Questions tagged [united-states]

The United States of America is a sovereign state stretching across North America between Canada and Mexico, Alaska in the continent's northwest, the mid-Pacific archipelago of Hawaii and several territories in the Pacific & Caribbean. Founded by European émigrés rebelling from British control in the 1700s, the US spread across the continent by conquest and land-purchase to become the most powerful country on the planet after the Cold War in the 1900s.

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In late-18th and 19th century America, how common were lawyers in criminal trials?

Before a slew of cases in the 20th century (Powell v. Alabama, Johnson v. Zerbst, Gideon v. Wainwright), there was no right to a public defendant in criminal trials. How often were defendants able to ...
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Did Robert F. Kennedy call Police Review boards a "sinister movement against law enforcement" in the 1960's?

Background On multiple Fraternal Order of Police websites, they state that Robert F. Kennedy was opposed to Police Review boards and called them a "sinister movement against law enforcement" ...
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What should I read to understand the New Deal coalition?

I'm interested in learning about the history and the structure of the New Deal coalition formed during the 30s up until its end in the 60s from an academic perspective, particularly with regards to ...
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What percentage of US households had electricity and telephones in 1940?

I'm trying to find a published source giving the percent of U.S. households having electricity and percent having telephones in 1940 (+/- a year or two). Not interested in the rural vs city divide per ...
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Did the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo intend for Mexicans to live in the USA but under Mexican law? [closed]

The text of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo seem to have allowed Mexicans living in California and New Mexico to make some choices: (1) leave or stay and (2) become a US citizen or remain a Mexican ...
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What is the correct English terminology to refer to New Mexico and Texas under Spain, then Mexico?

I am finding a strange inconsistency in sources between those about New Mexico's history and those about Texas. As I know, New Mexico and Texas both started as parts of New Spain, under Spanish rule, ...
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Why so few successes for the Ohka?

The Japanese Kamikaze rocket-powered aircraft Ohka was used lately in the war to perform suicide attacks over American ships. According to wikipedia, 74 of them were engaged in operation (out of 300 ...
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How did economic composition change during the world wars?

I'm trying to understand how economic composition changed during the world wars in various countries. One route would be following the expenditure approach to gdp accounting, but in more detail. For ...
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Were there hippies in the USA in 1930?

I was wondering if there were hippies or a group with similar worldviews, around 1930 in Chicago or in general in the USA. I would also be interested in their worldview / philosophy. Are they ...
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Were there duststorms in Louisiana in the 1930's?

I am researching the dust-bowl era of the US, and am wondering if the dust-bowl impacted Louisiana. I know it was mostly in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico etc. But I am wondering if it is plausible for a ...
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What did anti-Greek stereotyping look like in the United States in the early 20th century?

I am writing a story that is set in the 1920s. Several of the characters in the story are either immigrants from southern or eastern Europe (e.g., Greece, Italy) or their children, and I'm trying to ...
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Which state capital did the Apollo 11 command module NOT visit after it returned from the moon?

According to Wikipedia, after Apollo 11 returned from the Moon: The command module Columbia went on a tour of the United States, visiting 49 state capitals, the District of Columbia, and Anchorage, ...
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What was the reasoning behind the Washington Committee's complaint to the Liquor Tax during the Whiskey Rebellion?

The tax was on distilled liquor and the first ever levied by the United States on a domestic product. The town of Washington, Pennsylvania, held a meeting concerning this tax and they adopted a ...
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Can anyone identify this 19th century US military uniform?

I found this among our family photos and am trying to figure out who it might be.
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Did Zolmy Khalilzad lobby for the Taliban in the 1990s?

Only Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) recognized the legitimacy of the Taliban government in 1996-2001. Many Afghans on Twitter and Facebook claim that Zolmy ...
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Why is it considered that the USA waited until the end of WW2 to assume the status of a superpower? [closed]

It is believed by some that the USA raised itself as a superpower in 1956 by pressuring the UK and France to end the Suez Crisis. 2,000 Years of Economic History in One Chart On the other hand, the ...
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How were smallpox vaccines enforced in the US?

