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Questions tagged [world-war-one]

Questions on World War I, events that caused it, strategy and tactics employed by the battling sides and the consequences of this war.

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142 views

Austrian brass shell case (Berndorf 1910 R)

I would like to know which cannon could have fired such a shell and what does the R stand for? Was it fired in WWI? The dimensions are as follows: length 58 cm, width at the base 9.5 cm, and width ...
1
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1answer
132 views

Identifying rising sun pin WW1 or WWII

Can anyone tell me if this is WW1 or WWII and what is the significance of it please. It has what looks like 99t on the back. What is that for.
3
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1answer
95 views

Help identifying this WW1 badge

Can anyone help identifying this badge: The back reads: Pte G E Thornton from R'dents T'morel and district on his return from France. 1919
3
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2answers
320 views

Was Woodrow Wilson really a Liberal?

In a related question Ben Crowell asked, Was World War I a war of liberals against authoritarians? in that discussion, Woodrow Wilson was called a liberal. I have always believed, this has become a ...
33
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6answers
7k views

Was World War I a war of liberals against authoritarians?

An essay by Robert Kagan in the Washington Post, March 14, 2019, argues for rethinking the big theme of 20th-century history as a struggle between liberalism and authoritarianism, and for an ...
3
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1answer
86 views

What is meant by “state people” in this context? (Governments of new Balkan states post-WWI)

I'm reading The Origins of Totalitarianism by Hannah Arendt, but since my background is science I find the history a little hard to follow. What is the meaning of state people in the following quote? ...
4
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3answers
447 views

Why didn't Spain and Portugal become industrial powerhouses in the 20th century?

Although Spain experienced a gruesome civil war, neither Spain nor Portugal participated in either the first or the second world wars. Despite their losses of millions of people, widespread ...
8
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2answers
632 views

Were railway guns ever critical in any battle during WWI and WWII?

Note: this is a question about railway - mounted artillery, NOT about armored trains (which were more akin to tanks-on-rails and had much smaller guns) The idea behind railway gun is quite sound: a ...
4
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1answer
431 views

Were bricks instead of bombs occasionally thrown out of war planes in WWI?

I remember reading in a school textbook or perhaps hearing my history teacher tell the story of how bricks instead of bombs were occasionally thrown out of war planes in WWI, perhaps because of ...
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2answers
212 views

Is “losing around 100 000 men” and “100 000 casualties” the same thing?

I wanted to know if "losing around 100 000 men" and "100 000 casualties" is the same thing. Or does "losing around 100 000 men" correspond to the death of 100 000 soldiers? More generally are "losses"...
7
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2answers
452 views

How realistic were von Papen's plans to invade Canada using “German cowboys” during the Great War?

While reading biography of Franz von Papen, I've found this hilarious information: Apparently, in attempt to stop Canadian support for Britain, he planned to dress up German and Irish Americans as ...
16
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2answers
2k views

Besides Mexico, who was considered as a potential ally of the Central Powers?

The Zimmermann telegram to the embassy in Mexico outright suggests that German Empire is trying to court Mexico as an ally in the Great War: We intend to begin on the first of February unrestricted ...
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0answers
155 views

How motivated were the Australian, Canadian and NZ soldiers in the British army during the two world wars? [closed]

How motivated were the Australian, Canadian and NZ soldiers in the British army during the two world wars? Did they feel that their homeland was under threat or did they have problem understanding why ...
3
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1answer
194 views

How came the poppy be associated with WW1?

I am not from a Commonwealth country and stumbled on some Twitch recordings over the fact that on 11/12th of November, some people (Canadians) would display poppies to remember the end of the first ...
1
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1answer
88 views

What was the inheritance tax rate in the UK during WWI and WWII?

I've read somewhere that rich people were heavily taxed during World War I and World War II. What was the inheritance tax rate like in the UK at the time?
1
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1answer
179 views

What was the income tax rate in the UK during WWI and WWII?

I found that the highest income tax rate was 99.25% during the Second World War, but I can't find anything related to the income tax during the First World War. Would you have some numbers to give ...
4
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1answer
213 views

Why did the price of eggs in Britain increase much more than for other basic foods during WWI?

