Questions tagged [world-war-one]

Questions on World War I, events that caused it, strategy and tactics employed by the battling sides and the consequences of this war.

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3answers
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Was Nicholas II Romanov the last king of Poland?

Nicholas II Romanov, the last Emperor of All-Russia, used also (among many others) titles: Grand Prince of Lithuania, and King of Poland. The Wikipedia states he was "a titular" King of Poland. In ...
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2answers
242 views

Were WW1 trenches always in a devastated landscape?

I’ve wondered was the Western front always just mud and devastation or were a lot of green fields and woods still intact most of the time?
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Italian History from 1870-1913: Why did Italy have such a hard time becoming a “Great Power” like Germany?

Both Italy and Prussia-Germany became united from the years 1870-1871. Instead of small provinces, the country became united under one political leadership. Their unification received the help of ...
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Can anyone help identify the country, rank, and unit this WWI uniform is from?

I am looking to ID country, rank, and unit of this picture. I have already tried googling the collar insignia with no luck
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1answer
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Is this photo of Gavrilo Princip or Nedeljko Čabrinović?

It seems most websites say this is Gavrilo Princip who shot Franz Ferdinand, but some say it is Nedeljko Čabrinović who threw the bomb at him. I was wondering if anyone knew for sure?
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How did an advancing force walk during WW1?

I am searching for any noticeable orders, doctrine or any piece of information about how an advancing force should be organized. I am interested in the scope 1914-1918, on European and Middle-East ...
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1answer
161 views

What kind of rifle used this shell case?

Please, anyone able to tell me what kind of shell is it and what mean this symbol on the bottom ? Is it from 1917?
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2answers
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Did the western Allies and Russia try to cooperate in World War I as they did in World War II?

America's General Eisenhower referred to it as "cross-ruffing." Coincidentally or otherwise, the timing of Operation Torch came close to the Russian counterattack at Stalingrad, and Operation Husky ...
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1answer
95 views

What uniform is this man wearing (probably Austro-Hungarian circa 1900)?

Trying to identify time period, soldier rank and war for this ancestor who live 1876-1918. Probably served in Austria Hungarian war. He was a Croat. It appears that the uniform is dark navy?
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Who was the British liaison officer shunned by French colleagues in 1918 France?

I seem to recall reading that during the German offensive of March 1918, the British retreat led to many Frenchmen suspecting that Britain was about to abandon them. Most particularly, I'm sure I ...
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2answers
246 views

Was the Russian Black Sea fleet strong enough to help with land operations on the southern shore in World War I?

The Russian Black Sea Fleet was stronger than the Turkish Black Sea fleet for most of the 19th century. But the successful flight of two German ships to the Black Sea greatly strengthened the Turkish ...
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3answers
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Can anyone identify the regiment and rank from this WWI photograph?

I am trying to identify the person in this WWI era photograph. I believe it may be my great great uncle John Hunt Marshall born Dec 29 1893 in Motherwell, Scotland. He graduated with a BSc from the ...
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1answer
402 views

Can anyone identify this uniform from SE Asia?

Can someone identify this uniform? I suspect it is from WW1 and was taken by an Australian photographer.. tho obviously not in Australia. It is part of a bigger historic pic.. a glass plate amongst a ...
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Can anyone identify this early 20th century european costume/uniform?

Can anyone identify this costume/uniform for me? I am wondering if anyone recognises it or could connect it to any particular country or conflict. We found it in an album belonging to a great aunt who ...
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2answers
446 views

Why did the price of eggs in Britain increase much more than for other basic foods during WWI?

At the beginning of WWI, Britain was only about 40% self-sufficient in food, a major problem given the tonnage of ships sunk by German submarines. Unsurprisingly, food prices rose. In First World War ...
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Why did the German army execute so few soldiers in World War I compared to most other armies?

According to Alexander Watson's Ring of Steel and other sources during the whole of the First World War the German army only executed 48 of its soldiers, compared to over 300 in the British and 600-...
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When did the “Great War” become “World War 1”?

