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Questions tagged [religion]

A term to describe an organized belief system which revolves around supernatural elements and entities.

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Were any members clergy (priests, rabbis, or imams) in the USSR members of Communist party or KGB operatives?

Inspired by question Were there in the USSR monasteries decorated with Soviet orders?. Although religion was contrary to the dominant Marxist ideology (but see Christian Communism), it was tolerated ...
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The Ancient Hanifs of Arabia

The Hanifs of Arabia, were saidcitation needed to have been one of the earliest monotheistic cultures in World History. While Ismail retained the monotheism of his Father, Ibrahim-(Abraham), his ...
Alex's user avatar
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Did the idea of true/false Gods originate in Dharmic religions and migrate to Abrahamic religions, or could they have a common inspiration? [closed]

Bible verses I am the LORD thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Thou shalt have no other gods before Me. Deuteronomy 5:6 “You shall have no other gods ...
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Was this device created in the 15th or 18th century and what was it really used for?

The following picture appeared in my Facebook feed. Looking around, I was not able to find anything that could at least somewhat prove that the device was genuine (many people create random things now ...
Alexis Wilke's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
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What would term would a lollard use to refer to the Bible?

I assume they would not call it the "Bible". Would they say "Holy Scripture" or "The Word of God" when talking about the whole collection of OT NT (and apocrypha) or was ...
Christina Eastwood's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
499 views

Did the Romans import worship in response to plagues?

Pan's Travail by J. Hughes mentions an introduction of various gods as a response to plagues near the fall of the Roman Empire, including Aesculapius ("introduced at Rome to avert a pestilence in ...
MaximeJaccon's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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What proposals have been made to amend the U.S. Constitution to make it mention God?

Many State constitutions in the United States mention God: But the U.S. Constitution does not.* What proposals have been made (say in the 19th century) to amend the U.S. Constitution to make it ...
Geremia's user avatar
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U.S. motto change from "E Pluribus Unum" to "In God We Trust"

Latin for Dummies p. 310 says: As a result of the Communist scare of the 1950s, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower and the U.S. Congress changed the U.S. motto to In God We Trust. But before the ...
Geremia's user avatar
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What is the history of "one nation under God"?

What is the history of the United States motto "one nation under God"? I saw it claimed in § "History of the 🇺🇸" of Campbell Phillip. 2019. The Story of Civilization : Vol. 4 - ...
Geremia's user avatar
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Is there a connection between The Establishment Clause and the fact that The United States has never fought a war in the name of Religion? [closed]

Since the drafting and enactment of The Establishment Clause-(The First Amendment and The Freedom of Religion) in 1791, the United States has never fought a war in the name of religion. The U.S. has ...
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When did the Orthodox Church ban cousin marriage?

Or if they inherited it from earlier sources, such as byzantine law or the pre-schism church, when did that ban start? I know that the Justinian code didn't ban cousin marriage, and that the later ...
Novus Pendragon's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why would this Romanian ritual have been done specifically before Lent?

From the Wikipedia article on belladonna: Among the ancient folk traditions of the Romanian (Moldavian) / Ukrainian region of Bukovina in the Carpathians is the ritual for a Bukovinian girl to ...
Luke Sawczak's user avatar
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Is the word God (or it's equivalent) always as old as the civilization's earliest written texts? [closed]

I did some research and it seems the word God (or its equivalent) is usually as old as the written text of that civilization. Is this table accurate? Are there any civilizations of written language ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
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Where can we read/find the "Naqsh e Rajab" inscription of the Magian Priest Kartir?

In the Encyclopaedia Iranica entry on the Arda Wiraz, it mentions: ...The narrative of Wīrāz is not unique. Parallels are found in more precisely dated sources—the legend of Zoroaster recorded in ...
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When and how did the concept of posthumous reward and punishment enter ancient Judaism?

Throughout the Jewish Bible / Christian Old Testament, it's pretty consistently expressed that all people have the same fate after death - although the nature of that fate is sometimes seems to be ...
g s's user avatar
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Why was June 24th chosen for the date of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist?

I was wondering what the earliest mention of this festival was and why the date was chosen because I’ve seen different explanations like some mention the earliest mention of this festival was the 4th ...
Matthew Myss's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
435 views

Who was the last Egyptian pharaoh to be worshipped as a 'deity' or seen as something 'divine' whether in potential or actuality?

During the New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, starting with Amnhotep III and ending with Ramses XI, pharaohs were worshipped as living 'deities'. After the declaration of Wehem Mesut and the subsequent ...
setszu's user avatar
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1 answer
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What was life like in Korbach, Hesse, Germany during the 1700s?

