Questions tagged [united-states]

The United States of America is a sovereign state stretching across North America between Canada and Mexico, Alaska in the continent's northwest, the mid-Pacific archipelago of Hawaii and several territories in the Pacific & Caribbean. Founded by European émigrés rebelling from British control in the 1700s, the US spread across the continent by conquest and land-purchase to become the most powerful country on the planet after the Cold War in the 1900s.

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1answer
339 views

How many Black Panthers were killed in 'justified homicide' that was later overturned?

A few days ago I was in a cafe where I picked up a leaflet on labour disputes which went into some detail about Fred Hampton. He was a African-American activist in the Black Panther Party (BPP), in ...
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Has The USPS / APWU Ever Had A Strike Since 1970?

Here in Canada we presently have the CUPW engaged in a strike which is disrupting mail delivery. I talked to one of my friends in the US, and he was surprised to hear of a strike. Apparently they don'...
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353 views

How did the news of the reality Nazi concentration camps reach the United State's mainstream? What were the waves of awareness and when? [duplicate]

I just watched a documentary (I think it was called "We Were There" or "I Was There") featuring interviews of US soldiers that were Jewish and had helped liberate Nazi concentration camps. I was ...
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What was the content of Solzhenitsyn's critique of the West?

Solzhenitsyn is a dissident writer in the former Soviet Union. He's famous for writing the Gulag Archipelago. I recall that he eventually managed to escape to the West, in fact to the USA where after ...
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Who flew the T-38 “Missing Man” formation at the Challenger Memorial service at JSC, 31 January 1986?

President Ronald Reagan at Memorial Service for Challenger Crew. Photo courtesy of NASA On January 31, 1986 I attended the memorial service at Johnson Space Center for the STS-51-L Challenger crew. I ...
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I'm trying to find a primary source (or some historical authentication) for John Quincy Adams' Toledo War quote.

"Never in the course of my life have I known a controversy of which all the right was so clearly on one side and all the power so overwhelmingly on the other." John Quincy Adams is widely credited to ...
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US Citizenship Prior to the 14th Amendment

Due to some political statements made on October 30th (today), I would like to know how someone became a citizen of the United States prior to the 14th Amendment to the US Constitution. There is a ...
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Who is the last known non-natural US citizen who would have been eligible for the Presidency? [closed]

The United States Constitution states (relevant part highlighted): No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, ...
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181 views

What does “Central Europe AG 2006” mean in discharge papers?

The discharge papers state "Northern France GO 33 WD 45 (which I think I understand), Central Europe AG 2006 and Rhineland AG 2006. What do these references mean?
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157 views

What happened to railroad workers whose jobs became redundant?

In the early 20th century, the steam locomotive was the king of land transportation. The railroad industry was one of the largest employers in the US, employing massive numbers of workers to build and ...
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Why did James Baldwin call it “magnificent twenties”?

In his "Many Thousands Gone", Baldwin wrote The Negro, who had been during the magnificent twenties a passionate and delightful primitive, now became, as one of the things we were most self-...
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Why has the American cowboy fashion/culture persisted until our current decade? [closed]

How and why has the American cowboy fashion/culture persisted for so long up until our current decade? Every decade has a fashion and culture that later we come to our senses about. But not the cowboy ...
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Is it appropriate to call 1941 American items “prewar”?

Not sure if this question has a defined answer, or is a matter of opinion. I have a 1941 piece of radio equipment I am thinking about restoring, and I told my dad it was "prewar". It was manufactured ...
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What happened first? The law that authorized the Cuban government to nationalize US firms or Eisenhower's Cuban sugar quota?

I'm asking these because both things happened the same day (6 July 1960) and the sources contradict each other about what happened first. Some Cuban sources says that Castro passed the law because of ...
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What developments in Jefferson's life caused him to withdraw from the topic of slavery in political discourse?

Where Jefferson once saw slavery as the central flaw in Virginia, a sentiment he forcibly expressed in his Notes on the State of Virginia, he later “began to adjust his thinking to concentrate instead ...
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When/how did Harry Truman give the order to bomb Hiroshima?

