Questions tagged [tactics]

The deployment, martialing and maneuver of low-level units to achieve military advantage.

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If WW2 trench warfare really was a poor use of outdated tactics then what what would have been more appropriate tactics to employ? [closed]

I'm no historian, but I've heard many times claims that WW2 trench warfare lead to mass death with no real progress because commanders were trying to keep using WW1 tactics despite WW2 technology (...
dsollen's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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Could skirmishers pass through friendly formations in ancient/medieval warfare? [closed]

I'm trying to get a visualization of how skirmishers were used in historical battles, especially during ancient Greek warfare. Could skirmisher formations pass through friendly formations? As in was ...
Achi's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
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What are the grenades and artillery cited in this testimony?

In the testimony of a Soviet officer of the raid on Tatsinskaya cited by Wikipedia, the Soviet officer speaks of two elements faced by Soviet tanks: Enemy artillery Germans "launching grenades [...
totalMongot's user avatar
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1 vote
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When did opposing armies in close proximity engage each other during the American Civil war?

How did opposing armies in the US Civil War react to being in relatively close proximity? The following map from Shaara's Killer Angels shows several units between 500 and 1000 yards apart, or closer....
nuggethead's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
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What were the historical antecedents of Russia BTG-based military organization?

It is very easy, now that we are observing the results of Russia's BTG system in Ukraine to find all sorts of ways to talk it down. For reminder: a Russian BTG is 550-750 soldiers, and comprises ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

How were siege ladders used to attack medieval castle walls?

It's a common trope in both movies and computer games that ladders are used to climb walls when assaulting a castle. But in each case it seems like it would be incredibly easy to defend - it appears ...
komodosp's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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How was reconnaissance performed in medieval warfare?

During the middle ages reconnaissance played at least a minor part in a tactician's plans. As evidenced by this question Irish Hobelars would be used to scout ahead in terrain that was too difficult ...
PausePause's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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During the American Civil war did gunboats range far into enemy territory?

In other words during the American civil war did the “front line” or enemy held territory act as a barrier to the passage of gunboats up and down rivers? Or was it possible for any to move deep into ...
Slarty's user avatar
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36 votes
2 answers
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How were drawbridges and portcullises used tactically?

How were drawbridges and portcullises used tactically? I was recently asked why medieval castles would have both a drawbridge and a portcullis. After giving an explanation, I realized that it was just ...
ConanTheGerbil's user avatar
28 votes
4 answers
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How difficult was to escape from a naval battle after engaging into one during the Age of Sail?

So, I am designing a board game which includes pirates/imperial battles during the age of sail. While I have found a lot of information on the internet as well as books, papers and of course other ...
Spyros's user avatar
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1 answer
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How deep would a Roman Marian cohort's battle line be, in a melee?

Are there any estimates for how deep a Roman battle line was, under Marius, at the level of a cohort? Whether the line was 3, 6, or another number of ranks deep? I'd suppose 3 would be a minimum, and ...
Hoseman's user avatar
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Where can tactical maps for battles of the Mexican Revolution be accessed?

There are a bunch of resources on the Mexican revolution, but I've never seen an academical text that narrates the major battles in the struggle along with tactical maps. Thus, I'm looking for a ...
user2820579's user avatar
4 votes
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When exactly did General von Kluck learn of the French Sixth Army?

The French Sixth Army had been forming in Paris for some time before they positioned themselves to attack the German First Army under von Kluck. According to von Kluck's wikipedia: On 31 August ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Did any "tanks in front" tactic exist during WW2?

I am searching for a tactic that would be in service in the British and/or French army during WW2. It would consist in placing the tank on forward position of other elements, especially in front of ...
totalMongot's user avatar
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Which factors led to the different casualty ratio betwen British and German forces during the Battle of Normandy?

I take for example the VIIIth corps of the British Army, which was part of multiple operations in Normandy in 1944. If you go through the different operations listed in the article, there are very ...
totalMongot's user avatar
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1 vote
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How did an advancing force walk during WW1?

I am searching for any noticeable orders, doctrine or any piece of information about how an advancing force should be organized. I am interested in the scope 1914-1918, on European and Middle-East ...
totalMongot's user avatar
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4 votes
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Was it possible to "aim for the epaulette boys" during the Middle Ages?

During the American Revolution, American troops were often told to "aim for the epaulette boys,"* that is, to first shoot at officers wearing epaulettes, on the theory that killing an officer would ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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Why didn't the Byzantines develop anti-cavalary tactics?

