Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [world-war-two]

Questions related to aspects of World War II (1939-1945 AD). An international conflict whose major participants were the fascist countries of Germany, Italy, and Japan engaged against the allied nations of the UK, France, China, the USSR, and the USA. The conflict began with the German invasion of ...

2
votes
1answer
121 views

Why were the Japanese so much better at night flying early in WWII?

I have heard of stories of the Japanese conducting night aerial operations as early as the Guadalcanal campaign without the aid of radar while the Americans really didn't do anything until almost a ...
-1
votes
0answers
59 views

What if scenario - US destroyers/escorts vs IJN [on hold]

Been reading "The Last Stand of the Tin Can Sailors" by James Hornfischer. Definitely one of my favorite all-time reads. For those of you not familiar with the book, it details a battle where handful ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, how many of each aircraft did the USSR receive?

The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was signed 1939 Aug 23, and lasted till 1941 Jun 22. During that time, how many aircraft were delivered to the Soviet Union, and what types were they? I'm especially ...
7
votes
2answers
295 views

Why did General Billy Mitchell regard war with Japan as inevitable as early as 1912?

llama stated in Comments about General Billy Mitchell's observation from March 1912 after touring Russo Japanese War Battle Fields, "war between the United States and Japan is inevitable". @llama ...
26
votes
7answers
8k views

Was Japan known to be a potential threat to the USA in the 10 year period prior to 1941

In the years leading up to the Pearl Harbor attack, did non-military Americans see Japan as a potential threat to the USA?
4
votes
1answer
248 views

What was the purpose of Lt. Gen. Frank M. Andrews' flight when he was killed in the Iceland crash on May 3, 1943?

Lt. General Frank Maxwell Andrews. Source: Wikipedia Question What was the purpose of Lt. Gen. Andrews' flight in May, 1943 aboard the B-24 Liberator Hot Stuff? Was it a routine inspection tour of ...
2
votes
1answer
184 views

In WW2, what was the barrel-change rate of the Bofors 40-mm?

I was just reading about the 37-mm 70K Naval gun that the Soviet Navy used for AA. I wanted to see how it compared to the Bofors 40-mm. These were both guns used on naval ships for anti-aircraft ...
21
votes
2answers
5k views

Was there a Japanese equivalent of the Gestapo during WW2

Colonial Japanese rule on occupied territories has been described as harsh as has been their treatment of prisoners of war. In some cases, this was not a fleeting occupation but one lasting years or ...
10
votes
1answer
312 views

Were there any elections under the Vichy regime?

My question is as in the title: during the Vichy regime in France, from July 1940 to, say, June 1944 were there any official election of any kind - for mayors, lawmakers, etc? If none, do you have a ...
-6
votes
0answers
73 views

What part, specifically, did Battalion 101 play in the Holocaust? [closed]

At least one paragraph. Please can you be as specific as possible thank you!!
4
votes
1answer
244 views

What restrictions were in place after WWII on the German aircraft industry?

A question on Aviation.StackExchange asked why the German aircraft industry is smaller than other countries in Europe. I know that the Allies did not want German rearmament after the war and had ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

What happened to Soviet prisoners taken by Romanian forces in WW2?

On Wikipedia I see an article on Romanian prisoners of war in the Soviet Union, but not one on the reversed situation. I know the treatment of Soviet prisoners by Germany was very harsh, amounting to ...
2
votes
2answers
236 views

Did Army Group Center have easier going up to Smolensk than between Smolensk and Moscow?

To try to get an answer to this question, I would like to explore its factual bases, including, but not limited to the following: 1) How did the road/railroad communication network west of Smolensk ...
4
votes
0answers
114 views

Does Bob Hope hold the record for headlining the most USO tours?

Bob Hope entertaining the troops in 1944. Source: Wikipedia Question Multiple sources indicate that Bob Hope headlined 57 USO tours, including Wikipedia and Legacy's article on Bob Hope's USO, ...
4
votes
2answers
197 views

Was Romania under German command during WWII?

At the beginning of WWII, Romania was independent, but then the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact came and parts of the country were invaded by Russians. This pact triggered Romania to join the war on the ...
6
votes
1answer
231 views

Were smoke signal used to trigger a company-scale infantry advance by the US during WWII?

