Questions tagged [world-war-one]

Questions on World War I, events that caused it, strategy and tactics employed by the battling sides and the consequences of this war.

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6
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2answers
418 views

Was the flexibility of German army a big contributor to their success?

While in a conversation, my friend claimed that German soldiers were given greater flexibility at defying the orders given by the superiors than other armies around the world in both World War, hence ...
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2answers
463 views

What is the largest number of battles that took place in the same place in the same war?

I have been reading about the 12 battles of the Isonzo river during world-war-one. I believe it is an extreme statistic to have 12 battles in the same place during the same war. Are there any ...
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1answer
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Did Serbian businessman Tadija Sondermayer serve in French Air Force Escadrille 3 during WW1?

Can somebody confirm that Tadija Sondermayer (founder of Aeroput, predecessor of Yugoslav Airlines - JAT) was member of this elite unit of French Air Force in WW1 ?
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1answer
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Why was it Italy that attack ed Tripoli under Ottoman control in 1911?

This was the invasion that triggered off a lot of pre-WW1 events including the second Bulgarian war. But why did Italy invade Tripoli in 1911? It would make sense to me if Austro-Hungary invaded it ...
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1answer
287 views

Did Germany perceive Italy as a good partner in the Triple Alliance?

Germany and Italy were participants in the Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary. This was despite the fact that Germany and Italy had earlier been allies against Austria-Hungary. From the perspective ...
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1answer
165 views

How did the development in education impact the curiosity and creativity in German society pre and post WWI? [closed]

I am currently researching this question; I know that the educational system focused more on science and math after the war which could have allowed for more curiosity and creativity in scientific ...
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3answers
549 views

Why didn't global trade and investment prevent World War I from erupting in Europe? [closed]

It has often been said that world trade and investment between nations makes war between nations an irrational act. If your trading partner is hurt, it hurts your own wallet as well because you lose ...
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1answer
257 views

Why did German troops perform this parade near Szászház, in September 1916?

I'm reading "Last Night of Love, First night of War" by Camil Petrescu. In the book, the author says that when the Germans fought against Romanians in front of Szászház village, before the fight, the ...
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7answers
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Did Germany's role in WW2 affect the historical perception of its role in WW1?

In the recent Wonder Woman movie (which I know is not an historical essay) I understand that the Germans are treated as the bad guys, almost like nazis although I am pretty sure that Germans in WW1 ...
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4answers
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When did the “Great War” become “World War 1”?

That's the question, when did "The Great War" get named "World War I"? I'm assuming it must have been at least after WWII started.
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1answer
449 views

Was “The war to end all wars” viewed as cynically during WW1 as it is today?

I was watching Wonder Woman and noticed that it had been shifted from her typical origin story of being found by a WW2 fighter pilot to being found by a WW1 spy. Chris Pine called WW1 the war to end ...
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3answers
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Why are the French and Indian Wars / Seven Years' War not considered WW 1?

The French and Indian Wars, which began in 1754, led to the Seven Years War beginning two years later in 1756; both ended in 1763. Why is this not considered World War 1? It was a world conflict, was ...
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7answers
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Was WW1 generally foreseen?

I am looking for information on the general perception of the educated population in the decade leading up to WW1. I would like to know to what extent a tragedy of the scale of WW1 was foreseen. Was ...
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2answers
4k views

How did life change for the average American as a result of the end of World War 1?

Every year, the Daughters of the American Revolution host an essay contest concerning American History. I'll disclose that I'm not a student seeking internet help with the essay, but rather just ...
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1answer
91 views

Where can I find the official response to Austria from Serbia in the July Crisis?

I am asking if it still exists, and if it does, if there is a photograph of the document and if this document is in a current museum exhibition. I am referring to the Serbian response to the "...
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2answers
203 views

Artillery guns near Triglav?

My friends and I were climbing near Triglav (Slovinia) last weekend, and there was some memorial for people who died pulling guns up the mountain. Now I don't remember which era that was, but I am ...
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2answers
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Why were the Irish exempt from conscription during WWI?

During the first world war all of Ireland was within the United Kingdom. In C. S. Lewis's autobiographical book Surprised by Joy he says that as an Irishman (from Belfast) he was exempt from ...
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2answers
329 views

Quantifying economic mobilization?

