Questions tagged [world-war-one]

Questions on World War I, events that caused it, strategy and tactics employed by the battling sides and the consequences of this war.

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What role did Congo play in the outbreak of WW1? [closed]

Yeah, really crazy sounding question. But please hold on, moderator! :) Congo was a Belgian colony in 1914, and neutral Belgium was the first country that Germany invaded. And if Germany got Congo, ...
Tombola's user avatar
  • 117
10 votes
3 answers
4k views

Why the imbalance of casualties in WW 1?

Recently I have read the Wikipedia article about the casualties in WW 1. There I found something I could not explain. I quote: The Triple Entente (also known as the Allies) lost about 6 million ...
Zorg's user avatar
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Did Austria-Hungary have to cede land to Italy after occupying Serbia, and was it because of article 7?

Article VII of The Triple Alliance, signed 1912, states the following: Austria-Hungary and Italy, having in mind only the maintenance, so far as possible, of the territorial status quo in the Orient, ...
Felix Borelius's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
110 views

Was the Italian 7th battalion, 11th division on the Austrian front in 1918?

The top image shows a postcard dated 7/10/1918, which was sent to my grandfather on the occasion of his 26th birthday. He is 3rd from the left. I’m having difficulty making out what it says on the ...
Derek's user avatar
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0 answers
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Identify a WW1 uniform

What is this uniform? Photo of my grandfather. I believe he was in the British Army in India during WW1, possibly Army Pay Corps as he was deaf so could not fight. I cannot find anything about the ...
Wendy's user avatar
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0 answers
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What proportion of UK civilians killed in the first and second world wars were women and children?

I recently learnt that the number of UK civilians killed in the first world war is around 2,000. This seems surprisingly low but understandable when we realize that the UK wasn't subject to a land ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
110 views

What is some of the equipment and uniform of the German Empire officer and some places I could get it? [closed]

I want to go for an infantry officer from Prussia and this is the best image I can find. I don't know how this is basic but it cant be solved with Wikipedia other wise I would have found my answer ...
hunter painter's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
186 views

Was World War 1 a direct consequence of the Balkan Wars?

The Wikipedia article for Balkan Wars lists it as one of the reasons leading to WW1. Otto von Bismark also quoted If there is ever another war in Europe, it will come out of some damned silly thing ...
megamonster68's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
247 views

What do the marking on these artillery shell casings in brass and steel mean?

I have two artillery shell casings, one brass, one steel that appear identical, height 229mm/9.0" app', base diameter 91mm/3.575" app', body diameter 81mm/3.190" app, I.D. diameter 75mm/...
VintageIron's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
279 views

Did the Czechoslovak Legion commit "war crimes" in Russia?

When Legionaries returned to Czechoslovakia, they were celebrated as heroes, laid the foundation of the modern Czechoslovak Army and were instrumental in the forging of a national spirit. With ...
byMaelstromer's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
218 views

What are these shell case markings?

I have this shell case which was handed down in my family. We know very little about it and wondered if anyone can help identify the markings. I would be very grateful for any assistance.
Peter Ling's user avatar
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Identification of a WW1 German shell casing?

I have what I believe is a German WW1 shell casing. It is marked RhMF (54?) MARZ 1918 Düsseldorf. Approximately 8 1/2” diameter, 9 1/8” tall, 12 1/2 pounds. Any information would be much appreciated.
Trudi Barr's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

Who is this decorated WWI Italian Army General?

This has been a tough one. I'm trying to identify who this is. He's an Italian General, and a highly decorated one, with four medals of valour, two crosses of war merit (Croce al Merito di Guerra), ...
Pax Romana's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
152 views

What is Lenin critically referring to here - presumably some actions by Trotsky?

What is Lenin referring to here? "Discerning reader”: note that this does not mean “blowing up bridges”, organising unsuccessful strikes in the war industries, and ·in general helping the ...
luke's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
980 views

What was this 1917 shell casing used for?

Bought this shell from an antique store. Would like to know the history behind it, as in what it was used for? (The casing is about 16 and 1/2 inches in length)
Blake's user avatar
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1 answer
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Are these Polish WWI or WW2 uniforms? And any idea on the shorter gentleman's military decoration (cross?) on left shoulder?

Can anyone identify these uniforms and the military decoration that looks like an x or a cross on the shorter gentleman? The shorter gentleman is my great-grandfather. The only information I have is ...
Kasia Lee's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Which British WW1 regiment is shown in this photograph?

