Questions tagged [world-war-one]

Questions on World War I, events that caused it, strategy and tactics employed by the battling sides and the consequences of this war.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3
votes
0answers
151 views

Can anyone help identify this World War One uniform?

I have this photograph of my grandfather in uniform - taken in Seaford, Sussex, England, some time after 1914. Can anyone tell me anything about this uniform? He eventually joined 525 coy. 62nd ...
0
votes
1answer
199 views

Were there US troops on the WW1 eastern front?

I would like to know more about the first world war, especially about the involvement of the USA on the eastern front. Were there any US troops in eastern front present, if so how many? Thanks in ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Can you help me identify the rank and patch on this Royal Italian Army uniform?

Can you help me identify the rank and patch on this uniform on the far right? It's from around 1910. Thank you very much.
2
votes
2answers
252 views

Did some chemical weapons from the military end up in private hands after WWI?

It is a common, well-documented knowledge, that chemical weapons were widely used during the Great War. It is also quite common knowledge, that soldiers like to take "souvenirs" from the battlefield - ...
8
votes
1answer
620 views

In the early 1900s, how would an American returning from, say, Europe prove he was American and not just lying to avoid Ellis Island?

Apparently, international travelers didn't need any papers to travel (before WW1), at least in USA and most parts of Europe. So how did a person 'prove' their nationality? EDITED IN OP'S COMMENT I'...
0
votes
3answers
682 views

In World War 1, why were the Australian and Canadian troops so good?

I'm reading a book about the first world war, and makes it clear that the Canadian and Australian troops made quite a name for themselves. They acquitted themselves very well in many of the actions ...
6
votes
1answer
421 views

Where did Wilson state that the US would have to force access to markets with violence?

US President Woodrow Wilson stated openly before the First World War: "Diplomacy and, if need be, violence must open the way to the (foreign) markets." His central argument was ...
5
votes
1answer
287 views

Can anyone identify this woman’s uniform?

Found this photo in a box of family pictures from England. Most photos were prior to WW1
-2
votes
1answer
66 views

What was regicide conspiracy and what was the role of Djordje Gencic in it? [closed]

I'm reading the book The Sleepwalkers by Christopher Clarke, and it says that the interior minister during the rule of Alexander in Serbia (late 1890s), was involved in regicide conspiracy. However I ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

Was Fakhri Pasha really nicknamed “Tiger of the Desert” by the British?

It is mentioned in multiple places (eg. in "With Lawrence in Arabia" by L.J. Thomas, in this article, and even in the Wikipedia page about him) that Fakhri Pasha (Fahreddin Paşa), the commander of the ...
-1
votes
1answer
382 views

Why did German U-boats not sink American ships carrying soldiers during WW1?

During WW1, the Germans used U-boats to blockade the British. When they started using unrestricted submarine warfare the US joined the war. Why didn't the Germans sink American ships bringing US ...
73
votes
5answers
9k views

Is there any evidence to support the claim that the United States was “suckered into WW1” by Zionists, made by Benjamin Freedman in his 1961 speech?

In the comments to another question another user of History:SE made a remarkable, if unbelievable, claim: Actually, Germany was shocked when the US declared war and entered on the side of Great ...
2
votes
1answer
252 views

Why Vladimir Ilyich Lenin is so popular in Russian?

Recently I have seen a documentary film from "Star Media" (this is Russian film) called "The first world war". Up to this moment, I thought that the February Revolution had happened, because there was ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

Why did WWI include Japan?

WWI mainly developed in Europe. It only included the USA because Germans attacked a US ship. What did Japan have to do with Europe?
19
votes
3answers
6k views

A German immigrant ancestor has a “Registration Affidavit of Alien Enemy” on file. What does that mean exactly?

