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Questions tagged [world-war-one]

Questions on World War I, events that caused it, strategy and tactics employed by the battling sides and the consequences of this war.

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Why was Germany not broken up at the end of WW1

At the end of WW1 both Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman empire were broken up, but Germany was left intact, apart from some bits of territory given to Denmark, France and Poland. Why did this happen? ...
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0answers
146 views

Can anyone identify this uniform from SE Asia?

Can someone identify this uniform? I suspect it is from WW1 and was taken by an Australian photographer.. tho obviously not in Australia. It is part of a bigger historic pic.. a glass plate amongst a ...
17
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3answers
7k views

WW1 tunneling - bypassing the front line?

During the first world war both sides engaged in tunnel warfare, the primary purpose of which (as far as I can tell) was to place large amounts of explosives under enemy lines and then detonate them ...
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1answer
219 views

As newly independent countries after WWI, why didn't Baltic states have sovereignty dispute and war each other like other Eastern European countries?

After the WWI, many independent countries emerged and the borders between these countries, and also the existing Eastern European countries, were not clear, leading to territorial claims, disputes and ...
2
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1answer
100 views

How to decode / read US Veterans Bureau Form 7202?

In doing some family background research, I came across an old military service record which says it is a "Form 7202 - Rev. Sept., 1927". I would like to decipher the meanings of the various codes to ...
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2answers
1k views

Why is Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf often refered to by his given name “Conrad”?

I am reading various books and material about the Great War, and in the vast majority of cases, important figures are always referred to by their family names. I.e. Clemenceau, Pointcarré, von ...
3
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1answer
176 views

Can anyone help identify this soldier's uniform?

The only info I have about this photograph is that it was taken in WW1. The badges were a bit too grainy for me to match them up with others that I am familiar with so hoping someone else with more ...
3
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1answer
51 views

Post world war one mandates model

Pre World War One and during World War One, the game of world politics was that of direct empirical rule, whereas afterwards, the mandate model was accepted. This stated that for A type mandates there ...
2
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2answers
179 views

What portion of the finance industry was British prior to WWI?

It's sometimes stated that Britain was the financial capital of the world prior to the First World War, and that it took extraordinary war spending like that in the Great War to shift the capital to ...
4
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0answers
85 views

Who is second from the left in the photo of the Salonika Trial Indictees (1917)?

In the wikipedia entry for the Salonika Trial, which proceeded from the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, there's this photo: Indictees at the Salonika trial, after the verdict. Does ...
17
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1answer
3k views

Did Emanuel Lasker write a book declaring that Germany had to win the World War I if civilization were to be saved?

Emanuel Lasker, the second chess world champion, was a very interesting person. I read here that “During World War I, Lasker […] invested all of his money in German war bonds. At the end ...
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1answer
159 views

What light machine guns did the imperial Japanese army use in ww1?

I would love to more about Japanese weaponry in the Great War and, more specifically, about their use of light machine guns, and did they use things like a c96 Mauser or a Madsen LMG. Also, did they ...
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7answers
17k views

Why bother to attack in trench warfare?

At least on the western front, trenches were heavily defended. Any charge was just suicidal, with heavy losses for the attacker and much smaller losses for the defender. As there is a big strategic ...
4
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2answers
421 views

Was there risk of revolution in France at end of World War I?

Germany was forced to finish World War I with signing peace treaty on very humiliating conditions for them. That's because in 1918 in Germany there was active fifth column of communists who were ...
7
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1answer
428 views

When did pilots experience blackouts and redouts for the first time?

I'm working on a semi-historical novel right now. There's an interesting dogfight inside, between two 1914-era planes. While writing it I wondered if at the time, planes were fast enough for pilots ...
5
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1answer
139 views

When were the first deaths from the Spanish Flu Pandemic?

I've found information about the first newspaper articles featuring information about the Spanish Flu Pandemic from this link but one of the quotations from the newspaper says: “The epidemic is of ...
2
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1answer
317 views

How did people react to these WWI posters with their 'brutal messages'?