In the context of WW2, US land forces, any non-Pacific theater (Africa, Italy, Normandy--Germany campaign): Was there a doctrine in place utilizing smoke grenade signals for triggering an infantry ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

WWII - documents on turn around point in German Foreign strategy - “stop we are not going to pass Finland to USSR”

I want to find the turn around point in German Foreign strategy: ok we leave Finland to USSR - stop we would not do it. In documents. Some of them are there: https://archive.org/search.php?query=...
-2
votes
1answer
94 views

Is it true that Austrians who refused to help SS in catching Soviet POWs would not face any negative consequences?

According to the Viennese government, civilians who refused to assist the SS in catching Soviet prisoners of war (during Mühlviertler Hasenjagd) did not face any negative consequences (my emphasis): ...
0
votes
1answer
219 views

Were the Gestapo & SS voluntary organisations?

In a book that I am reading about the Nuremberg Trials I came across the following: Justice Jackson intended to 'prove the criminal character of several voluntary organisations that played a cruel ...
1
vote
2answers
212 views

How did the Allies deliver the Moscow Declaration to the Nazis?

On the 1st November 1943, the Allies published the Moscow Declaration 'Declaration on German Atrocities in Occupied Europe' to give 'full warning' to the Nazis that when the war ended the Allies ...
20
votes
3answers
8k views

What was the liquor that was based on petrol which was produced in the USSR during the Second World War?

I have a 1971 Spanish edition of the book "Stuka Pilot" by Hans-Ulrich Rudel where he recounts his memories of war. In the second chapter, in which he talks about the first combats of "Operation ...
12
votes
3answers
495 views

What factors led to much higher US war bond sales and participation rates in WWII over that of WWI?

Sample US WWI Liberty Bond poster (left) and WWII War Bond poster (right). Source: Wikipedia Financing World Wars I & II in the United States In reviewing the United States efforts to finance ...
21
votes
1answer
5k views

What type of plane is this wreck?

I have found this picture on MSN, with the claim that it is a P-38 somewhere at the French Riviera. However the P-38 Lightning is a twin-engined fighter, while this wreck has most probably four. What ...
9
votes
1answer
339 views

How many pens were used by MacArthur to end the final chapter of World War II and where are they now?

General Douglas MacArthur counter-signs the Japanese instrument of surrender as Supreme Allied Commander aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, September 2, 1945. Standing behind him are Generals ...
4
votes
2answers
254 views

Where is signed original Donitz's authorization to German representatives to ratify “Instrument of surrender signed at Berlin”?

Where is the signed original of Reichspräsident Dönitz's authorization to German representatives to ratify the "Instrument of surrender signed at Berlin" stored today? Is a facsimile of the original ...
5
votes
1answer
467 views

Had the French in Paris started to learn German before their liberation in 1944?

One of Donald Trump's recent tweets states: Emmanuel Macron suggests building its own army to protect Europe against the U.S., China and Russia. But it was Germany in World Wars One & Two - How ...
2
votes
1answer
247 views

Why weren't German V-2 weapons used against the Russians? [duplicate]

Late in World War II, the Nazis deployed the V-2 weapons against Britain. That is, early missiles were launched against mainly British cities from bases in France, as "strategic" strikes. Apparently, ...
4
votes
3answers
273 views

What did the post world war two civilian food ration consist of in the UK?

I can see rationing ended in 1954 and I can see some indication of what was being rationed per person during the war but what exactly did the post-war ration consist of? i.e. food items and ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

How could Germany afford waging WWII? [duplicate]

I have been asked on several occasions how could Germany afford to start such a big war as WWII. Of course, they mean multiple aspects such money and other actors (countries) allowing it. Also, ...
5
votes
1answer
171 views

How did the news of the reality Nazi concentration camps reach the United State's mainstream? What were the waves of awareness and when? [duplicate]

I just watched a documentary (I think it was called "We Were There" or "I Was There") featuring interviews of US soldiers that were Jewish and had helped liberate Nazi concentration camps. I was ...
78
votes
7answers
26k views

Why is the consensus that WW2 started on September 1, 1939 and not July 7, 1937?

Looking at Wikipedia, dates given are 1 September 1939 – 2 September 1945, which end in the defeat of Japan. However why is the starting date when Germany invaded Poland and not when the Japanese ...
4
votes
3answers
452 views

WWII: What navy controlled the Mediterranean during the North African Campaign?

Inspired by the question about the Strait of Gibraltar, I wondered how Germany was able to get troops to North Africa, given the naval power of Britain? Based upon this question, I would doubt that ...
29
votes
2answers
6k views

What pretext did Hitler use to justify Operation Barbarossa?

