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Questions tagged [united-states]

The United States of America is a nation-state stretching across North America between Canada and Mexico, plus Alaska in the continent's northwest, the mid-Pacific archipelago of Hawaii and several territories in the Pacific & Caribbean. Founded by European émigrés rebelling from British control in ...

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How were the first American citizens granted citizenship?

When the US declared itself independent in 1776, did it simply consider all people (of a certain demographic) already living in the US citizens? Or did these people have to apply to become citizens ...
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Was there any genuine debate in the pre-1860 United States regarding Native American sovereignty?

The United States treated Native American tribes as sovereign states. Relations with various tribes were governed by a series of (often broken) treaties. At the same time, however, general ...
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Why did native Americans agree with the Dawes act? [on hold]

Why did Native Americans agree with several federal acts such as Dawes act? How did Native Americans respond to federal requests?
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Role of radical republicans in reconstruction era [on hold]

What role did the Radical Republicans play in getting the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments added to the Constitution during the Reconstruction Era? Who did the 15th Amendment ignore? This is what I ...
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When has the U.S. refused to pay its debts?

In the late 1700s the U.S. refused to pay a large debt to France for money loaned during the American Revolution. (In this instance Congress decided. I do not know if the President had the ability ...
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99 views

How to decode / read US Veterans Bureau Form 7202?

In doing some family background research, I came across an old military service record which says it is a "Form 7202 - Rev. Sept., 1927". I would like to decipher the meanings of the various codes to ...
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286 views

During the Great Depression in America, was there an increase in popularity of Communism?

During the Great Depression, was there an increase in the popularity of Communism among the everyday American and if so, was this due to a longing for better living conditions?
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108 views

How many people have received the Presidential Medal of Freedom with distinction? [closed]

How many people have received the Presidential Medal of Freedom with distinction? A partial list of all recipients is available on Wikipedia. WP: List of Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients ...
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222 views

Why did the GHQ not promote English during the occupation? [closed]

I wonder why GHQ did not force Japanese people to use the English language during the occupation, or at least add English to one of its official languages, much like Hong Kong under occupation by UK. ...
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Watergate, the burglars - why bring crisp cash with them to the break-in?

My question, however technical it may be, … why did the burglars bring crisp new dollar bills with them to the actual break-in? It might be an obscure Watergate question but no one has focused or ...
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161 views

Why did many scientists spy for the Soviet Union and contribute to their atomic program?

I want to understand why some scientists collaborated with the Soviet Union and its atomic program during and after the WWII. What I want to know is if there were some specific characteristics or ...
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133 views

How many vehicles were involved in Operation Gothic Serpent (October 3-4, 1993)?

I wanted to know how many vehicles (include their model and which country used it), aircraft and infantry were deployed in Operation Gothic Serpent. Specific numbers of: Aircraft and their models. ...
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985 views

What epithet would John Quincy Adams use?

In his journal for 1824, John Quincy Adams records an incident where he was informed that a William King was telling people that he [Adams] should be nominated for vice-president under Crawford, one ...
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3 questions I want clarification with, relating to Texas colonization, and conflict with Mexicans

What was Texas' name after it won its independence? So I know that Texas was either called "The Republic of Texas" or "The Lone Star Republic", but I am not sure which name is more accurate, and why ...
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137 views

What does MLK mean by “lonely island” and “vast ocean”?

In the speech, "I have a dream", M.L. King says the following: One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. What ...
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177 views

Why did the US enact compulsory education?

Why did the US enact compulsory education? The wikipedia article actually isn't very helpful, at least where the intentions of the people who campaigned for this are concerned. I seem to remember ...
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403 views

What is the position of modern scholarship as regarding the claims of professor Samuel Rafinesque in his book about the indigenous Americans

Here is an excerpt of a 19th century book by Professor Rafinesque: PROFESSOR CONSTANTINE SAMUEL RAFINESQUE (THE PRIMITIVE BLACK NATIONS OF AMERICA 1832) "The Native American Negroes or black ...
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Why did Hawaii become a dependent state of USA after USA was born 300 years ago? [closed]

I’m asking this because, I know that Hawaii is a very ancient civilization because it has an unique language, and you can’t find anywhere on Earth except in Hawaii, and when USA was born 300 yers ago, ...
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Why were blacks still victimized in the Northern states after slavery's abolition?

