Questions tagged [religion]

A term to describe an organized belief system which revolves around supernatural elements and entities.

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63 views

Did any significant changes occur in Zoroastrianism/Mazdayasna around the 1st century AD? [closed]

Has any significant changes occurred in history of Zoroastrianism/Mazdayasna circa 1st century AD in relation to its doctrines, practices and/or schools (movements) within it? What radical event(s) ...
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What is the first instance of a Pope denouncing syncretism with non-Christian faiths in the modern era?

Modern era being 1500 CE and onward. Religious syncretism is an overlapping of faiths. For example, Santa Muerte is a Mexican folk saint that blends a Catholic icon with a native reverence of death. ...
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140 views

Was Martin Luther King's leadership conference Southern Christian or Southern Baptist?

Most sources refer to the civil rights organization Martin Luther King led as the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), but some refer to it as the Southern Baptist Leadership Conference (...
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1answer
231 views

Is there a place in Europe that has never been Christian?

Before the advent of Catholic and Orthodox Christianity, Europe had numerous religions over at least 40 thousand years, as archaeologic evidence shows. Is there any place/community where Celtic, ...
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1answer
174 views

When and where did praying with eyes closed originate?

I understand closing eyes for prayer as something done as a matter of course by Western Christians, and possibly also by other religions practicing in the West and/or by Christians practicing ...
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1answer
971 views

How much of the Jonestown money actually got given to the USSR?

So, I was reading the Wikipedia page on the Jonestown massacre, and I noticed that several members of the People's Temple (including their leadership) willed all of their money to the Communist Party ...
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234 views

Is there an example of 19th century non-believer who fluently alludes to Scripture?

I am curious whether there is an example of a 19th century historical figure who 1) did not consider himself/herself a Christian, but 2) alluded to or quoted Bible passages fluently in his/her speech ...
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Did Muslim women in colonial India before 1939 have to become Christian to divorce?

Muslim Law in India in 1939 did not accept a women's right to divorce. Before the Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, 1939 was enacted, Prior to the enactment of this Act, 1939 (DMMA), conversion ...
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What is the most severe punishment a priest could have in history for violating his vows of celibacy?

I am doing a research about this topic, because I wanted to know if at some point in the history of Chirstian Church (specially the Catholic Chuch) would have a punishment for priests violating their ...
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What happened to priests in Germany during the Protestant Reformation and the wars of religion?

I'm curious to know what happened to them as Protestantism spread. I've researched a little in the Catholicism in Germany Wikipedia page's section on the Reformation. (Couldn't find anything there.) ...
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What authority did the Catholic Church have over European monarchs from 900–1450?

I recently described the Catholic Church as a superpower during the Middle Ages and was surprised a respected member of the board (LangLangC) objected to that characterization and thought the Catholic ...
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1answer
127 views

Why does religion eventually disintegrate into sects? [closed]

I'm currently reading Ancient History of India and I have the following question - It has been widely documented that religion is divided into sects on account of differences in the interpretations ...
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1answer
181 views

Who was the first woman to be made a god by Rome's senate?

Cleopatra, consort to Julius Caesar was worshiped in Egypt as a living embodiment of the Egyptian goddess Isis, but she was never recognized as such by the Senate of Rome. Julius Caesar was ...
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320 views

Was it ever possible to see students with burka/paranji having education at the schools and universities of the Uzbek Soviet Republic?

Despite strict 'hujum' (assault in English) policies against veiling as part of the liberation of women in Muslim populated less-developed areas of the Soviet Union during the early years of the ...
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1answer
107 views

What is the origin of the word “Allah” and in which context was it originally used? [closed]

On a discussion I am dealing with someone who believes that (1) "Allah" was not a generic name for God before the birth of Muhammad (2) "Allah" was derived from a deity in pre-Islamic Kaabah Which ...
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Was Haile Selassie the world's only involuntary messiah?

History is full of supposed Messiahs and Saviors who founded religious movements and/or identified themselves as saviors (e.g. Joseph Smith and Raël). (By contrast, some messiahs were only venerated ...
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What is the difference between the Ancient Greek religion and the Ancient Roman religion?