At the beginning of WWI, Britain was only about 40% self-sufficient in food, a major problem given the tonnage of ships sunk by German submarines. Unsurprisingly, food prices rose. In First World War ...
2
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2answers
193 views

What's the history of this mortar shell?

I was wondering if anyone could give me some history on this shell, which was left to my son by his great grandmother. Could anyone give me information about these markings on this mortar shell. ...
16
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1answer
538 views

The WWI Christmas truce of 1914 resulted in no consequences, in spite of clear warnings against such beforehand - why were there no courts-martial?

British and German Soldiers photographed together during 1914 Christmas Truce. Source: The Daily Mirror, Friday January 8, 1915. Question What factors led to no courts-martial charges being pursued ...
14
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1answer
571 views

Did anyone face consequences (charges / court-martial) for the 1914 Christmas truce in WWI?

A copy of the Daily Mail from Dec. 31, 1914 reports on the Christmas truce. Source: The Star As a follow-up to this question about impromptu football / soccer games between troops from opposite ...
36
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2answers
8k views

In the “Christmas truce” of 1914 were there any football (soccer) matches between British and German troops?

British and German troops meeting in no man's land during the unofficial truce. Source: Wikipedia As the holiday season is upon us again this year, I am reminded of the 1914 Christmas truce (German: ...
2
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1answer
205 views

What were the differences between mortars and other artilleries in world war I?

Artillery just means missiles today. In WWI did artillery and mortars worked the same way only difference being the angle its being fired at, and how big the projectile is.
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1answer
94 views

Where can I find primary sources on mortars/artillery in world war one?

I need primary sources for artillery from ww1. I have looked everywhere such as the database of the World War I Document Archive, Proquest and archive.org but with no luck. So I am asking here as a ...
6
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0answers
110 views

WW1 Italian Uniform Identification

Can you tell me anything about the uniform in the picture? I believe the picture was taken around the time of the first WW in sicily. The insignia on the hat, the hat itself, the boots and sword makes ...
12
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3answers
737 views

What factors led to much higher US war bond sales and participation rates in WWII over that of WWI?

Sample US WWI Liberty Bond poster (left) and WWII War Bond poster (right). Source: Wikipedia Financing World Wars I & II in the United States In reviewing the United States efforts to finance ...
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1answer
184 views

WWI: British blockade of Germany (and neutrals)

How did the British maintain an effective blockade of Germany in WWI? The distant blockade required vast resources. The policy of blockading neutrals and other unlawful matters aroused international ...
4
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2answers
347 views

In WWI, How were the Germans able to maintain a submarine blockade of Britain?

How come that in WWI, the Germans were able to maintain a submarine blockade of Britain when GB was clearly the dominant naval power? Did the British Empire have no subs of their own? Were they bound ...
12
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4answers
2k views

Why would a rifleman have his bayonet fixed to the rifle in a non-combat situation?

Similar to hand-to-hand blades, I would expect bayonets to be sheathed in a non-combat situation, to avoid damaging/dulling the blade and hurting the people around. However, it appears that (at least)...
19
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2answers
3k views

Is that armistice wagon photograph authentic?

The armistice on November 11th, 1918, was signed between 5:00 AM and 5:30 AM, french time (which was at this time UTC+0, one hour earlier than today). Wikipedia has a photo of the event, presumably ...
5
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0answers
119 views

Which army uniform is this (2nd Boer British or WWI US)?

Hi all, Wondering if anyone can help me identify which army uniform this is? My GG Grandfather (b. 1878) signed up for the Second Boer War in the British army as an Irishman and possibly WW1 in the ...
13
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2answers
2k views

What did Germany gain from the Armistice of 11 November 1918?

The conditions of the armistice were very unfavourable for Germany: The naval blockade continued, prisoners of war were not released, but parts of Germany were occupied and Germany lost the practical ...
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2answers
221 views

Why was Turkey allowed to keep Constantinople after WW1? [closed]

Why was Turkey allowed to keep Constantinople after WW1? Greece was on the winning side, weren't they? Wouldn't it have made sense for the European great powers to support a Greek demand on ...
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3answers
671 views

What was the significance of ball bearing factories during the World Wars and in the economy at the time in general?? [closed]

I have heard historians claim that enemies' ball bearing factory locations were a coveted piece of intelligence. I have also heard that big money industry for both the allies and axis super powers ...
13
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1answer
2k views

In WWI, which countries used prisoners as soldiers?

