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Questions tagged [royalty]

For questions about historical kings, queens, princes(ses) and their family.

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How much did Queen Elizabeth I spend on her wardrobe over her reign?

Queen Elizabeth I of England had over 2000 expensive bejeweled gowns when she died. While she was thrifty by refurbishing her gowns when possible and giving some away to maids as payment what would ...
Kadance's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
241 views

Was there a British Royal tradition associated with the name Elizabeth?

My high school history teacher once told me that apperently there was a tradition (superstition?) among the various Royal Families of the United Kingdom that the British Empire would last "from ...
Bennet's user avatar
  • 187
5 votes
1 answer
307 views

Who was Déū Singh Baru, final raja of Nuwakot, Kakani?

A stone inscription was recently found in Nepal, specifically in the area of Nuwakot, Kakani. The first part of the inscription's heading reads देउ सिंह बरू, which can be anglicized to Déū Singh Baru. ...
Dinesh Lama's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
174 views

Did James I of England have both male and female lovers?

I've read multiple biographies of James, and there is no consensus on whether he was bisexual. He had four children with his wife, Ann of Denmark, but he also had many repeated male favorites, some of ...
JamesGee's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
1k views

Did Princess Diana ever talk about her alleged Armenian descent?

The Englishwoman Princess Diana (1961-97), born Diana Spencer, was the fourth-greats granddaughter - through a line of matrilineal descent in every step - of Eliza Kewark. Kewark lived in Bombay, ...
tell's user avatar
  • 228
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

By what legal mechanism was Catherine Howard deprived of her title of Queen of England?

To the best of my knowledge, under English (and later British) law, a peerage can only be revoked via a conviction for treason by a bill of attainder. Peerages have sometimes been surrendered ...
Tom Hosker's user avatar
  • 2,175
1 vote
1 answer
186 views

When and where was William the Conqueror baptized or christened?

Encyclopedias give his birth as "about" 1028, but is there any information extant about when and under what circumstances he was made a Christian? A quick search turns up a print in the New ...
david's user avatar
  • 131
0 votes
0 answers
99 views

Can anyone identify the uniform my great uncle (child in the front of the photo) is wearing or any others in the pic?

Family photo taken on a family trip to Europe, possibly Belgium in 1918.
Denise's user avatar
  • 1
1 vote
2 answers
734 views

Are there any examples of two medieval kingdoms trying to unify but eventually failing to do so?

Recently, I started to read about history as a hobby like I used to when I was a kid. I realized that reading about "generic history" does not do it for me anymore. Instead I have some ...
ghost's user avatar
  • 35
2 votes
0 answers
173 views

What was in those documents Victoria snuck away from Wilhelm II to London in 1888?

Victoria, Princess Royal, and German Empress for less than a hundred days in 1888, saw the signs of death for her husband, Emperor Friedrich III, and apparently both did not trust either Bismarck or ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.8k
10 votes
1 answer
3k views

What's the reason behind the 17th century tradition of British monarchs being depicted on coins facing in the opposite direction to their predecessor?

I have just been informed that on Britain's new currency King Charles III will be depicted facing the opposite direction from Queen Elizabeth II. There are plenty of articles on google claiming to ...
John Strachan's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
192 views

Are state funerals always held on a Monday?

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II will be laid to rest on Monday. I'm interested to know if state funerals are specifically held on a Monday, or this one just happens to be. Searching around, I can find ...
Avrohom Yisroel's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
328 views

Is the House of Odon considered historical or mythological?

I have just been on wikipedia looking through King Charles III's ancestry from father to father and it brought me to Elimar I, Count of Oldenburg whom had a wife that claimed he was descended from ...
John Strachan's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
231 views

Where were the early kings of Scotland buried?

According to tradition and to most historians until recently, many of the early Scottish kings were buried on the island of Iona. For example, the 2004 Oxford Dictionary of National Biographypaywall ...
user558840's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
436 views

What honorifics and forms of address were appropriate for 17th century Spanish nobility?

My world has a country that is based in quite a few regards on Spain during the 17th/18th century. I would like the readers to feel the honor and prestige of that culture by accurately mimicking ...
Blue Devil's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

Was there any Egyptian Pharaoh that was considered the one and only god that ancient Egyptians worshiped during his life?

I found the following verses in the Quran (the holy book of Islam): Quran 79:24 And said (the king pharaoh), "I am your most exalted lord." Quran 28:38 And king Pharaoh said, "O eminent ...
ميخائيل مينا's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
401 views

Were Ferdinand and Isabella the most important royal couple?

