Questions tagged [soviet-union]

The Soviet Union or USSR (1922–1991) was a socialist state in Eurasia. After the 1924 death of founding leader Lenin (who led the October Revolution in 1917), Stalin established a planned economy and suppressed political opposition. After World War II, the Soviet Union emerged as one of the world's two superpowers, opposing the USA in the Cold War. 1980s leader Gorbachev attempted reform with perestroika and glasnost but the country collapsed in 1991.

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What was the reason honey couldn't be sent up to Mir?

This article claims that after the collapse of the USSR, Russia was in such dire financial straits that flights up to the space station Mir could not only relieve the acting flight engineer Sergei ...
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Why were there so many 'carrier killer' Kh-22 anti-ship missiles in Ukraine in the 1990s?

Ukraine is said to have scrapped 423 Kh-22 large anti-ship ('carrier killer') cruise missiles in the 1990s, together with some 60 strategic bombers that could carry & launch these. (This was due ...
2 votes
3 answers
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Did Soviet Union really consider using atomic bomb against US aircraft battlegroup?

In this video youtube narrator says that: "During Cold War Soviet Union considered American battle-group such a dire threat that they predicted the only way to defend against them would be by use ...
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1 answer
171 views

Why did Women's Day never really catch on in the US, even though it started there?

The roots of International Women's Day (March 8th) go all the way back to New York City in 1909 and the Socialist Party of America. However, from what I have learned the International Women's Day is ...
7 votes
2 answers
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How big were the two German pockets at the end of the battle of Stalingrad?

I've often read about Stalingrad, but one piece of info eludes me. At the time of their surrender, the Germans were reduced to 2 'pockets'. How big were they in terms of area?
3 votes
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Why were countries which were clearly aligned to one of the two power blocs during cold war a part of the non-aligned movement?

Countries like the DPRK and others joined the Non-Aligned movement despite showing clear proofs of support towards power blocs were and still are a part of the Non-aligned movement. During the Korean ...
2 votes
2 answers
447 views

Why Finland received so little foreign support during the winter war?

Considering the following four facts: Many western countries helped the anti-communist government during the Russian civil war, League of Nation supports Finland, The war lasts really long comparing ...
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What operations were carried out by the partisans of the Chernihiv junction in the Great Patriotic War?

I am interested in finding out more about the Chernihiv partisan junction which was an important force throughout the Great Patriotic War, and their leader Alexei Fyodorovich Fyodorov. Unfortunately, ...
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Under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, how many of each aircraft did the USSR receive?

The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was signed 1939 Aug 23, and lasted till 1941 Jun 22. During that time, how many aircraft were delivered to the Soviet Union, and what types were they? I'm especially ...
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Why was Stalin OK with the UN's headquaters being placed in the US?

It feels like Stalin should have objected to this because this gives the US some extra influence. Why not insist on placing the headquaters somewhere more neutral?
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Where can I find an English translation of the text of the Belovezh Accords?

It is reported in many places on the internet that the decision to abolish the Soviet Union was made in the Belovezh Forest in Belarus, near Poland, by the heads of government of three of the Soviet ...
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Was Isserson a good commander on the field?

Isserson is one of the fathers of the deep battle doctrine and was one of the most brilliant minds of the Soviet Army. (According to Joukov's memoir) However, Isserson was also described as an awful ...
2 votes
1 answer
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What role, if any, did the Chinese Communist Party play in the Soviet invasion of Xinjiang?

The Soviets invaded Xinjiang to support their client, a warlord who had no connection to the CCP. Did the CCP support this invasion? Oppose it? Or just try to avoid talking about it? Related: were the ...
2 votes
1 answer
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How much did the production of the Tsar Bomba cost to the Soviets?

The Tsar Bomba, also known as the "King of Bombs," was the most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated. Developed and tested by the Soviet Union during the height of the Cold War, this ...
4 votes
1 answer
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Were there Jewish diplomats in Nazi Germany?

It is pretty well known that Nazis discouraged US companies from having local representatives who were Jews. I imagine it did not happen all at once and the way foreign Jews were treated was quite ...
2 votes
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How were Soviet nuclear weapons controlled?