Total war requires mobilization of the economy. The degree of a nation's mobilization can be quantified in two major ways: Negatively: as, e.g., the reduction of "non-essential consumer production" --...
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1answer
145 views

How to find online newspaper archives between WW1 to WW2 (1920s and 1930s)

I can't find any online newspaper archives between World War 1 and World War 2, except for the Chicago Tribune Archives, but their scans are so blurry that most words can't be read. During the early ...
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1answer
351 views

Which college president nearly finished a book in 1914 that argued that there would be no more wars?

In 1954, Presbyterian theologian Gordon Clark published a brief essay in which he criticized the moral optimism of the pre-WWI era. He included the following intriguing tidbit: In the summer of ...
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2answers
2k views

Which event is this memorial referring to when it says WW1 ended in 1919?

This war memorial says that the Great War (WW1) lasted from 1914 to 1919: I was always taught the war was 1914 to 1918. Which 1919 event is this memorial referring to?
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1answer
474 views

Did British soldiers in WWI on the Western Front get paid in foreign currency?

Did British soldiers in WWI on the Western Front get paid in foreign currency or in sterling ? Some years ago, I saw a TV programme in which it was stated that when British soldiers went to France, ...
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1answer
373 views

Did the Sword of the Republic really fall from the Arc de Triomphe on the first day of the Battle of Verdun?

According to several sites - none of which offer sources or citations - the Arc De Triomphe de l'Étoile was damaged on or near the same day that the Battle of Verdun began in February 1916. These ...
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1answer
448 views

Why did the Allied attack at Gallipoli fail during WWI? [duplicate]

The British Navy was the most powerful in the world at the time. How were the Ottomans able to repel the attacking force? I've read that the Ottomans mined the Dardanelles strait and successfully ...
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1answer
494 views

Was there relative peace in the Middle East before the end of the Great War?

I just finished reading Eugene Rogan's book The Fall of the Ottomans. The vast majority of the book covers the years 1914 - 1918 (i.e. WWI), before concluding with the redistribution of the Ottoman ...
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2answers
422 views

Was Falkenhayn the first commander to recommend defeating an enemy by bleeding them to death?

In his book The Price of Glory: Verdun 1916, Alistair Horne describes the memorandum introducing Erich Von Falkenhayn's plan to compel France to throw all its men into the defense of Verdun, because (...
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2answers
5k views

How did an unditching beam work?

Some of the second generation British tanks in World War One carried "unditching beams" atop the hull. I know the beams were used to extricate the tanks from holes, but I have never found any ...
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2answers
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How did the British Army unit size and structure in WWI change from 1915 to 1918?

Preface: For obvious reasons, we will assume ideal conditions for the purposes of this question. For convenience's sake, we will also ignore the original British Expeditionary Force that was almost ...
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2answers
2k views

What's this 1917 shell casing, more exactly?

I've been gifted this vase that is obviously made out of a large shell casing. It has 'MARZ 1917' stamped on the bottom, plus other less understandable markings: 'St', 'G', '36', 'HL 25'. I'm ...
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1answer
1k views

How long was the Treaty of Versailles intended to be in order?

After WWI Germany was forced to abide by the Treaty of Versailles. In the treaty Article 160 says: By a date which must not be later than March 31st 1920, the German Army must not comprise more ...
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1answer
814 views

What was the outcome of the first tank battle?

Today, April 24th, is the anniversary of the first tank battle. As noted on this Wikipedia page, it was three British tanks against three German tanks, but there is no mention of the outcome in ...
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1answer
272 views

Which town or village in Britain lost the greatest percentage of men in WWI due to “Pals Battalions”?

The British decision to create "Pals Battalions" of men from a single town or village led to unanticipated disasters when Pals battalions ran into heavy resistance, with large numbers of men from a ...
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1answer
286 views

Is there any truth to the story of a British general breaking down in tears upon seeing the battlefield conditions at Passchendaele?

An oft-repeated anecdote about World War I (and the lack of understanding among high ranking officers) claims that, after the Third Battle of Ypres (aka Passchendaele), a British general visited the ...
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1answer
475 views

What's the story behind this photo from WWI?