What is the difference between the Ancient Greek religion and the Ancient Roman religion? My question is about, not cultural differences, but conceptual differences." Wikipedia doesn't compare them. ...
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1answer
247 views

Why didn't the Cathars speak a language influenced by the East? [closed]

According to Ancient History Encyclopedia: "Cathar beliefs ultimately derived from the Persian religion of Manichaeism but directly from another earlier religious sect from Bulgaria known as the ...
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1answer
225 views

Why did Chrstianity spread so easily? [closed]

Looking around the world, Christianity has spread to practically every corner. Christians are everywhere from South America to Australia to Korea. Even with Christian missionaries going all over the ...
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1answer
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Why does this London Underground poster from 1924 have a Star of David atop a Christmas tree?

There is currently an exhibit at the Art Institute of Chicago displaying posters promoting London Underground transit from the 1920's and 30's. This interesting piece comes from 1924. A full ...
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8answers
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Why in most German places is the church the tallest building?

A coworker from another country asked me today if it is true that we have a law prohibiting any building in a place from being taller than their church. I told him I don't know if we still have any ...
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Were priests in politics in New Spain?

In the the Spanish Empire generally, the royal state and the state church were tightly coupled. One hierarchy supposedly answered to the Viceroy and then the King; the other to the Archbishop and the ...
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Is the Western Wall the only remaining portion of the Second Temple?

I saw a travel blog post recently that claimed that the Western Wall is the only remaining portion of the Second Temple in Jerusalem. At first, I thought this was just a mistake on the part of the ...
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Were there a pharaoh who believed in any of the Abrahamic religions?

There are many stories in religious books about Abraham meeting pharaoh of Egypt. Also Jacob, Josef, Moses, etc. Did any of these pharaohs believed in Abrahamic religions? Was there any proof from ...
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1answer
124 views

Is there a global foot race among religions on the most beautiful churches and when did this start historically?

When you visit multicultural and -national big cities, it often becomes apparent to me how churches of different religions seem to compete on beautiness, height, materials used like gold or colourful ...
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Did American colonists object to the protections of Catholicism in the Quebec Act?

One of the acts which helped precipitate the American Revolutionary War was the Quebec Act. This act was passed in the aftermath of the Seven Years' War (aka the French & Indian War), after the ...
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History from pop culture (novels): the UK in the 1910's [closed]

I'm trying to understand what is fictional and what is real history in a particular science fiction book. For instance, what 1917 represents for the Labour Party in UK? The book "The Lord of the ...
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2answers
247 views

Why are there distinct Orthodox and Catholic Christian communities in Bosnia and Hercegovina?

I've been trying to find out why there is an Orthodox and a Catholic Christian population in Bosnia and Hercegovina that don't consider themselves as Bosnians. Didn't the Bosnians have one religion, ...
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418 views

When did worship of Baal cease to exist?

I read in Luke a spot where people, witnessing a miracle of Jesus, attribute it to Beelzebub "the chief of the devils." The other apparent reference to that deity, in the Bible, is in 2 Kings 1. I ...
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215 views

How devoted to Tengrism was Genghis Khan?

We first hear about Tengrism around the 6th Century as forming amongst the Turkic people of the central Asian steppe, spreading west for a bit with Attila and his crew, then getting mostly overrun by ...
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986 views

What was the world's largest religion in 1500?

Prior to the colonization of the Americas and Africa by the West, it appears somewhat unlikely that Christianity was the largest religion in the world. If I am not mistaken, the majority of the world'...
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265 views

When is the first recorded instance of someone dying for a principle?

When we think of martyrs, we often go back to the early Christians as the typical examples - dying for the idea that they should worship one God and no other. Another often quoted example is Socrates -...
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Why did new religions flourish more easily in the past than they can possibly do today? [closed]

Historically, we've seen religions replace other (mostly pagan) religions. However, something like that happening in the 21st century seems extremely remote. What aspect of the historical world made ...
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626 views

To what extent were practitioners of Judaism persecuted during the Soviet Union?