I have been trying to learn about Korbach, Hesse relative to my family history. I have an ancestor who was born there around 1728. He married in Efferen (close to Cologne) in 1765 as a Catholic and ...
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1 answer
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Did Nazi Germany ever actually make it illegal to practice Judaism?

While I appreciate that the Nazis tried to portray their anti-Semitism as based on racial, and not religious differences per se, and I understand that if one converted to Judaism, one would be ...
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Do we know of pagan creation myths that had a creation week?

Is the creation week an introduction by Abrahamic religions, or are there other known religions that also have, as part of their creation myths, a creation week (not necessarily of 7 days)? I've ...
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Did the teaching of evolution in the US suffer greatly from the Scopes Monkey trial?

After reading the story of the Scopes Monkey Trial, I learned that the teaching of evolution in the US suffers greatly from it. To quote some words from the wiki item, at the section Anti-evolution ...
Qiulang 邱朗's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
270 views

How did Raphael paint halos?

Yesterday, I had the pleasure of seeing Raphael's cartoon "Christ's Charge to Peter": In it, Christ and the apostles are depicted with halos that appear to be perfect ellipses. I only know ...
Dustin G. Mixon's user avatar
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2 answers
3k views

Did Martin Luther ever say "The prosperity of a country depends ... "?

Did Martin Luther ever say these quotes? If he did, then since he didn't speak English, what were his original words. Is this translation correct (close enough)? The prosperity of a country depends, ...
Qiulang 邱朗's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
164 views

Is there any documentation of the use of scientific knowledge or technology in pagan temples?

One of the great rabbinic scholars from the Geonic period, Rabbi Hai Gaon (939-1038 CE) wrote a responsum wherein he mentions as something "well-known" that that idolatrous temples would set ...
Reb Chaim HaQoton's user avatar
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167 views

How did the East Slavic pagans perceive the process of Christianization of Rus'? [closed]

I read that the Christianization of Rus' was of great civilizational, political and cultural significance for the Eastern Slavs. One of the notable aspects of this theme is the view, supported by some ...
ayr's user avatar
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Why is it necessary to list conflicting causes for the emergence Buddhism and Jainism?

The emergence of Buddhism and Jainism in 6th Century BC is seen as the result of the following causes (as given in R.S. Sharma's Ancient India): Reaction by Kshatriyas The development of new ...
ConGovDeIn's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
241 views

What is the source for exact years of the Hittite/Egyptian state of war?

The following is an excerpt of a critique on "Reason to Believe": Critic: Under these conditions, were the Ten Plagues and a total crush of the Egyptian army in the Red Sea waters to happen,...
Tzvi K's user avatar
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1 answer
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What type of headgear is shown in this Renaissance portrayal of Hell?

The painting in question is The Last Judgment by Fra Angelico. One can see a full version on Wikimedia Commons but here's a zoomed-in segment which was the first thing I saw before finding the source: ...
readyready15728's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
226 views

Why is syncretism mostly described through an "interpretatio graeca", rather than any other polytheism? [closed]

Ancient Greeks such as Herodotus thought other culture's gods (e.g. Egyptian) are actually same deities as theirs, just having different names. For example, Plutarch said Not different gods for ...
Vito's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
368 views

Did the polytheist Greeks or Romans call their priests “father”?

I assume not, but perhaps it has just escaped me, because I am so used to this form of address from the Greek Orthodox Church. There might be texts showing that some of them did, or texts commenting ...
Ludi's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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What religions were persecuted and disappeared (between 1000 BCE – 1 CE)? [closed]

R Gottlieb wrote in his book called "Reason to Believe" on page 66 that many cultures were persecuted between 1000 BCE – 1 CE, and none survived. As far as I'm aware, he does not provide any ...
Tzvi K's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
228 views

In the Gettysburg Address, what is the exact meaning of the phrase 'under God'?

Recently, while studying Chinese translations of this classic speech, EDIT: that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the ...
NateFZ's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
888 views

How old is the practice of wearing your "Sunday Best" to church?

I was wondering how old the idea of wearing your "Sunday Best" (nicest clothes) to church. It only became common to have different sets of clothes in the last few centuries. And even then ...
PausePause's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
486 views

Who are the Cathari in the Canons of the council of Nicaea?

In Canon 8 of the Council of Nicaea – held in 325 – it states that As for the so-called cathari, if they return to the catholic and apostolic church, the great and holy council decrees that any of ...
K Pomykala's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
137 views

Was any belief about the nature of the soul before birth widespread enough to influence common people's lives?

