Questions tagged [sweden]

Sweden is a Scandinavian country in the Nordic region of northern Europe.

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Did people living in Stockholm, Sweden in the late 1700s (18th century) really have to fetch their mail manually?

Recently, I've been watching this well-spoken man on YouTube (yes, it's quite unique) talking (in Swedish) about 18th century (1700s, that is) Sweden, and Stockholm in particular. In one video, which ...
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3 votes
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What was middle class in Sweden in WW1?

This is written in the English Wikipedia article for "Madicken": https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madicken Du är inte klok Madicken is about a 7-year-old middle class girl, during World War I. ...
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Why did Sweden accept the Jews from Denmark?

Was the primary reason good relations between Denmark and Sweden? As we know, many countries, some of which were quite safe from Germany and did not trade with them, chose not to allow even modest ...
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Where can I find information on a Polish castle dismantled by Sweden?

I recently visited a castle in Krakow, Poland, where I learned that a Polish castle was dismantled by a Swedish king and loaded onto boats to be rebuilt in Sweden. Unfortunately, the castle sank to ...
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Can anyone identify this uniform? Is it from Sweden or USA?

I have 2 photos of my husband's grandfather Edwin Albin (1884-1962) that were taken in Minnesota in 1906. I’m hoping to find out more about the uniform Albin is wearing. Albin's father Claus August ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Why were the Scandinavians not as expansive as other Europeans in global colonization?

By expansive, I mean in terms of land area. On the Wikipedia pages of Norway's, Sweden's, and Denmark's colonies, it shows they had very few parcels of land around the globe, compared to the colonies ...
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What was the first overland road from Sweden to Finland?

The Swedish post road from Norway, through Sweden, used the Åland archipelago to pass into Sweden, and this is easily found (evidence of) in the south of Finland to the present day. When (and where) ...
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How realistic is the food consumption in Astrid Lindgrens 'Emil of Lönneberga' books?

The books take place on a small rural farm in Smaland in Sweden. I don't think it is spelled out exactly what time period it takes place but I would put it around 1830 to 1850. If someone has some ...
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Did the Soviet Union's successful northern campaign have an impact on Swedish iron ore shipments to Germany?

Late in World War II, the Soviet Union successfully invaded Finland and forced her to disassociate herself from Nazi Germany. This happened to the point where the Finns were forced to allow Soviet ...
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7 votes
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When did “Duck, Duck, Goose“ migrate from Sweden to America?

I am curious as to when the game “Duck, Duck, Goose” moved from Sweden to America. Many of my friends whose parents are 65-80 years old never played the game and only heard of it because their ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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How did Pontus de la Gardie drown?

Pontus de la Gardie was a French nobleman who ended up fighting in Swedish service against the Russians, being given the Livonian governorate as a reward, who died in 1585 (the most common though ...
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What does this Swedish sonar image depict? [closed]

I am wondering what conclusions can be drawn from this sonar image. The object is sunk in a river, of unknown age, and not examined. Width 5,5 m Length 15,6 m Depth 9,7-9,2 m The image was taken ...
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Why did Sweden not fortify Swedish Livonia along its eastern frontier, including the approaches to Riga?

Swedish Livonia was a province created from territories that were ceded by the Commonwealth in 1629. This territory remained under de facto Swedish rule until 1710 and was ceded formally in 1721. ...
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Was the issue of women's suffrage debated during the drafting of the 1809 Instruments of Government?

The Kingdom of Sweden had a limited vote for women between 1718 and 1772, during the Age of Liberty, which was based on the 1719 Instruments of Government. This was only the case in two of the four ...
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Why did the Lindman government choose to resign over their agricultural program?

Why did the Lindman government choose to resign over their agricultural program? Did (members of) the government expound on why they chose to take the agricultural program as a matter of confidence ...
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11 votes
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How did the Swedish army deal with prisoners of war in the Thirty Years War?