Am I correct in assuming that Truman and only Truman had the authority to order the bombing of Hiroshima? After all, it was the very first A-bomb and procedures may not have been formalized yet. It ...
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Was the “natural born citizen” requirement for the President inserted into the US Constitution by Alexander Hamilton's enemies?

Having recently read the biography of Alexander Hamilton, it occurred to me that there is a possibility that the requirement, written into the Constitution, that the President be a "natural born ...
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Why did the Confederacy think they could win the American Civil War?

The early Confederacy (The 7 founding states) attacked Fort Sumter in April 1861, starting the American Civil War. The Confederacy knew this would lead to war with the Union, yet they seemed to be ...
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Did the US quarter shrink in size?

I am confused by the size of a current US quarter. It is not a major problem, but it is baffling. It is smaller than a shilling, yet 5 shillings make a crown and 4 quarters make a dollar —...
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How did Thomas Jefferson's time in France influence his views of women?

Jefferson seemed to believe for some time that women were consigned to domestic duties while men were tasked food, shelter, protection, public debate, and politics. He went so far, in 1816, to declare ...
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What was the effect of the Civil War on the cost of cotton?

If you look at contemporary sources discussing slavery as practiced in the antebellum American South, a couple recurring themes pop up again and again: Cotton. Cotton farming requires large amounts ...
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What were common outcomes for white 17 year olds charged with attempted rape around 1982? [closed]

When United States Supreme Court nominee Kavanaugh was publicly accused of a 1982 attempted rape at age 17, his defenders noted that the accuser Dr. Blasey Ford had not obtained redress by pressing ...
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At what point did high school become a standard prerequisite for university students in the USA?

Earlier in US history, it was common for universities to admit students via entrance exam. A quote in this answer quoting Colonial Education explains "The boys from upper class families were taught be ...
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How were the first American citizens granted citizenship?

When the US declared itself independent in 1776, did it simply consider all people (of a certain demographic) already living in the US citizens? Or did these people have to apply to become citizens ...
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Was there any genuine debate in the pre-1860 United States regarding Native American sovereignty?

The United States treated Native American tribes as sovereign states. Relations with various tribes were governed by a series of (often broken) treaties. At the same time, however, general ...
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When has the U.S. refused to pay its debts?

In the late 1700s the U.S. refused to pay a large debt to France for money loaned during the American Revolution. (In this instance Congress decided. I do not know if the President had the ability ...
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546 views

How to decode / read US Veterans Bureau Form 7202?

In doing some family background research, I came across an old military service record which says it is a "Form 7202 - Rev. Sept., 1927". I would like to decipher the meanings of the various codes to ...
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388 views

During the Great Depression in America, was there an increase in popularity of Communism?

During the Great Depression, was there an increase in the popularity of Communism among the everyday American and if so, was this due to a longing for better living conditions?
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Why did the GHQ not promote English during the occupation? [closed]

I wonder why GHQ did not force Japanese people to use the English language during the occupation, or at least add English to one of its official languages, much like Hong Kong under occupation by UK. ...
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Watergate, the burglars - why bring crisp cash with them to the break-in?

My question, however technical it may be, … why did the burglars bring crisp new dollar bills with them to the actual break-in? It might be an obscure Watergate question but no one has focused or ...
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Why did many scientists spy for the Soviet Union and contribute to their atomic program?

I want to understand why some scientists collaborated with the Soviet Union and its atomic program during and after the WWII. What I want to know is if there were some specific characteristics or ...
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1answer
296 views

How many vehicles were involved in Operation Gothic Serpent (Mogadishu, October 3-4, 1993)?

I wanted to know how many vehicles (include their model and which country used it), aircraft and infantry were deployed in Operation Gothic Serpent in Mogadishu in October 1993. Specific numbers of: ...
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What epithet would John Quincy Adams use?

In his journal for 1824, John Quincy Adams records an incident where he was informed that a William King was telling people that he [Adams] should be nominated for vice-president under Crawford, one ...
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1answer
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What does MLK mean by “lonely island” and “vast ocean”?