That's the question, when did "The Great War" get named "World War I"? I'm assuming it must have been at least after WWII started.
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62 views

Did the British Cabinet agree, at first, to send their expeditionary force to Amiens in August 1914?

I was reading War by Timetable by A.J.P. Taylor, in which he presents his interpretation of how the elaborate timetables prepared by various governments as "contingency plans" took on a life of their ...
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1answer
127 views

Need to identify a European uniform from around 1900

This is my great grandfather...from somewhere in eastern Europe...family from Istria.
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4answers
842 views

Was it not clear to the WWI allies that they were over-reaching with the treaty of Sevres?

In the treaty of Sevres, the Ottoman Empire was made to cede not only all (?) territories outside modern-day Turkey, but also: Control of the Bosphorus straight and the Dardanelles Significant ...
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1answer
9k views

Why did Bayer lose aspirin and heroin trademarks under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles?

As read in the article Heroin by Wikipedia: Bayer lost some of its trademark rights to heroin (as well as aspirin) under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles following the German defeat in World War I. 83 ...
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67 views

Was the internment camp Thalerhof the first concentration camp in Europe?

During World War I, Austrohungarian authorities ran a so-called internment camp in Thalerhof (close to Graz in modern Austria). According to Encyclopedia of Ukraine The first 2,000 prisoners at ...
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How did Turkey achieve such a quick military rebound after World War I?

The Ottoman military had a very weak performance in World War I (1914-1918), completely defeated in the Middle Eastern theatre and ended up losing almost all of its non-Anatolia possession. This was ...
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2answers
525 views

How common was it for Red Cross personnel to fight (in both World Wars)?

How common was it for Red Cross medical personnel to take part in military action on the battlefields (in both World Wars)? How was this received by the combatants (friendly and enemy)? The question ...
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1answer
302 views

Have any spies ever managed to keep their identity secret from their handlers?

Having just started reading up on spies throughout history, I've just realized a new risk I hadn't thought of before, namely that once you've started spying you're at risk of being blackmailed into ...
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Are there any good histories of industrial production during WW1?

I have been reading recently about US industrial production during World War 2, and keep finding passing references to legacies of the war production effort in World War 1. I would like to get a more ...
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1answer
695 views

Can you identify this possibly Austro-Hungarian military uniform from either WW1 or before?

My Great Grandfather died in 1929 at age 50, putting his possible year of birth at 1879. He was born and died in Istria, now modern-day Croatia. During his lifetime, however, this part of the world ...
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3answers
332 views

In comparison to today's tanks, how powerful were various WW1 artillery pieces?

This is a two-part question: Which, if any, WW1 artillery pieces would be able to damage or destroy a modern tank presuming it got a direct hit. That is - what can today's armour NOT protect against ...
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2answers
239 views

Why did Germany request compensation after the Agadir (2nd Moroccan) crisis?

The way I learned it, France sent troops to Morocco to suppress revolts there on the request of the Sultan. Germany saw it as France trying to take over Morocco and sent a gunboat to Agadir. Their ...
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62 views

What collar badge did the 36th Battery of the Canadian Field Artillery in WW1 wear?

My Great-Grandfather fought with the 36th Battery CFA of the 9th Brigade during at least a portion of WW1. He was in three other units as well, I'm trying to collect the collar badges for each unit he ...
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During World War 1, were any policies in place to handle large scale troop mutiny?

From what I understand, the rank and file didn't really want to be there after the fighting got started (this could be incorrect). During the Christmas Truce, both sides stopped fighting and ...
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106 views

Can someone identify this uniform and cap badge?

Could someone please tell me what this uniform and cap badge are ? My grandfather told me he was a stretcher-bearer in the Hampshire Regiment but neither look like anything I have researched, I truly ...
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1answer
431 views

Was there a bribery attempt by the UK to get the Ottomans to switch sides in World War I?

