Questions tagged [religious-history]

Questions related to the history of world religions in general, extant or extinct, or related to the specific history of a given religion.

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9
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3answers
2k views

Which Catholic priests were given diplomatic missions?

Fernández de San Vicente was a high-ranking priest appointed by Mexico's government for a diplomatic mission to the Californias in 1822. Despite being nominally in the same country¸ the isolation of ...
8
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0answers
209 views

How many people died in the UK from religious persecution between the 1532 and 1791?

The English Reformation was "a series of events in 16th-century England by which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church". It involved the ...
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4answers
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Did ancient Romans have a religion that involved a “fish hat”?

This question is related to the Mesopotamian god "Dagon" and how he may have been represented in ancient Rome. According to some sources, gods and goddesses that were worshiped in ancient Mesopotamia ...
5
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0answers
125 views

Is the Western Wall the only remaining portion of the Second Temple?

I saw a travel blog post recently that claimed that the Western Wall is the only remaining portion of the Second Temple in Jerusalem. At first, I thought this was just a mistake on the part of the ...
0
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1answer
113 views

Is there a global foot race among religions on the most beautiful churches and when did this start historically?

When you visit multicultural and -national big cities, it often becomes apparent to me how churches of different religions seem to compete on beautiness, height, materials used like gold or colourful ...
0
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2answers
303 views

Did ancient people understand divinity in the same way we do today? [closed]

I'm not sure if this kind of question -being about religion- belongs here. But since this is asked from a historical perspective, it may fit here. How did people understand the concept of 'divinity' ...
4
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3answers
337 views

When did worship of Baal cease to exist?

I read in Luke a spot where people, witnessing a miracle of Jesus, attribute it to Beelzebub "the chief of the devils." The other apparent reference to that deity, in the Bible, is in 2 Kings 1. I ...
49
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5answers
7k views

What is the significance behind “40 days” that often appears in the Bible?

Several times within the Old and New Testament of the Bible there are notes pertaining to a long time as "40 days," as in 40 days of fasting, rain, traveling, etc. Why 40? Is there a factual ...
-3
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1answer
134 views

Was the Eye of Providence also a symbol of Bavarian illuminati? [closed]

If no, then where did it come from? This site (How the secret Illuminati society really did start in Germany) claims that the owl of Minerva was the symbol of the Bavarian Illuminati. I did my ...
1
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0answers
55 views

Did Francis de Sales try to bribe Theodore Beza?

Source. The relevant quote. Money, all-powerful in this poor country, seemed to him so irresistible as an argument, that he went to Geneva to try and buy over old Theodore Beza, by offering him a ...
0
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1answer
478 views

What was the image of Jhwh before it was almost erased from history?

Clay tablets found in Mesopotamia tell us that Adam was an earth god. In Genesis Adam was demoted to human status probably to make a monotheistic text possible. Did Jhwh have an image (idol) before ...
3
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3answers
412 views

Is biblical Joseph story historically valid? [closed]

What are the non-scriptural evidence (if any) on biblical Joseph story, where he becomes Grand Vizier of Pharaonic Egypt in 15th century BCE. I know that the pharaoh is unnamed, and the era is close ...
3
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1answer
205 views

Perceptions and relationships of 14-15th century Spaniards / Romani / Moors

What perceptions of the Romani people were held by the Moors who occupied Granada around the time of the Reconquista? What were the relationships like between the Moors, Romani and the Sephardic Jews ...
1
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1answer
131 views

What is an antimendicant?

I am reading a book (Kathryn Kerby-Fulton, Books Under Suspicion, (University of Notre Dame Press) 2006.) called Books Under Suspicion. In it, there is an ongoing struggle between the mendicant orders ...
5
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2answers
298 views

When was the festival of the See of Peter in the 6th Century?

I've been researching the decrees of the second Council of Tours (AD 567), specifically Canon XXII: Some still hold fast the old error, that they should honor the 1st of January. Others, on the ...
82
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16answers
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Why do western monotheistic religions seem to be so full of conflict over dogma?

This could be a totally false premise. But clearly when Christianity was starting (and even to this day) there were serious conflicts about ideology. You had the Arians, Monophysites, etc. all at each ...
3
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1answer
277 views

When did druids become widely accepted as 'shapeshifters'?

Anecdotally, if you ask anybody what a druid is, or what a druid does, many will say they are mythological shapeshifters that are tuned with nature. Druids were, in fact, political advisors and ...
39
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6answers
9k views

What is the pre-schism Christian church called today?

