Questions tagged [world-war-one]

Questions on World War I, events that caused it, strategy and tactics employed by the battling sides and the consequences of this war.

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Where can I find primary source material for the 1914 July Crisis?

Which organisations hold copies of primary source material, such as official Austro-Hungarian, Russian and German correspondence, from the twelve weeks of the July Crisis in 1914, online or otherwise?
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102 views

How would an Allied promise to "supply" Romania sway that country?

In wooing Romania to the "Allied" side in World War I, the "Entente" powers promised Romania not only post war territorial gains, but to "supply" the country's war needs ...
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What did the Germans believe were the causes of WWI during the war and after?

Did the Germans en masse believe they were waging a defensive war or a war for colonies, or a war for living space, or preventive war or a war in support of allies? I have read about some opinions of ...
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Please help identify this shell casing

We found the end of a shell casing in our garden. We believe it is made of brass it’s 3.2 inches across and has the following stamps on it: DCP oo 75 M No 32 1917 BA with N on its side above. ...
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276 views

Does footage of WWI bombing of London by zeppelins exist?

I remember seeing footage of a zeppelin dropping bombs on London in a documentary on WWI, however I cannot seem to find it on the Internet. Did I dream or does it actually exist?
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Why did Arthur Zimmermann admit to his infamous, intercepted telegram to Mexico? Why not deny it? [duplicate]

This answer on Quora by Jim Wayne, B.A. Duke University (1967) doesn't answer my question, because it just raises these follow up questions. So Zimmermann thought that lying would be useless, since ...
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5answers
398 views

Wouldn't shortening the front also shorten it for the enemy?

I'm reading now and then that armies would withdraw in order to flatten out salients and shorten the front to make it more easily defensible, such as in the case of Operation Alberich. The logic being ...
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299 views

Have the officials/leaders of the winning country ever been punished for war crimes?

Is there any case in history where the leaders/officials of the winning country have been punished for war crimes? In most cases I can find of war crimes, the officials/leaders of the losing country ...
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Help identifying this WWI Italian uniform

My great grandfather served in the Italian army in WWI and this is the only photo we have of him in uniform. He said he was a runner in the war but otherwise we don’t know much about his time during ...
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Need help identifying rank and military service [duplicate]

Thinking WW1 - Photo found in family stuff. Also can't read the name very well. Looks like Perz something.
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1answer
203 views

Need help identifying the military service and rank

Thinking WW1. Photos in box of family stuff.
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What was the device that general Birdwood was using in the "Gallipoli" TV series?

Since this is a question about historical detail, I think it suits more this site than Movies SE. The miniseries Gallipoli tells the story of the invasion on that peninsula during the Great War. I ...
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Can anyone tell me what military uniform this is?

This is my great grandfather and on the back of the picture it states "France 1913", I am restoring the picture, adding color, and need help identifying the uniform so I can make add the ...
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320 views

When was this picture taken?

This is a picture from my family's book & stationery store that was in Aspen, Colorado, and I'd love to get a better idea when it was taken. We owned the store between maybe 1905 and maybe 1945. ...
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170 views

How were army formations deployed in the First World War in trenches?

When WW1 started, a stalemate settled in, which resulted in extreme stress and PTSD for both sides of the war. The Allies countered this by rotating troops in and out of frontlines, support lines and ...
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109 views

Can anyone help ID the uniform in the picture? It's probly WWI, Maybe Austria or Italian or Czech?

This is a picture of my grandfather. Paul Boratko. We think he was born in Austria, but married a woman from Slovakia and imigrated to the USA after WWI. I'm trying to ID the uniform in this picture. ...
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What was the "Favorable result" that the German admiralty was expecting from the naval attack on the Royal Navy in 1918?

The infamous order from 24th October 1918 was planning to slam the German High Seas Fleet against the British Royal Navy. If I recall correctly, this was the second time Germany tried to even the odds ...
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176 views

Can anyone tell me anything about the markings on these shell casings?