This is a photograph of my Grandfather John Wilson who was born in Randlestown, Northern Ireland in February 1885. He moved to Scotland and served in WW1. He survived the war and died on 31st December ...
Iain Mackenzie's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
284 views

What events or situations of WW1 led to a Nazi fascination with Anglo-Saxon powers?

In the book Hitler, a world biography of Brendan Simms, it is said that Hitler and Nazi leaders were fascinated by the "power of the anglo-saxon countries". It is also mentionned that this ...
totalMongot's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
463 views

Why is Berehove in Ukraine and not in Hungary?

Checking the distribution of the Hungarian minority in Ukraine, is seems there is a stripe of land next to the Hungarian/Ukrainian border which has a majority of Hungarian inhabitants. Such a stripe, ...
pinpon's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
1k views

New Zealand uniform or elsewhere?

I am trying to identify the man in this photo and thought I'd start with the uniform. The photo was among New Zealand photos, but I don't see the NZ on his badge. I'd be grateful for any information.
BarbD's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
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How did Admiral King survive his early mistakes in World War II?

In all fairness, Admiral Ernest J. King made important contributions to World War II as the U.S. naval Commander in Chief, most notably in the Pacific theater. He had a number of major weaknesses, ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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0 answers
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What kind of uniform is this, with a closed collar on a WWI British General?

The British Army's Service Dress uniform "has been referred to as No. 2 Dress, with the tunic being swapped out for a jacket with an open collar for wear with collared shirt and tie." King ...
user61793's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
139 views

What are the markings on this shell casing? (Dubrovnik)

This is a shell casing from the First World War. Found at an old home in Dubrovnik, Croatia, (Home of my friend's grand-dad's) I am curious about the meaning of the different markings.
Fernando's user avatar
9 votes
4 answers
556 views

Why was the BEF so ill-prepared for WW1?

I'm reading Peter Hart's The Great War: A Combat History of The First World War. I'm very new to studying history, but making my way. One thing that's stood out to me is how ill-prepared the British ...
GMoss's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
639 views

Why was there relatively little use of land mines in WW1?

International Campaign to Ban Landmines - A History of Landmines | Problem | ICBL Precursors of the weapon are said to have first been used in the American Civil War in the 1800s. But antipersonnel ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
16 votes
3 answers
5k views

Is this photo of the Red Baron authentic?

I belong to a German singing club in Austin, Texas which was founded in 1879. Hanging on the wall of our club room is the photo below. In the upper left corner is an inscription, which I can't quite ...
B. Goddard's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
928 views

Can you identify the markings on this WW1 trench art?

enter image description hereCan anyone help me decode these markings?
Lori Caldwell's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
759 views

What are they wearing over their shoulders?

What is the Tsar wearing over his shoulder? I believe this has been worn by armies since the 18th century up to around WW2. I scanned through this article but to no end: https://www.rbth.com/arts/2015/...
Warren's user avatar
  • 587
-3 votes
1 answer
77 views

What was the difference between the Sykes Picot and League of Nations Mandate? [duplicate]

I can't really understand. I read history that says the Sykes-Picot Agreement was this secret agreement and it is why the Middle East is the way it is today. But then there's this other League of ...
Dylan's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
464 views

How were Mercy Dogs of WWI and WWII trained to know which soldier is from their side and which one isn't?

So, I have been reading about the Mercy Dogs of WWI and WWII. I was wondering, how did they actually train dogs to know which soldier belonged to their 'side', and which soldier belonged to the 'enemy ...
Tsar Asterov XVII's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
347 views

What is the origin of the expression "I'm the culture they're dying for"?

There is an anecdote about a young man (a poet) being berated by an older woman during WWI where she asks him if he is not ashamed of letting all those other young men die to protect their culture, to ...
user254694's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
128 views

Is Dual alliance, Entente Cordiale in this context?

We imagined the Franco-German War of 1870-71 and the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78 were the final conflicts between Great Powers, that now there was a Balance of Power sufficiently stable to make ...
1amroff's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
108 views

What can I learn from this man's uniform?

This is my Polish Great Grandfather - I'm trying to create his story by looking at his uniform. Imperial Russian Uniform? Lithuanian cross? Help! Photo taken in Saint Petersburg, Russia He was born ...
Michele Geller's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
88 views

Why did the French SFIO abandon its anti-militaristic views after Jaures' death?