Ferdinand and Isabella ruled Aragon and Castile jointly from 1474 to 1504, a thirty-year period during which the modern country of Spain was born, ships they commissioned discovered and explored the ...
davo's user avatar
  • 81
27 votes
2 answers
7k views

Who said "If I want the opinion of the middle classes, I'll ask Her Majesty"?

The notion that the British royal family are not necessarily at the apex of British society in terms of good breeding, sophistication or taste, is an old one. I'm sure that I once read a piece that ...
tea-and-cake's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
330 views

What materials would have been used in the ancient Mesopotamian crown?

To provide context, I'm working on a project involving artwork for the Enuma Elish, and I've gotten to a sort of crown initially on my portrayal of Absu. I know that gold was available to the ancient ...
Michael Macha's user avatar
-2 votes
2 answers
774 views

Why was Edward I of England the first Edward?

Why is Edward I of England given the numeration "I", when he was preceded by Edward the Confessor and Edward the Martyr. Did numerations only begin with William I?
Math Keeps Me Busy's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
718 views

What was Prince Philip’s surname (prior to Mountbatten)?

Prince Philip took the surname of Mountbatten when he became a naturalised British citizen in 1947. His name prior to that was Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Gluckburg. Did he use the full name while ...
Cat W's user avatar
  • 69
5 votes
6 answers
881 views

Who is the youngest monarch to have issue?

I came across a 14-year-old duke having a child in the 15th century with his wife, (formerly) Queen Isabella. The duke would end up with a son who became Louis XII, but that is just the back-story to ...
uruiamme's user avatar
  • 236
-4 votes
1 answer
221 views

Are the Windsors English? [closed]

I have had some confusion about this. In the express. Co. UK Article about the name change of the British Royal Family it said: "For example, Queen Elizabeth I had no heirs and the crown passed ...
Tardy's user avatar
  • 121
2 votes
0 answers
183 views

Did the Duke of Cambridge wear rouge?

I'm looking for evidence that the Prince George, Duke of Cambridge - Queen Victoria's cousin and the Commander-in-Chief of the British Army - enhanced his complexion by the judicious and semi-discreet ...
Paul Frecker's user avatar
17 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why did Peter the Great change his daughters' title to Tsesarevna?

Having won the Great Northern War in 1721, Peter the Great promoted himself from Tsar to Emperor. At the same time, he seems to have changed the title used by his daughters from Tsarevna to Tsesarevna....
Tom Hosker's user avatar
  • 2,175
2 votes
0 answers
208 views

Did anybody expect that Edward VIII would abdicate?

King Edward VIII abdicated in December of 1936, less than a year after he ascended in January, to marry divorcee (and still-married) Wallis Simpson. But before his ascension (i.e. during the reign of ...
Azor Ahai -him-'s user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
398 views

How did 15th century royals identify themselves in England/Spain?

I'm studying the customs of medieval Europe to gather information for a novel I'm writing and a question has arisen about how the nobles, especially the royal family, identified themselves. Did they ...
marieanneseren's user avatar
13 votes
2 answers
4k views

Did Augustus the Strong sleep with his own daughter?

I'm working my way through Robert Massie's voluminous biography of Peter the Great at the moment. It's truly a pleasure to read; one really does have the sensation of stepping into Peter's world. ...
Tom Hosker's user avatar
  • 2,175
-2 votes
1 answer
269 views

Was there ever a queen or female ruler who killed her child to preserve her power? [closed]

I vaguely remember hearing about a Queen who had her child killed (or attempted to) so that she could keep the throne. Thanks To add extra details, I believe it was an infant who would be King once ...
GeorgeMack's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
201 views

How was St Edwards Crown fixed after Blood flattened it?

In 1671 Thomas Blood tried to steal the crown jewels. To do this he flattened the crown with a mallet. There are many sources that said he did flatten it but I cannot find anything about the aftermath....
James's user avatar
  • 41
4 votes
3 answers
542 views

Did the Third Rome theory help make Michael Romanov tsar?

Rome fell apart as the Middle Ages began, and Constantinople, the "Second Rome", was conquered as they ended. Afterwards, a famous religious argument or school of thought in Russia maintained that ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
  • 27.5k
3 votes
1 answer
182 views

Did Catherine of Aragon use the title Princess of Wales before she was married to Prince Arthur?

In several historical fiction books that I've read about Catherine of Aragon, she uses the title Princess of Wales as a child. I can't remember if the books were claiming that she used this title ...
StarSweeper's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
658 views

Why were the Hecatomnid rulers of Caria permitted to marry their siblings?