What happened to prisoners incarcerated for domestic crimes (not war) before and during the outbreak of the Great War? Using a UK report, in 1914 the prison population dropped around 5000, but 11,000 ...
4
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1answer
148 views

Why were the continuity states of Imperial and Royal Austria-Hungary disunited, while the continuity states of Imperial Russia were united?

Towards the end of WWI, both Austria-Hungary and Russia faced populist or socialist revolutions and successful nationalist uprisings. In both cases, both revolutions and uprisings resulted in the ...
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2answers
203 views

Why did James Baldwin call it “magnificent twenties”?

In his "Many Thousands Gone", Baldwin wrote The Negro, who had been during the magnificent twenties a passionate and delightful primitive, now became, as one of the things we were most self-...
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1answer
169 views

How would a WW1 pilot signal a request to surrender in-flight?

The white flag is the classic sign of requesting surrender, ceasefire or parlay in military contexts, yet it is unfortunately rather unwieldy to take with one on a fighter patrol, or use during one. ...
2
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2answers
484 views

Why was Germany not broken up at the end of WW1

At the end of WW1 both Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman empire were broken up, but Germany was left intact, apart from some bits of territory given to Denmark, France and Poland. Why did this happen? ...
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0answers
174 views

Can anyone identify this uniform from SE Asia?

Can someone identify this uniform? I suspect it is from WW1 and was taken by an Australian photographer.. tho obviously not in Australia. It is part of a bigger historic pic.. a glass plate amongst a ...
18
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4answers
7k views

WW1 tunneling - bypassing the front line?

During the first world war both sides engaged in tunnel warfare, the primary purpose of which (as far as I can tell) was to place large amounts of explosives under enemy lines and then detonate them ...
3
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1answer
344 views

As newly independent countries after WWI, why didn't Baltic states have sovereignty dispute and war each other like other Eastern European countries?

After the WWI, many independent countries emerged and the borders between these countries, and also the existing Eastern European countries, were not clear, leading to territorial claims, disputes and ...
3
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1answer
249 views

How to decode / read US Veterans Bureau Form 7202?

In doing some family background research, I came across an old military service record which says it is a "Form 7202 - Rev. Sept., 1927". I would like to decipher the meanings of the various codes to ...
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2answers
2k views

Why is Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf often refered to by his given name “Conrad”?

I am reading various books and material about the Great War, and in the vast majority of cases, important figures are always referred to by their family names. I.e. Clemenceau, Pointcarré, von ...
3
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1answer
223 views

Can anyone help identify this soldier's uniform?

The only info I have about this photograph is that it was taken in WW1. The badges were a bit too grainy for me to match them up with others that I am familiar with so hoping someone else with more ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Post world war one mandates model

Pre World War One and during World War One, the game of world politics was that of direct empirical rule, whereas afterwards, the mandate model was accepted. This stated that for A type mandates there ...
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2answers
193 views

What portion of the finance industry was British prior to WWI?

It's sometimes stated that Britain was the financial capital of the world prior to the First World War, and that it took extraordinary war spending like that in the Great War to shift the capital to ...
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0answers
106 views

Who is second from the left in the photo of the Salonika Trial Indictees (1917)?

In the wikipedia entry for the Salonika Trial, which proceeded from the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, there's this photo: Indictees at the Salonika trial, after the verdict. Does ...
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1answer
3k views

Did Emanuel Lasker write a book declaring that Germany had to win World War I if civilization were to be saved?

Emanuel Lasker, the second chess world champion, was a very interesting person. I read here that During World War I, Lasker […] invested all of his money in German war bonds. At the end of ...
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1answer
196 views

What light machine guns did the imperial Japanese army use in ww1?

I would love to more about Japanese weaponry in the Great War and, more specifically, about their use of light machine guns, and did they use things like a c96 Mauser or a Madsen LMG. Also, did they ...
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7answers
19k views

Why bother to attack in trench warfare?

At least on the western front, trenches were heavily defended. Any charge was just suicidal, with heavy losses for the attacker and much smaller losses for the defender. As there is a big strategic ...