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Questions tagged [ukraine]

For questions pertaining to the nation of Ukraine and its territory, the Ukrainian people, language, or culture. For questions about the medieval period, use [ruthenia] or [kievan-rus].

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Tony Blair said Saddam Hussein 'killed 12,000 people in one day through the use of chemical weapons' [closed]

Re the 2003 US/UK invasion of Iraq: When did Saddam Hussein kill 12,000 people with chemical weapons as Tony Blair said last year in 2023Mar? Tony Blair: Putin can't use Iraq invasion as ...
BCLC's user avatar
  • 177
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why were there so many 'carrier killer' Kh-22 anti-ship missiles in Ukraine in the 1990s?

Ukraine is said to have scrapped 423 Kh-22 large anti-ship ('carrier killer') cruise missiles in the 1990s, together with some 60 strategic bombers that could carry & launch these. (This was due ...
against very long user names's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
470 views

Why is Berehove in Ukraine and not in Hungary?

Checking the distribution of the Hungarian minority in Ukraine, is seems there is a stripe of land next to the Hungarian/Ukrainian border which has a majority of Hungarian inhabitants. Such a stripe, ...
pinpon's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why didn't a noble family change their last name from a kind of duck to something more prestigious?

Several days ago, I got curious about the last name of Nikolai Gogol. It just seemed not Slavic to me to be the last name of a Russian/Ukrainian author. I searched for his father on Wikipedia: He was ...
user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
158 views

Is the history of relations between Ukraine and Russia similar to what was between Ireland and Uk? [closed]

Ukraine vs Russia: similar or same language, but cultural distance national resistance against imperial project, famine long shared history (neighbors), cultural influence UK vs Ireland: native ...
ERJAN's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
66 views

What anti-smuggling measures were implemented on the border between Ukraine and Hungary in the late 1990s and early 2000s?

Closely related cross-site: Why did Hungary joining the E.U. cause oil prices fall to be only marginally higher than they were in Ukraine? Somewhat related cross-site: Were schoolteachers really paid ...
EJoshuaS - Stand with Ukraine's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
49 views

Books on Ukrainian War of Independence 1917-1921

I would like to know more about the period in the history of Ukraine between 1917 and 1921. Therefore, I am looking for a book that methodologically describes the events in the territory where ...
user60576's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
448 views

Why was the Budjak annexed to Ukraine in 1940?

In 1940, the USSR pressured Romania to surrender its eastern-most province of Bessarabia. The majority of it was given to the newly formed Moldavian SSR, but the Budjak was made part of Ukraine ...
SPavel's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
149 views

What are the reasons for the failure of Soviet Union at agriculture? [closed]

The failure at agriculture is known to everybody. The Soviet Union became one of the main importer of grain whereas till sixties was one the main exporters. Does anyone know more on this or can ...
Larsa se eidaklaxtarsa's user avatar
15 votes
1 answer
287 views

Where are the 1921 census records for Haloch?

Haloch is a small village in Ukraine (Ukrainian wikipedia), part of the Zakarpattia Oblast. In 1921, it was part of Czechoslovakia. That year, there was a census, "The First Czechoslovak ...
zabop's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
138 views

Where to read the "Agreement between the Russian Federation and Ukraine on the Parameters of the Division of the Black Sea Fleet" of May 28, 1997?

I don't know if 1997 is history, but... Article 4.1 of the 28 May 1997 "Agreement between the Russian Federation and Ukraine on the Status and Conditions for the Stay of the Black Sea Fleet of ...
mjc's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
193 views

What legal instruments in the Russian Empire criminalised teaching peasants to read?

When he was 17 - and he was born in 1867 so this was after the 1861 abolition of serfdom - Boris Sidis was jailed in the Ukraine, then in the Russian Empire, for the crime of teaching peasants to read ...
tell's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
385 views

What was the extent of Kohl's government opposition to the independence of Ukraine?

There's a (paywalled) piece in Der Spiegel summarized as In 1991, the Helmut Kohl government wanted to prevent the eastward expansion of NATO and the independence of Ukraine - this is shown by ...
against very long user names's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
199 views

Were the "Petlurovites" who took Kiev in 1918 commanded by a communist?

In the novel White Guard (Белая гвардия), Mikhail Bulgakov describes the capture of Kiev in 1918 by Petlurovites as a disaster, and their being worse than the Whites (whom he supported). Yet, history ...
Anixx's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
544 views

What was 250,000 rubles worth in 1918?