David J. Bodenhamer PhD, Indiana University Bloomington. The U.S. Constitution: A Very Short Introduction (2018). p. 77 Middle. A persistent antislavery crusade challenged the constitutional ...
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183 views

In the election of 1800, why did Burr end up with as many electoral votes as Jefferson, rather than one fewer?

In the election of 1800, the Federalist candidate for president, John Adams, received one more electoral vote than the candidate for vice president, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney. This was by design, as ...
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180 views

How were interracial relationships between African-Americans and Latinos treated in Southern states before the Loving decision?

There are two states in the American south that historically had large numbers of both African-Americans and Latinos, as well as laws banning marriage between black people and white people: Texas and ...
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69 views

What is the difference between the Nobel Banquet and the Nobel Anniversary Dinner?

On December 10, 1945, the Nobel Banquet took place in Sweden and the "5th Annual Nobel Anniversary Dinner" took place in New York City. I understand that the Nobel Prizes are always presented in ...
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Identification of radio equipment and its purpose in Vietnam

The following photograph is from the first years of U.S. involvement in Vietnam. These soldiers are wearing baseball caps and their patches are in color. Later, the patches were olive drab. Obviously, ...
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What did the Emancipation Proclamation exactly do?

I'm a bit confused about what Lincoln's proclamation did exactly. It's thought by some the Emancipation Proclamation gave all slaves the status of free. However from reading the introduction of the ...
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1answer
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Did Truman threaten a nuclear strike if the Soviet Union didn't withdraw from Iran in 1946?

In episode 4 of Oliver Stone's documentary series, Untold History of the United States, Stone claims that then-president Truman issued an ultimatum to the Soviet Union: either withdraw from Iran (...
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What's the history of the source of the slogan “power to the people”?

I can't find any detailed information on this phrase from a reasonable amount of internet searching. The current version of the wikipedia article about this slogan is light on details and very ...
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I am looking for a database of US aircraft casting numbers

I have found many US aircraft have casting numbers in their aluminum parts, bosses, tools, to identify the specific aicraft. 28 is a PBY, I believe. Is there a book or database on these, and when ...
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1answer
261 views

How did the Filipinos lose the Philippine-American War? [closed]

The Americans were fighting a war thousands of miles away from their country, against the Filipinos who just won a war of independence against Spain. Change the Filipinos to Vietnamese and Spain to ...
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1answer
2k views

Where did this coin come from?

This coin has been in our family for over 70 years. I have seen hundreds of these coins on line but, I have never seen one like this. Do you have any thoughts on where this coin may have come from? ...
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2answers
293 views

What does WW2 US Army discharge code W.D. CIR 395, 1942 mean?

My father was honorably discharged from the US Army in 1943. My question is what is W.D. Cir. 395, 1942? He served only 2 months and 8 days. His occupation at that time was listed as Turret Lathe ...
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2answers
156 views

Have there been any instances of US states trading land, not related to the creation of a state?

Have there been any instances where one US state has exchanged or ceded land to another US state, subject to the conditions below? If so, what led the exchange? Conditions: I'm asking about states, ...
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3answers
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Why were there so few American deaths in the Bataan Death March?

There was estimated to be 500-650 American deaths during the Bataan death march while there was estimated to be 5,000 to 18,000 Filipino deaths, according to Wikipedia. I can't wrap my head around why ...
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175 views

Can someone help me ID this insignia?

Charles Miller - fought with US Army at battle at Wounded Knee - this photographer took images during and after the Battle. Anyone recognize the insignia? He later became a Mason? Could it be from ...
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Why was there a surge in the US incarceration rate during the 1990s?

