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Questions tagged [united-kingdom]

Formally known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland these questions relate to the history of events that have happened in the countries that make up the United Kingdom; such as England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and various territories; or the United Kingdom's ...

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Was Britain underdeveloped in 1750? [on hold]

In order to determine whether Britain was underdeveloped in 1750, I've chosen to compare Britain and America on the following four factors (these factors constitute my definition of "developed"): ...
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1answer
281 views

Why did the British take Hong Kong instead of any other of the later treaty ports?

The aftermath of the first Opium War declared that Hong Kong and the island of Kowloon should be ceded to the UK as a port for refitting ships and storing cargo. It also meant there was easy access ...
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1answer
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The WWI Christmas truce of 1914 resulted in no consequences, in spite of clear warnings against such beforehand - why were there no courts-martial?

British and German Soldiers photographed together during 1914 Christmas Truce. Source: The Daily Mirror, Friday January 8, 1915. Question What factors led to no courts-martial charges being pursued ...
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1answer
439 views

Did anyone face consequences (charges / court-martial) for the 1914 Christmas truce in WWI?

A copy of the Daily Mail from Dec. 31, 1914 reports on the Christmas truce. Source: The Star As a follow-up to this question about impromptu football / soccer games between troops from opposite ...
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In the “Christmas truce” of 1914 were there any football (soccer) matches between British and German troops?

British and German troops meeting in no man's land during the unofficial truce. Source: Wikipedia As the holiday season is upon us again this year, I am reminded of the 1914 Christmas truce (German: ...
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3answers
273 views

What did the post world war two civilian food ration consist of in the UK?

I can see rationing ended in 1954 and I can see some indication of what was being rationed per person during the war but what exactly did the post-war ration consist of? i.e. food items and ...
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3answers
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Were women the property of men prior to 1919 in the UK? [closed]

It was suggested in a TV interview that I saw that prior to 1919 in the UK, women were owned by men. An example to solidify this, was women taking on their husbands last name. My question is: Were ...
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How many instances of the Writs of Assistance were there? Are there any documented instances?

I have been in general frustrated by the lack of easily available documentation surrounding the 1760 Writs of Assistance, and the Writs of Assistance as they appear today in UK legislation, as pointed ...
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1answer
234 views

Who Is to Be Served First, Duchess or Son?

Suppose this is England in the Victorian Era and there are two individuals, a duchess and her son, dining together. The son, roughly thirty or so years of age, is seated across the table from his ...
5
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1answer
77 views

Where was the site of Mary Seacole's store in Aldershot?

Mary Seacole is best known for running a boarding-house for officers and their families during the Crimean War. I have found a few reliable sources suggesting that on her return to England she briefly ...
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Why did public transport in London and Northern Ireland avoid privatisation?

In the 1980s Margret Thatcher embarked upon the privatisation of British industry. Part of this was the sale of previously state owned public transport across the country. However, this did not ...
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1answer
285 views

What were the last words of Charles the First, and Oliver Cromwell's response after his execution?

I need to know what Charles the First's last words were and preferably what Oliver Cromwell said afterwards.
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2answers
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Nursing in Bude, Cornwall, UK during WW2

I am working on a writing project and the main character is a young nurse in Bude during WW2. I'm not quite sure how to put her there or get her there -- would there have been nurses stationed at RAF ...
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Was currency used in England, before the Roman occupation? [closed]

And if so, were coins from 200 BC were still being used in year 1 AD? If not, how was commerce done?
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4answers
527 views

Which German cities does this article in The Economist allege that Britain destroyed?

The Wikipedia article about the Nuremberg trials (section Criticism) contains the following text (source: 'The Nuremberg Judgment' editorial, ' The Economist (London), 5 October 1946, p. 532.; see ...
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1answer
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Hiring professionals to transcribe historical documents

I'm sorry if this question sounds strange but I'm not sure where else in the world to post it. I have an eighteenth-century will that I'd like to be able to read, but I have very little practice in ...
30
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2answers
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Did any British working class men have the vote before 1918?

I was watching the film Suffragette recently and she mentioned her husband having the vote. I thought he looked too poor to already have the vote, but this didn't look like a film to just ignore ...
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1answer
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In Britain, what was the “Junior Service” in 1913?

