Questions tagged [united-kingdom]

Formally known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland these questions relate to the history of events that have happened in the countries that make up the United Kingdom; such as England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and various territories; or the United Kingdom's dealings with other sovereign nations around the world.

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Book on the History of Hong Kong [closed]

I am new to this Stack Exchange community, so please let me know if this question is out of scope. I am looking for a book on the history of Hong Kong, but I am unsure on whether there are any main ...
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Context for peace between UK and Germany around the Fall of France

Reading up on Churchill on Wikipedia, I found reports on a discussion inside the British cabinet whether to ask for peace following the Fall of France (see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
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Did British soldiers in WWI on the Western Front get paid in foreign currency?

Did British soldiers in WWI on the Western Front get paid in foreign currency or in sterling ? Some years ago, I saw a TV programme in which it was stated that when British soldiers went to France, ...
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Irish Nationalist Party in Liverpool

From 1885 to 1929, the Irish Parliamentary Party held the seat Liverpool Scotland in England. Why did the Irish Parliamentary Party choose to contest a seat in England, and what factors contributed ...
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What is the earliest reference to King Arthur being raised by Sir Ector?

Thomas Malory's book "Le Morte D'Arthur" is the most famous account of King Arthur's life. It begins with the story of how Arthur's father Uther Pendragon desired Igrayne, the wife of the Duke of ...
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Why is there a difference in ordinal numbers of UK General Elections and Parliaments? Was a UK Parliament ever formed without an election?

I heard on the radio that the current 56th General Election of the United Kingdom will elect the 57th Parliament. Assuming this is correct, surely the first election would elect the first parliament, ...
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Was England called England in the days of King Arthur?

King Arthur is a legendary king who is said to have ruled Britain in the early days of post-Roman Britain. Now Thomas Malory's famous novel "La Morte D'Arthur" puts the following inscription on the ...
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Did IRA bombings in Great Britain lead to Hibernophobia?

Terrorist attacks by (Salafi) Islamists in Europe may lead to an increase in Islamophobia. Did terrorist attacks by IRA (as well as Provisional IRA, Continuity IRA, Real IRA) lead to an increase in ...
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Why was it “acceptable” for Prince Charles to marry a divorced woman, when Edward VIII had to abdicate for marrying divorcee Wallis Simpson?

Heir to the British throne Prince Charles has married divorcee Camilla Parker Bowles without a constitutional crisis. When Edward VIII wanted to marry Wallis Simpson he had to abdicate. Of course ...
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What are some examples of King George III “protecting [the British] from punishment”?

In the Declaration of Independence, it says that King George III "protect[ed] [the British]... from punishment for any Murders which they committ[ed] on the Inhabitants of these States.” What are some ...
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Why wasn't Iran colonized by any country?

Why wasn't Iran colonized by any country, especially by British empire?
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What laws did the king “refuse to pass… unless those people would relinquish the right of representation”?

In reviewing the Declaration of Independence, I note that it states that that King George III "refused to pass other laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people ...
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What was the UK Constitution in 1776, regarding taxation and representation?

I've been researching, and I've found that American colonists argued against taxation without representation because it violated the UK Constitution. However, when searching for the UK Constitution in ...
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How would gender equality in WWI have affected UK population? [closed]

Gender equality in the armed forces is in the news. The UK army has just appointed its first front line fighting woman officer. There is discussion in US government about having women register for the ...
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Why did Germany officially acknowledge the contents of the Zimmerman telegram?

The Zimmerman telegram was a diplomatic message from officials in Germany to the Mexican president, sent in 1917. After being intercepted and decoded by Britain's intelligence community, its contents ...
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If the Union Jack joins the flag of England and Scotland, why does it have a different shade of blue than the Scottish flag?

This chart (public domain from Wikimedia Commons) illustrates the question. Is there an explanation for why the Union Jack have a darker shade of blue than the original Scottish flag that it's based ...
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How did they number the months when the year started on March 25th?

I've read that Great Britain and its colonies used March 25th as the beginning of the numbered year until 1752. I am wondering what this meant in terms of numbering the months (e.g. January is 1 and ...
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Between the 7 Years War and 1776, was there any effort to have the colonies represented in Parliament?

I've now read a couple books about the American Revolution and the founding fathers. I don't think, however, I read anything about colonial assemblies or the continental congresses pushing for ...
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Was the London Blitz accidentally started by lost pilots?

In Connie Willis's All Clear, one of the characters makes reference to the Blitz thus: ... the German pilots who got lost didn't mean to start the London Blitz The universe this series is set in ...
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Did the British Queen raise young women of humble lineage to serve her?

The House of the Portuguese Queens in the 13th and 14th century could be described more or less as the following: high social class - donas or ladies-in-waiting (widows or women married to important ...
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In WW2, what was the first employment of the VT Proximity Fuze?

The VT Fuze was a proximity fuze developed by the UK and USA for artillery shells and AA guns during WW2. They detected range to the target by radio signals using vacuum tube technology. The purpose ...
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When has the Tory party split over trade issues?

Today in a leaked UK Government memo it says the UK Tory Party has split 4 times in last 200 years over global trade. When were these 4 splits and over what? Here is the Reuters link to the memo ...
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What procedures follow the resignation of a minister in the Westminster model? [closed]

What are the protocols or procedures that follow a public announcement by a minister of his intention to resign, in the Westminster model?
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Did Britain bill Poland for maintaining Polish Air Force that fought over Britain?

After the war, a bill for over 68 million pounds sterling, covering the equipment and operating costs of the Polish Air Force in Great Britain, was paid from the Polish gold reserves deposited in ...
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Where did British troops fight during the allied intervention in the Russian Civil War?