I noticed that Rome has always fought against equestrian nations and they weren't always successful. Gauls, Parthians, Huns and Turks had many battles with the Romans. I heard that the Romans before ...
EmperorCinnamon's user avatar
-2 votes
3 answers
324 views

How is it possible to be ambushed twice at the same place?

How is it possible for an army to: go to some place be ambushed repel or see the attackers falling back Go to a place and fight retreat and be ambushed at the first place It is the battle of ...
totalMongot's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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Medieval infantry deployed in ranks of #(?) men (formation depth)?

We know quite a lot about Greek phalanx, its deployment and depth and, I believe, about Roman legions as well. But do we know anything about Western European infantry formations of high/late middle ...
Jotunn's user avatar
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4 answers
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Has there ever been an encirclement without superior numbers or mobility

I can't find any examples. It seems like encirclement is always just a result of some other advantage, and doesn't affect the battle in itself. For example the classic case is Cannae. The ...
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20 votes
4 answers
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WW1 tunneling - bypassing the front line?

During the first world war both sides engaged in tunnel warfare, the primary purpose of which (as far as I can tell) was to place large amounts of explosives under enemy lines and then detonate them ...
ConanTheGerbil's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
534 views

Battles where baits are overlooked by the enemy in expense of the baiter

In battles, often military deception is used to bait the enemy into thinking that a certain move will be made, forcing them to act accordingly and attack from an unexpected angle. Intuitively, I would ...
OganM's user avatar
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How could a skilled battle commander like Napoleon Bonaparte lose to Prussians at Waterloo (Belgium) as such?

According to this website Napoleon Bonaparte lost the battle at Waterloo to Prussians because of (chronologically): The failure of Grouchy keeping the Prussians away from the Battlefield. The late ...
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41 votes
6 answers
11k views

Why didn't line infantry tactics try to keep up a constant volley of fire?

Often in movies on the American revolution and back when muskets were common place the opposing armies would line up facing each other and take turns firing. One side, then the other. Kind of like a ...
Alex's user avatar
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1 answer
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What would be a textbook example of Germans attacking a small defending force in the rubble of a village?

While reading this The Saving Private Ryan Online Encyclopedia I ran into: One of the most heavily criticized scenes in the film, the Battle of Ramelle is not a textbook example of how a German ...
Marian Paździoch's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
443 views

How "old" is mechanized infantry in terms of usage in warfare and what should be called as such?

This topic often fascinated me as a kid. I often questioned myself if there was an equivalent of the use of machinery to protect ground soldiers during a siege or an attack at some city or whatever ...
Chris Steinbeck Bell's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
412 views

Did Song troops spread black beans on the ground as a means to defeat the superior Jin cavalry? If so, in which battle?

According to this page on the website Changing Minds, When the superior Jin cavalry were attacking, the inferior Song troops scattered black beans on the ground which the cavalry horses stopped ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
522 views

Was the flexibility of German army a big contributor to their success?

While in a conversation, my friend claimed that German soldiers were given greater flexibility at defying the orders given by the superiors than other armies around the world in both World War, hence ...
Hosea's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
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What were German submarine tactics?

I watch a show about WWII submarines. After Pearl Harbor they send 4-5 submarines of a new class with large dimension so can have bigger autonomy range. This was related to the first German waves to ...
Juan Carlos Oropeza's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
9k views

Physics of a heavy cavalry charge?

Can someone explain a heavy cavalry charge? A bunch of 500kg animals smashes into a dense crowd of men at speed of 40km/h. This simply cannot end good for neither side. Let's say the charge fails. The ...
Jotunn's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
174 views

Is this movie tactic realistic? [closed]

In the movie "Children of Glory", there's the tank scene, (I wouldn't ask about the validity of war films in normal cases, but this isn't from Hollywood) which plays out in the following way: Someone ...
Mephistopheles's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
365 views

Were fake anti-tank mines A Thing?

In the movie Children of Glory (Szabadság, Szerelem), there's a scene in which one of the female protagonists took a few pans, broke off their handle, and placed them on the ground to fool a tank into ...
Mephistopheles's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
3k views

Did ramming tank battle tactics occur in WW2? [closed]

In one of his War thunder (a realistic tank battle simulator) videos, Oxide used a small, quick tank with a high armor penetration weaponry, and proceeded to ambush and flank German tanks from alleys,...
Mephistopheles's user avatar
28 votes
4 answers
6k views

Why were the losses in the Battle of Norfolk so lopsided?

