Questions tagged [sources]

For questions regarding primary and secondary evidence that allows us to draw conclusions about historical happenings. Use this tag for requests for analysis of specific sources. More general questions on how historians study sources should be tagged with historiography.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
13 votes
3 answers
5k views

Is this a photo of a historical reinactment of an 1868 treaty signing?

I've stumbled up this image in the National Archives describing the 1868 treaty between the Navajo and United States, which was signed when the Navajo were released from Bosque Redondo. https://...
Village's user avatar
  • 1,107
-2 votes
0 answers
75 views

Are there any sources which mention agrarian limitations during the fall of the Roman empire?

Are there any sources which mention the agrarian limitations during the fall of the Roman empire (any weakness created through an agrarian society) or nomadic advantages (in warfare, etc?). I have ...
MaximeJaccon's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
193 views

Who claimed Alexander had a hairy heart?

From Avellaneda's Continuation of Don Quixote, chapter 6, p. 34 (circa 1614, translated by Yardley 1784 apparently after the French of Le Sage 1705 but it all seems very confusing). Don Quixote says: ...
Quuxplusone's user avatar
  • 2,285
34 votes
1 answer
15k views

Did the Dutch eat their Prime Minister?

According to this article an angry—one might add hungry—Dutch mob feasted on the mutilated remains of their ‘Grand Pensionary’ (i.e. Prime Minister) De Witt and his brother: There are accounts of ...
Ptah-hotep's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
403 views

Did the Prussian king Friedrich Wilhelm IV. (1795 - 1861) ever write: "Das Volk ist mir zum Kotzen" = "The people makes me sick"?

Where does the Prussian king write "Das Volk ist mir zum Kotzen" = "The people makes me sick," as claimed in 6:26 in Die Revolution von 1848 I musstewissen Geschichte? The video ...
ETathome's user avatar
  • 181
6 votes
2 answers
670 views

Is there a standard authority on the textual history of the authors of antiquity?

Given a book coming to us from ancient Greece/Rome (no reason to necessarily limit just to those two, if there's a wider answer), is there a standard way for me to find out how the text came down to ...
AnatolyVorobey's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
362 views

What is the original provenance of Lincoln's "of the people, by the people, for the people" and why is Wikipedia so confused?

I was curious about the provenance of Abraham Lincoln's famous Gettysburg Address proclamation regarding government "of the people, by the people, for the people", so I looked it up on ...
Lieutenant Zipp's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Where can I find Japanese oil production figures through WWII?

I am searching for scientific or statistical sources for data on petroleum production in Japan from 1920 till 1945. I had found some statistics in League of Nations Statistical Bulletins, but there is ...
Mikhail Zhokhov's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
495 views

When did Albertus Magnus write 'On Animals'?

When is it most likely that Albertus Magnus finished writing On Animals ? I can't seem to find any guesses more accurate than "within his lifetime"
minseong's user avatar
  • 133
4 votes
1 answer
263 views

How do we know when Nero was born?

If I go onto Wikipedia, I can see an answer of when he was born. But I can't really follow the sources. How do historians know when Nero was born?
Kyle Johansen's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
136 views

How reliable is Herodotus' report on Babylonian sacred harlotry?

I'm looking for confirmation regarding Herodotus' report on sacred harlotry in Babylon: The foulest Babylonian custom is that which compels every woman of the land to sit in the temple of Aphrodite ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
16 votes
2 answers
2k views

Where was gunpowder invented/ discovered?

There are many people on the internet claiming that India discovered/ invented gunpowder for eg, many of these claims quote Dr. Gustav Oppart (acs.org, and see below). Wikipedia says that gunpowder ...
tryst with freedom's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
69 views

Did William Ward write "An Address At a Meeting of the Society for Political Information held at the Talbot Inn in Derby, July 16th 1792"?

William Ward (1769–1823) the Baptist missionary assistant to William Carey (1761-1834) was a Derby man and, as a youth at any rate, a radical. He is said to have been the author of "An Address At ...
Christina Eastwood's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
152 views

Sources for tracking a ship in the 1840s

I am trying to determine the itinerary of a Danish ship that traveled in the "East Indies" 1841–43. I have its name, captain, departure from and return to Copenhagen. Additionally, I have ...
meide's user avatar
  • 151
6 votes
2 answers
163 views

Was there an Act of Oblivion in 1686 for those involved in the Monmouth Rebellion 1685?

K.W.H. Howard The Axminster Ecclesiastica 1660-1689 is an annotated reprint of an old Axminster Church record book. In a FN p. 113 it states “Act of Oblivion 1686. A general amnesty for those ...
Christina Eastwood's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
1k views

When did Lincoln claim that "Vicksburg is the key" to winning the civil war?

In researching the Civil War, I've seen a quote, attributed to Abraham Lincoln, come up several times. The most complete version of the quote I have found comes from this website which gives the quote ...
ScienceMarc's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
233 views

Where can I find the original Arabic version of bin Laden's 1996 fatwa?

