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Questions tagged [russia]

For questions about the Tsardom of Russia, Russian Empire, RSFSR, and the Russian Federation (between 1547 and present day). For questions about Kievan Rus (880-1240), use [kievan-rus]. For questions about the Mongol Yoke and Duchy of Muscovy (1240-1547), use [medieval-russia]; for questions about territories of Ukraine and Belarus during that time period use [ruthenia].

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Bismarck urged not to hinder Russia from going deeper into the "oriental dead end." What did he mean by "oriental dead end?"

In his letter of 03 May 1888, Otto von Bismarck, the then-Chancellor of Germany, wrote to Prince Heinrich VII Reuß, the then-Ambassador of Germany to Austria-Hungary: Durch einen Angriff auf das ...
Mitsuko's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
3k views

Why couldn't honey be sent up to Mir?

This article claims that after the collapse of the USSR, Russia was in such dire financial straits that not only could Roskosmos not afford to relieve the acting flight engineer Sergei Krikalev, but ...
SPavel's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
95 views

Does this Russian Republican/Civil War era badge or emblem have any historical significance?

I have been researching items from a box with some family heirlooms, and have just 3 items unaccounted for: two metal pins, and a felt badge with the colors of the Russian Republic. This was from a ...
EJS's user avatar
  • 1
13 votes
2 answers
4k views

What's the background to the popularity of turquoise in Russian architecture?

Not sure if this is primarily history, but it's also history in any case. I think the question fits much better here than on the graphical design SE. In any case there seems to be a tradition with ...
TheChymera's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
239 views

Is there an example of a Soviet or Russian prison camp where both guards and prisoners perished?

NOTE: As to previous research, I simply did a google search, "soviet prison camp where both guards and prisoners perished" and I got nothing besides general information about deaths in camps....
releseabe's user avatar
  • 2,306
2 votes
0 answers
48 views

Which estates/factions supported the war in Livonia under Ivan IV

The question of war with Livonia was divisive for the social estates in Russia. I am interested in which factions/estates supported or opposed the war. I know Aleksey Adashev, who was a, okolnichy, a ...
16π Cent's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
1 answer
335 views

Did the Czechoslovak Legion commit "war crimes" in Russia?

When Legionaries returned to Czechoslovakia, they were celebrated as heroes, laid the foundation of the modern Czechoslovak Army and were instrumental in the forging of a national spirit. With ...
byMaelstromer's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
425 views

What is all the equipment used by the Russian imperial army?

What is the equipment shown in this image? I would like to know what the belts are and what some of the other equipment is and if you know where to buy them that would be helpful. thank you to ...
hunter painter's user avatar
-4 votes
2 answers
225 views

Did Bolsheviks try to foster socialist revolution in Europe?

At the moment of the Socialist Revolution (or coup d'état) in October/November 1917 Russia was still mostly an agrarian society, whereas Marxist theory predicted Socialist revolutions in developed ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
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7 votes
0 answers
210 views

Were there attempts at coup d'état against Nicholas II of Russia?

Richard Pipes in The Russian Revolution mentions that Empress Alexandra disliked Grand Duke Nikolas Nikolaevich (First commander of the Russian forces in WW1), because she suspected him of designs for ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
166 views

What is Lenin critically referring to here - presumably some actions by Trotsky?

What is Lenin referring to here? "Discerning reader”: note that this does not mean “blowing up bridges”, organising unsuccessful strikes in the war industries, and ·in general helping the ...
luke's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
3k views

Is Wikipedia's identification of Lebed an error?

Speaking of the Alexander Yakovlev's conflict with the hardcore communists, the Wikipedia article says: In the early 1980s, Yakovlev returned to the Soviet Union, and became a prominent supporter of ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
  • 4,102
0 votes
1 answer
234 views

Did Rasputin ever make false predictions to the royal family?

Rasputin is famous for the many predictions he has made or is alleged to have made to the royal family as well as to other members of the nobility, predictions that turned out to be true. This ...
Mat's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
206 views

At the beginning of the 20th century, how did Austria-Hungary and Russia's foreign policies conflict in the Balkans?

I'm reading The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914 by Christopher Clark. Either I missed something or it was omitted, but I don't understand how Russia and Austria-Hungary's foreign policies ...
GMoss's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
237 views

How were Soviet-Afghanistan War casualties distributed between the Soviet Republics? Were they disproportionately non-Russian?

It's frequently asserted that the impact of the Soviet-Afghanistan War disproportionately fell on Soviet Republics outside Russia, as non-Russians were overrepresented in the Red Army. The resultant ...
SovAfgWar's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
129 views

To what extent did Russian bourgeoisie and capitalism continued to exist through the Soviet rule in the USSR? [closed]

During the Communist rule in Russia, the industry and land were mostly nationalized, and many of the previous landowners or industrialist were either exiled or physically exterminated. However, the ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why did the Patrice Lumumba University eject Carlos the Jackal?

