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Questions tagged [spaceflight]

Human exploration of space, whether by manned spacecraft or unmanned probes.

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2answers
190 views

Who was the first human to survive vertical launched rocket flight?

In 1961 Yuri Gagarin flew a rocket and survived, parachuting safely back to earth. According to Wikipedia, Lothar Sieber, a german pilot, tested a rocket in 1945 but died in the first test flight. So ...
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1k views

Why did Jodrell Bank assist the Soviet Union to collect data from their spacecraft in the mid 1960's?

I've just listened to the short BBC News audio podcast clip How British academics spied on the superpowers: Tim O’Brien from the Jodrell Bank radio telescope discusses 50 year old recordings which ...
58
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2answers
15k views

Have any astronauts or cosmonauts died in space?

When I lived on the Space Coast I overheard gossip that one or more cosmonauts died in space. Is there any truth to this? I’m not asking about deaths from those disasters like Challenger, Columbia, ...
33
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1answer
7k views

Who, if anyone, was the first astronaut to return to earth in a different vessel?

I assume, with the advent of the ISS, it is common for astronauts to return to earth in a different capsule to the one on which they arrived. (I may be wrong) but do we know who the first person or ...
4
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1answer
580 views

Did the Soviet military in fact fear that the Space Shuttle would be used as an orbital bomber? If so, why?

I have read on this blog (scroll down to section "what happened to make it fail) dedicated to failed cold war space projects that the Soviet leadership was deeply concerned about the STS, fearing that ...
4
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1answer
230 views

Were there commercials in the original broadcast of the moon landings, and how much did they go for?

I was pondering the future value of advertisements on the live broadcast of the inevitable eventual Mars landing, and it led me to wonder about this.
14
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2answers
389 views

Who flew the T-38 “Missing Man” formation at the Challenger Memorial service at JSC, 31 January 1986?

President Ronald Reagan at Memorial Service for Challenger Crew. Photo courtesy of NASA On January 31, 1986 I attended the memorial service at Johnson Space Center for the STS-51-L Challenger crew. I ...
4
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1answer
250 views

How did the Apollo-Soyuz test project affect the relationship between the USSR and USA during the cold war?

Did the Apollo-Soyuz test project really impact the relationship of the the USA and USSR politically? And if so, in what way?
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1answer
160 views

How did the development in education impact the curiosity and creativity in German society pre and post WWI? [closed]

I am currently researching this question; I know that the educational system focused more on science and math after the war which could have allowed for more curiosity and creativity in scientific ...
13
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2answers
1k views

What did Yuri Gagarin do while waiting for his ride?

So I found out from a post on skeptics:SE that when Yuri Gagarin landed from being the first human in space during the Vostok 1 mission, he parachuted down and landed in the Soviet Union near the ...
15
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3answers
9k views

Did Yuri Gagarin really hear a ticking sound during his journey into outer space?

In the movie, Another Earth, Rhoda told John that Yuri Gagarin heard a ticking sound during his journey into outer space. He couldn't find the source, and eventually came to love that ticking sound. ...
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0answers
114 views

What is the altitude record for manned unpressurised balloon flight without oxygen?

On 5th September 1862 James Glaisher, a meteorologist, and Henry Coxwell, a balloonist, ascended to about seven miles, and came close to dying from frostbite and asphyxiation, in an open wicker basket,...
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3answers
1k views

How widespread was the notion that space travel was impossible prior to the successful launch of Sputnik 1?

Prior to the successful launch of Sputnik 1, there were some who believed that space travel was impossible. I would like to know how widespread this notion was, particularly "in scientific and ...
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3answers
285 views

What did the technologies of von Braun and other members of the Third Reich contribute to America's lead in the race to moon against Russia?

Wernher von Braun was lead constructor/technologist for the Apollo missions, and provided his knowledge about rocket science, which he used/learned during WW2 when constructing the V2 (along with some ...
15
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2answers
568 views

How were the Venera Probe missions received/presented in the Western world during the space race?

I can find barely any historical documentation on this subject. If you know anything about its development, please chip in as well. I'm writing a paper on the missions and putting them into ...
11
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1answer
811 views

Did the USSR invite other astronauts of Apollo 11 besides Armstrong?

Sometime after the return of Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong visited the USSR. I wonder why he was alone? Weren't the other astronauts invited or they refused to visit? Was it because Armstrong was an ...
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2answers
2k views

Who was the first Russian in space (not Soviet)?

I know Yuri Gagarin was the first Soviet, and man, in space. Who was the first Russian (not Soviet) in space?
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2answers
1k views

When did we figure out that Venus was too hot for humans?

Today it's well known that the surface of Venus is incredibly hot, over 800 °F (427 ºC). Depictions of Venus in fiction, however, used to portray it as something close to Earth temperatures, ...
8
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2answers
441 views

Before 1961, what did they think would happen to people in weightlessness?

Reading up on the beginnings of human spaceflight, I came across this line on Wikipedia: [Vostok 1] was flown in an automatic mode as a precaution; medical science at that time did not know what ...
14
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1answer
2k views

How much did Pan Am tickets to the moon cost?

I was searching online, and find a lot of references about the Pan Am moon tickets. I'm curious how much they were going to cost though. I saw somewhere that said there was no down-payment... just ...
14
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4answers
2k views

What role did the space race play in reducing the nuclear threat during the 1960s?

Today I visited again the Kansas Cosmosphere and Space Center, a space flight history museum, and noticed for the first time the claim that part of John F. Kennedy's motivation for pushing for a ...