answers
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Which countries (or comparable geographical units) have a lower population now than they used to at some point in history before 1950?

It is generally seen as a given that the human population worldwide has increased everywhere since the end of the second World War. There are very good reasons for this, so you can imagine my surprise ...
Robert Tausig's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
2k views

How many people lived in a medium sized European villiage around the year 800?

My question is, how many people lived in a medium sized European village (like Germany) in the year 800. And how many people would have walked on the streets in a daily routine?
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34 votes
1 answer
6k views

Why did life expectancy decline sharply in 16th century England?

I was checking historical life expectancy and found the chart shown below in Roser, Ortiz-Ospina, Ritchie, 2013. What was the reason for such a dramatic decline in life expectancy in England in the ...
ruslaniv's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
172 views

How to find the population and mortality in London during the period 1760-1834?

I have to reconstruct the graph showing death rates from infectious diseases and from all causes in London. But I have trouble with finding the data for the period 1760-1834. In the graph are shown ...
forrest's user avatar
  • 171
1 vote
1 answer
60 views

What was the population of the main area of settlement in New York City in 1890? [closed]

Many population figures given for the population of cities may include the surrounding rural areas and villages. The available number I have found for New York of 1890 includes the entirety of today's ...
SE is Evil - Support Monica's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
349 views

what was the world population around 1880? [closed]

presuming a population of 1,265,000,000 in 1850 and 1,656,000,000 in 1900 based off prb.org what would be the most likely accurate estimate for world population size be in 1880?
dw1969's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Why is there a cutoff in population density running through the middle of the US? [duplicate]

There is this interesting line cutting across the US in terms of population density. It cuts through Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska. East is higher population density excluding some small ...
Number File's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Did Hellenic-Romans have Ancient Greek heritage?

I had the results of my "true ancestry" back. You upload DNA data and they compare it to DNA obtained from ancient burial sites. Interestingly, I had a strong match to "Hellenic-Roman", but nothing ...
Ganon's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
1k views

What was the population of the Parthian Empire around (AD) 1 CE? [closed]

What was the population of the Parthian Empire (and its vassals) around (AD) 1 CE? I've found several estimates ranging from 8 to 30 million. However, I desire a more narrow estimate (±5 million). I ...
RookieAlina's user avatar
33 votes
3 answers
10k views

Why is the island of Java so populated?

Java is the most populated island in the world, with 141.4 million residents. However, it is smaller than many other islands. There are other islands, such as Madagascar, Borneo, Sulawesi, Honshu (...
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-2 votes
2 answers
944 views

What was the population of the Roman Empire? [closed]

Is there a way to (at least) estimate the population of "SPQR" for the following years? AD 50 AD 100 AD 150 AD 200 AD 250 AD 300 AD 350 AD 400 Do you know any reliable sources?
Walker's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
818 views

Why have population maps indicated a stark divide in population density of the United States on either side ot the 100th Meridian? [closed]

Every time I look at a map of the United States coloured by something proportional to population density, I see a stark vertical line going from northeast North Dakota, through SD, NE, KS, OK, and ...
416E64726577's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
567 views

How many people were in an average Iron Age Celtic settlement? [closed]

How many people were in an average Celtic settlement (or tribe - not sure if they correspond as one to one) in the Iron Age? My intuitive estimation is "from 100 to 5000". I know the Iron Age is ...
SerG's user avatar
  • 111
3 votes
1 answer
131 views

What was Singapore's population in 1290-1396, 1511-1699?

Michael Barr calls 1290-1396 and 1511-1699 Singapore's first and second periods of prosperity. Are there any estimates of Singapore's population during these two periods? (Even rough orders of ...
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15 votes
1 answer
4k views

When was the 50 billionth human born? [closed]

I don't know if this question belongs precisely at History.SE, but I can't think of a more fitting alternative. I've heard the estimate several times that about 100 billion humans have existed ...
WillG's user avatar
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-5 votes
3 answers
156 views

Was there any country/form of goverment that sustained itself with diverse population? [closed]

Was there any form of government that was stable (in terms of separatist revolts and cultural disputes) enough to maintain a fair lifespan, even though it had a diverse population [see footnote 1]? ...
Ma250's user avatar
  • 101
1 vote
1 answer
204 views

What were the main centres of population in South America in 1500 AD?

I'm especially interested in the areas outside the Andes, but a general overview of known sites of urbanisation in the continent in that era would be great. Edit for clarification: Various articles ...
KeizerHarm's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
3k views

What caused the increase in world population rate around 1700's?

I'm looking at a chart of world population from 10,000 BCE to modern times. It appears the world population rate rose sharply somewhere around the 1700's (and maybe a tad bit earlier): I'm confused ...
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4 votes
0 answers
234 views

Why do China and India have such huge populations? [closed]

Assuming growth is constant in all locations (which I know it's not), I don't see why China and India are so populous. Europe has a slightly larger land area than China, but it's population is ...
Chris's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
2k views

What was the population of late Pre-Islamic Arabia and the population of Arabic speakers before Islam?

The Arab tribes were spread out widely, and the land of Arabia was not as viable to live on as the Fertile Crescent, so I would expect the population to be lower. But, how much in an estimated range ...
The Z's user avatar
  • 1,012
1 vote
0 answers
116 views

Is there any Scottish population still present in Kalimpong, West Bengal, India?