In particular, did they fight in the territories of modern-day Belarus or Lithuania? Online sources such as Allied Intervention in the Russian Civil War, National Archives UK, and saving the war or ...
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Were UK Parliamentary constituencies ever altered before 1832?

Seats in the House of Commons orginally represented boroughs and towns. The Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 altered the district map by eliminating some boroughs and changing the number of seats in ...
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Did Victorian(-era) British officers knowingly fire their revolvers at targets clearly out of range?

Numerous movies depicting war in the Victorian era, exhibit officers who fire their revolvers at targets clearly out of range for their revolvers. 1. Is this accurate? 2. If so, why did officers do ...
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Did wages get paid in pubs?

I recall hearing that in the past in Britain and Ireland, some workers (perhaps miners?) got their weekly wages paid out in the pub, much to the dismay of their wives. I don't remember where I heard ...
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Was there anyone involved in the negotiations of New Territories (Hong Kong) lease still alive at the time of the negotiations of its return to China?

As well explained by this answer, I know the usual confusion among the previous cession in perpetuity of Hong Kong versus the lease of the neighboring New Territories. For all effects, China got the ...
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Why didn't the Franklin expedition seek assistance from the Inuit?

The Franklin expedition has been in the news again recently, as the wreck of the HMS Terror was recently located by the Arctic Research Foundation. This follows the discovery of the wreck of the HMS ...
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Changes to the school leaving dates in Scotland and Northern Ireland

I am looking for sources that tell me about when and how the school leaving dates were changed in Scotland and Northern Ireland after World War 2. I define school leaving date as the date you do not ...
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What made the English the dominant power of the British Isles?

Recently, I've been searching a lot about Scotland, Ireland, Wales, and England. One after the other, England vassalized its neighbors and became the head of Great Britain. I can understand that ...
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What name was given to Victorian era of confidence?

When considering the Victorian era there is a typical reference to the zeitgeist that thought that human society and technology were inevitably progressing for the better, a sort of manifest destiny ...
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Were the English behind the creation of Belgium? [duplicate]

The other day I read an article in a printed newspaper which explained that the British had a tradition of trying to break any continental power (links to recent news is not a coincidence). Among the ...
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Were there women who were against giving women the right to vote?

The TV show Sherlock prompted an interesting question about the historical role of women during the United Kingdom's road to women's suffrage. In the episode "The Abominable Bride" (set in ...
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What was the official reason for not invading France until the middle of 1944? [duplicate]

As I understand it, Stalin was urging the western powers to open a second front in France ever since Barbarossa begin in 1941 June. What was the official reason for waiting until 1944 June? They ...
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When was corporal punishment last lawfully practised in state schools?

Apparently (wiki) corporal punishment was legal in schools until rather shockingly late. 1986 for English and Welsh state schools, 1998 for private schools, 2000 in all Scottish schools and 2003 in ...
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What are the top 5 bloodiest battles in terms of British casualties?

I have done a bit of research and it seems the Somme, Towton and maybe Bannockburn are up there? Any more to throw into the mix? Great site by the way!
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Was Baker Island ever claimed by the United Kingdom?

The Wikipedia article and Encyclopedia Britannica article for Baker Island agree that the United States claimed Baker Island in 1857, under the Guano Islands Act. The Wikipedia article also makes an ...
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Why was the British University Grants Committee abolished in 1988?

Wikipedia says that: The UGC was wound up on 1 April 1989, with its powers transferred to a new body, the Universities Funding Council, which was directly responsible to Parliament. But it's ...
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Why did not UK assist Greece in 1919 war?

Why did not UK assist Greece against Turks in 1919 war? Greece had historical ties with UK. But no significant assistance by UK was provided to Greece during the war. As far as I know British Armies ...
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What happened at Bloody Corner?

Up until today, I was under the impression that there was a battle between the Danes and the locals on Bloody Corner in Northam, Devon UK. This was possibly the death site of Hubba the Dane. It was ...
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What type of magazine was “Classic CD”?

This question concerns very recent history, I apologize if it is too recent. I recently saw an episode of the British comedy series Keeping Up Appearances from the early 1990's. In it, one of the ...
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Were life imprisonment and mental insanity the only reasons a divorce couldn't be granted in early 20th century England?

I was watching a Poirot TV movie which was set to England somewhere around 1930s, and one plot point was that the only reasons a divorce couldn't be granted were that either the husband or the wife ...
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Where can you find online the voting records for the both Houses of the UK Parliament?

I wish to see online, for any past Bill of Parliament, in the House of Commons: which MPs (in the House of Commons) and which peers (in the House of Lords) voted in favour and in opposition. For ...
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“Black Bull” pubs in Northumberland

What's the connection between the pub name "The Black Bull" and Northumberland? It seems like every other town here has one with the name!
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Why was the FSSF (Devil's Brigade) multinational?

During WWII, the US and Canada formed a unit together called the First Special Service Force. But why? Especially considering that Canada fought under British leadership for nearly all other aspects ...
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Did John Wesley pray because he had not been persecuted in three days?

I have read the following story many times: John Wesley was riding along a road one day when it dawned on him that three whole days had passed in which he had suffered no persecution. Not a ...
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Did an English company famous for its hidden purpose in the 1720s ever reveal its undertaking?

The Wikipedia article for the South Sea Company says that: "Among the many companies to go public in 1720 is - famously - one that advertised itself as 'a company for carrying out an undertaking of ...
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Where did the demand for textiles during the industrial revolution come from?

A lot of the technological developments in the early-ish industrial revolution in Britain were about increasing the rate and efficiency of textile manufacture. It's easy to find material about what ...