While perusing Wikipedia article on Gallipoli Campaign, I saw an intriguing statement: an attempt by the British to bribe the Ottomans to join the Allied side ... failed. Wikipedia citing an ...
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1answer
117 views

Help for identifying a shell

After a few hours of search, I can't identify this shell. I know it's a 75 mm shell, from one of the WW (probably WWI, but can't guarantee it), found in France, but that's about it. Could be from any ...
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5answers
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Was the Zimmerman Telegram a ruse on the US or a way of Germany to incite Mexico to declare war on the US?

Prior to America's entry into WWI the Zimmerman Telegram was one incident that helped push America to declare war against Germany and join the Allies. While Mexico never fought against the US, so was ...
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2answers
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What happens to the corpses after the world wars?

I was reading my history book, and it stated that the Battle of Somme caused at least 20,000 casualties just to British troops, and another 25,000 to German troops. What happens to the dead bodies ...
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2answers
264 views

Does anyone know anything about this poem

My near 80 year old mother remembers having this poem recited to her by her mother as a young girl. She remembers a great deal but there are some gaps. Is anyone able to place it in context or ...
14
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1answer
988 views

Why did the French Army melt film during WWI?

I have just watched the film Hugo which is in part a telling of the life of Georges Méliès. Part of the film is that he sold his films which were then melted down to make heels for shoes. I did some ...
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7answers
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Why did Spain not participate in World War I?

Spain was losing influence in America for the previous 100 years, and there was a recent Spanish-American war. So how could have Spain remained neutral? Why could Spain not find a place in the ...
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0answers
166 views

Can anyone help identify this World War One uniform?

I have this photograph of my grandfather in uniform - taken in Seaford, Sussex, England, some time after 1914. Can anyone tell me anything about this uniform? He eventually joined 525 coy. 62nd ...
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1answer
239 views

Which army uniform is this (2nd Boer British or WWI US)?

Hi all, Wondering if anyone can help me identify which army uniform this is? My GG Grandfather (b. 1878) signed up for the Second Boer War in the British army as an Irishman and possibly WW1 in the ...
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1answer
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Why did Russia support Serbia in the years leading to World War I?

Serbia, in its desires to develop a Slavic state, was hindered by Austria-Hungary, which took steps to stop Serbia, especially shown by the autonomy given to Albania by Austria. When Austria ...
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5answers
521 views

Were there any assassinations of high-profile Austrian officials before that of the Archduke Ferdinand?

I am trying to argue that "the Blank Cheque" ushered Austria to be aggressive against Serbia, thus leading to WW1. Were there any assassinations, mainly by Serbians, of equally or a bit less important ...
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Were soldiers in the World Wars paid?

There have always been professional soldiers however during the world wards there were vast conscription to encourage young men to join up for "King and Country". Presumably there was some sort of ...
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1answer
163 views

Can you help me identify the rank and patch on this Royal Italian Army uniform?

Can you help me identify the rank and patch on this uniform on the far right? It's from around 1910. Thank you very much.
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1answer
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The WWI Christmas truce of 1914 resulted in no consequences, in spite of clear warnings against such beforehand - why were there no courts-martial?

British and German Soldiers photographed together during 1914 Christmas Truce. Source: The Daily Mirror, Friday January 8, 1915. Question What factors led to no courts-martial charges being pursued ...
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1answer
237 views

Were there US troops on the WW1 eastern front?

I would like to know more about the first world war, especially about the involvement of the USA on the eastern front. Were there any US troops in eastern front present, if so how many? Thanks in ...
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2answers
292 views

Did some chemical weapons from the military end up in private hands after WWI?

It is a common, well-documented knowledge, that chemical weapons were widely used during the Great War. It is also quite common knowledge, that soldiers like to take "souvenirs" from the battlefield - ...
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1answer
339 views

Please identify this WW1 Italian Uniform

Can you tell me anything about the uniform in the picture? I believe the picture was taken around the time of the first WW in Sicily. The insignia on the hat, the hat itself, the boots and sword makes ...
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1answer
362 views

Can anyone identify this woman’s uniform?

Found this photo in a box of family pictures from England. Most photos were prior to WW1

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