Circa 1918, during the Ukrainian War of Independence and the Russian Revolution, Nestor Makhno's army expropriated 250,000 rubles from a bank, per Skirda 2004. Is there a way to contextualize the size/...
Wolf's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
326 views

What were Russia and the US were planning to do if Ukraine refused to give up their nuclear arsenal?

In 1994, Ukraine famously gave up their nuclear arsenal in exchange for the Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances. But is it known if Russia or the US had any backup plans in case Ukraine stood ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
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12 votes
1 answer
2k views

Would Jewish Ukranians historically have worn vyshyvankas and integrated Slavic embroidary into their lives?

I am trying to learn about the culture of Jewish ancestors in eastern Europe and wonder what elements of Slavic culture would have been present or distinct from Jewish culture in the area. ...
cr0's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
191 views

Do wars in Europe rarely start on a Wednesday? [closed]

When the Russian ambassador to the EU, Vladimir Chizhov, was asked by the German newspaper Die Welt whether Russian armed forces would start to invade the Ukraine on Wednesday February 16th, as ...
New User's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
119 views

How to get per 1000 deaths numbers for the 1932-34 Holodomor in Ukraine for the rural areas only, against the less starving town population?

As to wikipedia, Holodomor is about: Country: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union Location: Central and eastern Ukraine Period: 1932–1933 Total deaths: Around 3.5 million And Source: ...
ETathome's user avatar
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15 votes
1 answer
4k views

What determined which companies went to which post-Soviet republics after the fall of the Soviet Union as everything was centralized in Moscow?

After the fall of the Soviet Union, all the post-Soviet republics (e.g., Ukraine, Kazakhstan) inherited some state-owned corporations. However, since all the corporations were under the control of the ...
Schwarz Kugelblitz's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
659 views

Good books on Kievan Rus era? [closed]

Title pretty much self explenatory. Im a student myself (but not of history), and I am looking for a good book on the period that is not too heavy, but gives good coverage for early east Slavic ...
Frogfire's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
533 views

Did Austrian chief of staff Franz Riml say that the only way to correct the Russophile Ukrainians is to exterminate them?

Several Russian pages claim that Austrian general Franz Riml von Altrosenburg said the following: Galician Russians can be divided in two groups: a) Russophiles and b) Ukrainophiles. If ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
672 views

How was the vast Khazar fortress of Sarkel destroyed?

I understood that Sarkel was a vast Khazar hilltop limestone-bricks fortress of the type of a fortified town, located in the present-day Rostov Oblast of Russia, on the left bank of the lower Don ...
user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
201 views

Was the internment camp Thalerhof the first concentration camp in Europe?

During World War I, Austrohungarian authorities ran a so-called internment camp in Thalerhof (close to Graz in modern Austria). According to Encyclopedia of Ukraine The first 2,000 prisoners at ...
user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
353 views

How old was the Pripyat hospital МСЧ-126 at the time of Chernobyl disaster?

After seeing praises (both in general and about the historically accurate display of Soviet Union) on the Chernobyl series, I decided to watch it. In the first episode we see a hospital. What striked ...
Džuris's user avatar
  • 161
8 votes
1 answer
962 views

Where can I find documents from the Nuremberg trials about war crimes of the Wehrmacht in the Soviet Union?

I want to read documents that were used to prove German war crimes in the Soviet Union, incl. crimes against civilians and treatment of Soviet prisoners of war. So far I found the following: ...
user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
2k views

What is the historical significance of the Tryzub to Ukrainian diaspora?

The Tryzub appears on the coat of arms of Ukraine. What is its historic significance to the diaspora? I am aware this is the symbol of the sea god Poseidon of Greek mythology, for this reason I ...
aitía's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
291 views

What is Russia's official reason for invading Crimea? [closed]

I'm having trouble finding Russia's official reason for invading the Crimea region of Ukraine. If my memory serves me right, didn't they change the reason halfway through the invasion?
Gabriel Fair's user avatar
16 votes
4 answers
1k views

Help with identifying my great-grandfather's pre-WWI Cossack uniform

My great-grandfahter was a Cossack from "Then Russia" "Now Belarus" where the Belarus, Ukraine and Poland borders met, but I don't now which "type" like Don or Kuban etc. He fled from the place he ...
Henrik T's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
373 views

What is known about the people of Khazaria?

We know that the ruling elite and many other people of the Khazars have converted to Rabbinic Judaism. What happened to these people after the fall of the Khazar state? Why did they disappear?
z53's user avatar
  • 31
11 votes
3 answers
2k views

When did the word "Holodomor" appear?