Researching for this answer to another question I found the martial law and "Articulsbrief" (norms for the mercenary soldiers) of Sweden after the reform of the military of King Gustav II ...
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Did they really have individual telephone wires going from a central tower to each customer in Sweden in the late 1800s? [closed]

In 1887, they built this relatively high (45 meters) "telephone tower" in Stockholm. It was apparently built to hold the wires for all the telephone subscribers/customers in Stockholm. (On the photo, ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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How did the Swedes integrate Geats, Danes, Walloons, Finns & others?

I noticed that Sweden has been successful in pacifying a bitter rivalry with Denmark overtime. Last time they had a conflict was just 200 years ago. But many other countries still have really ...
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1 vote
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Who is Swedens rightful king considering the coup d'etat of 1809 deposed the then rightful king?

Considering that Gustav IV Adolf was forced to resign and driven to exile during a coup d'etat in 1809 and that the later Bernadotte family got into power after the death of Charles XIII, the brother ...
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Did the Russian Empire have a claim to Sweden? Was there ever a time where they could have pursued it?

Consider that Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and the one that all Russian emperors after Catherine were descended from, would have been king of Sweden had his aunt not stolen the throne ...
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Was the Great Freeze of 1709 predicted?

The year when King Charles XII of Sweden was advancing towards Moscow during the great Northern War was exceptionally cold. This winter was not calculated by Sweden and Charles had to escape to the ...
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In Scandinavia, was there a cultural continuity from Goths to Vikings or were they two different groups of people?

The earliest origin of the Gothic people/culture is commonly placed on the Scandinavian peninsula, in the region of Götaland (in southern Sweden) and/or the island of Gotland (off the eastern coast of ...
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34 votes
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Why was no Nobel Prize for Literature awarded in 1935?

The Swedish Academy has just announced that as a result of recent scandals and associated resignations within the Academy, no prize for Literature will be awarded for 2018. I am curious about this ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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During WW2, how dependent on Swedish Ball Bearings was Britain?

A slightly related question spawned this one. Sweden made a lot of ball bearings during WW2, which it exported to Britain and Germany. How many tons of ball bearings were imported from Sweden to ...
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Why did the Swedish colonies in America and Africa fail?

The Swedish empire controlled the Gold Coast in 1650-63 and New Sweden in present-day USA in 1638-55. Why did Sweden fail to hold these possession in the apex of its great power era?
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Through what developments did Sweden end up in war in northern Africa in early 1800's?

Sweden was one of the warring parties in the First Barbary War (1801-1805) with 3 frigates from the Swedish navy. I had read that Sweden had a colony in Gold Coast (modern Ghana), taken from the ...
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9 votes
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Were the Swedish holdings in northern Germany accepting or resentful of their overlord after the Peace of Westphalia?

It is my understanding that during the 30 Years' War (especially when they first joined), Sweden was seen as liberators and champions of the Protestant cause. Did this favorable view persist in the ...
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14 votes
3 answers
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What is the origin of the American stereotypes about Swedish women?

After living in USA for over some years I have come to notice that Swedish women are at times portrayed like sexually "free-wheeling" or "liberated", i.e. as persons for who willingly go without ...
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What did Sweden do with all the wrong-sided steering wheels after Högertrafikomläggningen?

Högertrafikomläggningen happened on September 3rd 1967. On that day Sweden changed from driving on the left side of the road to the right (normalizing with all of its neighbors). I would guess that ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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What is the meaning of the images on the medal granted with the Nobel prize? [closed]

I have just seen the . One side of the medal is portrait of Alfred Nobel; the other side is two women where one is with bared nipples. Can you help me with data and meaning of this awkwardness. I ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Why was Poland able to resist the Swedish invasion during the Deluge, but not during the time of Charles XII?

The Deluge, in the mid-17th century, was a particularly troubled time for Poland. The western part of the country was overrun by Sweden, and the eastern part was invaded by disgruntled Cossacks. The ...
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How did Sweden come out so unscathed physically and morally from WW2? [closed]

How did Sweden manage to support the Nazis with iron ore for their war machine, which kept Sweden "Neutral" and still retain good relations with the Allies post WW2? Does doing trade with an enemy in ...
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10 votes
3 answers
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How dependent was Nazi Germany on iron ore from Sweden?