I know that as a result of the policy that atheism was to be the only public religion, the Soviet Union did their best to attack Christianity. However, I am interested in knowing the extent that ...
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111 views

Who revoked their signatures from the union agreement at the Council of Florence?

In many Byzantine history books, a general statement is made that from the 700 strong delegation to the council of Florence, "many Orthodox bishops revoked their signatures" after the council ...
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1answer
552 views

Why did China begin persecuting Falun Gong after tolerating the movement for nearly a decade?

My Question: Why did China begin persecution of Falun Gong midway through 1999 following nearly a decade of tolerating the movement? Freedom House - The Battle for China's Spirit ...
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943 views

Is biblical Joseph story historically valid? [closed]

What are the non-scriptural evidence (if any) on biblical Joseph story, where he becomes Grand Vizier of Pharaonic Egypt in 15th century BCE. I know that the pharaoh is unnamed, and the era is close ...
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103 views

Is there any Scottish population still present in Kalimpong, West Bengal, India?

During the late 1800s, the Scottish missionaries set up a large number of schools and churches in Kalimpong (present day in West Bengal, India). Is there any Scottish population that is still there, ...
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401 views

What’s this odd hat/crown and is it related to Baal?

So I was looking at a history book and it was set in ancient Egypt, in the temple of karnak. They were talking about how their were doors only the pharaohs and priests were allowed in, and how they ...
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1answer
247 views

What conditions have led to Abrahmism splitting into different religions sometimes, but not always? [closed]

What conditions cause the teachings and claimed revelations of certain religious figures in the Abrahamic tradition—e.g. Jesus, Muhammad—to lead to the formation of entire new religions, whilst others—...
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What was the early understanding of static electricity shocks?

What was the common understanding of electric shocks caused by static electricity in the ancient world and middle ages? I'm talking about the shock when you touch something on a dry day for example. ...
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Why do western monotheistic religions seem to be so full of conflict over dogma?

This could be a totally false premise. But clearly when Christianity was starting (and even to this day) there were serious conflicts about ideology. You had the Arians, Monophysites, etc. all at each ...
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Are the proportions of a Christian cross based on a golden ratio? [closed]

I was just 3D modeling something and I noticed the intersection of two lines I made by multiplying one by the golden ratio looks exactly like the kind of cross I see on top of or in the window of a ...
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426 views

Was there a rule against non-Muslims wearing the colour green in the Ottoman empire?

On the wikipedia page titled Green in Islam, it is stated that: In the Ottoman Empire, the wearing of a green turban was a privilege afforded to the descendants of Muhammad Also, in the book ...
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109 views

Did monotheistic religions play a role in shaping the belief that political power should be in the hands of an all powerful monarch? [closed]

When reflecting on the past, is there a pattern in human societies whereby political power was entrusted in a sovereign with virtually absolute power under monarchies? In other words, did Kings and ...
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187 views

Was ambition considered a character flaw in medieval times or Renaissance?

In Shakespeare's play "Julius Caesar", ambition is an undesirable trait: "The noble Brutus hath told you Caesar was ambitious. If it were so, it was a grievous fault". Was ambition widely considered ...
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1answer
233 views

Where does Marsilio Ficino write that all nations worship a God whose name is spelled with four letters?

I have seen quoted in the name of Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499), also spelled Marcellus Ficin, that all nations of the world worship a God whose name is spelled with four letters. Does anybody know ...
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Is there any historicity to the concept of Ghost Fences / Walls?

A Ghost Wall or Fence is a concept I keep coming across in historical fiction set around the Iron Age or Sub-Roman Britain. Generally, it appears as a boundary made of deceased peoples bones to either ...
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296 views

Saints of the last two centuries whose existence is in doubt

Saint Peter the Aleut, or Chukagnak, was supposed to have been a man from Kodiak forced to labor for the Russian-American Company and brought to California. According to his colleague Kyglaia, in 1815,...
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Did horse sacrifice persist in Christian Europe?

While researching the Indo-European horse sacrifice, I happened upon the following claim online: Although the papal ban seems to have greatly reduced the consumption of horseflesh in most of Europe,...

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