Smallpox was eradicated in 1977 thanks to a massive worldwide vaccination campaign. But how did the US government enforce the smallpox vaccine, given that you needed 90+% vaccinated to achieve herd ...
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1answer
152 views

What was the wealth distribution in US antebellum North / South

My question relates to the following quote from chapter XI of the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: I had very strangely supposed, while in slavery, that few of the comforts, and ...
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1answer
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How common was Nixon-esque espionage in 20th-century American politics?

During the Watergate scandal, President Nixon's supporters were reportedly fond of saying, "Everyone does it." When I listened to Slate's Slow Burn podcast recently, I remember them saying ...
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Have there been any other US presidents besides JFK that were groomed from birth to be president?

I know it was Joe Jr who was groomed, and then JFK took his place after Jr's death. "From a very young age, Kennedy was groomed by his father and predicted to be the first Roman Catholic US ...
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Besides Massachusetts and Rhode Island, have any other U.S. states changed their names?

In 1781 the State of Massachusetts Bay became the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. In 2020 the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations became the State of Rhode Island (when most people who ...
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Was the first use of glass teleprompters in Lyndon Johnson’s speech to the UN’s 20th anniversary celebration? (1965)

I came across a short video recording of his speech at c-span.org I was surprised by the appearance of the sleek glass devices that appear to be teleprompters beside the podium. They appear almost ...
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5answers
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What caused the stagnation in real wage growth in the later half of the 20th century?

During that time, U.S. per capita GDP grew briskly, "average" (mean wages) grew slowly, and "median" wages grew hardly at all. What reasons do economists cite for the differences ...
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What is the source of this quote about hope and POWs?

I seem to recall someone who was a POW, possibly held by Japanese, saying something like that the people that survived were the ones that gave up hope of getting out and the people that died were the ...
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Why was the US so pro-China and so anti-Japan before WW2?

There is little doubt that the US embargoes on Japan pushed an already aggressive Japan towards Pearl Harbor. Japanese Navy doctrine had already been contemplating a conflict with the US and this ...
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Will we ever get anything like the LBJ & Nixon White House recordings for contemporary presidents?

There are fantastic recordings of Lyndon Johnson's phone calls where for instance he discusses his apprehensions about Vietnam with Robert Macnamara. Likewise we have recordings of Richard Nixon ...
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What percentage of US population descended from immigration per immigration year?

The title question is somewhat ill-defined because, of course, most Americans living today descended from immigrants from different years: one of your grandpas is a Mayflower descendant, another one's ...
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1answer
183 views

Who was the US town Hayden in Arizona named after?

Is the town Hayden, AZ named after Charles Hayden? Charles Hayden was the principal of Stone & Hayden, which owned the Kennecott mines. Hayden AZ was founded in 1911 according to the Wikipedia ...
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498 views

How well did American bombers fight enemy fighters in World War II?

Normally, fighters shoot down bombers. but sometimes bombers "turn the tables" and destroy enemy fighters. My understanding is that American bombers did this from time to time against weaker ...
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I need to know the dates this uniform was used

Attached is a picture of my relative in a USA military uniform. I would like to know when this uniform was in use and what branch of service and rank the soldier held.
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How did East Indies oil lose its "top billing" in the Pacific War as the war went on?

The road to Pearl Harbor appeared to begin with the American embargo of oil (and other items) in July 1941. The Japanese decided that they had to 1) cripple the American Pacific fleet and 2) obtain ...
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What is the reason for the modern prominence of the Confederate battle flag, as opposed to some other Confederate flag?

It seems whenever there's news of some protests in the USA, the Confederate battle flag will almost invariably show up in the associated photoreports. Granted, this may just be observer bias due to me ...
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Where did Asian Americans go to school during the 'separate but equal' era?

I know that Brown vs. Board of Ed. desegregated schools. Reading Through History has a great video that clearly summarizes what this landmark case was about. However, everything I've heard about Brown ...
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Are states affected by federal law before admission to the union?