Holodomor (Голодомор) is a part of the Soviet famine of 1932–33. The events in Ukraine were called "Holodomor", but when did the word appear? Google Books Ngram Viewer shows no mentions of Holodomor ...
Abyx's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
4k views

Did the Romans Hold Territory in Ukraine?

I noticed on the Wikipedia article for Septimius Severus the map of the empire in 210 shows area around Odessa and Yuzhne. Did the Romans actually hold these areas as colonies or incorporated into a ...
Khorps's user avatar
  • 555
9 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why was the capital of Ukraine moved in 1934?

The Russian Revolution is fairly famous for moving the capital from Petrograd (St. Petersburg) to Moscow. But I was surprised to learn that the capital of Ukraine was Kharkiv until it was switched to ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
411 views

Did the Ukraine and Moldova belong to Russia between 1905-1918? [closed]

Between the years of 1905-1918? Were the countries of Moldova and Ukraine part of the Russian Federation? Or were they their own independent state / country.?
Jon's user avatar
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4 votes
6 answers
2k views

What was the purpose of the 1991 referendum on the future of the Soviet Union?

In 1991, the Soviet Union held a referendum about its future political structure. The results of that referendum are presented in this infographic, or here. What was the purpose of this referendum? ...
Astor Florida's user avatar
30 votes
8 answers
6k views

How popular was the Soviet Union?

How much popular support was there in the Soviet Union? How did this popular support increase and decrease with time? Here is an infographic that sort of summarizes my question. It shows that even at ...
Astor Florida's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
241 views

What was "Taurica"? [closed]

I tend to see the area around Crimea referred to as "Taurica" when did this start and why did it stop? https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Taurica
JYAR's user avatar
  • 11
16 votes
5 answers
4k views

Is it true that Proto-Ukrainians conquered Europe and India?

I am a Ukrainian high school student. Recently we were told by a teacher that Proto-Ukrainians, the people who lived in the modern territory of Ukraine and ancestors of modern Ukrainians, once ...
Smych's user avatar
  • 193
3 votes
0 answers
267 views

Did Ivan Marchenko actually exist? [closed]

According to Wikipedia (and other sources I saw) so very little is known about Ivan Marchenko that his name is not even mentioned in official documents around that time; even his date of birth is ...
Zoltán Schmidt's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

What are the historical inaccuracies in Repin's "Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks"?

Russian Wikipedia says this about "Запорожцы пишут письмо турецкому султану" ("Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of the Ottoman Empire") painting by Ilya Repin: ...
DVK's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
136 views

What was character of Chmielnitski's rise?

What was the character of Chmielnitski's rise? It has started as a private conflict between him and a polish nobel, Aleksander Czapliński. But what was after? And what was the reason to fight when ...
enedil's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
623 views

What language did Petlura speak casually?

In Bulgakov's novel "The White Guard" one of the characters, Turbin alleges that Simon Petlura does not speak Ukrainian language himself despite the measures he took to promote it. Are there any ...
Anixx's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
4k views

Did Russia and Ukraine exchange Crimea for Taganrog? [closed]

Did Ukraine give Russia the Taganrog region in exchange for Crimea?
Alek's user avatar
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19 votes
4 answers
13k views

What is the historical background of the current Ukraine crisis (2014)?

Apparently the "Ukraine" is actually split east and west. Many people in the eastern part would prefer for their country to be part of Russia, while protesters in the western Ukraine wants something ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
14 votes
5 answers
2k views

How and why did Polish rule over the Ukraine "downwardly deviate" from Lithuanian rule?

In the Middle Ages, "Lithuania" ruled over not only the modern Lithuania, but also modern Belarus and large parts of the modern western Ukraine. The inhabitants of these "Ukrainian" territories seemed ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
6 votes
1 answer
3k views

Why did the "Ruthenians" break up into "Belarusians" and "Ukrainians?"

The Ruthenians were a group of East Slavic people in Kievan Rus that are not what we would call "Russians" today. The term refers mainly to Belarussians and Ukrainians, the two largest ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
11 votes
5 answers
2k views

How many people were affected by the Holodomor [Famine-Genocide in Ukraine]

How many people were affected during the famine? Are there any sources for Soviet records on the Holodomor?
Berkheimer's user avatar
71 votes
9 answers
18k views

Why did the USSR give Crimea to Ukraine?

In 1954 Soviets transferred Crimea from Russian Soviet Republic to Ukrainian Soviet Republic. Why is this strange? The whole act, at least officially, was meant to be "a gift", a token of friendship....
Jake Jay's user avatar
  • 2,879