Medieval (European Christian 5-15th century) theologians used to argue between a few ideas about the origin of the soul (creationism, traducianism & pre-existence). However, was any belief about ...
Probably's user avatar
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17 votes
5 answers
5k views

Did any ancient polytheistic religion hold that theirs was the only pantheon? [closed]

There are a handful of polytheistic pantheons that we are generally familiar with today, The Greek pantheon, the pre-Christianity Roman pantheon, and the Norse gods; while I see this from a western ...
Sidney's user avatar
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1 answer
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Besides the Hebrews, were there any other ancient cults that used salt in animal sacrifices?

The Hebrew Bible (Leviticus 2:13) stipulates that all animal sacrifices must have salt. I was wondering if we find such a phenomenon of requiring salt in the cultic rituals of any other society in ...
Reb Chaim HaQoton's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
324 views

What was the earliest legitimate ancient Satanist sect / cult?

According to this recount of Satanism, the belief system is a modern phenomenon. The only confirmed "Satanic Church" wasn't formed until the 1960s. I suppose we can concede that part of this ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
231 views

What were the neoplatonists' attitude towards Christianity (or religion in general)?

In the movie "Agora" an ultimatum is given to Hypatia, either she adopts Christianity or the prefect would not be able to protect her anymore. Hypatia chooses the latter and is subsequently ...
Bach's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Was Haman (who is mentioned the Book of Esther) a historical person?

according to wikipedia Haman is the main antagonist in the Book of Esther, who according to the Hebrew Bible was a grand vizier in the Persian empire under King Ahasuerus, commonly identified as ...
ميخائيل مينا's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
59 views

Was religion in India a matter of choice for people during Mauryan empire?

The three most important kings of the Mauryan empire were followers of different religions, though there are disputes since there is not enough evidence to support the claims about Chandragupta & ...
Anshul Sahni's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

Was there any Egyptian Pharaoh that was considered the one and only god that ancient Egyptians worshiped during his life?

I found the following verses in the Quran (the holy book of Islam): Quran 79:24 And said (the king pharaoh), "I am your most exalted lord." Quran 28:38 And king Pharaoh said, "O eminent ...
ميخائيل مينا's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
110 views

What was the state of the Congo in 1959?

I'm reading the Poisonwood Bible. It is about a missionary family, the Prices, who in 1959 move from the U.S. state of Georgia to the village of Kilanga in the Belgian Congo. I really have no idea ...
Daniel Adams's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
349 views

Did D&D and similar media actually increase interest in the occult?

There was a scare in the 80s and less so the 90s surrounding things like the tabletop role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons (D&D) or other media that depicts magic as a narrative element and a ...
kutschkem's user avatar
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36 votes
2 answers
4k views

Was climate a factor in the spread of Islam?

Pasted below is a google maps image that spans much of Europe, Asia and Africa. Note the lack of vegetation in a belt cutting across this image. The question now is as follows. Why are the places with ...
Rahul Madhavan's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
845 views

Did Martin Luther King, Sr. change his name as an allusion to the Semitic root M-L-K?

Martin Luther King, Sr. was given the name Michael King at birth. Shortly after touring the Holy Land, he changed his name to Michael Luther King, and then to Martin Luther King. (This source seems to ...
adam.baker's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
69 views

What was the involvement of the upper social classes of Russia in Kizhi?

Kizhi Pogost, a UNESCO World Heritage site, was built in the 17th - early 18th century in Karelia (north-west Russia). Its architecture is remarkable, and it's quite big. The only personality ...
Yulia V's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
2k views

What percentage of the population was in the clergy (chastity vows) in Europe *at its peak* between 500-1500)?

According to this Wiki.fr page, 90% of the population were peasants. Of the 10% remaining, what percentage of them were clergy people? And does it apply during peak time? And when was this peak time? ...
JinSnow's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
2k views

Are there historical examples of non-Christian martyrs who were persecuted and killed because they claimed to be firsthand eyewitnesses of a miracle?

In the context of Christianity, the obvious examples are the apostles, who claimed to have been firsthand eyewitnesses of the resurrection of Jesus (with the exception of the apostle Paul, who didn't ...
user avatar
14 votes
1 answer
3k views

What was the status of Shia Muslims in the Ottoman empire?

It's my understanding that the Ottoman Empire was mostly tolerant of other religions throughout most of its history*. For example, they welcomed Jews who had been exiled from Spain during the ...
Daniel Shapero's user avatar

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