Questions tagged [ukraine]

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When invading a country, why is it important to take the cities along the way? [duplicate]

(Context: Russia has been trying and largely failing to take major cities in their 2022 invasion of Ukraine.) Could someone versed in contemporary military strategy help me understand why it is ...
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1 vote
2 answers
164 views

What were Russia and the US were planning to do if Ukraine refused to give up their nuclear arsenal?

In 1994, Ukraine famously gave up their nuclear arsenal in exchange for the Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances. But is it known if Russia or the US had any backup plans in case Ukraine stood ...
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11 votes
1 answer
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Would Jewish Ukranians historically have worn vyshyvankas and integrated Slavic embroidary into their lives?

I am trying to learn about the culture of Jewish ancestors in eastern Europe and wonder what elements of Slavic culture would have been present or distinct from Jewish culture in the area. ...
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2 votes
0 answers
161 views

Do wars in Europe rarely start on a Wednesday? [closed]

When the Russian ambassador to the EU, Vladimir Chizhov, was asked by the German newspaper Die Welt whether Russian armed forces would start to invade the Ukraine on Wednesday February 16th, as ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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How to get per 1000 deaths numbers for the 1932-34 Holodomor in Ukraine for the rural areas only, against the less starving town population?

As to wikipedia, Holodomor is about: Country: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union Location: Central and eastern Ukraine Period: 1932–1933 Total deaths: Around 3.5 million And Source: ...
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15 votes
1 answer
4k views

What determined which companies went to which post-Soviet republics after the fall of the Soviet Union as everything was centralized in Moscow?

After the fall of the Soviet Union, all the post-Soviet republics (e.g., Ukraine, Kazakhstan) inherited some state-owned corporations. However, since all the corporations were under the control of the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
403 views

Good books on Kievan Rus era? [closed]

Title pretty much self explenatory. Im a student myself (but not of history), and I am looking for a good book on the period that is not too heavy, but gives good coverage for early east Slavic ...
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4 votes
1 answer
450 views

Did Austrian chief of staff Franz Riml say that the only way to correct the Russophile Ukrainians is to exterminate them?

Several Russian pages claim that Austrian general Franz Riml von Altrosenburg said the following: Galician Russians can be divided in two groups: a) Russophiles and b) Ukrainophiles. If ...
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4 votes
2 answers
557 views

How was the vast Khazar fortress of Sarkel destroyed?

I understood that Sarkel was a vast Khazar hilltop limestone-bricks fortress of the type of a fortified town, located in the present-day Rostov Oblast of Russia, on the left bank of the lower Don ...
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4 votes
0 answers
173 views

Was the internment camp Thalerhof the first concentration camp in Europe?

During World War I, Austrohungarian authorities ran a so-called internment camp in Thalerhof (close to Graz in modern Austria). According to Encyclopedia of Ukraine The first 2,000 prisoners at ...
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6 votes
0 answers
299 views

How old was the Pripyat hospital МСЧ-126 at the time of Chernobyl disaster?

After seeing praises (both in general and about the historically accurate display of Soviet Union) on the Chernobyl series, I decided to watch it. In the first episode we see a hospital. What striked ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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Where can I find documents from the Nuremberg trials about war crimes of the Wehrmacht in the Soviet Union?

I want to read documents that were used to prove German war crimes in the Soviet Union, incl. crimes against civilians and treatment of Soviet prisoners of war. So far I found the following: ...
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7 votes
4 answers
1k views

What is the historical significance of the Tryzub to Ukrainian diaspora?

The Tryzub appears on the coat of arms of Ukraine. What is its historic significance to the diaspora? I am aware this is the symbol of the sea god Poseidon of Greek mythology, for this reason I ...
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1 answer
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What is Russia's official reason for invading Crimea? [closed]

I'm having trouble finding Russia's official reason for invading the Crimea region of Ukraine. If my memory serves me right, didn't they change the reason halfway through the invasion?
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15 votes
3 answers
1k views

Help with identifying my great-grandfather's pre-WWI Cossack uniform

My great-grandfahter was a Cossack from "Then Russia" "Now Belarus" where the Belarus, Ukraine and Poland borders met, but I don't now which "type" like Don or Kuban etc. He fled from the place he ...
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2 votes
1 answer
335 views

What is known about the people of Khazaria?

