Questions tagged [religion]

A term to describe an organized belief system which revolves around supernatural elements and entities.

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1answer
649 views

Polytheism and war

James Hillman argues that polytheism reduces the chances of war. I have not been able to find evidence for this. Is there any historical evidence that polytheism reduces the chances of sacred or ...
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Did Saint Paul preach at the Theater in Philippi?

We know that Saint Paul traveled to and spent much time in Philippi-(in the North of Greece). In fact, Saint Paul began his European mainland mission in Ancient Neapolis-(present-day Kavala) and then ...
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Aside from Saint Francis of Assisi, were there other famous figures-(distant or near) who walked along the Camino Del Santiago in Northern Spain?

The Camino Del Santiago/"Road of Saint James" has been a popular destination for peripatetic and religious pilgrims since the 800's AD/CE-(though it declined in popularity during much the Early Modern ...
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What were the religious effects of the initial Arab conquests in the Byzantine Empire?

I've been reading some articles and books about the early Islamic conquests that started at about 634 CE, mainly in areas that belonged to the Byzantine Empire. Problem is, the majority of works I've ...
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Were monasteries a refuge for mentally handicapped adults?

I cannot find a citation but I believe I read a quote by Galton that indicated this. I know this was not the sole function of such places but it makes sense to me that a borderline mentally ...
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How frequently did monasteries attack other monasteries in Early Medieval Western Europe?

Recently, I saw this passage in M & H. Whittock, ‘The Viking Blitzkrieg’ (referring to Ireland) of the 113 attacks on monasteries between 795 and 820, only twenty-six were carried out by ...
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Why did some ancient societies make human sacrifices but others did not?

Why did some ancient societies like the Mayans and Aztecs make human sacrifices whereas others such as the Romans did not? Was this just chance or was there some environmental difference that made ...
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How did early Judaism and Zoroastrianism influence each other, if they were so far apart?

I've been reading, from various sources, fairly vague and hand-wavey claims that Zoroastrianism and early Judaism influenced each other (and that both were influenced by Atenism). Looking at ...
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Did a ritual of pushing 60-year-olds off a bridge really exist in Archaic Rome?

I've read about the archaic Roman practice of killing 60-year-olds by pushing them off a bridge, in a book by historian Eva Cantarella, namely Perfino Catone scriveva ricette - I greci, i romani e noi ...
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Was a Žaltys a real snake?

The Wikipedia article on Žaltys says (in its entirety): A žaltys is a household spirit in the Lithuanian mythology. As sacred animal of the sun goddess Saulė, it is a guardian of the home and a ...
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How does a runic alphabet work?

For instance, let's take the Younger Futhark alphabet. How do you build a word? By just getting the first letter or phoneme of the name of each rune? Or do they have a contextual meaning?
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Religion in present-day Colombia before Spanish colonial influence

I am trying to find out some details about the indigenous religions in present-day Colombia and Latin America before the Spanish introduced Catholicism. I have tried searching, but the indigenous ...
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Why are women banned from Okinoshima island in Japan?

Okinoshima, a sacred Japanese island that just got World Heritage listing, is a place where men are expected to walk around naked that is off limits for women. Why are women not allowed on it? This ...
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What was the Orthodox Church's role in Russian expansion?

Yuri Semyonov's The Conquest of Siberia says the main motivation for the Russian empire's eastwards expansion was the acquisition of furs (in the form of yasak, the fur tax assessed on native male ...
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How frequent were murders by Mormon Danites in the 1850s?

During early Mormon history, there was a band of clandestine assassins known as the "Danites" or the "Sons of Dan". They committed a form ritualized murder known as Blood Atonement. The group and ...
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What colors were used as paint in the construction of the ziggurats in early Sumer?

I remember many years ago going through a book about ancient civilizations in Mesopotamia. In the passages where the ziggurats were described there was a mention that each level of the pyramid was ...
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How old is the Egyptian winged disk? Is it Assyrian?