I was curious whether a territory would be affected by federal law before it was ratified as statehood. For example, if a federal law passed in 1934, would it impact Hawaii which was admitted on ...
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160 views

What was the timetable for the arrival of the 100,000 man Japanese garrison at Rabaul?

Early in 1942, the Japanese seized the natural port of Rabaul on New Britain Island. This was to protect its existing base at Truk, in the Carolines, and also to provide a forward base for operations ...
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Were political parties in the U.S during 1918 as polarized generally as they are now? [closed]

There was a pandemic in 1918, and there is one now as well, but were political parties back then as polarized generally as they are now in the United States.
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What was wrong with carrying a bag on one's back in a town in the USA in the first decades of the 1900?

A geologist working in the field needs a container for rocks specimens: The collecting-bag may be in the form of a pouch to carry at the side, a knapsack, or a rucksack. If one is working afoot the ...
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809 views

Why was the Tulsa Port placed at Catoosa?

I was looking at various maps of Oklahoma, and the question came to me of why does the Tulsa Port of Catoosa even exist. Tulsa lies on the Arkansas River, which is considerably larger than the ...
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Was New Hampshire's prohibition on non-Protestant officeholders enforced in the last decades of its existence?

In the context of Jewish History, it is often said that New Hampshire was the last state to remove legal disabilities on Jews in 1877 (which technically pushes the US quite far down the timeline for ...
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What was the nature and extent of forced or coerced sterilization in Puerto Rico from the 1940s-1970s?

During the period from the 1950s to the 1970s, if not earlier, female sterilization rates in Puerto Rico were extremely high (see e.g. "Voluntary Sterilization-A World View", Presser, ...
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Did a significant number of women drive in late 1950s/1960s USA?

During lockdown, I have become addicted to old 1950s/60s Perry Mason series. I am struck by the number of women, from all walks of life - waitresses to wealthy matrons - who owned and drove their own ...
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Did the "unexpectedness" of key events argue against a "third strike" at Pearl Harbor?

Japan's Admiral Nagumo has been criticized for not launching a "third strike" at Pearl Harbor, specifically to destroy the dry docks, fuel stores, repair facilities and other key ...
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Did legal interracial marriage hit a nadir that was above 50% in 1948?

Did legal interracial marriage hit a nadir that was above 50% in 1948? Explain XKCD for this comic, which is currently down so I'm using an archive... said: Since the establishment of the United ...
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Why was air support not provided during the Battle of Mogadishu, 1993 (Black Hawk Down)? [closed]

During the Battle of Magadishu (1993) multiple Black Hawk helicopters were shot down and a group of soldiers were pinned down under unexpected enemy resistance. Air support was provided by both MH-60 ...
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2answers
277 views

How did the Soviet Union support the development of their atomic bomb in 1949?

The Manhattan Project cost the United States a reported $2 billion. The Soviet Union managed to come up with an A-bomb four years later, even though their economy was about one third the size of ...
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Why Al Gore was given Nobel Peace Prize? [closed]

What are the crucial work over climate change, considering which the once vice president of the states, Albert Arnold Gore Jr. also known as Al Gore, was given Nobel Peace Prize 2007?
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Is there a source for excess death statistics in individual cities during the 1918 flu pandemic?

Is there a reliable source for excess deaths in US cities/counties/states around the time of the 1918 flu pandemic? I was able to find one datasource for Arizona and one for NYC but nothing specific ...
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1answer
474 views

Was there a town called Munich in Jackson County, Tennessee?

According to a patent called Eye-protector for chickens, it was patented by Andrew Jackson, Jr., a citizen of the United States, residing in Munich, in the county of Jackson, State of Tennessee. To ...
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770 views

Which 1848 German revolutionaries became key players in the US Republican party?

Gillian Brockell wrote in an article at the WP: In 1860, two major factors helped to propel Lincoln — a one-term congressman and country lawyer most known for losing a Senate campaign — to the ...
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Why was cannabis illegalized in the U.S.?

There seems to be a notion that cannabis was illegalized due to capitalism. I've read some theories as to how this happened, and one of them goes something like this: Commissioner of the National ...

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