Warning: the photograph below is very graphic and may disturb some viewers, hence the spoiler tag. Click at your own risk. The picture shows the skeletal corpse of a dead German infantryman (the ...
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1answer
218 views

Were there any Senate hearings involved in ending WW I trench warfare?

I know that tanks becoming more reliable was a part of why trench warfare started to dissipate at the end of World War I. I want to know if there was much in the way of political commentary or public ...
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1answer
511 views

How would gender equality in WWI have affected UK population? [closed]

Gender equality in the armed forces is in the news. The UK army has just appointed its first front line fighting woman officer. There is discussion in US government about having women register for the ...
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3answers
683 views

How would the Germans have sent the Zimmerman telegraph if the German-American telegraph line was cut?

If the British cut the telegraph line across Atlantic, how would the Germans send the telegram?
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3answers
1k views

How did Hindenburg and Ludendorff lose WWI?

In his 2015 book "Towards The Flame - Empire, War and the End of Tsarist Russia", Dominic Lieven claims: In Germany, William II was largely replaced by Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg as regards ...
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1answer
1k views

Did the US wage war against the Ottoman Empire in 1917?

When the US entered world war one, did it include declaration of war against the Ottoman Empire? Were there any actions or plans for US military operations in the Middle East?
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6answers
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Why did Germany officially acknowledge the contents of the Zimmerman telegram?

The Zimmerman telegram was a diplomatic message from officials in Germany to the Mexican president, sent in 1917. After being intercepted and decoded by Britain's intelligence community, its contents ...
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1answer
17k views

Why did Russia support Serbia in the years leading to World War I?

Serbia, in its desires to develop a Slavic state, was hindered by Austria-Hungary, which took steps to stop Serbia, especially shown by the autonomy given to Albania by Austria. When Austria ...
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1answer
477 views

Was Karl Doenitz repatriated to Germany after WW1 “as insane”?

The British newspaper, "The Daily Telegraph" (2 May 1945), under a headline "Hitler's Death Announced : New Fuehrer Once Certified Insane", says Karl Doenitz was captured by the British in October ...
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1answer
989 views

Was Smedley Butler right when he said 21,000 million/billionaires were created from World War I?

In his book entitled "War is a Racket" Smedley Butler argues that the profit of war is counted in bodies and money spent. He also wrote that 21,000 millionaires/billionaires were made from World War I....
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1answer
161 views

Did the 1918 flu pandemic affect travel within USA, and in what ways?

I was looking for information on whether the 1918 flu pandemic made it difficult to travel locally within USA, and in what ways. I found this article that talks about how the St. Louis (Missouri) ...
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5answers
10k views

How did ships acquire targets beyond the horizon in WWI?

From "The World Crisis, 1911-1928" (Winston Churchill): ... the 5th Battle Squadron had begun to fire, at the long range of 17,000 yards, upon Admiral von Hipper's last two ships. If the horizon ...
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1answer
486 views

Were the Bonus Wars in the USA during WWI about unpaid salaries?

Were all US soldiers paid in full during World War One (WWI)? Were the Bonus Wars not actually asking for additional money but for back payments for salary never paid?
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3answers
6k views

The Triple Alliance vs The Allied powers vs The Allies

England, Russia and France formed the Triple Entente . Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy and Turkey as a supporting country formed the Triple Alliance . This is what my History book says in the First ...
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2answers
311 views

In Russia, are the anniversaries of the various events that occurred in 1917 and '18 observed according to the Old Style or the New Style calendar?

In Russia in 1917 and 1918, a number of important events, including the abdication and assassination of Czar Nicholas, and the Menshevik and Bolshevik revolutions occurred while the Old Style (Julian) ...
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1answer
2k views

World War 1: Why did Italy not fight until 1915?

Today I learnt history about World War 1 and I have a question that has been bothering me. According to what I have studied, the Triple Alliance (1882-1915) was an alliance between Germany, Austria-...
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1answer
1k views

Need song or quote from Christmas Truce of 1914

I need an emblematic, inspiring, not-too-long quote or image from the World War I Christmas Truce of 1914. It should be historically accurate, but (in an appropriate context) it should be fairly easy ...

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