This surge seems to only have stabilized in the last decade and spans roughly 1980–2005. What is its cause? Even when accounting for population growth, the graph does not look much different. (Image ...
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1answer
478 views

Who actually paid for the American State Visit Brooch?

Headlines this week in major media outlets this week are musing if Queen Elizabeth might have been 'trolling' President Trump by wearing the American State Visit Brooch gifted to her on a visit by ...
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3answers
503 views

Was bribery instrumental to the approval of the Thirteenth Amendment?

The movie Lincoln suggests there was a fair bit of bribery involved in the passing of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. Are there actual records of this? Any sound ...
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211 views

Where was this flag flown?

I have a 48 Star flag that I have recently acquired from a seller off of a similar setting to Craigslist. He said he’s found it in an attic and really has no other information on it. Because the size ...
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132 views

How is Phi Beta Kappa and Skull and Bones historically connected to Sigma Pi Phi fraternity also known as the Boulé?

According to the history of Sigma Pi Phi Fraternity also known as the Boulé the organization was founded in 1904 by Henry McKee Minton and five other men Sigma Pi Phi fraternity was formed in ...
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1answer
337 views

Did imperialist Japan ever want to annex Hawaii because of the Japanese minority living here?

Hawaii had been colonized by Japanese people during the 19th century, before it became an American territory. There was an estimated 40% of Japanese in Hawaii in 1900 and 43% in 1920; thus we can ...
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1answer
2k views

Why didn't China vote in UNSC Resolution 344?

According to this Wikipedia article, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 344 in 1973 with 10 votes from non-permanent members and 4 abstentions from the permanent members France, ...
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356 views

Have national symbols often acquired partisan meanings?

In the U.S. today the Republican Party and its partisans use much more patriotic imagery than its opposition. Conservatives highly value loyalty (see Haidt's moral foundations theory). The national ...
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2answers
2k views

How many people worked to build one Liberty ship?

A lot of Liberty Ships were built during WW2. These were fairly large transport ships with a capacity of about 11,000 t deadweight tonnage. Wikipedia says the average build time was 42 days, and that ...
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1answer
220 views

What were the American-equipped armies of Nationalist China equipped with?

During the latter years of WWII, the US equipped and trained a number of Chinese (Kuomintang) armies to fight the Japanese. Initially the Chinese armies were greatly inferior, armed with bolt-action ...
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121 views

Was payment on Louisiana Bonds suspended during the War of 1812?

Of the Louisiana Purchase cost of $15 million, $11,250,000 had to be paid to France. This huge sum was financed mainly by Barings Bank in London and Hope & Co. in Amsterdam. The U.S. would ...
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105 views

What is the correct timeline of events for the boycott of the Olympic Games 1980 in Moscow

Coming from the recent question of How did the US government manage to enforce the 1980 boycott of the Olympic Games in Russia? and a comment in that thread I kept wondering. Who was the first and ...
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2answers
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How did the US government manage to enforce the 1980 boycott of the Olympic Games in Russia?

The 1980 Olympics was famously boycotted by the US and a sixty five other countries. However it's not clear to me how the US government was able to prevent their athletes from participating, given ...
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1answer
301 views

Could the nukes involved in the 1966 Palomares B-52 crash have detonated?

According to Wikipedia on the 1966 Palomares B-52 Crash: The first weapon to be discovered was found nearly intact. However, the conventional explosives from the other two bombs that fell on land ...
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1answer
181 views

Who was the US first cross-dressing governor? [closed]

Who was the US first cross-dressing governor?
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2answers
318 views

Understanding my 96 year old father's US Army discharge papers

I have my father's discharge papers and medals. I am trying to organize and classify his medals properly. Line 32 reads - Sicilian, Naples-Foggia, Southern France, Rhineland GO105 WD45 Line 33 reads ...
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1answer
167 views

Does a description of the original design for the Great Seal of the United States by Simitiere survive?

The Great Seal of the United States by U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Public Affairs contains details as to Pierre Eugene du Simitiere's role in designing the Great Seal of the United States ...