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Did the quality of prisms affect the acceptance of Newton's light experiments?

My question starts with the following statement from a book I'm reading "Moreover, repetition of a well-established experience could give results that made it be called into question: an ...
madame p's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
167 views

What proposals have been made to amend the U.S. Constitution to make it mention God?

Many State constitutions in the United States mention God: But the U.S. Constitution does not.* What proposals have been made (say in the 19th century) to amend the U.S. Constitution to make it ...
Geremia's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
92 views

U.S. motto change from "E Pluribus Unum" to "In God We Trust"

Latin for Dummies p. 310 says: As a result of the Communist scare of the 1950s, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower and the U.S. Congress changed the U.S. motto to In God We Trust. But before the ...
Geremia's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
2k views

What's the source of John Adams's quote against the two-party system?

Drutman, Lee. “America Is Now the Divided Republic the Framers Feared.” The Atlantic, January 2, 2020. claims John Adams said a division of the republic into two great parties … is to be dreaded as ...
Geremia's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
223 views

What is the first election where we have the specific numbers of votes and the names of candidates?

What is the earliest political vote where we have the exact details of the specific numbers of votes and the names of the candidates? The "candidates" could be persons, teams, policies, ...
dodo's user avatar
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6 votes
0 answers
249 views

Did Maupassant write to his mother about his attraction to women?

The book How the Brain Lost its Mind quotes a letter from Guy de Maupassant, adressed to his mother, in which he explains his inability to resist his attraction to women. I am obsessed by women. I ...
Mat's user avatar
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0 answers
78 views

What kind of math and science resources/background did Norbert Kricke use for his sculpture?

It is well known that Norbert Kricke used the book "Plastik des XX. Jahrhundert" by Carola Giedion-Welcker as a reference and saw his artistic ideas reflected by the text (cf. PhD thesis by ...
Christoph Mark's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
200 views

With money we will get men, said Cæsar, and with men we will get money

In Notes on Virginia, Jefferson wrote: With money we will get men, said Cæsar, and with men we will get money. I'm interested in where this was sourced. I don't expect that Jefferson was quoting or ...
Charles's user avatar
  • 1,055
2 votes
1 answer
92 views

When did McFaul & Sechin first meet?

According to David Remnick, In 1991, McFaul was in St. Petersburg, trying to organize a seminar on local government. He found himself doing business with a man from the mayor’s office named Igor ...
Rodrigo de Azevedo's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
320 views

When were terms for points of sail first used?

Modern sailing uses terms for points of sail such as "broad reach", "beam reach", "close-hauled", etc., to indicate a vessel's travel in relation to the wind direction. ...
Daniel R. Collins's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
546 views

When did Walter Benjamin say "We collect books in the belief that we are preserving them when in fact it is the books that preserve their collector"?

In for instance this source, it is stated that Walter Benjamin once said or wrote the following: "We collect books in the belief that we are preserving them when in fact it is the books that ...
Max Muller's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
166 views

How did the East Slavic pagans perceive the process of Christianization of Rus'? [closed]

I read that the Christianization of Rus' was of great civilizational, political and cultural significance for the Eastern Slavs. One of the notable aspects of this theme is the view, supported by some ...
dtn's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
519 views

How can we be confident that Tacitus really wrote his Histories and Annals?

How can we be confident that Tacitus really wrote any of the works attributed to him, namely his Histories and Annals? The background here is that when we discuss the historicity and/or accuracy of ...
Ben W's user avatar
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0 answers
218 views

What are the origins of the various forms of Gematria?

I just read through gematrix.org's gematria system(s), which it takes from various places. It includes: Jewish Gematria (system 1) (Old) English Gematria (system 2) Straightforward Latin Gematria (...
Lance's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
381 views

Did Rome annex Byzantium, the Greek city state, around 47AD?

This well-received YouTube video claims that Rome annexed Thrace in 45AD and then the Greek City State of Byzantium in 47 AD. Byzantium is also the last surviving Greek City State after the Rome ...
dodo's user avatar
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0 answers
125 views

Are there any in-depth accounts on the history of the so-called 'city name statues' phenomenon?

A few years ago, Amsterdam had a big collection of statues consisting of letters that spelled 'I amsterdam': The letters were removed because a majority the city council associated them with ...
Max Muller's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
1k views

Are there historical examples of non-Christian martyrs who were persecuted and killed because they claimed to be firsthand eyewitnesses of a miracle?