During the 1991 Gulf War there were a lot of lopsided tank battles where such a large number of Iraqi vehicles got destroyed for very little Coalition losses. For example in the Battle of Norfolk ...
user69715's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
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Did ancient or medieval warriors "substitute" in and out of combat?

This question arose in the role-playing games SE Some claim that in archery, horse archery, or hand-to-hand combat, a warrior could function effectively for at most 2-3 minutes. Therefore, frontline ...
Solanacea's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
467 views

How did a travelling Roman army decide where to temporarily camp for the night?

I seem to remember that Sun Tzu says to avoid mountains and valley entrances, and be close to a river with grass, but how did a Roman army decide where to camp off the beaten track, such as through a ...
Dex's user avatar
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25 votes
8 answers
6k views

What tactical situations made the use of traditional horse cavalry effective in World War II?

In another question When was the last cavalry charge?, answers discussed several occasions where horses were still used in combat, including in cavalry charges. I thought that the invention of the ...
Bruce James's user avatar
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15 votes
2 answers
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Why didn't the Roman maniple make a comeback in the Renaissance?

In the late Medieval/Renaissance period, the concept of the Greek phalanx reappeared in the shape of the pike square. But, while the maniple system was by no means a straight counter of the phalanx, ...
Faerindel's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
679 views

Why are gliders not used anymore in military operation? [closed]

I do not think there was any operation involving gliders after WWII, and I'd like to know why.
Elcyr's user avatar
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-3 votes
1 answer
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Why didn't the Allies attack Germany from the South? [closed]

I was thinking about how and when Italy was captured and converted into a Pro-Allies country. Once the Germans were pushed out of Italy and it was completely under Allied control, why did the Invasion ...
jacksonecac's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
3k views

When was the testudo / tortoise formation first used by the Romans?

When was the earliest known use of the testudo formation by the Romans? Wikipedia's article on the testudo formation includes a quote from Cassius Dio which mentions the use of a testudo formation at ...
Null's user avatar
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16 votes
7 answers
16k views

How tight were shield walls in Saxon England?

After watching the BBC show The Last Kingdom, depicting conflicts between Saxons and Danes in the 800s AD, I was surprised by the multi-layered shield walls depicted. For example: or even: I had ...
lazarusL's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
192 views

Which Union General identified the defensive value of Cemetery Hill?

Who was the first Union general to realize the significance of Cemetery Hill during the battle of Gettysburg (1863) as a defensive position: Buford, Reynolds, Howard, or Hancock? They each claim to be ...
hood's user avatar
  • 99
13 votes
5 answers
2k views

Why did ramming reappear then disappear in 1800s shipborn warfare?

This question is twofold. First, why the resurgence of naval ramming and return of rams to naval designs in the second half of the 1800s? Second, why the end to ramming in the 1900s? Can one ...
BOB's user avatar
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21 votes
5 answers
5k views

What was the tactical benefit of using flamethrowers as weapons?

I often hear stories of flamethrower troops storming the beaches of Iwo Jima and burning bunkers full of troops. But isn't it more risky to carry a tank of flammable liquid with limited fuel and ...
RN_'s user avatar
  • 321
8 votes
1 answer
11k views

What equipment and formations did the Muslim armies employ against the Crusades?

One can easily find articles on Wikipedia about typical tactical formations of Romans, but I haven't found such information on the Muslim world, specifically during the crusades. Did the Muslim armies ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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55 votes
7 answers
18k views

Why did the Roman military start to favour swords over the spear phalanx?

Up until the rise of the Roman Republic, the Greek phalanx was considered the dominant form of military tactics. Evolution had simply favoured longer and longer spears: by the time of Alexander, ...
Bob Tway's user avatar
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22 votes
6 answers
10k views

Why did Sun Tzu believe you shouldn't wait beside a river when eager to fight?

In Sun Tzu's Art of War, Chapter 9 (The Army on the March), Verse 5, Tzu says If you are anxious to fight, you should not go to meet the invader near a river which he has to cross. My thinking is ...
Albert Johnson's user avatar
7 votes
5 answers
4k views

Why didn't Romans fight in a single line formation?

I read that historically, Romans fought in checker board formation, composed of 3 lines. But I play Rome Total War and in the game, that deployment means a nice recipe for high casualties. In the game,...
Utku's user avatar
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