While researching genealogy, I discovered that one of my ancestors had a "Registration Affidavit of Alien Enemy" document on file. It is dated 1 January 1918 and includes his fingerprints, immigration ...
-2
votes
1answer
195 views

Found a bullet shell with 'Winchester 30-06 SPRG' on it, how old is it? [closed]

The shell is a dark brown.. I don't know much about guns but anyone know anything?
4
votes
1answer
208 views

Austrian brass shell case (Berndorf 1910 R)

I would like to know which cannon could have fired such a shell and what does the R stand for? Was it fired in WWI? The dimensions are as follows: length 58 cm, width at the base 9.5 cm, and width ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

Identifying rising sun pin WW1 or WWII

Can anyone tell me if this is WW1 or WWII and what is the significance of it please. It has what looks like 99t on the back. What is that for.
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Help identifying this WW1 badge

Can anyone help identifying this badge: The back reads: Pte G E Thornton from R'dents T'morel and district on his return from France. 1919
3
votes
2answers
663 views

Was Woodrow Wilson really a Liberal?

In a related question Ben Crowell asked, Was World War I a war of liberals against authoritarians? in that discussion, Woodrow Wilson was called a liberal. I have always believed, this has become a ...
33
votes
6answers
7k views

Was World War I a war of liberals against authoritarians?

An essay by Robert Kagan in the Washington Post, March 14, 2019, argues for rethinking the big theme of 20th-century history as a struggle between liberalism and authoritarianism, and for an ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

What is meant by “state people” in this context? (Governments of new Balkan states post-WWI)

I'm reading The Origins of Totalitarianism by Hannah Arendt, but since my background is science I find the history a little hard to follow. What is the meaning of state people in the following quote? ...
4
votes
3answers
528 views

Why didn't Spain and Portugal become industrial powerhouses in the 20th century?

Although Spain experienced a gruesome civil war, neither Spain nor Portugal participated in either the first or the second world wars. Despite their losses of millions of people, widespread ...
8
votes
2answers
727 views

Were railway guns ever critical in any battle during WWI and WWII?

Note: this is a question about railway - mounted artillery, NOT about armored trains (which were more akin to tanks-on-rails and had much smaller guns) The idea behind railway gun is quite sound: a ...
4
votes
1answer
552 views

Were bricks instead of bombs occasionally thrown out of war planes in WWI?

I remember reading in a school textbook or perhaps hearing my history teacher tell the story of how bricks instead of bombs were occasionally thrown out of war planes in WWI, perhaps because of ...
-1
votes
2answers
218 views

Is “losing around 100 000 men” and “100 000 casualties” the same thing?

I wanted to know if "losing around 100 000 men" and "100 000 casualties" is the same thing. Or does "losing around 100 000 men" correspond to the death of 100 000 soldiers? More generally are "losses"...
7
votes
2answers
470 views

How realistic were von Papen's plans to invade Canada using “German cowboys” during the Great War?

While reading biography of Franz von Papen, I've found this hilarious information: Apparently, in attempt to stop Canadian support for Britain, he planned to dress up German and Irish Americans as ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Besides Mexico, who was considered as a potential ally of the Central Powers?

The Zimmermann telegram to the embassy in Mexico outright suggests that German Empire is trying to court Mexico as an ally in the Great War: We intend to begin on the first of February unrestricted ...
4
votes
0answers
188 views

How motivated were the Australian, Canadian and NZ soldiers in the British army during the two world wars? [closed]

How motivated were the Australian, Canadian and NZ soldiers in the British army during the two world wars? Did they feel that their homeland was under threat or did they have problem understanding why ...
3
votes
1answer
206 views

How came the poppy be associated with WW1?

I am not from a Commonwealth country and stumbled on some Twitch recordings over the fact that on 11/12th of November, some people (Canadians) would display poppies to remember the end of the first ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

What was the inheritance tax rate in the UK during WWI and WWII?

I've read somewhere that rich people were heavily taxed during World War I and World War II. What was the inheritance tax rate like in the UK at the time?
1
vote
1answer
255 views

What was the income tax rate in the UK during WWI and WWII?

I found that the highest income tax rate was 99.25% during the Second World War, but I can't find anything related to the income tax during the First World War. Would you have some numbers to give ...
4
votes
1answer
252 views

Why did the price of eggs in Britain increase much more than for other basic foods during WWI?

At the beginning of WWI, Britain was only about 40% self-sufficient in food, a major problem given the tonnage of ships sunk by German submarines. Unsurprisingly, food prices rose. In First World War ...
2
votes
2answers
270 views

What's the history of this mortar shell?

