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Questions tagged [world-war-one]

Questions on World War I, events that caused it, strategy and tactics employed by the battling sides and the consequences of this war.

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2
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2answers
157 views

What was the wage of the soldiers serving in the CEF compared to the soldiers serving in the British army?

I believe that the title explains the question quite well however I will elaborate. We know that soldiers, even conscripted ones were indeed paid during their service in the two different armies. ...
4
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1answer
5k views

Did Russia and Lenin benefit from the Treaty of Versailles?

Russia suffered a substantial land loss and severe economic problems due to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. However, the land Germany gained from Russia was to be independent according to Treaty of ...
14
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1answer
944 views

Why did the French Army melt film during WWI?

I have just watched the film Hugo which is in part a telling of the life of Georges Méliès. Part of the film is that he sold his films which were then melted down to make heels for shoes. I did some ...
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1answer
218 views

How useful is an official WW1 painting for analysing the Battle of Mons?

Help me with this question please! I'm having an examination soon.
6
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2answers
700 views

When was the White Feather first used as a symbol of cowardice?

During WWI in Britain (and in some British colonies), a white feather was commonly given to men who were seen as cowards for not enlisting. The idea of using a white feather comes supposedly from ...
8
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2answers
380 views

Did the Central Powers during World War 1 try to sue for peace before the Armistice?

Given their limited offensive actions during the trench warfare, the Austro-Hungarians were surely considering this was as far as they could actually advance. Didn't they put up negotiation positions ...
49
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5answers
10k views

How was Germany able to hold itself together, while Austria-Hungary could not?

After defeat in WWI, the monarchies of the German Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire rapidly crumbled, and their outlying provinces took the opportunity to declare independence and sovereignty. ...
30
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4answers
7k views

Why didn't the British Grand Fleet force an engagement with the German Imperial Navy in WW1?

I'm watching the channel The Great War on YouTube, which documents the goings on of the First World War week by week (careful, it's addictive and there are literally hundreds of episodes). It is my ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Why were areas in Schleswig with a German majority after the Treaty of Versailles not claimed by Hitler

As a part of the Treaty of Versailles, and following the results of the two Schleswig plebiscites held in 1920, the northern part of Schleswig (Zone 1) was returned to Denmark while the central part (...
15
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2answers
704 views

Was it not clear to the WWI allies that they were over-reaching with the treaty of Sevres?

In the treaty of Sevres, the Ottoman Empire was made to cede not only all (?) territories outside modern-day Turkey, but also: Control of the Bosphorus straight and the Dardanelles Significant ...
8
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2answers
750 views

What are the current obligations of Treaty of Lausanne?

The Turkish President Erdogan and his followers are always talking about that they should update the Treaty of Lausanne or even they are claiming that it will expire on 2023 and they are saying that ...
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2answers
2k views

WW1 shell cases

We found these two shell cases in my parents garage. They were allegedly brought back from France by my great grandfather, but that’s all we know and we’d really like to know more about them and ...
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1answer
73 views

Sources for historical information about the life and career of Basil Zaharoff?

Basil Zaharoff seems to me to be a quite mysterious figure from World War One. He was a Greek arms dealer and industrialist who sold weapons and ammunition systems to both the sides in the war, and ...
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1answer
273 views

Were there any long-term benefits from sending Lenin back to Russia [closed]

Sending Lenin back to Russia to start a revolution is usually touted as a good idea by the Germans, since it helped to knock Russia out of the war. But the Great War was still lost for Germany, the ...
2
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0answers
80 views

To what extent were the information, statistics and updates told to the public of the British and German homefronts accurate and reliable?

My focus question is, as it says in the title above, about whether what was presented to the public on Germany and Britain's home fronts during the First World War was actually true, or was it ...
10
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3answers
1k views

How did the US fall behind in airplane technology from 1909-1917?

In December 1902 a Wright brothers built glider flew 600 feet. A World Record December 17, 1903 The Wright built the first successful powered airplane and Wilbur Wright flew 852 feet (260 m) in 59 ...
5
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1answer
3k views

WW1 shell case markings

The inscription listed below is on a shell case which was in my grandmothers house. Can any one tell me what they mean. BRC QF. 18.PR V11 FS TR MH 9.11.15
6
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2answers
385 views

Was the flexibility of German army a big contributor to their success?