From the wikipedia article on Swedish iron mining during WW2, there are a lot of uncited claims. I'll quote the most outstanding of them here: In the year before the war, Germany received 22 million ...
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Why is the motto of the Swedish university Chalmers in French: avancez?

Is there a historical reason for the fact that Chalmers university uses a French motto and not a Swedish one?
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6 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why did Sweden and Norway become the vassals of Denmark?

In what area was Denmark more superior to those countries, so that it dominated them, such as military, trade, dynastic matters, political culture? How strong was the leadership of Denmark, and was it ...
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51 votes
9 answers
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Why did Hitler not invade Sweden?

I was looking over a map of where the Nazis invaded and they never attacked Sweden. I was wondering why since it seems like a much better strategic move than invading Russia. Why might they have ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Did Gustavus Adolphus ever speak of making himself Emperor?

Such an assertion is made on p. 91 of Richelieu and the French Monarchy by C.V.Wedgwood. There are no footnotes, this being a book for the general reader, so I would like to have a corroboration for ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Why is Kubb - a skittles game - associated with the Viking Age?

Is there any evidence to suggest that kubb might have been played in the Viking Age, or was it just associated with Viking history to promote it? If so, who invented it, or when did it originate?
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5 votes
1 answer
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How much did it cost to maintain Gustavus Adolphus' army? How much of it was paid by Richelieu?

I know that Cardinal Richelieu subsidized a large portion of Gustavus Adolphus' Protestant forces during the 30 Year War - despite France, ironically, being a Catholic power (citation obviously ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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In the History Channel series the Vikings, who is Ragnar? [closed]

I've been watching the Vikings series on Amazon and I am curious who Ragnar, the main protagonist is supposed to be based on? I think he is supposed to be the "first" viking leader to raid England. I ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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Why did the Russians lose to the Turks in 1711 after defeating them in 1700 and the Swedes in 1709?

The Russians captured Azov and Taganrog in a war with Turkey that ended in 1700. Then they decimated the Swedish army at Poltava in 1709, thereby crippling their main enemy, and freeing the bulk of ...
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19 votes
5 answers
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Did Vikings use of water bowls in this unhygenic way?

I am interested in understanding something which I have seen in the film 13th warrior where the Vikings all use the same bowl of water to clean themselves. It also happens in the TV show Vikings (No ...
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13 votes
1 answer
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What is the real story of the Lion of Gripsholm Castle?

In 2011, one of the popular stories over the Internet was a history of The Lion of Gripsholm Castle. The Swedish language version of the linked blog entry was the one responsible for spreading this ...
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11 votes
1 answer
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Was Swedish king Charles X Gustav's horse killed during Siege of Kraków (1655)?

My question is related to Siege of Kraków, which took place in 1655, between 25th of September and 13th of October, during Second Northern War, which is usually referred to as "Swedish Deluge" in ...
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16 votes
3 answers
2k views

How and why did Charles XII get to Poltava?

The decisive battle of the Great Northern War between Sweden and Russia was the battle of Poltava. That's located deep in the Ukraine, southeast of Kiev, between Cherkassy and Kharkov. That seems ...
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11 votes
1 answer
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How did Magnus IV of Sweden come of age at 15?

According to the Wikipedia article Magnus IV of Sweden Magnus was declared to have come of age at 15 in 1331. This caused resistance in Norway, where a statute from 1302 made clear that kings came ...
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21 votes
2 answers
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Why was Iceland not a part of the Danish-Swedish deal in Kiel in 1814?

In the Treaty of Kiel of 1814, Norway was essentially given from Denmark to Sweden as a "sorry we were on the other side", but Iceland was not a part of this deal at all. This is in spite of the fact ...
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