In the context of Christianity, the obvious examples are the apostles, who claimed to have been firsthand eyewitnesses of the resurrection of Jesus (with the exception of the apostle Paul, who didn't ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
181 views

History of nations - books

I'm not a historian at all but would be interested in reading not-too-technical (accessible and "enjoyable" for non-historians) books about a "global" history of nations; or maybe ...
Maxime's user avatar
  • 25
3 votes
1 answer
202 views

Is Alexander Matrosov's service record publicly available?

Alexander Matrosov is a Hero of the Soviet Union who perished on the 27th of February in 1943 during the Battles of Rzhev (8th of January, 1942 - 31rd of March, 1943) when he blocked the fascist ...
Zhiltsoff Igor's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
127 views

What operations were carried out by the partisans of the Chernihiv junction in the Great Patriotic War?

I am interested in finding out more about the Chernihiv partisan junction which was an important force throughout the Great Patriotic War, and their leader Alexei Fyodorovich Fyodorov. Unfortunately, ...
Zhiltsoff Igor's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
459 views

Is there a WW2 European bomb damage atlas?

For London there is a comprehensive and accessible (and readily available) atlas of damage done during the Second World War by German aerial bombing. Are there similar atlases available for Europe, ...
orome's user avatar
  • 1,026
11 votes
1 answer
485 views

Is there any verifiable ancient source for the etymology of βάρβαρος?

In The Shaping of Western Civilization: From Antiquity to the Present, ed. Michael Burger (U of Toronto Press, 2014), we are given the following colorful detail (§2.3, p47): What, according to the ...
Ben W's user avatar
  • 271
32 votes
8 answers
10k views

Why do revolutions "eat their own?" What is the sociological dynamic here?

We have a number of cases in history of revolutionary movements growing increasingly radicalized by a kind of internal dynamic that eliminates more moderate factions. Instances include the Jacobins, ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
2k views

Where can I find examples of fiefs that are not land?

In the Wikipedia article it is written that fiefs were not necessarily lands: However, not only land but anything of value could be held in fee, including governmental office, rights of exploitation ...
Sergei Akbarov's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
564 views

Is there a quote that expresses Mill's opposition to Indian democracy?

I heard in a talk that John Stuart Mill was in favor of democracy in his own country but against democracy in India, I read the following in a paper - Mill’s support of British imperialism may seem ...
Michael's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
511 views

What is the meaning of this phrase in chapter 64 of the Book of the Dead?

In the aforementioned chapter, one can find the next sentence: "Come! Look! The leg is adhered to the neck, the buttock is over the head of the Western." (I'm sorry if this is not a ...
user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
68 views

What are some good references for the history of legal business entities? [closed]

I'm looking for books and articles that can elucidate how different legal business entities and types of corporate personhood came to be. I've already found the book “The Company: A Short History of a ...
Max Muller's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
74 views

Where can tactical maps for battles of the Mexican Revolution be accessed?

There are a bunch of resources on the Mexican revolution, but I've never seen an academical text that narrates the major battles in the struggle along with tactical maps. Thus, I'm looking for a ...
user2820579's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Was "money to get the power, power to keep the money" a motto of Lorenzo de Medici?

According the article The Economic Policy of Machiavelli’s Prince on the website of the Independent Institute: This same Lorenzo the Magnificent represented a family of merchant princes whose ...
luchonacho's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
3k views

Why was the Soviet Marine Infantry disbanded in 1947?

According to Peter Antill, The naval Infantry performed a number of important landings in both World Wars including raids against the Turks around the Black Sea and the capture of Sakhalin Island and ...
Rodrigo de Azevedo's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
397 views

What ancient Roman(s) wished houses were made of transparent walls?

What ancient Roman(s) wished houses were made of transparent walls? source:St. Joseph Cafasso's The Priest: The Man of God: His Dignity and Duties p. 50: a Roman of ancient times wished his house ...
Geremia's user avatar
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30 votes
1 answer
8k views

In what way were Renaissance battles like chess matches?

I have been reading Ross King's Brunelleschi's Dome: The Story of the Great Cathedral in Florence. Although the book is well documented, it has an astonishing passage for which the author provides no ...
José Carlos Santos's user avatar
26 votes
2 answers
6k views

Was Rosie the Riveter sourced from a Michelangelo painting?

The Russian Wikipedia page states that an art from Michelangelo is a source of inspiration for Rosie the Riveter arrwork. My own impression is this looks indeed like that, there are many similarities....
J. Doe's user avatar
  • 661
4 votes
2 answers
367 views

What is the original source for Vico's reference to Varro counting 30,000 pagan gods?

