Questions tagged [world-war-one]

Questions on World War I, events that caused it, strategy and tactics employed by the battling sides and the consequences of this war.

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106 views

How long did Adolf Hitler serve on the front lines as an infantryman in WWI before becoming a courier? [closed]

In WWI Hitler served in France with the Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 16 (1st Company) before being promoted from Schütze(Private) to Gefreiter(Lance Corporal) and assigned to be a regimental ...
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What uniform is this (German/WW1?) and could a 15–16 year old be wearing it?

I was told that this would be a German uniform from WW1. Is that correct? I would assume that would be right, however, the picture is from spring 1917 and the young man was only 15–16 years old in ...
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1answer
81 views

What percentage of the German population worked on gathering the harvest in 1917?

It is a well-known fact that Germany suffered from food shortage during World War I, and that there were several causes of this, including in no particular order: The blockade restricting food ...
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6answers
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What were Germany's long-term aims in World War I?

In World War I, according to the Schlieffen Plan, Germany aimed to defeat France in several weeks, before freeing up soldiers to fight on the front against Russia. Suppose their plan would have ...
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1answer
165 views

Was the Kerensky Offensive doomed from the start?

I've been reading about Russia in the Great War during 1917, and what is quite surprising for me is the Kerensky Offensive. Primarily, what is surprising is that the army was in great material terms ...
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1answer
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Did Wilson's 'He kept us out of war' really win the 1916 Presidential Election?

In the 1916 United States presidential election, President Woodrow Wilson defeated Charles Evans Hughes, the Republican candidate. Wilson ran on the slogan 'He kept us out of war'. From what I have ...
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2answers
287 views

Were union disputes the only reason for low female employment in WWI German factories?

While giving a lecture on the end of WWI, Prof. David Stevenson mentions a disparity in female employment between the Allies and Germany. The relevant portion is here. The British army is not short ...
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1answer
348 views

Did German spies operate in Austrian territory up to 1914?

Germany in the years up to and during World War I, had an extensive intelligence network; in the US in particular, even prior to that country's formal entry into the war, they engaged in not only ...
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1answer
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Who was blamed for shell failures on the Western Front?

According to the website for the Imperial War Museum, shell failure at the Somme was a significant issue: To make matters worse, it has been been estimated that as many as 30% of the shells failed to ...
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60 views

Were any congressmen or senators concerned that women’s suffrage would result in anti-war votes?

Suffragist organizations at the onset of WWI held varying views on the war. Carrie Chapman Catt of NAWSA felt that women would be viewed as reliable and patriotic if they supported the war effort. But ...
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WWI[?] Shell casing Identification, Brass Centrefire 47.R. MA.I.1 6-16. (?) Grenade symbol

Can anybody offer any information on this shell. led to believe its WW1. It is a Brass Centrefire. The base is marked 47.R. at 12 o'clock. From 8 o'clock through 3 o'clock it is marked: 8 ...
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What British WW1 uniform is depicted on this photo from Taunton?

I am trying to research my grandfather’s WW1 service record. All I have to go on is this photo, which has a Taunton photography studio on the back. I think it might be the Somerset Light Infantry, but ...
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184 views

What was the purpose of creating the Weimar Republic?

I listened to a podcast recently called Dictators by Parcast Network. In a particular episode about Hitler, the speaker said The Weimar Republic was created so that it could take the blame of Germany'...
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Did Gavrilo Princip ever express regret for his actions during imprisonment? [closed]

After assassinating the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife in June 1914; Gavrilo Princip spent just short of 4 years in Prison in Austria-Hungary before dying in April 1918 of tuberculosis. I was ...
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When exactly did General von Kluck learn of the French Sixth Army?

The French Sixth Army had been forming in Paris for some time before they positioned themselves to attack the German First Army under von Kluck. According to von Kluck's wikipedia: On 31 August ...
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WW1 trying to identify squadron and aircrew

Recently discovered photo belonging to my grandfather. I was told he took this but not so sure... He was connected with 57 Squadron but I can find no info about it. Keen to be able to identify anyone ...
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284 views

How could an Englishman be forced to fight for Austria-Hungary against his will during WW1?