I assumed that the Winged disk was brought to Egypt by the Assyrians, and used prolifically during the Amarna period. However, I read on Wikipedia and elsewhere that it's known since the Old Kingdom, ...
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Are there any universally accepted or non-Abrahamic based books in history that have mentions of longevity of prophets?

Reading from here and Genesis 5 we see that there are mentions of longevity among prophets: Adam – 930 Seth – 912 Enosh – 905 Jared – 962 Methuselah – 969 Noah – 950 Shem – 600 Eber – 464 ...
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Did Greeks and Romans tolerate those who only worshipped some of their gods?

Did Greeks and Romans worship all their gods, or was it permissible to worship some of them only (e.g., only in Diana, Jupiter, Apollo, Mercury, etc.)? {It seems it was permissible to worship some of ...
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What clergy went on the second Bering expedition?

Vitus Bering led two seaborne expeditions to explore the Russian Far East. On the second expedition, he founded Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky by building a "City-Nativity" church [Богородско-Рождественской ...
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Did the ancient Egyptians dress living cats in jewelry?

Ancient Egyptians worshiped animals, and cats were one of the most popular objects of said worship. I know that they would dress up cat statues in jewelry, but did they dress their cats in jewelry ...
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What is the name of the Phoenician religion?

I am writing an article about a Phoenician king, Ithobaal I, and was curious about what religion Phoenicians had. Is there any technical term for it or is it just "Phoenician Religion" or "Phoenician ...
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Has any polytheistic religion throughout history given relevance to a god or goddess of cruelty? [closed]

What I particularly want to know is whether any god or major entity in any religion has been primarily associated with cruelty, understood as taking pleasure in causing pain. I have been unable to ...
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How educated were the Orthodox priests of Imperial Russia around 1800?

In Imperial Russia, "white" priests (as opposed to "black" monks) of the non-noble clergy ministered to the Orthodox public. Entering this profession meant entering a new social class; it did not ...
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Are there any secular accounts of the Sadduccees?

1. Question : Are there any accounts by Greek, or other historians, that detail what happened to the Sadducees, who were tied to Temple in Jerusalem? Was there a persecution of the Sadducees? I am ...
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Why would native women of the Russian Far East undergo Orthodox baptism?

Russian colonism of the Pacific Rim included religious missions which sought to perform baptisms. As an incentive to conversion, baptized native men were exempted from imperial fur tax (they then had ...
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Has Any Real-World Culture Actually Included a “Life Debt” Tradition?

A common trope in fiction is the "life debt," wherein two characters become "bound together by a bond of oath" because one has saved the other's life. We consumers of media have seen this concept of ...
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Did Mithraism and other Roman cults surpass the original Greco-Roman religion in popularity before the rise of Christianity?

From the death of Alexander the Great onward, the religion of the ancient Greeks steadily absorbed foreign elements creating new forms of worship and new deities. Some examples of newly worshipped ...
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Did people at the time think that the founding fathers were religious men? [closed]

People today think for some reason that the founding fathers were religious men, you know "Good-old Christians" and the sort. Of course this isn't exactly true. Sure, they did think a god of some ...
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Is there evidence that Stalin stopped religious persecution during WW2? [closed]

I read in some articles that during WW2 the Soviets reopened the churches and allowed their people to do their religious practices. Is there any evidence to confirm such things? If yes up to which ...
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Where can I find a speech of a priest to encourage people against invasion?

Where can I find an example speech of a Catholic priest to encourage the common people in order to defense their city against the invaders -mainly for the Thirty Years War era? Thanks!
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How did the Swedish soldiers pray during the Thirty Years' War? [closed]

During the Thirty Years' War, how did the Swedish soldiers (for instance, the pike-men) pray to get mentally relaxed or to feel more powerful or to get prepared before a battle? Which prayers did ...
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When could California mission priests perform confirmation?

The Franciscan priests at California missions were empowered with the faculties to perform sacraments like baptism and marriage. A stricter standard applied in the case of the faculty of confirmation -...
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How big was the Puritan cohort in the Anglican church?

