Questions tagged [rome]

For questions about the city on the Italian peninsula. Use [ancient-rome] for questions about the polity, civilization or state.

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7
votes
1answer
409 views

Why did Spartacus turn South at Mutina instead of continuing North towards Thrace?

During the Roman Republic's Third Servile War (73–71 BC), a gladiator named Spartacus lead an army of escaped slaves in revolt against Rome. Spartacus was a Thracian from an area in Eastern and ...
21
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1answer
4k views

Who was this Roman General/figure of authority who, on his deathbed, named these two regrets?

In my undergrad I took a Roman History/Culture class and remember the professor mentioning someone who died naming two regrets: He once told a secret to a woman He once spent a day idle/doing nothing ...
22
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2answers
6k views

Did the Byzantines ever attempt to move their capital to Rome?

Why was Constantinople (almost) always the capital of the Byzantines? I understand they did not have Rome under their control until the AD500's, but is there any specific reason why the Byzantines ...
9
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1answer
2k views

Which Roman general was killed by his own soldiers for not letting them to loot a newly conquered city?

I read about a Roman king/general who was killed by his own soldiers for not letting them to plunder/loot a newly conquered city. I think, he allowed them to plunder a city in his previous conquest, ...
-4
votes
1answer
176 views

Why did the ancient Romans kill deer so often? [closed]

I've heard that they killed deer for tools and food,but why always deer? they also killed other animals, but why deer most of the time? was there some sort of benefit? many books say," they do it for ...
9
votes
2answers
717 views

What is the chair depicted in Cesare Maccari's 1889 painting “Cicerone denuncia Catilina”?

There are a number of inaccuracies in Cesare Maccari's painting. Wikipedia notes that the arrangement of the chairs was of parallel rather than radial as depicted. Did Maccari accurately depict the ...
36
votes
3answers
8k views

What happened in Rome, when the western empire “fell”?

I mean everybody knows that the western Roman Empire fell about 476 A.D. But what happened in Rome itself then? Did Romans keep living their day to day lives? Were there riots? I find it hard to find ...
7
votes
1answer
319 views

Formation of underground layers of Rome

I have recently came across several news articles (for example) from various decades, talking about existing underground structures in the city of Rome, which used to be above ground at some point of ...
2
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0answers
114 views

Roman desks and lacquer

I've been watching the Netflix piece on Ancient Rome and noticed a beautifully lacquered desk which I felt might not be accurate for the time. Does anyone have information about their use of lacquer ...
11
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3answers
1k views

What specifically did Caesar believe he would be charged with had he disbanded his army?

In Plutarch's Caesar he quotes Caesar as saying "They made this happen. They drove me to it. If I had dismissed my army, I Julius Caesar, after all my victories, would have been condemned in their law ...
14
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1answer
903 views

Did ancient Rome have slave hunters?

The Roman economy was heavily reliant on slaves, which means they had a LOT of them, which would lead one to conclude that at least some of them would run away. So who hunted escaped slaves? Did Rome ...
1
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0answers
107 views

What is the significance of numbered tiles on walls in Rome?

Around Rome, I noticed many numbered tiles (most with four digits, and all with a white background and blue text) around the city. An example is shown below on the right of the image. Some of these ...
9
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4answers
3k views

Tombstone-covered floor in Churches

I recently visited the Basilica di Santa Maria in Aracoeli in Rome and found that the floor was covered with tombstones. Some of the tombstones simply contained text and decoration, while others ...
14
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1answer
1k views

Why didn't the Roman Princeps restructure or dismantle the Praetorian Guard?

Why did the princeps/emperors of various dynasties prior to Constantine the Great (d.337 AD) allow the Praetorian Guard to continue to amass such power and repeatedly cause trouble, including palace ...
3
votes
2answers
362 views

Ancient origins of women's day?

Recently I've visited a Wikipedia article called "International Women's Day" in my native language (not the English page). Under the "History" section firstly it says that "according to written ...
6
votes
1answer
769 views

What were the rights and statuses of different types of Roman colonies?

I was reading SPQR by Mary Beard and in the book (pg 200) she mentions the a Roman colony in Hispania called Carteia, which was populated by legion veterans. They married local women and had children ...
7
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1answer
237 views

Did Romans create dictionaries?

Did the Romans make any efforts to catalogue foreign languages? Or their own? Or none at all? I'm sure none have survived, but were dictionaries as a concept known to their general populace?
11
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2answers
2k views

What disease did Augustus recover from in 23 BC?

I am currently reading John Williams' "Augustus", or, to be precise, the German translation. I know the book is mostly fiction but there is one thing I'd like to know. The book dwells on Augustus' ...
10
votes
1answer
771 views

Did Rome attempt to justify its conquests?

In college, a history professor said they did not -- maybe (not sure if I recall correctly) that ideas like that are modern and Rome wanted the slaves and treasure and so they just went ahead. EDIT: ...
10
votes
1answer
521 views

Are there any Vandal or Goth relics or monuments in Rome?

The Vandals and Goths ruled Rome for several years after the fall of the empire. Did they leave any relics, monuments or buildings that can still be seen?
12
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1answer
3k views

Where did the money come from to build the Colosseum?

Where did the money come from to finance the building of the Colosseum?