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Questions tagged [roman-empire]

The Roman Empire was a vast empire, centred around the city of Rome, that lasted from 27 BC to 476 AD (West); 1453 AD (East).

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What was the relationship between Italy and the other provinces in the republican period?

It is often said that during the republican period the provinces were ruthlessly exploited by their ruling magistrate, that the senate had no consideration for the provinces, and that Augustus changed ...
16π Cent's user avatar
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1 answer
161 views

Did Philo ever mention crucifixion as a punishment in any of his writings? If he didn't, was there ever a reason he didn't?

Philo was a prominent Roman writer and philosopher during the first century AD, it seems that in one of his books 'Against Flaccus' Philo mentions the multiple persecutions and punishments Jews of ...
How why e's user avatar
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2 answers
145 views

Did the Roman Empire lie? [closed]

Some modern countries, including the US, Russia, and the UK in particular are blamed (by the other side, where Russia is confronted to US+UK) to be particularly lying in politics, using their powerful ...
porton's user avatar
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4 votes
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Did the Romans import worship in response to plagues?

Pan's Travail by J. Hughes mentions an introduction of various gods as a response to plagues near the fall of the Roman Empire, including Aesculapius ("introduced at Rome to avert a pestilence in ...
MaximeJaccon's user avatar
1 vote
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Is there a relationship between the Roman/fascist salute and the gestures of the Roman emperor in the Colloseum? [closed]

Last October I went to visit Rome and enjoyed a tour through the Coliseum. Our tour guide told a number of stories about the Coliseum, most of which sounded plausible enough. However, one thing seemed ...
Lara's user avatar
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If there was truly 3 hours of darkness in Roman empire following the crucifixion, would we expect some sort of record to survive of this happening?

In the synoptic Gospels it is claimed that 3 hours after the crucifixion there was darkness over all the land from noon-3pm along with intense earthquakes in Judea strong enough to split rocks and ...
Hurdlegreen2's user avatar
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231 views

Did the Romans ever get the idea to pardon Jesus or expunge the conviction when they adopted it as the state religion in 380, Edict of Thessalonica?

Given the premise of Jesus as being an innocent man being wrongfully convicted, wouldn't the very legally minded Romans or other jurists have the idea that the government should delete the conviction ...
R-Obsessive's user avatar
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Did Roman prosperity peak right on the eve of collapse (in particular c. 399)?

John Rapley and Peter Heather (Why Empires Fall, 2023, in Ch. 1 "Party Like It's 399"): Rural population densities, and consequently overall agricultural output, reached maximum levels in ...
user103496's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
4k views

Was there a love affair between Faustina the Younger and Avidius Cassius?

I recently watched episode 1 of season 1 of the Netflix series "Rome". According to that episode, Faustina the Younger (Marcus Aurelius's wife) had a love affair with the Roman general ...
user1387866's user avatar
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Where can I learn about Jewish Zealot ideology and history?

What are some great resources where I could learn more about the Jewish Zealots of the first century? I would like to learn more about their philosophy/ideology, their motivation, their contemporary ...
GreenGiant's user avatar
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Did the Romans reuse crosses for crucifixion punishment or it was one time use (1st century Jerusalem) ? I need verified sources on this

I am trying to check if the story of Saint Helena mother of Constantine 1 finding the true cross logically follows or not. The most common story goes ( Wikipedia:Church of the Holy Sepulchre) ...
mina nageh's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
266 views

How do we know when Nero was born?

If I go onto Wikipedia, I can see an answer of when he was born. But I can't really follow the sources. How do historians know when Nero was born?
Kyle Johansen's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
172 views

How were Ceasar's troops supplied with food during the Siege of Alexandria?

During the Siege of Alexandria, Julius Ceasar and a few thousand troops were stuck in the royal quarter of Alexandria for several months, with a local army surrounding them. Did the royal quarter have ...
Fiksdal's user avatar
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Did Hannibal make coins while campaigning using captured precious metals, Roman coins and perhaps bronze statues?

The process of minting coins at the time would be similar to the Roman method and I assume it would have been normal for any large army to carry the required tools and craftsmen while campaigning to ...
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2 answers
302 views

What prevented the Romans from naval expansion? [closed]

Now, I have a very poor understanding of history (my high school didn't even have a history class), so if I'm missing something please point it out. The ancient Roman Empire was pretty large for its ...
user1642529's user avatar
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How many Jews lived in Rome in the period immediately before (and during) the First Jewish–Roman War (66–73 CE)?

I have been researching some of the events that occurred during the Jewish-Roman wars in ancient Israel. I have tried to find approximate population records of the Jews before and during the period of ...
Curiosity's user avatar
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What kind of law courts existed in first-century Palestine?