I'm mainly interested in the late Elizabethan and Jacobean periods. I've read church publications such as Church Society and AnglicansOnline,as well as all kinds of history websites and blogs, but I ...
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What advantages did Catholic missionaries to the Indians have over Protestant missionaries in old Oregon Country?

I remember reading that Catholic missionaries in old Oregon Country made more converts per capita than Protestant missionaries, besides being in general better-received by the Native Americans. What ...
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Were ancient Egyptians secretly monotheistic?

In The Cat of Bubastes, Victorian era author G. A. Henty asserts that all of the gods of the Egyptian Pantheon originally described individual attributes of a single god. Over time, common people ...
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Who were the Bishops of Irkutsk after St. Innocent?

The Irkutsk Orthodox diocese once administered a huge territory. Its founding bishop was St. Innocent, succeeded by Innocent (Nerunovich). Who else held the office before 1800?
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When and where was rape first criminalised independently from adultery?

The ancient legislation I know about do not have any concept of rape, but of adultery / married, and virgin / not virgin. The monotheist religious texts condemn rape as adultery outside the wedding, ...
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How many Dalit Muslims were there in India in 1900 AD?

The Wikipedia entry about Dalits has no section regarding how many Dalits are adherents of Islam (though it has extensive information regarding Hindu, Buddhist and Sikh Dalits). It has a table that ...
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Did the Ottoman government rationalize the Armenian Genocide and other instances of ethnic cleansing as a response to Russian expansion?

The course I took on Ottoman history was 2-3 years ago and relatively short, so please correct any and all inaccurate statements I make. Also, I want to emphasize that neither genocide nor ethnic ...
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Is the letter attributed to have been sent by Muhammad to the Byzantine Emperor authentic?

Wikipedia article shows a letter that is claimed be sent from Muhammad to the Emperor of Byzantine Empire. But it doesn't have any information about authenticity of the letter as in if it is ...
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Did Roundheads have opinions on early leaders of the Reformation (e.g., Martin Luther) during the Civil War?

We know that Henry VIII had been against Luther, even after Henry broke with Rome. So the Reformation in England developed differently to the one in Europe at that point. But were later Protestants in ...
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Have the Pyramid Texts been translated into German?

I would like to know if the Pyramid Texts have been "officially" translated into German and, if so, where I can find them. I am interested in the texts of Pepi I. There are some Incantations of Pepi ...
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Why were cobblers so radical?

Peter Ackroyd writes on page 88 of his account of the English Civil War: Cobblers were well known for their radical Protestant sympathies. What was so special about cobblers?
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After Jesus was executed what became of Pontius Pilate

After all of the unrest in the area did Pontius Pilate resolve the issue by the death of Jesus Christ. Historically what became of Pontius Pilate.
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What happened to Dirk Willems' family after his martyrdom?

From Wikipedia Dirk Willems was a Dutch martyred Anabaptist who is most famous for escaping from prison, turning around to rescue his pursuer —who had fallen through thin ice while chasing ...
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Was there an ancient cult of worshiping one's own reflection?

Are there any sources about an ancient cultic worship of one's own reflection (in water)? Have historians found any evidence of such a phenomenon? The idea is found in some early Jewish commentaries: ...
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What differentiates a priest, a clerk, a capellanus, a subdeacon and a rector? [closed]

I have been looking at the list of rectors of Eversholt church, Bedfordshire, from http://bedsarchivescat.bedford.gov.uk/Details/archive/110033099. The various people listed there are each described ...
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Manichaeism almost becoming state religion of Roman Empire

I am reading Yuval Noah Harari's Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind, an excellent source throughout. At one point (on p. 270 in the German edition) the author mentions a turning point in history ...
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What is the extent to which Malcolm X's activism was influenced by his Muslim beliefs?

Have been researching the role of religion on the Civil Rights movement and while I am aware that Malcolm X identified as a Muslim it is unclear as to how this belief influenced his (and his ...

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