Gobrachev said that the reason he allowed the Soviet Union to collapse was to prevent a civil war involving nuclear weapons. I think Kazakhastan returned the nukes in its territory, well after the ...
2 votes
1 answer
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When was Joseph Alsop article 'Another Hitler-Time?' published in the Washington Post?

When was Joseph Alsop article 'Another Hitler-Time?' first published in the Washington Post? The Washington Post archives doesn't seem to contain this article. This article contains, the supposed, ...
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Did Gosplan use Sears Roebuck and similar catalogues to "fix prices"?

Does anything corroborate the claim, made by Ray Evans in the March 2002 proceedings of the H.R. Nicholls Society (dedicated to deregulating the Australian labour market), that when the American ...
10 votes
2 answers
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What are the origins of these revolution-era Russia images?

I saw an unrelated image include portions of these images: I know they are from the 1918-1932 era of the USSR, judging from the art style, but I can not find titles or translations for them. I also ...
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Which Soviet resolution rejected "laughter for laughter's sake"?

George Counts (1949): During the past two and one-half years the Central Committee has issued a series of "ideological resolutions" ... These resolutions not only reject "art for art's ...
5 votes
1 answer
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Why were so many Soviet films shot in 1938–39 about a future German invasion?

Why were so many Soviet films about an anticipated Nazi German invasion into the USSR shot in 1938–1939, both before the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact and after it? Before the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact Nazi ...
4 votes
1 answer
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Help identify details from a Soviet military uniform?

My family on my great-grandfather's side came from Romania and I have a picture of one of his brothers in a soviet military uniform. I know nothing of his involvement in the military and was hoping ...
19 votes
6 answers
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Why wasn’t the USSR “rebranded” communist?

I found that the Third International in 1921 sponsored a worldwide transformation of former “socialist” parties (that was concretely related to the rejection of so-called “reformism”, to be somewhat ...
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Ranking Eastern Europe Communist regimes by severity of repression [closed]

I was wondering that the severity of repression, censorship, economic stagnation must have varied greatly across the Eastern bloc countries between 1945-1990. It may even have varied over the years in ...
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What happened to schizophrenics in the USSR?

I'm looking for information on people who were unable to work because of schizophrenia or other major mental illness. Does anyone know what happened to them in the USSR?
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When and how did the West lose its dependency on the USSR for titanium?

This question was prompted by another one. A long time ago, before I well-documented my internet research, I looked into the history of titanium, its procurement, refinement, and work-ability. I ...
3 votes
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What's the proxy war that the USSR spent most resources on?

Off the top of my head it might be Afghanistan, but I'm not totally sure despite direct troop participation. They also sent substantial aid to Vietnam, North Korea, and various Arab countries fighting ...
4 votes
2 answers
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When in 1980s did travel to and from USSR became possible?

Soviet borders were closed for traveling from USSR for most Soviet people until late 1980s. I don't recall, however, the year/month when the borders opened. After 1986 and before 1991, but that's all ...
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Is there an example of a Soviet or Russian prison camp where both guards and prisoners perished?

NOTE: As to previous research, I simply did a google search, "soviet prison camp where both guards and prisoners perished" and I got nothing besides general information about deaths in camps....
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10 answers
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Why did people in the USSR participate in elections?

It is well known that the elections in the USSR had only one candidate on the list, giving no real choice to the voter. While it was possible to vote against a candidate, there was no realistic ...
5 votes
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Did Soviet people know Stalin's birth name?

We all know now that Stalin's birth name was Jughashvili (Ioseb Besarionis dzе Jughashvili). Lenin was born Ulyanov, Trotsky was Lev Davidovich Bronstein, Kamenev was Leo Rosenfeld, etc. Searching ...
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Did Soviet people decorate their own homes with outdoor Christmas lights?

As far back as the 1960s, it has been common in North America for people to decorate their homes with strands of outdoor lights during the winter holiday season. In the neighbourhood where I live, at ...
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2 answers
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Did Nazi propaganda about the USSR change after the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact?

I'm well-aware that Soviet propaganda completely changed its orientation after the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, starting a much more positive portrayal of the Nazis in many aspects up until the German ...
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Did the Red Army and German Army clash in Poland in 1939?