These shell casings have been passed down. Can anyone tell me anything about the markings?
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120 views

Can anyone identify these (possibly WW1 Polish) uniforms?

The only hint I have is that the gentlemen in the picture were Polish and it was reputed to have been taken in 1917. So far I suspect that they may be cavalry?
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124 views

During WW1, did any Irish join Kitchener’s Army?

Were there Irish recruits for Kitchener’s 3 year enlistment program during WW1? I understand that most Irish volunteers were Protestants from Ulster, but am wondering if they would have qualified for ...
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1answer
279 views

Were there any attempts at a federation or commonwealth to save Austria-Hungary from breaking up after ww1?

As known, the population of Austria-Hungary was made up of 11 major ethnic identities.. When the war ended, A-H broke up as it was instead of forming a new federation of Austria, Hungary with an ...
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132 views

How were improvised masks used to defend gas attacks in World War One?

During the battle for Ypres in April 1915 the attacking Germans used chlorine gas to great effect, nearly annihilating the 1,100 defending French. The French had moved closer to the gas cloud, ...
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106 views

What was the best way to travel across Anatolia in 1914?

What was the best way to travel across Anatolia in 1914? Specifically, I'm writing a story in which a character needs to travel from Constantinople to Van (a city which would later see protracted ...
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1answer
147 views

Where was the Turkish Navy based in July 1914?

I'm trying to figure out whether, if not for the July crisis, Russia could have tried an amphibious invasion of Turkey in 1914, and what the outcome would have been if so. It seems to me the answer ...
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313 views

Was Russia ready for amphibious invasion of Istanbul in 1914?

I've been reading The Russian Origins of the First World War by Sean McMeekin, in which he makes some very interesting claims about what the strategic situation prior to the July crisis looked like ...
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1answer
340 views

What was the fastest coal-powered ship in a country's navy?

The transition from coal to oil fuel as the primary energy source for navy ships took place leading up to and during WWI. The last British battleship to primarily use coal power was the Iron Duke ...
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Was there an increased interest in 'the spirit world' in the aftermath of the First World War?

In this excellent answer on Literature Stack Exchange, a quote from Alexander Leggatt's 'William Shakespeare's Macbeth' states: The sense that evil forces are at work in Macbeth may be a product of ...
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203 views

Can anyone identify the country, rank, and unit of this WWI Uniform?

A photograph of my grandfather, Stephen Peter Barbustiak (sp of last name changed during immigration process). DOB 20 August 1895 in Odorin, present day Slovakia. Married September 3, 1917. I know he ...
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105 views

What does an English Liberty-shaded lamp look like?

The London Venture by Michael Arlen several times mentions a woman with dark hair given a blue sheen as she sits under a Liberty-shaded lamp. Any idea what this lamp looked like? Illustrator: Michel ...
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Can you identify this (possibly Bulgarian) uniform?

can someone identify the country the uniform is from? Context: Must have been born before 1880. First served in the Austro-Hungarian army, perhaps as an officer servant, possibly to a man who later ...
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141 views

Are there records of soldiers opinions of canned food in WWI?

While reading the Wikipedia article on canning, I came across the following statement (with no citation). Throughout the war, British soldiers generally subsisted on low-quality canned foodstuffs, ...
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1answer
401 views

What is this artillery shell?

I found this in my Grandfather’s basement. He served in World War 2, in the Pacific Theater. He sadly passed away and we have no idea if this is safe. Can anyone help with identifying this? It is 13 ...
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2answers
369 views

What were the relations between Romania and Bulgaria before WWI?

