Questions tagged [roman-empire]

The Roman Empire was a vast empire, centred around the city of Rome, that lasted from 27 BC to 476 AD (West); 1453 AD (East).

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1answer
449 views

What happened north of the Alps after the Romans “left”?

I am hearing again and again in history documentaries and other such sources that the Romans abandoned their territory of Raetia and Noricum. After that Germanic people flooded in and settled there. I ...
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When did Herod the Great die?

I have read the article Did Herod the "Great" Really Die In 4 B.C.? which argues that Herod the Great might have died in 4 BC instead of 1 BC. What is the evidence of this claim? Is this new date ...
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Which country can be called the successor of the Roman Empire, after 476? [closed]

In a website I usually go, there is a hot issue about which country is the successor of the Roman Empire. The users are not that serious and enjoy this just for fun; but this has been debated for a ...
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When did the Roman Empire devalue currency?

I had read some years ago an article describing the decision of an emperor to deal with the empire's economic troubles be devaluating the currency. The devaluation occured by mixing silver with not so ...
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1answer
292 views

How many civilians of Roman empire (except jews) died in the Bar Kokhba revolt?

The wiki entry about Bar Kokhba revolt has no information or indication about how many Roman civilians died in that conflict. 580,000 Jews killed, 50 fortified towns and 985 villages razed; "...
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Why is this Roman bust identified as Arminius?

Wikipedia and Britannica show this bust in their articles about Arminius: The caption in Wikipedia says: This Roman sculpture of a young man is sometimes identified as Arminius. The description ...
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2answers
278 views

Was the Jewish population expelled from the Jerusalem after the siege of 70 AD or after the Bar Kokhba revolt?

The Wikipedia article on Bar Kokhba revolt says : and Jews were forbidden from entering it, except on the day of Tisha B'Av. I was under the impression that the Jewish population had already ...
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137 views

Did the Bar Kokhba revolt happen before or after Jerusalem's name was changed to Aelia?

There are conflicting views with respect to this on the net. Wikipedia's summary of the names of Jerusalem asserts that the name was changed before the Bar Kokhba revolt, and that was one of the ...
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When did Galilee become part of Iudaea? When did it become separate?

According to Wikipedia, Galilee "briefly became a part of it[i.e. Iudaea province], then separated from it for two to three centuries". When did these two events happen? Sources encouraged.
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620 views

How old is the Classic Arabic language?

Wikipedia has this to say about it: Arabic (Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎‎, Al-ʻarabiyyah [ʔalʕaraˈbijːah] ( listen) or Arabic: عَرَبِيّ‎‎ ʻarabiyy [ʕaraˈbijː] ( listen)) is the Classical Arabic ...
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Why did Nero order many of the Pisonian conspirators to commit suicide instead of having them executed by the sword?

I noticed that many of the people executed by Nero were ordered to commit suicide or their deaths were made to look like a suicide. This is despite the fact that, in at least some cases, armed ...
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Would every Roman army have dedicated engineers?

Would a Roman army have dedicated engineers to design and build the siege engines (onagers, scorpions etc)? Would the engineers be expected to fight? Personally, I am particularly interested in what ...
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If Rome's women were the cause of her downfall, why did the Romans not import women from abroad? [closed]

The failing birthrate is named as one of the contributing causes of the collapse of the western Roman empire. However, in later, medieval times, all sorts of pirates, Vikings and others were involved ...
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1answer
191 views

Until what time was the Ancient Roman calendar era used?

Until what time was the Ancient Roman calendar era, based on the founding of Rome, used? Or what was the latest historical event that was mentioned in chronicles with an Ab Urbe Condita year?
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307 views

Manichaeism almost becoming state religion of Roman Empire

I am reading Yuval Noah Harari's Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind, an excellent source throughout. At one point (on p. 270 in the German edition) the author mentions a turning point in history ...
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1answer
747 views

Who standardized the Roman measurements?

Was there a single ruler that standardized Roman measurements, like Qinshihuangdi for China? I remember in history class we talked about how the Romans had standard weight units in markets and axle ...
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794 views

Did Aetius or Attila fight in the Battle of Worms (436)?