When war broke out in 1914, the British government, through the Parliamentary Recruiting Committee, set about producing posters to swell the ranks of Britain's small professional army with ...
7
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1answer
421 views

Can anyone confirm the identity of these WWI uniforms?

The photo below was found among some other WWI photos. It seems to be from a book (rather than an original photo) and has been (firmly) glued onto a piece of board (so impossible to see any text on ...
5
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1answer
200 views

Help with identifying my great-grandfather's pre-WWI Cossack uniform

My great-grandfahter was a Cossack from "Then Russia" "Now Belarus" where the Belarus, Ukraine and Poland borders met, but I don't now which "type" like Don or Kuban etc. He fled from the place he ...
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2answers
300 views

Did the Zone Rouge in France and Belgium make a difference in WWII?

WWI left a huge impact on the European landscape - thousands of miles of trenches, torn-apart earth mixed with unexploded ordnance and chemical weapons fallout, and other nasty surprises from the "...
4
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2answers
814 views

Did the Germans occupy Kiev or Odessa in WW I?

A small portion of a historical novel I'm writing concerns a German Reichswehr officer meeting and falling in love with a Ukrainian girl during the First World War. I just need to know a few "everyday ...
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0answers
84 views

Where can I find information about women who worked in French military brothels in WW1?

Although I have found memoirs from serving men who used brothels, I cannot find equivalent first hand accounts from the women.
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1answer
93 views

Identifying a badge/medal

Does anyone know what this is from and who had this?
4
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1answer
127 views

In France, 1916, would a soldier who was invalided out of the army, e.g. as an amputee, still get his army pay?

In France, the law providing ex-servicemen with an army pension did not come in until 1919, so if wounded soldiers were unable to fight, what did they live on?
6
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1answer
391 views

Was Marshal Foch predicting WW2 20 years in advance just a coincidence?

The Allied Supreme Commander at the end of WW1, Ferdinand Foch, seemingly predicted at the signing of the Treaty of Versailles hostilities with Germany recurring in the future. His prediction for the ...
2
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0answers
141 views

Who said these Canadian quotes from WWI?

CANADIAN quote help (just need to know who said it). Quote 1: “Je ne me sentais pas vraiment canadien avant Vimy. Après j’étais canadien jusqu’au bout. On avait le sentiment qu’on ne pouvait pas ...
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0answers
168 views

Origin of “It won't be done by next Tuesday”

This may seem ridiculous but I'll give it a shot anyway. Always very interested in history, especially figuring out where sayings came from. Been watching Downton Abbey for probably the hundredth time ...
3
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2answers
509 views

Is there any good reason to call the German Emperor “the Kaiser”, implying something uniquely German about him?

It is common, in History-Channel-Grade English language documentaries at least, to refer to German emperors, and William II in particular, as "the Kaiser". This is just the German term for emperor ...
2
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1answer
125 views

In 1916, did an amputee, invalided out of the French army, get a pension?

Did an amputee, invalided out of the French army, get a pension in 1916, and if so, how much in francs per year?
4
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1answer
170 views

Placard with 3 red crosses - probably WW1

I found a placard in my great-grandfather's scrapbook, it's with some other WW1 items so I'm guessing it's related to the war. But what is it?
7
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1answer
282 views

How common was the German desire for revenge for the humiliation of 1918 armistice?

The author of the article "How Peace Kept WWI Alive" (here in English) at spiegel.de writes about the relationship between the two World Wars. The article says (emphasis added) that The experience ...
50
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1answer
10k views

Why was World War I ended on Nov 11 11:00, rather than immediately upon signing the armistice?

The First World War ended on 11th Nov at 11:00 ("The eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month"). But my question is why? If peace has been agreed (The armistice was signed at 5:00), why ...
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0answers
116 views

International mail in the early 1900s

I am currently studying Middle East Political history and have come to some correspondences between British diplomats and Arab leaders. The dates on these outgoing correspondences are 14 July 1915, ...
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1answer
283 views

Why did WW1 soldiers carry so much equipment? [closed]

I am actually so confused. Shouldn’t they just carry a gun and ammo and maybe some rations?
2
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1answer
278 views

Were aerial dogfights during WW2 and WW1 typically very one-sided?