During the late 1800s, the Scottish missionaries set up a large number of schools and churches in Kalimpong (present day in West Bengal, India). Is there any Scottish population that is still there, ...
Sonevol's user avatar
  • 478
6 votes
1 answer
875 views

When was the deadliest year in human history in absolute terms?

The global mortality rate has been falling for quite some time. It's gone down from about 17.7 deaths per 1000 people in 1960, to 7.7 in 2016. Less discussed is absolute mortality, which I've ...
StarlightDown's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
274 views

Can a country only have one indigenous population?

I recently came across the Kalash people of Pakistan and Afghanistan (thanks to this amazing music, if anyone's interested). As far as I can tell, studies seem to suggest the Kalash are indigenous to ...
Hashim Aziz's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
1k views

When did Northern India and N. China begin to dominate in global demographics?

Video: Human Population Through Time This simple video says that there were 170 million people in the world at the beginning of the current era. Each dot represents a million people -there are about ...
John Dee's user avatar
  • 3,338
7 votes
4 answers
2k views

Are there any examples of overpopulation?

Malthus was one of the first one who raised the concern about overpopulation and it is today seen as a potential threat to humanity. Are there any historical examples where overpopulation led to ...
AsTeR's user avatar
  • 203
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

When Genghis Khan took power, what was the population of Mongolia?

I searched around for this and was surprised how little data I could find. I want to know the population of all tribes that Genghis Khan had under his control when he became the Great Khan (1206). ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
74 views

Where can I find a reliable source for the U.S. national population estimated since 1790?

I am shocked that I cannot put my finger on this information and I must resort to asking here. I am looking for U.S. population estimates from 1790-present. Preferably there is an estimate for each ...
Ovi's user avatar
  • 2,094
23 votes
2 answers
27k views

What was the ratio women to men after World War 2 in the Soviet Union

I can imagine that after World War 2 the ratio of women versus men changed drastically. During World War 2, Soviet casualties amounted to over 20,000,000, and as military casualties were almost all ...
Mech_Engineer's user avatar
18 votes
1 answer
5k views

Why did the population of Descartes, France increase by so much in the 1960's?

The population of Descartes in central France increased by upwards of 150% from 1962 to 1968 after a general negative trend over the preceding seventy years. Why was this? All I can find is that the ...
Zenon's user avatar
  • 445
1 vote
2 answers
2k views

How did the increase in the birthrate and marriage impact on US homefront during WW2 (1939-1945)?

I tried to research the increase of birthrate and marriage of the US during WW2 (1939-1945), but the result just shows statistics after the war and the baby boom. Thus, they make me confused. I really ...
Nhat's user avatar
  • 21
3 votes
1 answer
860 views

What was the population of the Roman Empire around 210 AD?

I'm trying to calculate which percentage of Roman population was involved in the military. According to this article Imperial Roman Army, in 211 AD the size of the Imperial Roman army was around 450,...
Pablo's user avatar
  • 323
9 votes
1 answer
388 views

Why does the parish register show more baptisms than burials?

The parish registers from Eversholt, Bedfordshire, are published for the period 1602-1812. They seem mostly complete. They contain records of 2074 burials, 2792 baptisms and 571 marriages. I can ...
emrys57's user avatar
  • 1,071
37 votes
4 answers
12k views

Why did the population of Anchorage, Alaska, increase by so much in the 1970s?

Between 1970 and 1980, the population of Anchorage, Alaska, increased by more than 260%, around 130,000 people. What caused this? There had been previous increases of approximately the same in ...
Throsby's user avatar
  • 473
4 votes
1 answer
530 views

How would gender equality in WWI have affected UK population? [closed]

Gender equality in the armed forces is in the news. The UK army has just appointed its first front line fighting woman officer. There is discussion in US government about having women register for the ...
emrys57's user avatar
  • 1,071
8 votes
1 answer
366 views

Were death rates greater than birth rates in premodern urban populations?

In the book by Peter Turchin, War and Peace and War. The rise and fall of empires, on page 151, I found the following sentence: Until modern times, death rates of urban populations always ...
Alex's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
208 views

List of most populous city in each U.S. state in 1950

[I have cross-posted this question on the opendata.stackexchange (see here) but would like to benefit from your expertise as historians as well.] I am looking for a list with the most populous cities ...
eigenvector's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
1k views

How did China become so **populous**? [duplicate]

China is the world's most populous nation. But why is it? In other words, what historical factors made China as populous as it is today?
George A. Solodun's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
462 views

How do you estimate world population of 1000 years ago?

I watched this video and now I am curious. They show the population of the world 1000 years ago and they also have a population distribution map. How do you estimate something like that? And is the ...
Drilldoge's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
4k views

What was the population of Muslims in the Indian subcontinent in 1800 AD?

This article states: To put it in broader perspective, Muslim population has steadily grown from 13% in 1800 to 16% in 1850 to 20% in 1900 to 25% in 1947 and anywhere between 30 to 33% today ...
Sakib Arifin's user avatar
  • 1,987
2 votes
2 answers
16k views

What was the population of Indian subcontinent in 1000 AD?

According to World History Site Indian subcontinent's population in 1000 AD was 79.5 million. (30% of 265 million = 79.5 million) This estimate is rejected by K.S. Lal who claims its population was ...
Sakib Arifin's user avatar
  • 1,987