I'm looking for information on the Battle of Worms (436). Specifically, did Flavius Aetius and/or Attila command or fight there? The Wikipedia page on Aetius, under the "Battles/wars" column,...
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Were mounted soldiers really an advancement during the Middle Ages?

While reading Charles Oman's "A History of the Art of War in the Middle Ages" it occurred to me that horses and a kind of knight were always available to the Roman Empire, and nevertheless the legions ...
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796 views

A Roman Admiral, a Tribune, a Legatus and a Promagistrate all walk into an arena

If these meet up, who is more senior than who, socially, politically and militarily? The Legatus, Admiral, and Tribune are from legions and fleets in different provinces to the Promagistrate. They ...
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The Roman Legion Strength [closed]

-What's the secret behind the "Roman Legion" strength? -Historically, The "Roman Legion" was one of the strongest military units ever: They played key roles throughout the Roman wars. They were the ...
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1answer
402 views

Would the trial of Jesus of Nazareth have been recorded on an Acta Diurna?

Acta Diurna were official notices in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire, which were displayed on message boards in other places. According to Wikipedia: Their original content included results of ...
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What happened to all the scholars and scientists of Western Rome during the barbarian invasions?

We know that the dawn of the age of Renaissance and the dusk of the Middle Ages were accelerated by the fall of Byzantine Empire and the transfer of a big chunk of "Ancient Knowledge" from Greece to ...
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Is this article on Nero even remotely accurate?

Weev's livejournal Some of the problems in this article is that while Nero was blond and blue eyed it ignored that he was spotted and potbellied not to mention a known sexual deviant. The claims in ...
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1answer
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Origin of “The grass did not grow where Attila had passed” [closed]

Legend says that where Attila's horse passed grass did not grow again. For example, a variant of this quote can be found on Biographay.com's entry on the man. What was the first use of this phrase or ...
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614 views

What were the key difficulties for the Romans in the conquest of Germanic tribes? [duplicate]

Rome had expansionist policy from its early days since the Dacian conquest by Trajan. During these several centuries, Rome took on powerful and established powers such as Carthage, Macedon, Selucid ...
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157 views

Where can I find demographic information for the Roman Empire? [closed]

Where could I find data series concerning population and immigration numbers in the Roman Empire? Is there even any information regarding this subject?
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Was the divinity of Roman Emperors taken as seriously as the actual Pagan Gods by other religious communities?

Apotheosis of Roman Emperors and their close relatives after their death was a common practice in the Roman Empire. I understand that it wasn't a meaningless ritual, there was an elaborate Imperial ...
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4answers
725 views

Is the name of “Diocletian” just a coincidence?

Ok, so apparently the splitting of Rome into two sections was the fault of a guy named "Diocletian". His first order was to split the empire into two. Is it just a coincidence that his name begins ...
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1answer
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What are the symbols on the Tomb of the Priestess of Isis along Via Appia

A couple of years ago, I had the good fortune to ride along the Appian Way and admire the old tombstones still standing along the old Roman road. (Highly recommended for any Roman history buff!). I ...
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Were Roman marching songs still bawdy during principate/dominate?

We know from writers such as Suetonius in his Vita Divi Iuli that legionnaires would sing some quite raunchy and bawdy tunes, even during a triumph of their leader. There were open allusions to ...
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Why did Latin take root so deeply in Italy, Gaul, and the Iberian Peninsula, but not Greece or beyond?

I was just reflecting on the fact that Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, and French all evolved from Latin, the language spread across that area by the Roman Empire 2000 years ago. (Romanian too, I ...
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3answers
602 views

Was Jesus unique from the point of view of contemporaries? [closed]

Was in the time and place when Jesus preached, common for someone to do so in the manner Jesus did it? (Of course, Jesus was unique, even from the point of view of someone who completely disbelieves ...
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Is there any relationship between 666 and Roman numerals (DCLXVI)? [closed]

I just realized that 666 is DCLXVI in Roman numerals (all numerals in sequence from largest to smallest). I have checked wiki but there was nothing mentioned about it. Are there any theories or ...
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How did the Romans supply water in winter?