For a paper in my Arabic class, I would like to cite from bin Laden's 1996 fatwa "إعلان الحرب ضد الأمريكيين الذين يحتلون أرض الحرمين الشريفين" In English: "Declaration of War Against ...
bolzep's user avatar
  • 43
5 votes
2 answers
838 views

What is the reasoning behind these huge numbers for participants in the Battle of Grunwald 1410?

I was reading about the Battle of Grunwald (Tannenberg) in 1410 during the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War and I found this strange excerpt from current Wikispeedia, (which is based on an old Wikipedia ...
Master's user avatar
  • 415
1 vote
1 answer
745 views

Do historians use Rig Veda as a reliable source of historical event?

Rig veda is the oldest text in Hinduism, it is as old as 1500 BCE. It contains many historical reference so, do historians use the historical accounts mentioned in the Rig Vedas as reliable sources of ...
Dark Knight's user avatar
24 votes
3 answers
6k views

Did the Vikings use horses in battle?

We are currently working on a project which purpose is to depict the Vikings through a digital card video game and we are in the process of researching which cards to put into the game. We have some ...
Gamu catex's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
161 views

What was Sir John Mandeville's source regarding Beersheba and its chronology?

After men have crossed this desert on the way to Jerusalem, they come to a city which is called Bersabee [Beersheba] which was once a fine city in habited by Christian men, and still there are some of ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 215
3 votes
1 answer
176 views

Are there any contemporary diaries about the Yugoslav Wars?

I struggle to find any, I think about diary, as written by someone who was at the heart of the war, with some proper understanding of the things happening around him, like the "Berlin Diary" ...
samivagyok's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
171 views

Where can I obtain the full "British Statistical Blue Books" of British colonies in Africa?

I'm a poli sci grad student looking to access the full British statistical blue books which catalog statistics for British colonies. Does anyone know where I can obtain access to them, preferably free ...
Lysander Cox's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
157 views

Are there any sources supporting the claim that Jews were less affected by epidemics?

There is a common thread that Jews historically suffered less from epidemics because of Jewish ritual requirements of cleanliness. E.g., Wikipedia - Perceived Jewish immunity has 3 weakly supporting ...
sds's user avatar
  • 27k
4 votes
0 answers
683 views

Are there any references of Muhammad's letter to Khosrow II, outside of Islamic historiography?

In Islamic tradition and history it is said that Muhammad sent a letter to Khosrow II, a Sasanid king who was titled king of the kings, inviting him to Islam. As history is an interactional phenomenon,...
Saeed Neamati's user avatar
35 votes
4 answers
4k views

What is this symbol in a financial record from Wisconsin, USA, in 1860?

I am trying to read some records about wages in Wisconsin in 1860 (the data is from the Social Statistics schedules of the Decennial Census). I cannot read the record from Milton, Rock County, ...
roussanoff's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
148 views

Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices?

Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices? The Mishnah (Avodah Zarah 2:3) mentions a concept called עורות לבובין which Maimonides and other commentators ...
Reb Chaim HaQoton's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the source of "the three most useless things in the world are the Great Wall, Pyramids, and the Yamato"?

I watched 'Naval Legends: Yamato' yesterday, and it included a phrase that was attributed to the crew of the ship: "The world's three most useless things are the Chinese Great Wall, Egyptian ...
gktscrk's user avatar
  • 10.8k
2 votes
1 answer
436 views

Are stories passed down from generation to generation considered primary sources? [closed]

I much prepare a lesson differentiating primary/secondary sources, and their functions, and usually this is clear cut, but I ran into a case that challenges me, and also is relevant to the course ...
Village's user avatar
  • 1,107
2 votes
0 answers
97 views

Where does Edmund Burke explain aristocratic eccentricity as a reaction to the influx of non-titled country gentlemen?

I am looking for the source of a notion of Edmund Burke’s that the English aristocracy turned to eccentric behavior in order to distinguish themselves from the “new men” who were acquiring estates in ...
Denkof Zwemmen's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
387 views

How would an early Medieval German market have looked?

I am trying to find sources on how a medieval German market would have looked. Any artwork (painting, wood carving, wood print) would be perfect, but even just a description would already be great. My ...
Vladis Becker's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
912 views

Is there footage of Valery Legasov's report at the IAEA Conference in Vienna?

There is a pdf of the report, I could not find any video footage except for brief mentions. However there were lots of cameras there during the report. How to find the full video? Valery Legasov's ...
Sashko Lykhenko's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
340 views

How were ancient Indian mathematical texts found to modern scholarship?

Unlike e.g. Greco-Roman or Chinese texts, which were written on relatively durable writing material, most ancient Indian literature was done on palm-leaf manuscripts, which typically don't survive ...
something's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Are the historical sources from the ancient history trustable?

Are the historical books of Herodot or Polybius or any other historian from ancient history usually correct? Did they add some 'drama' in their books or did they desire to gain favor of those of high ...
Taher's user avatar
  • 207
1 vote
2 answers
128 views

Can oral tradition be used as a source in scholarly papers?