I'm writing a novel set during the first world war. One of the characters is conscripted to fight for the Austria-Hungarian army while he is studying art in Vienna. How could this realistically go ...
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What do these artillery shell stamps indicate?

I found this inert shell decades ago at a garage sale in New Brunswick, Canada and finally got around to cleaning it up. I'm not really well versed in the various marks on it, but I've attached some ...
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1answer
191 views

How hard was it to produce German zeppelin pilots in World War One? [closed]

I would like to know how much time it took to train new zeppelin pilots, the cost to train them, if the airship pilots were normal airplane pilots, and the demand for them. Any help will be ...
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396 views

How much debt did Italy remit Germany in the London Debt Agreement?

Italy was one of the signatories of the London Debt Agreement in 1953, pardoning part of previous German debts. Is there an estimate of the amount owed by Germany to Italy? Various sources cite the ...
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1answer
124 views

Does the long dense habitation and cultivation of lands correlate with a high incidence of tetanus and gangrene in badly disinfected wounds?

William Keen claims in his Treatment of war wounds (written at the end of WW1) that the soil of France, since it was inhabited and cultured since antiquity, was extraordinarily infected with bacteria ...
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1answer
176 views

What did Russia do in 1848 that could make the Austrians seek “brutal revanche” towards the Russians?

In the first volume of the Thalerhof Concentration Camp Almanacs (Russian title: Талергофсiй альманахъ, пропамятная книга австрiйскихъ жестокостей, изуверстствъ и насилий надъ карпато - русскимъ ...
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1answer
189 views

What happened to dead WWI soldiers whose faith believed in cremation?

I am researching what happened to soldiers who were killed in WW1. They were buried on the spot according to longlongtrail But what about soldiers, such as Sikh soldier who were killed? Were they ...
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137 views

How would the family of a soldier killed in WW1 recieve his Victoria Cross?

I am writing historical fiction (setting is British Raj) and am researching the Victoria Cross, and List of Victoria Cross recipients by campaign I know soldiers from North Indian villages were ...
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What was the significance of the BEF moving into the gap between German forces in First Battle of the Marne?

The German troops fighting in the Battle of the Marne were exhausted and their commanders seemed to communicate very little. After the Marne they retreated to the river Aisne and more or less began ...
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1answer
232 views

Can anyone help identify the country, rank, and unit this WWI uniform is from?

I am looking to ID country, rank, and unit shown in this picture. I have already tried googling the collar insignia with no luck.
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Is this photo of Gavrilo Princip or Nedeljko Čabrinović?

It seems most websites say this is Gavrilo Princip who shot Franz Ferdinand, but some say it is Nedeljko Čabrinović who threw the bomb at him. I was wondering if anyone knew for sure?
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282 views

How did an advancing force walk during WW1?

I am searching for any noticeable orders, doctrine or any piece of information about how an advancing force should be organized. I am interested in the scope 1914-1918, on European and Middle-East ...
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1answer
196 views

What kind of rifle used this shell case?

Please, anyone able to tell me what kind of shell is it and what mean this symbol on the bottom ? Is it from 1917?
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101 views

Who was the British liaison officer shunned by French colleagues in 1918 France?

I seem to recall reading that during the German offensive of March 1918, the British retreat led to many Frenchmen suspecting that Britain was about to abandon them. Most particularly, I'm sure I ...
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2k views

Did the western Allies and Russia try to cooperate in World War I as they did in World War II?

America's General Eisenhower referred to it as "cross-ruffing." Coincidentally or otherwise, the timing of Operation Torch came close to the Russian counterattack at Stalingrad, and Operation Husky ...
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What uniform is this man wearing (probably Austro-Hungarian circa 1900)?

Trying to identify time period, soldier rank and war for this ancestor who live 1876-1918. Probably served in Austria Hungarian war. He was a Croat. It appears that the uniform is dark navy?
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Was the Russian Black Sea fleet strong enough to help with land operations on the southern shore in World War I?

