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Questions tagged [statistics]

Questions related to the history of the branch of mathematics dealing with data collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation.

3
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1answer
228 views

How large were Victorian British military forces?

I was wondering roughly how many people were members of military services in Britain during the later Victorian era, and had no luck finding any information on the subject online, apart from the ...
4
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1answer
175 views

Who conducted the first “straw poll” in U.S. election politics, and when was it conducted?

Prior to Gallup and Roper et al in the 1930's and The Literary Digest in 1916, what was the first election straw poll in US elections? Three sources that I found cite three different answers (though ...
8
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2answers
642 views

Why was France's birth rate low from 1800 to WWII?

Inspired by this lemma on Wikipedia as well as a few paragraphs here and there in Piketty's Capital in the 21st century I'm asking the question how the low birth rate in France between 1800 and WWII ...
7
votes
1answer
359 views

Did the average height of men in late Victorian England decline due to poor nutrition?

According an article in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health The fall in nutritional standards between 1880 and 1900 was so marked that the generations were ...
34
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7answers
9k views

Why was there a surge in the US incarceration rate during the 1990s?

This surge seems to only have stabilized in the last decade and spans roughly 1980–2005. What is its cause? Even when accounting for population growth, the graph does not look much different. (Image ...
22
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7answers
10k views

Why are the majority of Dresden inhabitants atheists or agnostics?

German Wikipedia says that Four fifths of the inhabitants of Dresden do not belong to any religious community. Approx. 20 % of the population is predominantly Christian. Original German text: ...
18
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1answer
1k views

Source of quote attributed to Florence Nightingale: To understand God's thoughts we must study statistics

This is another classic quotation in the history of statistics, attributed to Florence Nightingale: To understand God's thoughts we must study statistics, for these are the measure of his purpose....
6
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0answers
231 views

Percentage of helmet owners in 15th century Europe

There already is a similar question, but it has been closed as unclear. I will attempt to post a clear question instead. Time : 15th century Country: medieval Europe excluding Eastern Roman Empire, ...
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0answers
31 views

Where can I find historical data of changes in the population of Buddhist followers since Ancient India?

I need some sources regarding the changes in the size of Buddhist populations since the death of Gautama Buddha, e.g. the number of Buddhists in what is modern day India from 410 BC until now, or just ...
9
votes
2answers
313 views

How many troops would the White Armies have had at their peak during the Russian Civil War?

A couple of sketchy sources say between 2.3 and 2.4 million, but the books I've looked through are silent on the matter. Nevertheless, the maximum strength of the Red Army at around 5 million during ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Is there a good source for statistics of holocaust survivals?

Who had a higher chances of survival, men or women ? Is there a good source for statistical observations of the survivals?
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3answers
990 views

Study of causal structures and dynamics in history?

I was not really sure how to phrase this question, but ok, let me try nonetheless. My background is in natural sciences, but I have always been interested in history as well. Over past years I have ...
4
votes
1answer
207 views

How is historical “average calorie consumption” data from eighty years ago estimated?

I read an article in a German news magazine today about the German post-war "hunger winters" of 1946-48. The article cites very detailed statistics about average calorie consumption in Germany in ...
5
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0answers
15k views

How many people did Al Capone kill? [closed]

How many deaths was Al Capone responsible for? Including people killed by his order or as part of gang wars he started? (Looking for an estimate within an order of magnitude).
36
votes
3answers
4k views

Which year in history had the highest ratio of non-natural deaths?

A silly question maybe but wondering which year in history was the bloodiest? Is it one of the last two years of WWII? Or are there any other such bloody time in history? I only wish to include non-...
11
votes
1answer
404 views

Land Ownership in Palestine - Big Landlords or Small Peasants?

I have seen pro Arab sources cite surveys like these (see image) that demonstrate that most of the privately owned in Palestine land belonged to Arabs. I have seen Israeli sources assert that much of ...
3
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0answers
77 views

Employment statistics in Germany since mid-19th century [closed]

What is the most reliable source of employment statistics in Germany? I am interested in the time period starting from mid-19th century all the way to present days.
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Income distribution of major combatants before and after WWII?

This question about GDP per capita of major combatants before and after WWI made me wonder how these GDPs were distributed. Do we know the Gini coefficient (or a similiar metric) for the major ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Who is Heckler?

On researching the Black Plague I have a few times run into the name of "Heckler" who supposedly is the source for the information that 25% of the population of Europe was killed by the plague. For ...
2
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0answers
367 views

Historical Death Toll due to Disease [closed]

I am trying to calculate the number of deaths due to pestilence from 1750-1800,1800-1850,1850-1900,1900-1950,1950-2000, and 2000-2014. Wikipedia has good information on many: http://en.wikipedia.org/...
4
votes
0answers
183 views

When was the first recorded use of hospital readmissions as a summary statistic?

When was the first recorded use, or the first recorded intention of use of hospital readmissions as a summary statistic? A hospital readmission (also called a rehospitalization) is defined as a ...