I was wondering if anyone could give me some history on this shell, which was left to my son by his great grandmother. Could anyone give me information about these markings on this mortar shell. ...
19
votes
1answer
890 views

The WWI Christmas truce of 1914 resulted in no consequences, in spite of clear warnings against such beforehand - why were there no courts-martial?

British and German Soldiers photographed together during 1914 Christmas Truce. Source: The Daily Mirror, Friday January 8, 1915. Question What factors led to no courts-martial charges being pursued ...
14
votes
1answer
668 views

Did anyone face consequences (charges / court-martial) for the 1914 Christmas truce in WWI?

A copy of the Daily Mail from Dec. 31, 1914 reports on the Christmas truce. Source: The Star As a follow-up to this question about impromptu football / soccer games between troops from opposite ...
36
votes
2answers
8k views

In the “Christmas truce” of 1914 were there any football (soccer) matches between British and German troops?

British and German troops meeting in no man's land during the unofficial truce. Source: Wikipedia As the holiday season is upon us again this year, I am reminded of the 1914 Christmas truce (German: ...
2
votes
1answer
257 views

What were the differences between mortars and other artilleries in world war I?

Artillery just means missiles today. In WWI did artillery and mortars worked the same way only difference being the angle its being fired at, and how big the projectile is.
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Where can I find primary sources on mortars/artillery in world war one?

I need primary sources for artillery from ww1. I have looked everywhere such as the database of the World War I Document Archive, Proquest and archive.org but with no luck. So I am asking here as a ...
6
votes
1answer
236 views

Please identify this WW1 Italian Uniform

Can you tell me anything about the uniform in the picture? I believe the picture was taken around the time of the first WW in Sicily. The insignia on the hat, the hat itself, the boots and sword makes ...
13
votes
3answers
872 views

What factors led to much higher US war bond sales and participation rates in WWII over that of WWI?

Sample US WWI Liberty Bond poster (left) and WWII War Bond poster (right). Source: Wikipedia Financing World Wars I & II in the United States In reviewing the United States efforts to finance ...
1
vote
1answer
195 views

WWI: British blockade of Germany (and neutrals)

How did the British maintain an effective blockade of Germany in WWI? The distant blockade required vast resources. The policy of blockading neutrals and other unlawful matters aroused international ...
4
votes
2answers
376 views

In WWI, How were the Germans able to maintain a submarine blockade of Britain?

How come that in WWI, the Germans were able to maintain a submarine blockade of Britain when GB was clearly the dominant naval power? Did the British Empire have no subs of their own? Were they bound ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Why would a rifleman have his bayonet fixed to the rifle in a non-combat situation?

Similar to hand-to-hand blades, I would expect bayonets to be sheathed in a non-combat situation, to avoid damaging/dulling the blade and hurting the people around. However, it appears that (at least)...
19
votes
2answers
3k views

Is that armistice wagon photograph authentic?

The armistice on November 11th, 1918, was signed between 5:00 AM and 5:30 AM, french time (which was at this time UTC+0, one hour earlier than today). Wikipedia has a photo of the event, presumably ...
6
votes
1answer
225 views

Which army uniform is this (2nd Boer British or WWI US)?

Hi all, Wondering if anyone can help me identify which army uniform this is? My GG Grandfather (b. 1878) signed up for the Second Boer War in the British army as an Irishman and possibly WW1 in the ...
13
votes
2answers
3k views

What did Germany gain from the Armistice of 11 November 1918?

The conditions of the armistice were very unfavourable for Germany: The naval blockade continued, prisoners of war were not released, but parts of Germany were occupied and Germany lost the practical ...
-1
votes
2answers
301 views

Why was Turkey allowed to keep Constantinople after WW1? [closed]

Why was Turkey allowed to keep Constantinople after WW1? Greece was on the winning side, weren't they? Wouldn't it have made sense for the European great powers to support a Greek demand on ...
0
votes
3answers
873 views

What was the significance of ball bearing factories during the World Wars and in the economy at the time in general?? [closed]

I have heard historians claim that enemies' ball bearing factory locations were a coveted piece of intelligence. I have also heard that big money industry for both the allies and axis super powers ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

In WWI, which countries used prisoners as soldiers?

What happened to prisoners incarcerated for domestic crimes (not war) before and during the outbreak of the Great War? Using a UK report, in 1914 the prison population dropped around 5000, but 11,000 ...