The Sermon on the Mount contains this advice to stay out of the legal system: Agree with your adversary quickly while you are with him on the way; lest perhaps the prosecutor deliver you to the judge,...
dfgsdghsdf's user avatar
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How was the Roman Empire officially referred to by contemporaries throughout the 1st to 6th centuries AD?

I understand that the notion of state in the specified period was different from the modern one and maybe was gradually changing over time. However, I still believe that contemporary sources ...
Eldritch Sandwich's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
883 views

How would a Roman soldier address his superior officer? Reversely, how would a superior officer address a lower ranking Roman soldier?

Let's pretend for a second there is a legionnaire named Marcus and a centurion named Augustus. Would the legionnaire refer to his superior officer as "Centurion Augustus"? Or would he say &...
Ruby's user avatar
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2 answers
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What office or status did these individuals hold in Roman-Britain based on their attire?

I saw this Roman period wall painting in The Dorset County Museum. It was recovered from a mid-fourth century mausoleum located in a Roman cemetery from Poundbury between 1969 and 1970. The wall ...
Charlie Tizzard Ó Kevlahan's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
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What is the evidence that Galerius raised Severus II to the rank of Augustus?

It is widely reported that Severus II was made Augustus by Galerius. But Zosimus in Historia Nova reports: "Maximianus Gallerius, when he had learned this, sent Severus Caesar against Maxentius ...
Glenn's user avatar
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What was at the start of Early Roman codices?

What was on an early Roman codex before the actual text of the author? For example, we have the title, author, copyright notifications and other publication information. In contrast what would you ...
Kyle Johansen's user avatar
29 votes
3 answers
7k views

Why was the Roman Empire considered an empire rather than a kingdom (again)?

First there was the Roman Kingdom, then the Roman Republic and then the Roman Empire. But what was it that made it an empire the third time, rather than just going back to being a kingdom again? ...
Kristoffer Helander's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
469 views

Why do ancient Jewish sources increasingly downplay Rome's role in Jerusalem's destruction?

Josephus, the (in)famous Judeo-Roman historian, in his pivotal account of the Jewish-Roman war, seeks to persistently and systematically distance the Romans from any moral responsibility in the Temple'...
Lucian's user avatar
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How exactly did the government work with very large empires? [closed]

In planning my fictional worlds, I have come to wonder how exactly large empires worked, the main question being, how did they manage to keep control over such a large space in a manner that allowed ...
Zoey's user avatar
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34 votes
2 answers
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Until when was Marseille Greek-speaking?

Marseille was originally a Greek city. It fell to the Romans in 49 BC, but without suffering very much. Given the widespread use of the Greek language in the Roman Empire, it is not clear to me that ...
Arno's user avatar
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1 answer
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What were the neoplatonists' attitude towards Christianity (or religion in general)?

In the movie "Agora" an ultimatum is given to Hypatia, either she adopts Christianity or the prefect would not be able to protect her anymore. Hypatia chooses the latter and is subsequently ...
Bach's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
3k views

Were there "Taxes Paid" slave tattoos in the Roman Empire?

In this video, YouTube: Did Ancient Romans Use Tattoos? @ 4:35, the presenter mentions a "Taxes Paid" tattoo. I understand it's just YouTube but I believe this creator doesn't typically ...
Matt Watson's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
265 views

Along side Roman roads, where did the drainage ditches lead? [closed]

Reading about how Roman roads were built, it seems they built drainage ditches on both sides. I've found various sites talking about this, such as this one. This leads to a question that will sound ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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Would a Roman emperor during Pax Romana be recognised by Roman Britons as a king of Roman Britain?

Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus Take for example the Roman emperor during Pax Romana "Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus". Changes of name, Wikipedia His original name was Lucius Aelius ...
John Strachan's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
326 views

Which person is portrayed in this statue?

I was visiting the Capitolini Museum in Rome last week and this statue caught my attention, It was sad that I couldn't find more information about it but I hope someone could identify it or give more ...
Issa's user avatar
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2 answers
436 views

Do any Roman writings use the phrase Casus belli?

I have long had it assumed Casus Belli was a term used by the Romans (probably because it's Latin), but apparently not so?
bitshift's user avatar
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0 answers
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Are there historical texts recording acts of ransom / heists on the rich in Roman Empire?

I know that large scale slave revolts in Roman Empire were relatively rare. On smaller scales though, in modern times we have house invasions / kidnapping and car theft. In Rome with gap being so wide ...
Chris's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
458 views

How important was the war against Vercingetorix to the Romans?