I've come upon numerous instances where a pre-11th century person or artifact is associated with either the Orthodox or Catholic church. The most recent example is in Francis Fukuyama's "The Origins ...
1
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0answers
123 views

Importance of religion for a common man in medieval India

I have recently studied the rise of Islam and the origins of Bhakti movement in medieval India. All the sources that I have referred to talk of the spread of new religious ideas and people converting ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Ancient Greek religious monument with genitalia—why?

Around the Acropolis in Athens, there are lots of marble monuments like the one below. I don't recall whether I read on a plaque, or whether it was my own inference, that these were installed by ...
4
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2answers
170 views

When, and where, was the word 'Anglican' first used in the context of the Protestant Church of England?

According to Wikipedia, "The word Anglican originates in ecclesia anglicana, a medieval Latin phrase dating to at least 1246 that means the English Church." However, this usage referred to the ...
6
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1answer
193 views

How many people were killed by Protestant Inquisition style tribunals? Asking for references/estimates

It's relatively easy to find estimates for the number of people killed the Catholic Inquisition; one just needs to check the Wikipedia page, regardless of the doubts on the true numbers. However, ...
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2answers
4k views

Would colonial Maryland have been tolerant to all religions?

I have heard that Maryland was the birthplace of religious freedom in the US because it was founded by a charter about which Wikipedia says "On 20 June 1632, (King) Charles granted the original ...
6
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3answers
625 views

What attributes did Yahweh have before becoming a monotheistic deity?

Did it "belong" to another people before he was adopted by Hebrews? Is there any anthropological reconstruction about all this monotheistic thing?
2
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1answer
252 views

Is there any evidence that Jesus' Mother lived in Ephesus? [closed]

There is a Shrine Chapel in the ancient city of Ephesus-(present-day Efes, Turkey) that is dedicated to Jesus' Mother, Mary, titled, "House of the Virgin Mary" which is administered by The Roman ...
13
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1answer
254 views

When is the Cumaean Temple to Apollo dated?

Cumae was founded by Ionians from Euboea around 750. Cumae had a Temple to Apollo and Sibyline oracle that channeled Apollo. In Greece, Apollo and its oracle became active in the eighth century. It ...
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1answer
133 views

history of religion in America [closed]

What was religion of native America, before British colonial? Around when Christianity evolves in America?
2
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1answer
190 views

Have truces for the duration of Ramadan ever been customary/mandatory?

I know that you are exempt from fasting during Ramadan if a war is on (and also for other various reasons). But - has it ever been customary (or even - required) for Muslim fighting forces to offer ...
7
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1answer
374 views

How did the Swedish soldiers pray during the Thirty Years' War? [closed]

During the Thirty Years' War, how did the Swedish soldiers (for instance, the pike-men) pray to get mentally relaxed or to feel more powerful or to get prepared before a battle? Which prayers did ...
17
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2answers
560 views

Was there an ancient cult of worshiping one's own reflection?

Are there any sources about an ancient cultic worship of one's own reflection (in water)? Have historians found any evidence of such a phenomenon? The idea is found in some early Jewish commentaries: ...
5
votes
1answer
510 views

On the history of Jewish places of worship

I was recently on holiday in Israel and Jordan on a tour that focussed on biblical and archaeological sites. As part of the tour, we visited Tel Arad which was probably built around 1100 BCE and ...
13
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2answers
507 views

References or accounts in historical Egyptian literature about the Exodus

In the Bible, there is a long treatise about the miracles that had forgone the Exodus, the Book of Genesis details these. Then there are the dealings between Moses and Pharaoh, the magic fight of ...
12
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2answers
702 views

In Canada, is it true that when Mormons first arrived (1887) they weren't allowed to settle within 50km of Lethbridge?

In 1886, a Mormon named Charles Card was directed by the then President on the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, John Taylor, to go north and find a suitable settlement site in Canada. In ...
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1answer
253 views

What's the birthdate of Jesus of Nazareth, assuming he existed? [closed]

This post is not about the existence of Jesus, we assume that here. It is well-known that Jesus of Nazareth was not born on December 25th 1 BC. The historians are agree for a year between 7 and 2 BC....
3
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2answers
315 views

What is the historical relationship between Yule and Christmas?

What is the historical relationship between Yule and Christmas? Yule is in part a set of secular and religious observances of a festival, arising out of pagan Germanic cultures. Christmas is in part ...