In his 1725 work Principi Di Una Scienza Nuova (known in English as The New Science; link to the CUP modern edition), Giambattista Vico wrote that: For Hebrew began and remained the language of a ...
mooncatcher's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
130 views

Revolutions of communication

Different from other revolutions which took place just once like Harari's cognitive revolution agricultural revolution unification of mankind scientific revolution revolutions of communication took ...
Hans-Peter Stricker's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
209 views

Looking for good documentation about daily life under Stalinist USSR

I am contemplating the idea of making a role playing game set in USSR under Stalin, specifically the period between when he gained full power (roughly 1930) and operation barbarossa (June 1941). I am ...
armand's user avatar
  • 121
23 votes
4 answers
4k views

What are some Chinese sources testifying the extreme weather events of 535-536 CE?

The Wikipedia page Extreme weather events of 535–536 lists under "Documentary evidence" that: Low temperatures, even snow during the summer (snow reportedly fell in August in China during the ...
mooncatcher's user avatar
  • 1,257
5 votes
0 answers
229 views

Are there any sources of historical land use/land cover data for the United Kingdom and Ireland?

Are there any sources of historical land use/land cover data for the United Kingdom and Ireland? (Not just Northern Ireland) I'm specifically interested in datasets that, for each point/area in the UK/...
Michael A's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
983 views

What was the condition of women in "primitive societies" around the world?

In Book I, Chapter IV of "An Essay on the Principle of Population" (6th edition, 1826), Thomas Malthus states how terrible the condition of women was among "savage societies" (to which he meant ...
luchonacho's user avatar
  • 2,039
1 vote
2 answers
670 views

What are canonical sources about fifth century BCE Athens?

I am looking for a history book on fifth century BCE Athens, preferably with emphasis on culture and the daily lives of the Athenians. I found recommendations of books about Ancient Greece in general, ...
Xeno's user avatar
  • 181
4 votes
1 answer
538 views

Is the historical consensus that Galileo did not drop balls from the Leaning Tower of Pisa?

A narrative commonly taught in schools and propagated in books is that Galileo Galilei "dropped two spheres of different masses from the Leaning Tower of Pisa to demonstrate that their time of descent ...
Zenon's user avatar
  • 445
9 votes
1 answer
776 views

Are records on the meetings of the Japanese war council during 1945 publicly available?

There is lately some interest to the question of the Japanese surrender in august 1945 and the motivations of the Japanese government for doing so and doing it in the way they did. E.g. it is voiced ...
5th decile's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
695 views

Could the nukes involved in the 1966 Palomares B-52 crash have detonated?

According to Wikipedia on the 1966 Palomares B-52 Crash: The first weapon to be discovered was found nearly intact. However, the conventional explosives from the other two bombs that fell on land ...
PbxMan's user avatar
  • 141
1 vote
1 answer
68 views

Published History of Harvard [closed]

Is anyone aware of a modern, single-volume published history of Harvard University? There seem to be numerous such histories for Oxford and Cambridge (admittedly, older institutions) but I haven't ...
Ubiquitous's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
621 views

Did Ancient Romans use metal thimbles? What were they like?

The Romans didn't have forks, so they picked the food with their hands. It is known about the rich that after every course they wiped them and received from their slaves pots with perfumed water to ...
Vincenzo Oliva's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
74 views

Where can I find a reliable source for the U.S. national population estimated since 1790?

I am shocked that I cannot put my finger on this information and I must resort to asking here. I am looking for U.S. population estimates from 1790-present. Preferably there is an estimate for each ...
Ovi's user avatar
  • 2,094
6 votes
1 answer
165 views

Where can I find information regarding the orphanages for mixed children in Nazi Germany?

I cannot remember what they were called, and as a result I am unable to find basic information regarding them. From what I remember, a bunch of women from territories occupied by Nazi Germany were ...
user441767's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
827 views

Were high wages the root cause of the industrial revolution?

I was listening to a (German-language) podcast where this argument was made (translation into English courtesy of Google translate): The decisive change came in [...] 1760 in England. And that is ...
Drux's user avatar
  • 14.5k
16 votes
2 answers
1k views

Who was "Lt.-Commander R.T. Chaloner Woods"?

I am collecting information about Christian authors writing about economic topics. The other day, browsing my university library, I found a copy of this book, titled "A plain Christian looks at ...
luchonacho's user avatar
  • 2,039
11 votes
3 answers
2k views

What was the "Brakteaten" medieval monetary system?

I am reading "Interest and inflation free money" by Margrit Kennedy. I have only found this book online (here). It is not in my local libraries or bookshops. The author states (page 39 of ...
luchonacho's user avatar
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