I am wondering whether most dogfights ended decisively and if so, whether many relatively inexperienced pilots knew they were probably going to die or at least have to eject from their planes. Or was ...
5
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1answer
390 views

Did Gavrilo Princip Try To Drown Himself?

The assassination of archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 (which lead to World War 1) was carried out by the black hand; specifically Gavrilo Princip. Most sources conclude that he failed to kill himself ...
3
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1answer
257 views

Why didn't the WWI Allies attack through the Vosges Mountains after 1915?

The Western Front in WWI stretched between the North Sea and the Swiss boarder and it changed very little from when it was established at the end of 1914 for much of the war. This stagnant line ...
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3answers
328 views

Was WW1's extended static slaughter caused by bad leadership?

Reading through the accounts of the Somme, Verdun, French generals insisting on parade ground blue uniforms, Nivelle's troops rebelling, the Isonzo battles, I often have the impression that the top ...
4
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0answers
280 views

Help identifying Great Grandfather's Military Uniform either WW1 or pre WW1

Hoping to find some help on identifying my Great Grandfather's uniform, pictured below. He died in 1929 at age 50, putting his possible year of birth @ 1879. He was born & died in Istria, now ...
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0answers
78 views

Did some people expect extent of WWI before it started? [duplicate]

I am NO historian. So my question could be naive. Was the WWI planned many years before (weapons, strategies, logistics, mass of dead people) or it was more: "it is happening right now." I heard for ...
2
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2answers
119 views

What was the wage of the soldiers serving in the CEF compared to the soldiers serving in the British army?

I believe that the title explains the question quite well however I will elaborate. We know that soldiers, even conscripted ones were indeed paid during their service in the two different armies. ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Did Russia and Lenin benefit from the Treaty of Versailles?

Russia suffered a substantial land loss and severe economic problems due to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. However, the land Germany gained from Russia was to be independent according to Treaty of ...
8
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1answer
446 views

Why did the French Army melt film during WWI?

I have just watched the film Hugo which is in part a telling of the life of Georges Méliès. Part of the film is that he sold his films which were then melted down to make heels for shoes. I did some ...
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1answer
182 views

How useful is an official WW1 painting for analysing the Battle of Mons?

Help me with this question please! I'm having an examination soon.
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1answer
246 views

When was the White Feather first used as a symbol of cowardice?

During WWI in Britain (and in some British colonies), a white feather was commonly given to men who were seen as cowards for not enlisting. The idea of using a white feather comes supposedly from ...
7
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1answer
224 views

Did the Central Powers during World War 1 try to sue for peace before the Armistice?

Given their limited offensive actions during the trench warfare, the Austro-Hungarians were surely considering this was as far as they could actually advance. Didn't they put up negotiation positions ...
42
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6answers
8k views

How was Germany able to hold itself together, while Austria-Hungary could not?

After defeat in WWI, the monarchies of the German Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire rapidly crumbled, and their outlying provinces took the opportunity to declare independence and sovereignty. ...
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4answers
6k views

Why didn't the British Grand Fleet force an engagement with the German Imperial Navy in WW1?

I'm watching the channel The Great War on YouTube, which documents the goings on of the First World War week by week (careful, it's addictive and there are literally hundreds of episodes). It is my ...
7
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1answer
751 views

Why were areas in Schleswig with a German majority after the Treaty of Versailles not claimed by Hitler

As a part of the Treaty of Versailles, and following the results of the two Schleswig plebiscites held in 1920, the northern part of Schleswig (Zone 1) was returned to Denmark while the central part (...
13
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2answers
495 views

Was it not clear to the WWI allies that they were over-reaching with the treaty of Sevres?

In the treaty of Sevres, the Ottoman Empire was made to cede not only all (?) territories outside modern-day Turkey, but also: Control of the Bosphorus straight and the Dardanelles Significant ...