Roman aquaducts are famous, but didn't the water freeze during winter? Where did the cities get their water during winter? EDIT: running water doesn't freeze as easily as motionless water, which ...
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111 views

Was construction work involving hydraulic cements in ancient Rome restricted to the summer season?

Are Italian winter temperatures reliably warm enough for processing of opus caementicium ? Was building activity seasonal for other reasons?
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500 views

Is the story “Conquistadors using plans of Constantinople in the new world” factual? [closed]

As someone from Istanbul, I have always heard stories and legends about the olden Roman city, when it was Constantinople. I am curious about the one I really like, whether it has any truth in it, or ...
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692 views

What happened to the imperial archives stored at the Tabularium?

The Tabularium in Rome was used to house the archives of the Roman Empire. Unfortunately, these archives do no longer exist. What happened to them?
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5answers
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How did 2nd century Romans decide where to build Hadrian's wall?

How did 2nd century Romans decide where to build Hadrian's wall? It is located exactly at the narrowest east-west section of the island. They had no laser theodolites, lenses, aerial observation ...
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1answer
638 views

Was Caligula popular with the general Roman population?

Was Caligula, the Roman Emperor, popular with the general Roman population after his illness a few months into his reign?
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781 views

Did Roman statutory law in the 1st century allow for crucifixion of non slaves?

Did Roman statutory law in the 1st century allow for crucifixion of non slaves? I knew a Roman law scholar who claimed it did not, ergo Christ could not have been crucified but must have been ...
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410 views

What happened to the belongings of fallen Roman soldiers?

It seems that soldiers in Rome were very well paid, even after all their running costs and other expenses were removed. What I'm curious to know is where would a soldier have kept his excess funds, ...
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Was the use of imperial nicknames in ancient Rome meant as an insult?

A few Roman emperors are commonly known by nicknames. I'm thinking specifically of the Emperors Gaius (Caligula) and Antoninus (Caracalla.) These nicknames were never in official use, at least while ...
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2answers
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What is the oldest graphic depiction of Attila?

Wikimedia Commons has two images of Atilla the Hun from the Chronicon Pictum, dated around 1360. Is there anything (coin, portrait, bust, statue) older than that?
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1answer
319 views

What was the equivalent of “Shoulder Arms, Fire!” for archers in Ancient Rome?

Up until firearms were invented, armies used archers for similar purposes. A well-timed volley, when one can't see the sky for the flying arrows, can have a demoralizing effect on the enemy in ...
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1answer
2k views

What was the cost of buying Silk in the Roman Empire

Is there any information extant of the cost one would pay for silk in the Roman Empire. Was it difficult for one to find silk to even buy? If that value fluctuated, and if it can be known, I am ...
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1answer
517 views

How did Romans organise their files?

I know how they wrote the information down: Documents, like legal contracts, were usually written in pen and ink on papyrus. Books were also written in pen and ink on papyrus or sometimes on ...
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3answers
799 views

Roman Legion composition

I've always read that the typical roman legion composition had the first line covered by the hastati followed by, in order, principes and triarii. Any sources I've always bumped into, and, of course, ...
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2answers
214 views

The role of science in enabling the survival of civilisations [closed]

The Claim asapScience has a video about the role of science in the society. In their video, they claim: When we look to history we see that ignoring science has led to the crumbling of societies. ...
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Why didn't Roman emperors have harems?

Harems were common in the Orient; the Chinese emperor, the Ottoman sultan, and the Mongol emperor all had many wives. Roman Emperors did not have a similar custom. Why is the harem common in the ...
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1answer
388 views

When were both minuscule and majuscule letters used for the first time in the same Latin manuscript?

I understand the first minuscule script appeared in the Latin alphabet in the 3rd century - "New Roman cursive". My question is: when did a script used both minuscule and majuscule letters in the ...

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