I found a youtube lecture by Stephen Kotkin. He is a professor of history, wrote 2 books on Stalin with a 3rd on the way, and has access to certain Russian archives. That's all I know about him, ...
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Was the Soviet Union in 1945 seeking to capture German soldiers and civilians, or drive them west?

The latter part of Prit Buttar's Battleground Prussia deals with the desperate attempts by German soldiers and civilians to escape from the ports and peninsulas of East and West Prussia in early 1945. ...
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How did the KPD relate to the German state during the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact?

Between August 1939 and June 1941, Germany and the USSR had the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. During this time, many USSR-oriented communist parties in Europe and North America were (forced to be) rather ...
20 votes
1 answer
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How did the world react to Trotsky's assassination?

Exiled former Russian leader Leon Trotsky was murdered in Mexico in August 1940 (with an ice pick) by a Soviet agent in the interest of Trotsky's old rival for power, the then Soviet dictator Stalin. ...
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5 answers
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What was the German perspective on Stalingrad?

I'm quite interested in Stalingrad and have started reading a bit regarding the battle itself and have seen that weather had played quite a significant factor in halting the German advance. (Reading ...
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How accessible was the port of Archangelsk from the east?

During World War II, something like one half of Lend Lease supplies reached Russia via Vladivostok and the Trans Siberian railroad (what I call the eastern route); one quarter to south Russia from the ...
11 votes
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Why were Soviet losses consistently so high?

The combat losses of Soviet Union were always higher than Nazi Germany, regardless of whether they won or lost. Even in Stalingrad or at the siege of Berlin the losses of Soviet Union were higher. In ...
71 votes
9 answers
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Why did the USSR give Crimea to Ukraine?

In 1954 Soviets transferred Crimea from Russian Soviet Republic to Ukrainian Soviet Republic. Why is this strange? The whole act, at least officially, was meant to be "a gift", a token of friendship....
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How credible is Antony Beevor's work? [closed]

Some sources claim that Beevor is revisionist and anti-Soviet propagandist. What is the basis for this criticism? How credible is Beevor? What bias/influence should readers of Beevor's work keep in ...
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What is the historical evidence behind the claim that the Soviets perpetrated mass rapes during their occupation of Germany?

Besides accounts from Anthony Beevor's book and research done by Sander & Johr, which some members of the amateur historian community dismiss as biased and revisionist, are there any other source ...
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In the Soviet Union, what was the average cookware available in the home?

What was the average cookware available in someone's home (apartment) in the Soviet Union? The period I'm most interested in is the post-war up to the Brezhnev Stagnation, so this is roughly 1945 - ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Did the US stop using the U-2 spy plane for USSR after the shoot-down event in 1960?

The shoot-down of Powers is a famous event in the history of modern military. Did US stop using U-2 afterwards on USSR? It is known that this event stimulated the US spy satellite program.
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How did the Czech Legion get home?

The Czech Legion was allied with the Russian Tsars just prior to the Russian revolution. After the Bolsheviks took power, they were unable to return via Europe. So they crossed the whole of Eurasia ...
4 votes
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Were there any female soldiers in the Soviet army who partook in the mass rapes in Eastern Germany?

Were there female Soviet soldiers that partook in the mass rapes in Eastern Germany? The only source I found on any reaction of female soldiers on the mass rapes was in a testimony of a veteran: ...
6 votes
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Is Wikipedia's identification of Lebed an error?

Speaking of the Alexander Yakovlev's conflict with the hardcore communists, the Wikipedia article says: In the early 1980s, Yakovlev returned to the Soviet Union, and became a prominent supporter of ...
5 votes
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(Why) did the PRC not [ever] recognize the incorporation of the Baltic states into the USSR?

I'm aware that the relationship between the PRC and the USSR was rocky at times, but it seems a little odd the PRC never recognized the three Baltic states as part of the USSR, that is according to ...
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Did Comecon [even] fail to standardize container sizes?

This is from a 1983 NYT article: Other obstacles to the bloc's growth include a wider railway gauge in the Soviet Union than that in most other countries of Eastern Europe, the absence of modern ...

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