I read a marriage notice from 1913, which noted that the father of the groom "has four sons abroad, three having served with distinction in the junior Service". (West Sussex Gazette, Thu 13 Feb 1913, ...
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1answer
86 views

Can the assignment “Depot Battalion” in Hart's Annual Army List be linked to a specific regimental assignment?

In this question I asked about the meaning of the assignment "depot battalion" in Hart's Annual Army List, a book that lists the assignments of every British officer in the Victoria era, each year. ...
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2answers
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What does “Depot Battalion” mean in Hart's Annual Army List?

Copies of Hart's Annual Army List are available online, and consist of a list of all British army officers employed in a given year. Some of the listings are self-explanatory (e.g. so-and-so with ...
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In Edwardian England, did poor families arrange to have their children buried in the graves of unrelated adults?

In Max Arthur’s Lost Voices of the Edwardians, a "compilation of memories from the turn of the century" (1901 - 1910), one Florence Hannah Warn relates how her brother Gilbert was buried: When a ...
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1answer
439 views

How historically accurate was the Queen's trip to Ghana portrayed in Episode 8 of The Crown?

OK let me be more specific. In episode 8 of The Crown (Netflix), it is implied that Queen Elizabeth II went to Ghana (because she heard a sly comment from JFK's wife) to prevent the country from going ...
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1answer
487 views

Who actually paid for the American State Visit Brooch?

Headlines this week in major media outlets this week are musing if Queen Elizabeth might have been 'trolling' President Trump by wearing the American State Visit Brooch gifted to her on a visit by ...
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1answer
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Is it legit to say that allied forces in Market Garden were: USA, British and Polish? [closed]

Is it legit to say that allied forces in Market Garden were: USA, British and Polish? Because I met this statement in a book and I know that Canadian forces were in XXX Corps. Maybe this is due to ...
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1answer
3k views

Was a passport needed to travel between UK and France in 1972?

In Hitchcock's 1972 film Frenzy (at about the time 00:54:55) a character says: We can get a day trip to France. You don't need a passport. (He is a commoner, no diplomatic status etc, in fact a ...
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1answer
243 views

Why did Black and Asian immigrants from the Empire not come to Britain in substantial numbers until after WW2?

The Windrush saga in the British media has thrown light on the situation of post-WW2 migrants from the British Empire - particularly the Caribbean, India and Pakistan - who came to the UK in the ...
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1answer
156 views

Travelling from England to China in 1810

I'd like to know what would have been the most common route to travel from England to Canton, China, in 1810 and how long the journey would have taken.
8
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1answer
183 views

Where did Operation Bogart take place?

The British 4th Commando Brigade seems to have made a raid across the River Maas into German-occupied territory on 30th November 1944. Their leader was Brigadier B. W. Leicester, nicknamed "Jumbo." ...
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2answers
938 views

Why is the heir to the British throne called “Prince of Wales”?

The heir apparent to the British throne (England, then Great Britain, then United Kingdom) is usually conferred the title of Prince of Wales. According to Britannica and Wikipedia, this tradition ...
3
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1answer
437 views

During WW2, how dependent on Swedish Ball Bearings was Britain?

A slightly related question spawned this one. Sweden made a lot of ball bearings during WW2, which it exported to Britain and Germany. How many tons of ball bearings were imported from Sweden to ...
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6answers
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Why did Chamberlain remain Prime Minister of Britain until 10 May, 1940?

WW2 officially began on 1 September 1939, but Churchill did not become Prime Minister until 10 May 1940. Neville Chamberlain, the same leader of appeasement with Hitler, remained Prime Minister all ...
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1answer
319 views

Can you tell me if my Father, a Lt Colonel, was paid during WW2?

Can you tell me if my Father, a Lt Colonel, was paid during active service in the Middle East and Europe, and if so how much and was the pay given to his spouse in England or direct to the officer ?
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Is there a list of bills in the reign of George III & onwards?

