Questions tagged [sumer]

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82 views

What was the exact nature, extent and use of Near Eastern clay tokens? [closed]

My current knowledge of Near Eastern clay tokens is: They were developed and used in the Fertile Crescent and Anatolia from 8000 BC They were an accounting system with a one to one correspondence ...
4
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1answer
149 views

Where to find a comprehensive list of proto-cuneiform Sumerian glyphs?

I'm looking for representations and meanings of the logographs of the Uruk period (3500–3000 BC), such as those on the Kish tablet. I've only been able to find a few examples, but over 1000 are known. ...
13
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1answer
945 views

What is known about the Ubaid lizard-people figurines?

I find the Ubaid lizard-people figurines visually captivating. But for obvious reasons it's difficult to search for information about them online without wading chest deep through pages of ancient ...
4
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0answers
183 views

Was early Mari Sumerian or multicultural?

Mari was a multicultural Semitic and Sumerian city in central Mesopotamia. Despite its rich history during the historical period, I have found almost no discussion of the earliest period. This was ...
5
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1answer
155 views

How would ancient Sumerian astronomers predict length of the next lunar month?

I know we can do these predictions with extreme degree of precision now, using our extensive knowledge of celestial orbiting patterns and principles. With Sumerian civilization being one of the ...
5
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1answer
134 views

Are images of the original tablets for the Epic of Gilgamesh available online?

It seems the Epic of Gilgamesh isn't available online in in Akkadian, that is, in Cuneiform script. There is a transliterated version, but I can't connect it to the tablet (not sure if that's the ...
3
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1answer
199 views

is Ubaid 0 actually related to Eridu and Ubaid I-IV?

Most sources state 5400 B.C. as the beginning of the Ubaid period. The Ubaid period is further divided by them into Ubaid I-IV. Wikipedia lists Tel El Oueili (6500 B.C.) as "Ubaid 0", thus placing the ...
13
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1answer
673 views

Is David Graeber correct to assert that patriarchy did not exist in Sumeria?

In Debt: The First 5000 Years, David Graeber incisively claims that As we’ll see, there is reason to believe that it is in such moral crises that we can find the origin not only of our current ...
1
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0answers
109 views

Are there “Sumerian” figurines from the Uruk and Ubaid periods?

There are distinctive Sumerian figurines from the Early Dynastic period. One of the early arguments for indigenous Sumerians was that these figurines were also in the Jemdet Nasr, Uruk, and Ubaid ...
2
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1answer
1k views

What colors were used as paint in the construction of the ziggurats in early Sumer?

I remember many years ago going through a book about ancient civilizations in Mesopotamia. In the passages where the ziggurats were described there was a mention that each level of the pyramid was ...
2
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3answers
890 views

How did/do Sumerian numbers sound?

I cannot find anywhere that has a phonetic definition of the numbers.
1
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2answers
544 views

Is Sumer considered by historians as a part of Western Civilization? [closed]

Well is it?It seems to me that a continuing cultural thread runs from Mesopotamia passing through Europe and finally arriving in North America.Or Greece and Rome are a breaking point with "Oriental" ...
4
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2answers
348 views

Incentive to ban women having more than one husband?

I'm currently reading "The Cartoon History of the universe" by Larry Gonick. When talking about Sumer, the author says that "around 2400 B.C., the reformer Urukagina banned the practice [women ...
4
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0answers
171 views

Sumerian cuneiform dictionary? [closed]

Is there a single, unified place where one can look up cuneiform signs for Sumerian words? Unicode now supports cuneiform, but every source I've found has only transliterations, not actual cuneiform. ...
6
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2answers
1k views

What kind of incense was used by the Sumerians?

Today, there are many different kinds of aromatic substances used for incense. What kind of incense was used by the ancient Sumerians?
14
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1answer
2k views

How many hours per day did a Sumerian farmer sleep?

I wonder about the life-styles of the inhabitants of ancient civilizations. As a particular case, if we consider the era of Sumer, what are the significant diversities compared to rural life today?
13
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3answers
4k views

Was early Sumerian civilization wiped out by a flood?

Sumerian texts speak of a worldwide flood that wiped out most of mankind's achievements on earth. I had always suspected such a flood -- even if only covering all of Sumer -- was mythical, but then I ...
6
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2answers
437 views

How is Bad-Tibira written in Sumerian?

Bad-Tibira is one of the oldest recorded cities in the world. The Sumerians believed it was the second city to exercise kingship (after the more famous Eridu). I can't find the Sumerian spelling of ...