I have recently been watching Netflix documentary on Rome and Julius Caesar and of course his most famous battle in Gaul. My question is how big of an issue was Vercingetorix rebellion for the Romans? ...
Gridlock's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
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Seeking floor plan of a classical Roman building with 20 to 30 rooms

An offshoot of this question. I am developing a software product. Very briefly, given a floor plan, it lets the user edit it, and add information to each "room". Think of a shopping mall, ...
Mawg's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Did Julius Caesar ban low-birth people wearing pearls?

I encountered this "in I century B.C., during the Julius Caesar consulship, it was promulgated a law that prohibited the theirs [sic] use by the lower classes" RomeAndArt statement several ...
Dmitriy's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
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Why no Holy Roman Emperor ever accepted a name, coinciding with a name of a Roman Emperor? [closed]

For instance, no Holy Roman Emperor was named Constantine, or Alexander etc. On the other hand, many Byzantine emperors had names of previous Roman emperors (Constantine, Theodosios, Tiberios, ...
Anixx's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
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What does CONOB mean on ancient Roman coins?

I have stumbled across many depictions of Roman coins with the abbreviation CONOB on it, such as this one. What does it stand for?
The Thin Whistler's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
393 views

Are there archaeological sites of Drusus‘ campaign 9 BC?

The Roman commander Nero Claudius Drusus reached the river Elbe in 9 BC. Are there any archaeological sites or finds of this Roman campaign deep into Germania?
lejonet's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
206 views

Do we know how much the Aurelian Wall would have cost to build?

I've been reading about the Aurelian Wall and it's very fascinating, though I wonder how much, in denarii, sestercii, or other, it would have cost the Romans. Is there any way we could possibly ...
Lgndry's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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What date format was used at Pompeii around the Mt Vesuvius eruption

I saw a recent television commercial with a modern person at the Mt Vesuvius eruption asking a Pompeii resident the year. The resident answers with 79 AD. But I thought the zero point for the BC/AD ...
CTMacUser's user avatar
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15 votes
1 answer
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How much did Didius Julianus pay to become emperor of Rome?

According to Wikipedia, Didius Julianus was proclaimed Roman Emperor in AD 193 by the Praetorian Guard after offering them 25,000 sesterces per soldier (outbidding Sulpicianus's offer of 20,000 ...
Mark's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
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What ancient sources discuss the importance of the Sacred fire of Vesta and why it needed to stay alight?

Dionysius of Halicarnassus in Roman Antiquites touches on, in brief, that the entiguishing of the flame was an omen for the destruction of the city. There are many indications, it seems, when a ...
phoebepixie's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Where in the sources does it say that Syagrius claimed to be "merely governing a Roman province"?

I have read on Wikipedia:Soissons and elsewhere that Syagrius, the last ruler of the Kingdom of Soissons, always claimed to be merely the ruler of a Roman province rather than the king of an ...
The Thin Whistler's user avatar
16 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why did Pausanias travel to Greece?

Pausanias wrote his Description of Greece in the first century AD, which remains a priceless resource for classicists and archaeologists to this day. I've made a quick perusal of the text itself, as ...
Tom Hosker's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
140 views

What social response could be expected in the Roman world after a temple collapsed?

I've been reading Ritual Landscapes of South-East Britain (2008, David Rudling). In a chapter on the Wanborough, Surrey Temple complex the author discusses how one temple was built in the late first ...
Charlie Tizzard Ó Kevlahan's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
358 views

Did the Roman government attempt to hide the collapse of the empire? [closed]

Did the late Roman government lie about the borders of their empire? Has this ever been argued by Roman historians? This question is different from this one. Michael Kulikowski refers to the Notitia ...
Giraffeshavelongnecks's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
240 views

Was "Via Regia" the original name of the "Via Nova Traiana"?

This is a quote from Wikipedia: The Via Traiana Nova or Via Nova Traiana (Latin for 'Trajan's New Road'), previously known as the Via Regia or King's Highway, was an ancient Roman road built by ...
Bach's user avatar
  • 472
7 votes
1 answer
362 views

Did Post-Marian Republic or Imperial Legion cohorts have specific skill levels?

Here and here and numerous other places I've looked online state that Roman Legions divided their infantry into cohorts based on skill, and that all legions had their cohorts identically manned. The ...
Dario Quint's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
343 views

What kind of suspension did Roman carrucae have?

The German Wikipedia on post coaches states that the Roman carrucae (there described as a Reisewagen, something like travelling vehicle) already had suspension and a passenger cabin. I tried to find ...
Ludi's user avatar
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