According to Michael Ray, Carlos the Jackal, byname of Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, (born October 12, 1949, Caracas, Venezuela), Venezuelan militant who orchestrated some of the highest-profile terrorist ...
Rodrigo de Azevedo's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
449 views

Why are the Russian Federation's Strategic Rocket Forces and the 12th Chief Directorate separate?

It seems that: the Strategic Rocket Forces (РВСН РФ) is the branch of the Russian Armed Forces (ВС РФ) tasked with the employment of nuclear weapons. the 12th Chief Directorate of the Ministry of ...
David Cian's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
97 views

When did McFaul & Sechin first meet?

According to David Remnick, In 1991, McFaul was in St. Petersburg, trying to organize a seminar on local government. He found himself doing business with a man from the mayor’s office named Igor ...
Rodrigo de Azevedo's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
625 views

What were Lenin's and Trotsky's roles in the October revolution of 1917?

Lenin spend the two months preceding the overthrow of the provisional government far away from Saint-Petersburg/Petrograd or Moscow - even the official Soviet version of events openly and readily ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
  • 4,102
8 votes
1 answer
2k views

What languages did Karl Marx speak and how well?

Isaiah Berlin in Karl Marx: His Life and Environment comments on Marx efforts to learn Russian: In order to do this he began to learn Russian; at the end of six months he had mastered it sufficiently ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
  • 4,102
8 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why didn't a noble family change their last name from a kind of duck to something more prestigious?

Several days ago, I got curious about the last name of Nikolai Gogol. It just seemed not Slavic to me to be the last name of a Russian/Ukrainian author. I searched for his father on Wikipedia: He was ...
user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
508 views

Why in English do we say "Tsar of all (the) Russias"?

A weird question related to current events that goes somewhat into etymology rather than just pure history but I'm unable to find a solid answer. The historic title of the Russian monarch was ...
the other one's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
1k views

Why didn't Russia colonize in the scramble for Africa?

Russia was a European empire (one of the biggest) when the scramble for Africa happened and they had enough resources to get a ton of Africa, so why didn't they colonize in Africa? It could have been ...
LemonDogeYT's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
230 views

Is this a Russian naval uniform?

This is a family photo of a relative who might have been in the Imperial Russian Navy in 1915.
Kim Rosenthal's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
164 views

Is the history of relations between Ukraine and Russia similar to what was between Ireland and Uk? [closed]

Ukraine vs Russia: similar or same language, but cultural distance national resistance against imperial project, famine long shared history (neighbors), cultural influence UK vs Ireland: native ...
ERJAN's user avatar
  • 115
6 votes
0 answers
241 views

When did Russian officially replace Old Slavonic?

When was Russian adopted as the official language of Russia? Background: Well into the XVIII-th (or even XIX-th) century Russian co-existed in a state of diglossia with Old Church Slavonic, based on a ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
  • 4,102
0 votes
2 answers
219 views

Was the Tsar's property separated from state property in Russian Empire in early 19th century (regarding land)?

Was the Tsar's property on land separated from state property in Russian Empire in early 19th century? I mean, were there Tsar's serfs who were not state serfs?
Anixx's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
152 views

What are the reasons for the failure of Soviet Union at agriculture? [closed]

The failure at agriculture is known to everybody. The Soviet Union became one of the main importer of grain whereas till sixties was one the main exporters. Does anyone know more on this or can ...
Larsa se eidaklaxtarsa's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
637 views

What are those Russian/Turkic/Mongolian semi-conical felt caps brimmed with fur called?

What are those Russian/Turkic/Mongolian semi-conical felt caps brimmed with fur called? When and from which culture did it originate from, and when and how did it get adopted by the Slavs? Did the ...
balkinlounderk's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
159 views

Can anyone identify this 1900 Russian or Cossack uniform?

This is a picture of my grandmother and her parents.
PATRICIA's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
139 views

Where to read the "Agreement between the Russian Federation and Ukraine on the Parameters of the Division of the Black Sea Fleet" of May 28, 1997?

I don't know if 1997 is history, but... Article 4.1 of the 28 May 1997 "Agreement between the Russian Federation and Ukraine on the Status and Conditions for the Stay of the Black Sea Fleet of ...
mjc's user avatar
  • 285
1 vote
0 answers
167 views

How did the East Slavic pagans perceive the process of Christianization of Rus'? [closed]

I read that the Christianization of Rus' was of great civilizational, political and cultural significance for the Eastern Slavs. One of the notable aspects of this theme is the view, supported by some ...
ayr's user avatar
  • 143
1 vote
0 answers
196 views

What legal instruments in the Russian Empire criminalised teaching peasants to read?