While in a conversation, my friend claimed that German soldiers were given greater flexibility at defying the orders given by the superiors than other armies around the world in both World War, hence ...
2
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2answers
390 views

What is the largest number of battles that took place in the same place in the same war?

I have been reading about the 12 battles of the Isonzo river during world-war-one. I believe it is an extreme statistic to have 12 battles in the same place during the same war. Are there any ...
1
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1answer
92 views

Did Serbian businessman Tadija Sondermayer serve in French Air Force Escadrille 3 during WW1?

Can somebody confirm that Tadija Sondermayer (founder of Aeroput, predecessor of Yugoslav Airlines - JAT) was member of this elite unit of French Air Force in WW1 ?
0
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1answer
118 views

Why was it Italy that attack ed Tripoli under Ottoman control in 1911?

This was the invasion that triggered off a lot of pre-WW1 events including the second Bulgarian war. But why did Italy invade Tripoli in 1911? It would make sense to me if Austro-Hungary invaded it ...
0
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1answer
267 views

Did Germany perceive Italy as a good partner in the Triple Alliance?

Germany and Italy were participants in the Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary. This was despite the fact that Germany and Italy had earlier been allies against Austria-Hungary. From the perspective ...
0
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1answer
162 views

How did the development in education impact the curiosity and creativity in German society pre and post WWI? [closed]

I am currently researching this question; I know that the educational system focused more on science and math after the war which could have allowed for more curiosity and creativity in scientific ...
0
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3answers
528 views

Why didn't global trade and investment prevent World War I from erupting in Europe? [closed]

It has often been said that world trade and investment between nations makes war between nations an irrational act. If your trading partner is hurt, it hurts your own wallet as well because you lose ...
2
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1answer
250 views

Why did German troops perform this parade near Szászház, in September 1916?

I'm reading "Last Night of Love, First night of War" by Camil Petrescu. In the book, the author says that when the Germans fought against Romanians in front of Szászház village, before the fight, the ...
29
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7answers
5k views

Did Germany's role in WW2 affect the historical perception of its role in WW1?

In the recent Wonder Woman movie (which I know is not an historical essay) I understand that the Germans are treated as the bad guys, almost like nazis although I am pretty sure that Germans in WW1 ...
8
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2answers
632 views

When did the “Great War” become “World War 1”?

That's the question, when did "The Great War" get named "World War I"? I'm assuming it must have been at least after WWII started.
7
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1answer
413 views

Was “The war to end all wars” viewed as cynically during WW1 as it is today?

I was watching Wonder Woman and noticed that it had been shifted from her typical origin story of being found by a WW2 fighter pilot to being found by a WW1 spy. Chris Pine called WW1 the war to end ...
29
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3answers
7k views

Why are the French and Indian Wars / Seven Years' War not considered WW 1?

The French and Indian Wars, which began in 1754, led to the Seven Years War beginning two years later in 1756; both ended in 1763. Why is this not considered World War 1? It was a world conflict, was ...
52
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7answers
11k views

Was WW1 generally foreseen?

I am looking for information on the general perception of the educated population in the decade leading up to WW1. I would like to know to what extent a tragedy of the scale of WW1 was foreseen. Was ...
6
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2answers
4k views

How did life change for the average American as a result of the end of World War 1?

Every year, the Daughters of the American Revolution host an essay contest concerning American History. I'll disclose that I'm not a student seeking internet help with the essay, but rather just ...
2
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1answer
88 views

Where can I find the official response to Austria from Serbia in the July Crisis?

I am asking if it still exists, and if it does, if there is a photograph of the document and if this document is in a current museum exhibition. I am referring to the Serbian response to the "...
3
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2answers
197 views

Artillery guns near Triglav?

My friends and I were climbing near Triglav (Slovinia) last weekend, and there was some memorial for people who died pulling guns up the mountain. Now I don't remember which era that was, but I am ...
24
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2answers
5k views

Why were the Irish exempt from conscription during WWI?

During the first world war all of Ireland was within the United Kingdom. In C. S. Lewis's autobiographical book Surprised by Joy he says that as an Irishman (from Belfast) he was exempt from ...
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2answers
317 views

Quantifying economic mobilization?