In the speech, "I have a dream", M.L. King says the following: One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. What ...
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Why did the US enact compulsory education?

Why did the US enact compulsory education? The wikipedia article actually isn't very helpful, at least where the intentions of the people who campaigned for this are concerned. I seem to remember ...
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1answer
739 views

What is the position of modern scholarship as regarding the claims of professor Samuel Rafinesque in his book about the indigenous Americans [closed]

Here is an excerpt of a 19th century book by Professor Rafinesque: PROFESSOR CONSTANTINE SAMUEL RAFINESQUE (THE PRIMITIVE BLACK NATIONS OF AMERICA 1832) "The Native American Negroes or black ...
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Why did Hawaii become a dependent state of USA after USA was born 300 years ago? [closed]

I’m asking this because, I know that Hawaii is a very ancient civilization because it has an unique language, and you can’t find anywhere on Earth except in Hawaii, and when USA was born 300 yers ago, ...
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Why were blacks still victimized in the Northern states after slavery's abolition?

David J. Bodenhamer PhD, Indiana University Bloomington. The U.S. Constitution: A Very Short Introduction (2018). p. 77 Middle. A persistent antislavery crusade challenged the constitutional ...
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In the election of 1800, why did Burr end up with as many electoral votes as Jefferson, rather than one fewer?

In the election of 1800, the Federalist candidate for president, John Adams, received one more electoral vote than the candidate for vice president, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney. This was by design, as ...
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How were interracial relationships between African-Americans and Latinos treated in Southern states before the Loving decision?

There are two states in the American south that historically had large numbers of both African-Americans and Latinos, as well as laws banning marriage between black people and white people: Texas and ...
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1answer
134 views

What is the difference between the Nobel Banquet and the Nobel Anniversary Dinner?

On December 10, 1945, the Nobel Banquet took place in Sweden and the "5th Annual Nobel Anniversary Dinner" took place in New York City. I understand that the Nobel Prizes are always presented in ...
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Identification of radio equipment and its purpose in Vietnam

The following photograph is from the first years of U.S. involvement in Vietnam. These soldiers are wearing baseball caps and their patches are in color. Later, the patches were olive drab. Obviously, ...
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What did the Emancipation Proclamation exactly do?

I'm a bit confused about what Lincoln's proclamation did exactly. It's thought by some the Emancipation Proclamation gave all slaves the status of free. However from reading the introduction of the ...
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Did Truman threaten a nuclear strike if the Soviet Union didn't withdraw from Iran in 1946?

In episode 4 of Oliver Stone's documentary series, Untold History of the United States, Stone claims that then-president Truman issued an ultimatum to the Soviet Union: either withdraw from Iran (...
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1answer
405 views

What's the history of the source of the slogan “power to the people”?

I can't find any detailed information on this phrase from a reasonable amount of internet searching. The current version of the wikipedia article about this slogan is light on details and very ...
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I am looking for a database of US aircraft casting numbers

I have found many US aircraft have casting numbers in their aluminum parts, bosses, tools, to identify the specific aicraft. 28 is a PBY, I believe. Is there a book or database on these, and when ...
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1answer
554 views

How did the Filipinos lose the Philippine-American War? [closed]

The Americans were fighting a war thousands of miles away from their country, against the Filipinos who just won a war of independence against Spain. Change the Filipinos to Vietnamese and Spain to ...
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1answer
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Where did this coin come from?

This coin has been in our family for over 70 years. I have seen hundreds of these coins on line but, I have never seen one like this. Do you have any thoughts on where this coin may have come from? ...
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What happened to University College of San Francisco?

In 1859, the Reverend George Burrowes founded University College in San Francisco. Confusingly, it was also known as City College. Burrowes advertised the school in the Daily Alta California newspaper....
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What does WW2 US Army discharge code W.D. CIR 395, 1942 mean?

My father was honorably discharged from the US Army in 1943. My question is what is W.D. Cir. 395, 1942? He served only 2 months and 8 days. His occupation at that time was listed as Turret Lathe ...