Hecatomnus of Caria had three sons and two daughters. The elder two sons married a daughter each, and all five children would rule, successively, the state which their father founded. Why was this ...
Tom Hosker's user avatar
  • 2,175
4 votes
1 answer
188 views

Did Charles IV of Spain legally change Spanish succession law in 1789?

In 1713, Salic law was introduced to Spain. In 1830, Ferdinand VII who did not have any sons declared that his daughter Isabella was the next in line, instead of his brother Carlos. Carlos and his ...
Jacob Harrison's user avatar
33 votes
4 answers
13k views

What is the oldest European royal house?

What is the oldest European royal or princely house, either enthroned or dethroned, that patrilineally survives nowadays?
Ignacio Hill Oliveira's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
481 views

When did England make a statute that barred foreigners from inheriting the throne?

According to Iain Moncreiffe in his book The Highland Clans, he says this. “By the fourteenth century it had become common law (in both England and Scotland) that a person who was not born in the ...
Jacob Harrison's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
422 views

Did Richard II of England willingly abdicate the throne to Henry of Bolingbroke?

The Wikipedia article for Richard II explains that there are contradictory accounts of what happened when Henry of Bolingbroke usurped Richard II's throne in 1399. According to the official record (...
Jacob Harrison's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
462 views

Did Richard II of England officially name Roger Mortimer or Edmund Mortimer as his heir?

Richard II of England was childless which was one of the causes of the future War of the Roses between the House of Lancaster and the House of York. When Henry IV deposed Richard II in 1399, he ...
Jacob Harrison's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Did people ever pour drinks on the floor to reject a toast or indicate an end to civilities?

In a fantasy book called "Jack of Shadows" by Roger Zelazny I read this: A disgraced member of a ruling party is being forced to ceremonially drink to the coronation of the new king, but instead ...
Jack's user avatar
  • 143
23 votes
3 answers
5k views

How did succession in Anglo Saxon England work?

I heard that the Witan would elect an Ætheling to be King after the previous King died and it typically followed primogeniture. Was primogeniture a requirement for succession or did the Witan have the ...
Jacob Harrison's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
19k views

How did Mehmed II die?

The different Wikipedias offer different stories. English Wikipedia claims poison as a likely cause of death: In 1481 Mehmed marched with the Ottoman army, but upon reaching Maltepe, Istanbul he ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.8k
-3 votes
1 answer
3k views

What were the last words of Charles the First, and Oliver Cromwell's response after his execution?

I need to know what Charles the First's last words were and preferably what Oliver Cromwell said afterwards.
Holland Jay's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
1k views

Who is this, probably royal, teenager?

This photo was found in the same envelope as a photo of the Prince Imperial, Louis Napoleon, (recently identified on this site by Evargalo) and various other European royals. The photos (seven in all) ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
37 votes
3 answers
5k views

Who is this young 'Prince'?

The photo below was found in an envelope among a bundle of family photos which were recently handed down on the English side of my family. Aside from the photo itself, the only clues are as follows: ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why did Odoacer choose to be king Instead of emperor?

After deposing Romulus Augustulus in 476 AD, Odoacer became the king of Italy. Why did he choose not to be the next emperor of the Roman Empire? The Roman people were still around, and the Senate ...
BJ Dela Cruz's user avatar
41 votes
1 answer
22k views

Did Chinese emperors wear a rectangular hat with suspended gems?

The mythical Jade Emperor is sometimes depicted as wearing a mortarboard hat with strings of jewels suspended from its edges: According to Shen Yun's post: Hanging from the front and back of the ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
  • 27.5k
-6 votes
1 answer
962 views

What statuses did Black Africans have in the court and royal family of Emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen and do their descendants survive? [closed]

What positions and statuses did Black Africans hold in Germany in the court culture of Emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen and later courts? According to Germany and the Black Diaspora: Points of ...
guest271314's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

When did medieval monarchs start being depicted with ermine fur garments?

Probably all medieval monarchs wore fur garments when the weather was cold enough. But what seems to be the normal medieval picture of monarch in civilian dress was to wear a long robe with a cloak ...
MAGolding's user avatar
  • 19.3k
3 votes
3 answers
729 views

Was the name "William the Conqueror" (or its translation) actually used in William's lifetime?

More generally, what early records do we have of his name? Who called him "William the Bastard" (French Guillaume le Bâtard) - was this mostly his Anglo-Saxon enemies?
g2a's user avatar
  • 417
7 votes
1 answer
506 views

What 17C protocol left a princess standing whilst commoners sat?

I am reading WILLIAM AND MARY by John Van Der Kiste 2008, 2011, in which he relates William III's reluctant plans to remarry after Mary II's death. This was to ensure the Protestant succession after ...
TheHonRose's user avatar
  • 7,929