Total war requires mobilization of the economy. The degree of a nation's mobilization can be quantified in two major ways: Negatively: as, e.g., the reduction of "non-essential consumer production" --...
4
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1answer
143 views

How to find online newspaper archives between WW1 to WW2 (1920s and 1930s)

I can't find any online newspaper archives between World War 1 and World War 2, except for the Chicago Tribune Archives, but their scans are so blurry that most words can't be read. During the early ...
10
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1answer
343 views

Which college president nearly finished a book in 1914 that argued that there would be no more wars?

In 1954, Presbyterian theologian Gordon Clark published a brief essay in which he criticized the moral optimism of the pre-WWI era. He included the following intriguing tidbit: In the summer of ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Which event is this memorial referring to when it says WW1 ended in 1919?

This war memorial says that the Great War (WW1) lasted from 1914 to 1919: I was always taught the war was 1914 to 1918. Which 1919 event is this memorial referring to?
4
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1answer
408 views

Did British soldiers in WWI on the Western Front get paid in foreign currency?

Did British soldiers in WWI on the Western Front get paid in foreign currency or in sterling ? Some years ago, I saw a TV programme in which it was stated that when British soldiers went to France, ...
1
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1answer
345 views

Did the Sword of the Republic really fall from the Arc de Triomphe on the first day of the Battle of Verdun?

According to several sites - none of which offer sources or citations - the Arc De Triomphe de l'Étoile was damaged on or near the same day that the Battle of Verdun began in February 1916. These ...
1
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1answer
432 views

Why did the Allied attack at Gallipoli fail during WWI? [duplicate]

The British Navy was the most powerful in the world at the time. How were the Ottomans able to repel the attacking force? I've read that the Ottomans mined the Dardanelles strait and successfully ...
3
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1answer
444 views

Was there relative peace in the Middle East before the end of the Great War?

I just finished reading Eugene Rogan's book The Fall of the Ottomans. The vast majority of the book covers the years 1914 - 1918 (i.e. WWI), before concluding with the redistribution of the Ottoman ...
3
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2answers
411 views

Was Falkenhayn the first commander to recommend defeating an enemy by bleeding them to death?

In his book The Price of Glory: Verdun 1916, Alistair Horne describes the memorandum introducing Erich Von Falkenhayn's plan to compel France to throw all its men into the defense of Verdun, because (...
5
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2answers
5k views

How did an unditching beam work?

Some of the second generation British tanks in World War One carried "unditching beams" atop the hull. I know the beams were used to extricate the tanks from holes, but I have never found any ...
10
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2answers
1k views

How did the British Army unit size and structure in WWI change from 1915 to 1918?

Preface: For obvious reasons, we will assume ideal conditions for the purposes of this question. For convenience's sake, we will also ignore the original British Expeditionary Force that was almost ...
7
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2answers
2k views

What's this 1917 shell casing, more exactly?

I've been gifted this vase that is obviously made out of a large shell casing. It has 'MARZ 1917' stamped on the bottom, plus other less understandable markings: 'St', 'G', '36', 'HL 25'. I'm ...
9
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1answer
1k views

How long was the Treaty of Versailles intended to be in order?

After WWI Germany was forced to abide by the Treaty of Versailles. In the treaty Article 160 says: By a date which must not be later than March 31st 1920, the German Army must not comprise more ...
5
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1answer
747 views

What was the outcome of the first tank battle?

Today, April 24th, is the anniversary of the first tank battle. As noted on this Wikipedia page, it was three British tanks against three German tanks, but there is no mention of the outcome in ...
9
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1answer
236 views

Which town or village in Britain lost the greatest percentage of men in WWI due to “Pals Battalions”?

The British decision to create "Pals Battalions" of men from a single town or village led to unanticipated disasters when Pals battalions ran into heavy resistance, with large numbers of men from a ...
3
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1answer
266 views

Is there any truth to the story of a British general breaking down in tears upon seeing the battlefield conditions at Passchendaele?

An oft-repeated anecdote about World War I (and the lack of understanding among high ranking officers) claims that, after the Third Battle of Ypres (aka Passchendaele), a British general visited the ...