If I wanted to write a scholarly paper on, say, Native America wars, would I be able to cite oral traditions as reliable sources of information? As a made-up example, "the war lasted exactly ...
Beliod's user avatar
  • 47
9 votes
1 answer
292 views

What is the source for John Adams Sr. writing about Hamilton taking blame for Washington?

I know I read a while ago one of John Adams' writings about how people were generally discontented with Washington during the latter years of his administration, but expressed anger towards Hamilton ...
米凯乐's user avatar
  • 1,706
20 votes
5 answers
20k views

What is the origin of the lake tank image that has become a meme?

This image, the template for the "Panzer of the Lake" meme, depicts a soldier from an unknown nation looking at what appears to me to definitely be a Panzer. However, no-one seems to know the origins ...
qazwsx's user avatar
  • 717
20 votes
1 answer
2k views

Is there a historical source that might explain why so many countries use 35 as a minimum age for the president / the highest office person?

Reading the list of presidential qualifications by country I have noticed that in many countries the minimum required age is 35 (some countries raise it to 40). I am wondering if there is any ...
Alexei's user avatar
  • 1,117
4 votes
1 answer
287 views

Where to find Cixi‘s 1865 decree dismissing Prince Gong?

Zhang Rong‘s Cixi biography titled »EMPRESS DOWAGER CIXI: THE CONCUBINE WHO LAUNCHED MODERN CHINA«, Chapter 6, Loc 1365 on kindle claims: Without the rigid etiquette, she realised, Prince Gong was ...
Ludi's user avatar
  • 2,640
1 vote
0 answers
38 views

Are there primary source to learn about trade in Southeast Asia circa 1450-1750?

I was wondering if anyone knew any primary sources that will help me learn more about trade in Southeast Asia from 1450-1750. Years are a bit flexible. I only have two in mind The Suma Oriental by ...
a23's user avatar
  • 11
3 votes
3 answers
3k views

Who were the social elites of the European middle ages?

I have recently been reading into the European Middle Ages, where one of the challenges is the limited sources available. I have often seen seen this described as a source bias towards the elite ...
bthistory's user avatar
  • 125
5 votes
1 answer
183 views

Can anyone render this passage from Lorenzo Valla's original Latin translation of Herodotus into modern text?

Can anyone render this passage from Lorenzo Valla's original Latin translation of Herodotus into modern text? I'm not looking for a translation, rather, I need to have the typographics normalized. ...
peter hodges's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
3k views

The most awesome army: 80 men left and 81 returned. Is it true?

On this wikipedia page, I read the funny story of the Lichtenstein's army, which should have at least earned the title of the "most friendly army in the world". I am not a historian, and I have no ...
theGarz's user avatar
  • 193
4 votes
1 answer
632 views

Did the Picture Post publish the 1857 photo "Two Sepoys of the 31st Native Infantry Who Were Hanged at Lucknow" in 1939?

On the front line of empire, colonials had been developing an increasingly aestheticised response to violence since at least the 1850s, when the Italian-British commercial photographer Felice Beato ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
155 views

Where can I find this paper by Jean Buridan?

I'm trying to make a timeline of momentum for my physics class and I keep running across a paper by Jean Buridan called QM XII.9: 73ra. I don't know what any of this means, and I don't know how to ...
Mr. Guest's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
790 views

What evidence do we have to claim the Ancient Romans kept African grey parrots as pets?

The book Birds: Myth, Lore and Legend by Rachel Warren Chadd and Marianne Taylor states: [...] The Ancient Romans, who kept both Rose-ringed Parakeets and African Greys (Psittacus erithacus), ..., ...
Vincenzo Oliva's user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
3k views

What is the source for this Leonardo Da Vinci quote?

"Art is the queen of all sciences communicating knowledge to all the generations of the world."  Where exactly does this Leonardo Da Vinci quote come from? Was it part of a larger paragraph - if so ...
Johan88's user avatar
  • 1,319
9 votes
1 answer
6k views

Did Napoleon III reserve a special set of aluminum cutlery for special guests?

Slate (2010): the minor emperor Napoleon III reserved a prized set of aluminum cutlery for special guests at banquets. (Less favored guests used gold knives and forks.) I see the above claim (or ...
user avatar
23 votes
1 answer
720 views

What did Zhang Zuolin say after his train blew up?

Zhang Zuolin was an early 20th century Chinese warlord of Manchuria. He was fatally wounded by the Japanese Army on June 4, 1928, using a bomb laid beneath tracks where his armoured train travelled ...
congusbongus's user avatar
  • 14.5k
2 votes
1 answer
115 views

Where are official images and metadata of cave paintings housed?

I have seen a few cave paintings at the British Museum and a couple other museums, but not very many and only of specific types. I also saw Lascaux (French International Center for Cave Art) which ...
Lance's user avatar
  • 2,227