Before his murder on July 31st 1914, Jaures and the SFIO attempted to unite the workers of the different European countries to not take part in what became WWI. However, only two days after his death, ...
user1627466's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
359 views

Was there anything similar to the World War 1 Christmas truce in World War 2?

I know that there was an unofficial Christmas truce during World War I, so now my question is this: was there anything similar during World War 2? It is close to the holidays as I am writing this ...
Abraham Ray's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
222 views

What do the collar symbols / insignia on this WW I Austrian soldiers uniform mean?

I am trying to determine what the rank or group of a soldier in a vintage photo is. I've been searching the internet for collar insignia but coming up short. I'd appreciate any help given. ...
rohrl77's user avatar
  • 111
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

How have estimates of the deaths in WWI and WWII changed over time?

I am curious about what the generally accepted death figures in the two world wars were at times between the wars and the present time. There are many sources on the internet today which give numbers ...
MAGolding's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
99 views

Can anyone identify the uniform my great uncle (child in the front of the photo) is wearing or any others in the pic?

Family photo taken on a family trip to Europe, possibly Belgium in 1918.
Denise's user avatar
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25 votes
1 answer
4k views

What was the strategy to protect the British Museum during the World Wars?

Today I was surprised with the claim by the CNN, that the Rosetta Stone was: on display in The British Museum since 1802 with only one two-year break during World War I I assumed at first that it ...
Quora Feans's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
467 views

What do the markings in 75mm WW1 trench art mean?

Great Uncle brought home Trench art from Verdun with a Lorraine cross. Markings are 75 DE and A RS /333. 15. There are 5 punch marks and what looks like a small K near the primer. Can anyone explain ...
Deb Cushing's user avatar
19 votes
3 answers
11k views

In 1914 why didn't Germany simply mobilize its army without declaring war?

I can't understand why members of the the Triple Entente and also members of the Triple Alliance were so offended by the mere mobilization of their enemies' armies, so that they demanded a cessation ...
Matthew Christopher Bartsh's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
176 views

How did public opinion of the wars change from 19th to the 21th century?

This question is inspired by a discussion I had with my friend recently, about ordinary people's perception and support of the many wars in the 19 and 20th century. Nowadays, the overwhelming majority ...
Legolas131's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
142 views

Where can I find information on a WWI soldier?

Does anyone know where to find details on WWI soldiers? I am researching a captain called Thomas Zachary Woods. Thus far I have found this website: http://doingourbit.ca/profile/thomas-woods. Where ...
Zachary Ireland's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
203 views

What is the proof that during WW I, belligerent countries censored reports on the Spanish influenza?

Wikipedia has the following on the Spanish flu: The pandemic broke out near the end of World War I, when wartime censors suppressed bad news in the belligerent countries to maintain morale, but ...
user270124's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
242 views

Has anyone come across WW1 large brass casing engraved with French cities?

I recently found two large brass casing, German made from 1901 and 1914. They both have US military Divs ie. 2nd, 26th and 28th Div, along with cities in France and Germany that the Divisions were ...
Michael's user avatar
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20 votes
4 answers
4k views

Why did the Schlieffen Plan prioritize invading France?

AFAIK, the consensus is that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia, which led to Russia coming to Serbia's defense. The fact that this would lead ...
Will's user avatar
  • 327
7 votes
1 answer
4k views

Who are the "Millennial Folk" being referred to here?

This came up on an episode of QI where the question was, "When was the First World War, first called as such". The answer was: The First World War was given its title as early as the ...
StanOverflow's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
409 views

How, exactly, was 30% of Russia's industrial capacity distributed "in and around Moscow" in 1941?

Numerous source allege that the Germans would have crippled the Russian war effort if they had captured "Moscow" because 30% of Russia's industrial capacity was in that area. Given this, ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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14 votes
1 answer
469 views

Did Nicholas II of Russia send telegrams demanding evacuation of Serbs?

During World War I, in 1915, the Serbian army had no other option but to retreat from their territory, over Albanian mountains, to Greece, who was an ally. Just to note that it was in winter, and ...
aca's user avatar
  • 358
-4 votes
3 answers
860 views

Is the term Kaiser seen as offensive? [closed]

Is the term Kaiser seen as offensive? Because I know the term means German Emperor, but according to Wikipedia it says that "During the First World War, anti-German sentiment was at its zenith; ...
Farid Jamil's user avatar

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