The Russian Black Sea Fleet was stronger than the Turkish Black Sea fleet for most of the 19th century. But the successful flight of two German ships to the Black Sea greatly strengthened the Turkish ...
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Can anyone identify this early 20th century european costume/uniform?

Can anyone identify this costume/uniform for me? I am wondering if anyone recognises it or could connect it to any particular country or conflict. We found it in an album belonging to a great aunt who ...
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3answers
5k views

Can anyone identify the regiment and rank from this WWI photograph?

I am trying to identify the person in this WWI era photograph. I believe it may be my great great uncle John Hunt Marshall born Dec 29 1893 in Motherwell, Scotland. He graduated with a BSc from the ...
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Did the British Cabinet agree, at first, to send their expeditionary force to Amiens in August 1914?

I was reading War by Timetable by A.J.P. Taylor, in which he presents his interpretation of how the elaborate timetables prepared by various governments as "contingency plans" took on a life of their ...
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Why did the German army execute so few soldiers in World War I compared to most other armies?

According to Alexander Watson's Ring of Steel and other sources during the whole of the First World War the German army only executed 48 of its soldiers, compared to over 300 in the British and 600-...
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1answer
141 views

Need to identify a European uniform from around 1900

This is my great grandfather...from somewhere in eastern Europe...family from Istria.
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Were WW1 trenches always in a devastated landscape?

I’ve wondered was the Western front always just mud and devastation or were a lot of green fields and woods still intact most of the time?
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Was the internment camp Thalerhof the first concentration camp in Europe?

During World War I, Austrohungarian authorities ran a so-called internment camp in Thalerhof (close to Graz in modern Austria). According to Encyclopedia of Ukraine The first 2,000 prisoners at ...
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1answer
9k views

Why did Bayer lose aspirin and heroin trademarks under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles?

As read in the article Heroin by Wikipedia: Bayer lost some of its trademark rights to heroin (as well as aspirin) under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles following the German defeat in World War I. 83 ...
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1answer
106 views

Are there any good histories of industrial production during WW1?

I have been reading recently about US industrial production during World War 2, and keep finding passing references to legacies of the war production effort in World War 1. I would like to get a more ...
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329 views

Have any spies ever managed to keep their identity secret from their handlers?

Having just started reading up on spies throughout history, I've just realized a new risk I hadn't thought of before, namely that once you've started spying you're at risk of being blackmailed into ...
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3answers
386 views

In comparison to today's tanks, how powerful were various WW1 artillery pieces?

This is a two-part question: Which, if any, WW1 artillery pieces would be able to damage or destroy a modern tank presuming it got a direct hit. That is - what can today's armour NOT protect against ...
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What collar badge did the 36th Battery of the Canadian Field Artillery in WW1 wear?

My Great-Grandfather fought with the 36th Battery CFA of the 9th Brigade during at least a portion of WW1. He was in three other units as well, I'm trying to collect the collar badges for each unit he ...
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287 views

Why did Germany request compensation after the Agadir (2nd Moroccan) crisis?

The way I learned it, France sent troops to Morocco to suppress revolts there on the request of the Sultan. Germany saw it as France trying to take over Morocco and sent a gunboat to Agadir. Their ...
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During World War 1, were any policies in place to handle large scale troop mutiny?

From what I understand, the rank and file didn't really want to be there after the fighting got started (this could be incorrect). During the Christmas Truce, both sides stopped fighting and ...
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108 views

Can someone identify this uniform and cap badge?

Could someone please tell me what this uniform and cap badge are ? My grandfather told me he was a stretcher-bearer in the Hampshire Regiment but neither look like anything I have researched, I truly ...
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Was there a bribery attempt by the UK to get the Ottomans to switch sides in World War I?

While perusing Wikipedia article on Gallipoli Campaign, I saw an intriguing statement: an attempt by the British to bribe the Ottomans to join the Allied side ... failed. Wikipedia citing an ...
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1answer
134 views

Help for identifying a shell

After a few hours of search, I can't identify this shell. I know it's a 75 mm shell, from one of the WW (probably WWI, but can't guarantee it), found in France, but that's about it. Could be from any ...

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