When he was 17 - and he was born in 1867 so this was after the 1861 abolition of serfdom - Boris Sidis was jailed in the Ukraine, then in the Russian Empire, for the crime of teaching peasants to read ...
tell's user avatar
  • 228
3 votes
3 answers
362 views

What was the constitutional status of Finland within Russian Empire?

I am currently reading and translating a book into my own language. There are several sentences that must be interpreted historically for me to be possible to translate. All of these sentences have to ...
1amroff's user avatar
  • 133
19 votes
3 answers
12k views

In 1914 why didn't Germany simply mobilize its army without declaring war?

I can't understand why members of the the Triple Entente and also members of the Triple Alliance were so offended by the mere mobilization of their enemies' armies, so that they demanded a cessation ...
Matthew Christopher Bartsh's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
279 views

When did Russia last have some land that is not inside its current borders?

Russia sold Alaska to the United States in 1867. Part of what is now Poland was in Russia until 1918. The Crimean peninsula was in Russia until 1954 when it was transferred to the Ukraine. Has Russia ...
user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
4k views

Was there a Cold War era Russian safe haven city for politicians and scientists?

I remember learning about a Russian city where, during the Cold War, top politicians and scientists and their families would be evacuated to. It would have existed as a normal city outside of Cold War ...
John Bray's user avatar
  • 121
20 votes
4 answers
4k views

Why did the Schlieffen Plan prioritize invading France?

AFAIK, the consensus is that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia, which led to Russia coming to Serbia's defense. The fact that this would lead ...
Will's user avatar
  • 327
3 votes
1 answer
299 views

What was the conspiratorial name of Roman Stanislaw Dmowski?

What name did Roman Stanislaw Dmowski before he returned to Warsaw in 1905? in Autumn 1905 after the proclamation of the constitution in Russia, he [returned] to Warsaw, where he could live under his ...
Michu93's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
129 views

Were deportations committed by Stalin during WWII covered in Allies' press? [closed]

Was the deportation of the Chechen and Ingush populations (carried out in 1944) covered in the media of the Allied powers?
Victor Dubrovsky's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
349 views

What was "primitive labor rent" or "mains mortales"?

In this quote from Hellie, R. (1971) Enserfment and military change in Muscovy, Chicago, USA, page 14 (archive.org): B. D. Grekov, in periodizing peasant history, offered the following three forms of ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
241 views

Why did the Targowica Confederation not realise its armed opposition to the May Constitution of 1791 would result in the entire annexation of Poland?

Poland-Lithuania was one of the great powers of continental Europe after the treaty of Lublin in 1569. But after the rise of Russia as a great power after its defeat of the Swedish Empire it became ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
14 votes
1 answer
533 views

Did Nicholas II of Russia send telegrams demanding evacuation of Serbs?

During World War I, in 1915, the Serbian army had no other option but to retreat from their territory, over Albanian mountains, to Greece, who was an ally. Just to note that it was in winter, and ...
aca's user avatar
  • 368
14 votes
1 answer
684 views

Why did peasant serfdom last longer in Eastern Europe than in Western?

My concern is for the early-modern period, roughly 16th to 19th centuries. Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Russia seem to provide the best known examples of long-lasting serfdom. The article on ...
Eldritch Sandwich's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
171 views

Was Russia or the USSR ever involved in a large military embarrassment alongside or against Vietnam?

I was listening to a Russian politician's (2021, pre-war) declaration of what would happen with the current war in Ukraine, and I was caught offguard by him mentioning a Russian military-related ...
Jamin Grey's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
496 views

Why Finland received so little foreign support during the winter war?

Considering the following four facts: Many western countries helped the anti-communist government during the Russian civil war, League of Nation supports Finland, The war lasts really long comparing ...
dodo's user avatar
  • 258
4 votes
1 answer
283 views

Is it known if Yeltsin was planning to give up power peacefully if he lost the 1996 election?

In 1995 Yeltsin was considering to declare a state of emergency and cancel the Presidential elections, as there was a large chance he would lose the 1996 election: The question now, some analysts ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
  • 4,267
3 votes
0 answers
83 views

How large is a 19th century stage house near Kaluga, Russia?

On creating a fiction story I wanted to visit a stage house in the 19th century, and I don't have a reference for how large such an establishment can be on a main road. My fictional history setting is ...
Vogon Poet's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
340 views

What were women's social conditions in early 19th century Russia?

In "White Nights", one of Dostoevsky's masterpieces, the narrator meets Nastenka, the young girl with whom he falls in love, during a night walk. My question is: from an historical point of ...
Nick Belane's user avatar

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