I am researching the history of trackways, canals mines and railways from the reign of George 3rd through to the end of Queen Victoria’s reign. Is there a list of all bills presented to Parliament ...
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1answer
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Queen Victoria and the Tsar’s faberge egg

In the movie Victoria and Abdul Queen Victoria say’s she regrets shattering the Tsars faberge egg. Which Tsar was it and why did she shatter it?
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Was the Bretton Woods system formed with U.S. security guarantees?

I just read Peter Zeihan's book The Accidental Superpower, in which he repeatedly refers to the U.S. Navy as the protector of global trade. He referred to this as being under the umbrella of the ...
7
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2answers
895 views

Were there ever instances of sailors pressed into British service in Europe ending up in the Caribbean?

I am working on a story in which I wanted to include a character who was pressed into the British Navy in 1790's England, and ended up on a ship headed to the Caribbean. This is a pretty integral ...
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2answers
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What did the smaller values from the “Percentages Agreement” actually mean?

I am currently living in Romania and I have heard on several occasions about the Percentages agreement. The article mentions that it was a secret agreement, so most of the information about it was ...
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1answer
268 views

What was the biggest shipbuilding centre in Europe during the Second Industrial Revolution?

I'm specifically interested in the United Kingdom, though I'd love to get a comparison between countries. I would like any answer to cite records of number or tonnage of ships built. I'm interested ...
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2answers
499 views

Who thought there might be a war between the British Empire and the United States of America in the 1920s?

A naval arms race in the 1920s grew ugly enough that commentators on both sides of the Atlantic were claiming war “not unthinkable.” This quote is from a lecture by an academic called John Moser; ...
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3answers
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Was there a Princess of Wales between 1727 and 1736?

In 1705, Caroline of Ansbach married Georges Augustus. In 1714, she moved to London with her husband as he becomes Prince of Wales. She, thus, becomes Princess of Wales. Her husband became king ...
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3answers
840 views

Why did few French and no Dutch pilots (but many Poles and Czechs) take part in the Battle of Britain?

Among the non-British pilots, at least 141 were Polish, 84 Czech and 28 Belgian, but only 13 were French and none were Dutch, Norwegian or Danish. The reasons why there were many Polish, Czech and ...
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Who was “Lt.-Commander R.T. Chaloner Woods”?

I am collecting information about Christian authors writing about economic topics. The other day, browsing my university library, I found a copy of this book, titled "A plain Christian looks at ...
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1answer
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What does a leaning cross on a gravestone mean?

I found this photo I took in 2010 of a gravestone located in Fenstanton Parish Church graveyard. It is dated 1886. I've done a little research (1,2,3) but none of them were especially helpful. Why ...
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2answers
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What were the duties of a scullery maid in the early 1900's?

I would like to know the jobs of a Scullery Maid in the early 1900s and if they had jobs outside the kitchen? Were they even allowed to leave the kitchen?
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2answers
501 views

How did the US abolition of slavery affect the cotton exports?

Plantations in Southern US produced cash crops, including cotton. How was the price and output of cotton in the Southern US affected shortly after the abolition of slavery at the end of the American ...
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3answers
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What was the meaning of the following Neville Chamberlain quote?

In 1938, during the Munich (Czech) Crisis, then British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain expressed his distaste for making war preparations over "a quarrel in a faraway land between people of which ...
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1answer
132 views

1959 Supersonic Transport Aircraft Committee (STAC) report (on Concorde)

I am looking for the 1959 STAC report. This 1977 Atlantic article stated that the report was, at that time, still being withheld by the UK government, probably out of embarrassment. I think this UK ...
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3answers
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Is there a difference between “post-medieval” and “modern”?

Is there a difference between "post-medieval" and "modern"? Many of the items in the UK's Portable Antiquities Scheme mention "post-medieval or modern period" and even "post-medieval or early modern ...
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1answer
463 views

Names of the 'little ships' requisitioned by Navy for Dunkirk Evacuation?

Since the small ships requisitioned for the evacuation of Dunkirk were selected by the Royal Navy or a branch of the Admiralty, there must be a list of vessels so requisitioned. I ask for this ...
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2answers
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Why was the Scout movement so successful?

I find it amazing how fast the scout movement spread after its creation. What I got from Wikipedia: Robert Baden-Powell became famous (rightly or not) at home for his activity in the British Army. ...