At the beginning of WW2, Nazi Germany orchestrated the infamous Gleiwitz Incident, which was used by Hitler to publicly declare, that since 5:45 we are returning fire. The invasion of Poland ...
0
votes
3answers
513 views

What was the significance of ball bearing factories during the World Wars and in the economy at the time in general?? [closed]

I have heard historians claim that enemies' ball bearing factory locations were a coveted piece of intelligence. I have also heard that big money industry for both the allies and axis super powers ...
20
votes
3answers
3k views

Why does the CIA report on the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich refer to it as “Operation Salmon” rather than “Operation Anthropoid”?

SS-Gruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich. Source: National Archives I have been researching Operation Anthropoid (the assassination of SS-Gruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich on 27 May 1942 in Prague, ...
-1
votes
1answer
128 views

What does “Central Europe AG 2006” mean in discharge papers?

The discharge papers state "Northern France GO 33 WD 45 (which I think I understand), Central Europe AG 2006 and Rhineland AG 2006. What do these references mean?
12
votes
3answers
616 views

Was the option of setting up a Jewish state in defeated Nazi Germany ever considered?

Since there were a lot of Jews pre WW2 in Germany, and Germany was responsible for the many deaths of Jews during the Holocaust, it seems logical to suggest, that a new Jewish state should maybe be ...
9
votes
5answers
3k views

Why wouldn't an ASDIC work immediately after a depth charge attack?

I'm reading about the WW2 North Atlantic submarine war. In particular about the anti-submarine weapons availbale to the allies. This article includes a statement that I'm trying to understand..... ...
4
votes
3answers
270 views

Is it appropriate to call 1941 American items “prewar”?

Not sure if this question has a defined answer, or is a matter of opinion. I have a 1941 piece of radio equipment I am thinking about restoring, and I told my dad it was "prewar". It was manufactured ...
11
votes
2answers
585 views

How did the British keep Enigma 'snatches' secret?

During WW2 the British (and allies) occasionally managed to capture an Enigma machine and/or code books from a sinking sub or weather-ship. How did they keep the capture secret? The crews must have ...
39
votes
4answers
11k views

When/how did Harry Truman give the order to bomb Hiroshima?

Am I correct in assuming that Truman and only Truman had the authority to order the bombing of Hiroshima? After all, it was the very first A-bomb and procedures may not have been formalized yet. It ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

How many days of supply did units in WW2 carry? [closed]

A typical infantry, and armoured battalion of the various sides.... (and if possible, at various stages of the war) At what level were supplies (surplus to the immediate projected consumption) ...
6
votes
2answers
143 views

What methods were used for onboard ship communication during WW2?

What methods/devices were used for communication onboard say a fighting ship during WW2? Did they have an intercom type system so different areas could communicate directly? Were there ship-wide ...
1
vote
3answers
529 views

What prevented the USS Franklin (CV-13) from sinking in March 1945?

The USS Franklin (CV-13) was hit really badly by bombs from Japanese airplanes during operations in support of the invasion of Okinawa on 19 March 1945. So what prevented her from sinking? One of ...
7
votes
1answer
581 views

Did the Soviet Union hand over thousands of Jews to the Nazis in the spirit of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact?

The most recent episode of the Italian documentary TV series Ulisse - Il piacere della scoperta (Ulysses - The pleasure of discovery) covered the deportation of Jews from Italy, and at some point it ...
1
vote
2answers
377 views

Did the Nazis doctor photos in order to make Hitler look as good as possible?

There are people online who swear these photos of Hitler with kids, dogs and the like are real and were covered up. https://donotlink.it/EXJq Now I already know that Imperial Japan used censorship ...
7
votes
1answer
369 views

What transit restrictions were in place in Occupied Germany limiting military and civilian movement between the four occupation zones?

Question What provisions or restrictions (civil and/or military) were in place in the summer of 1945 which governed movement between the four partitioned zones of occupation (British, American, ...
6
votes
2answers
425 views

Who were the “international statesmen” Hitler referenced in his last will as having started the war?

Having reread Hitler's last will, I was astonished by the complete lack of self-awareness or perhaps some very early onset of Alzheimer's, for example, when he writes that It is untrue that I or ...
46
votes
2answers
5k views

How were tanks scrapped after World War Two?

Both Axis & Allied nations produced thousands of tanks during the Second World War. However, not many of these vehicles survive to this day (there are exceptions of course). When reading about the ...
8
votes
1answer
333 views

Would a WW2 submarine have any way to fake death, how, and would it be usefull?

I would like to know if there were any ways for WW2 submarine to fake death/explosion/wreckage in the event where they are spotted and attacked from beyond. Would this require specific tools ? Like ...