We know that the ruling elite and many other people of the Khazars have converted to Rabbinic Judaism. What happened to these people after the fall of the Khazar state? Why did they disappear?
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11 votes
3 answers
1k views

When did the word "Holodomor" appear?

Holodomor (Голодомор) is a part of the Soviet famine of 1932–33. The events in Ukraine were called "Holodomor", but when did the word appear? Google Books Ngram Viewer shows no mentions of Holodomor ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Did the Romans Hold Territory in Ukraine?

I noticed on the Wikipedia article for Septimius Severus the map of the empire in 210 shows area around Odessa and Yuzhne. Did the Romans actually hold these areas as colonies or incorporated into a ...
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9 votes
3 answers
991 views

Why was the capital of Ukraine moved in 1934?

The Russian Revolution is fairly famous for moving the capital from Petrograd (St. Petersburg) to Moscow. But I was surprised to learn that the capital of Ukraine was Kharkiv until it was switched to ...
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2 votes
1 answer
323 views

Did the Ukraine and Moldova belong to Russia between 1905-1918? [closed]

Between the years of 1905-1918? Were the countries of Moldova and Ukraine part of the Russian Federation? Or were they their own independent state / country.?
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4 votes
6 answers
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What was the purpose of the 1991 referendum on the future of the Soviet Union?

In 1991, the Soviet Union held a referendum about its future political structure. The results of that referendum are presented in this infographic, or here. What was the purpose of this referendum? ...
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29 votes
8 answers
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How popular was the Soviet Union?

How much popular support was there in the Soviet Union? How did this popular support increase and decrease with time? Here is an infographic that sort of summarizes my question. It shows that even at ...
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  • 7,204
0 votes
1 answer
214 views

What was "Taurica"? [closed]

I tend to see the area around Crimea referred to as "Taurica" when did this start and why did it stop? https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Taurica
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15 votes
5 answers
3k views

Is it true that Proto-Ukrainians conquered Europe and India?

I am a Ukrainian high school student. Recently we were told by a teacher that Proto-Ukrainians, the people who lived in the modern territory of Ukraine and ancestors of modern Ukrainians, once ...
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3 votes
0 answers
262 views

Did Ivan Marchenko actually exist? [closed]

According to Wikipedia (and other sources I saw) so very little is known about Ivan Marchenko that his name is not even mentioned in official documents around that time; even his date of birth is ...
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7 votes
1 answer
1k views

What are the historical inaccuracies in Repin's "Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks"?

Russian Wikipedia says this about "Запорожцы пишут письмо турецкому султану" ("Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of the Ottoman Empire") painting by Ilya Repin: ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What was character of Chmielnitski's rise?

What was the character of Chmielnitski's rise? It has started as a private conflict between him and a polish nobel, Aleksander Czapliński. But what was after? And what was the reason to fight when ...
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8 votes
1 answer
592 views

What language did Petlura speak casually?

In Bulgakov's novel "The White Guard" one of the characters, Turbin alleges that Simon Petlura does not speak Ukrainian language himself despite the measures he took to promote it. Are there any ...
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19 votes
3 answers
13k views

What is the historical background of the current Ukraine crisis?

Apparently the "Ukraine" is actually split east and west. Many people in the eastern part would prefer for their country to be part of Russia, while protesters in the western Ukraine wants something ...
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13 votes
5 answers
2k views

How and why did Polish rule over the Ukraine "downwardly deviate" from Lithuanian rule?

In the Middle Ages, "Lithuania" ruled over not only the modern Lithuania, but also modern Belarus and large parts of the modern western Ukraine. The inhabitants of these "Ukrainian" territories seemed ...
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6 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why did the "Ruthenians" break up into "Belarusians" and "Ukrainians?"

The Ruthenians were a group of East Slavic people in Kievan Rus that are not what we would call "Russians" today. The term refers mainly to Belarussians and Ukrainians, the two largest groups who had ...
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11 votes
5 answers
1k views

How many people were affected by the Holodomor [Famine-Genocide in Ukraine]

How many people were affected during the famine? Are there any sources for Soviet records on the Holodomor?
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65 votes
9 answers
17k views

Why did the USSR give Crimea to Ukraine?

In 1954 Soviets transferred Crimea from Russian Soviet Republic to Ukrainian Soviet Republic. Why is this strange? The whole act, at least officially, was meant to be "a gift", a token of friendship....
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