I am researching the Balkan's involvement in World War 1. Specifically, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Romania. My question is: What were Romanian - and Bulgarian relations in, and around the lead-up to the ...
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Were there other reasons or interests apart from Pan-Slavism for the Russian Empire to support Serbia? [duplicate]

In my History class, I was taught that that the Russian Empire supported Serbia's independence and nationality and fought against the Austria-Hungary Empire due to Pan-Slavism. My point is, were there ...
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109 views

Can anyone point me to an online version of the 1900 amendment to the Franco-Russian Military Convention 1892?

Incitement The Wikipedia article, France-Russia relations, linked in an answer to this question, has After France was humiliated by Britain in the Fashoda Incident of 1898, the French wanted the ...
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100 views

What is this (possibly WW1) officer's uniform and regiment?

This photograph comes from an old family photo album - our family is of British descent who lived in South Africa. Unfortunately those who knew this person have since died and we are hoping to track ...
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1answer
214 views

Was Wilhelm II aware of the Franco-Russian Military Convention 1892?

The second sentence of Article 1 of the Convention reads, If Russia is attacked by Germany, or by Austria supported by Germany, France shall employ all her available forces to attack Germany. ...
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Why did it take so long for the Germans to develop the first tank model in World War I?

World War I still featured a lot of trench warfare due do a lack of mobility that placed an advantage upon the defender. When the British managed to invent the first tank, that seemed like an ...
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752 views

Can anybody help identify this uniform ? Circa WW1

I presume this photo is circa WW1. Can anybody identify which unit, regiment and rank, this would be very helpful.
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621 views

What was Wilhelm II's "book about the causes of the war"?

In Hugh Kingsmill's "Frank Harris" (1932) he describes how in the 1890s, in the Saturday Review, Harris wrote a series of attacks on the German regime and Wilhelm in particular, and then ...
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Can someone provide a source for the claim that MI5 paid Mussolini to do pro-war propaganda?

This 2009 Guardian article claims that Mussolini was paid 100 £ per week during War World I to write pro-war propaganda articles on his newspaper "Il Popolo D'Italia". The article is ...
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1answer
740 views

Can you identify this artillery shell?

I'm not sure but my grandfather says that it is from time of first world war. As his father served in British army during 1st world war. He(great grandfather) has done some kind of modification on it. ...
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199 views

How strong was pacifism in interwar Germany?

During the rearmament of Germany operated by Hitler and especially during the remilitarization of the Rhineland, the French Republic stayed by and, in doing so, probably failed to seize the last ...
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454 views

Did Germans refuse to take Cossacks prisoners in WWI? If so, why?

The Russian Wikipedia's page about Kozma Kryuchkov, the first awardee of Russia's Cross of Saint George in the First World War, says: После этого случая, освещённого почти во всей тогдашней ...
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Can anyone tell me information about this uniform?

This is my Great-Great Grandfather during WWI in the Royal Italian Army. Looking for any hints that his uniform could tell me about his type of service
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1answer
390 views

How long did Adolf Hitler serve on the front lines as an infantryman in WWI before becoming a courier?

In Word War I Hitler served in France with the Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 16 (1st Company) before being promoted from Schütze (Private) to Gefreiter (Lance Corporal) and assigned to be a ...
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4k views

What uniform is this (German/WW1?) and could a 15–16 year old be wearing it?

I was told that this would be a German uniform from WW1. Is that correct? I would assume that would be right, however, the picture is from spring 1917 and the young man was only 15–16 years old in ...
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107 views

What percentage of the German population worked on gathering the harvest in 1917?

It is a well-known fact that Germany suffered from food shortage during World War I, and that there were several causes of this, including in no particular order: The blockade restricting food ...
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What were Germany's long-term aims in World War I?

In World War I, according to the Schlieffen Plan, Germany aimed to defeat France in several weeks, before freeing up soldiers to fight on the front against Russia. Suppose their plan would have ...
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1answer
246 views

Was the Kerensky Offensive doomed from the start?

I've been reading about Russia in the Great War during 1917, and what is quite surprising for me is the Kerensky Offensive. Primarily, what is surprising is that the army was in great material terms ...

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