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Questions tagged [world-war-two]

Questions related to aspects of World War II (1939-1945 AD). An international conflict whose major participants were the fascist countries of Germany, Italy, and Japan engaged against the allied nations of the UK, France, China, the USSR, and the USA. The conflict began with the German invasion of Poland and formally ended with the American victory over Japan.

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What problems did the United States faced after becoming independent? [on hold]

What problems did the United States faced after becoming independent? Did any other countries after World War 2 face the same problems? I have been able to find some problems that the United States ...
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Did the citizens of US really back the declaration of war on Japanese Empire as it was implied by F.D. Roosevelt in his Pearl Harbor Speech? [closed]

December 7th, 1941, was the date that was to live in infamy, as mentioned by F.D. Roosevelt in his Pearl Harbor speech. Overall, the speech was quite straightforward in its goal: assurance to the ...
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World War II Standing Orders

I remember reading that Hitler had a standing order in place that if anyone should capture Clark Gable, who was flying in bomber crews over Germany, that Gable must NOT be harmed and must be brought ...
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U-Boat Mutiny in WW2?

In the 2018 'Das Boot' TV series, the crew of the U-Boat mutinies against their captain as they perceive him to be too cautious and unwilling to engage the enemy. Is there any historical record of a ...
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How low on ammunition were the Germans at Stalingrad when they surrendered?

Hitler ordered his forces in Stalingrad to fight to the “last man and last round.” A century and half earlier, a more respected German commander, Marshal Blücher claimed upon his surrender to the ...
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Operation Vengeance and Individual Targeting of Enemy Commanders

Operation Vengeance (1943) was a US military operation aimed specifically to kill Japanese Admiral Yamamoto. It looks like something weird in contemporary era: are there any similar military ...
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Can anyone tell me what uniform this man is wearing. .

It was thought he was a member of the Coast Guard or Civil Defence. The picture was taken in S.Wales just before the War.
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Are there any reliable documented records of members or operations of the French Resistance during World War 2?

I am working on a research project in which a Polish World War 2 veteran has received a number of medals from France. These medals are as follows: Commemorative Medal of the War 1939 - 1945 War ...
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Was the tugboat ever part of a WWII battle group?

It would seem a pretty logical addition to a WWII battle group to have one of more tugs for the capital ships (heck, any ship), yet I don't see much evidence of that. Let me elaborate. I was an Army ...
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Is it really true that more high-ranking Nazis died in Tatra cars than in combat?

I find this citationless claim hard to believe: "More high-ranking Nazi officers were killed in Tatra-manufactured cars than in active combat" Telegraph
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Which SF author was unable to check his own work out of the library due to insufficient security clearance?

Following up on the question Public knowledge of hypothetical nuclear weapons before Hiroshima?: I recall reading (many many years ago) an autobiographical anecdote by a science fiction author who ...
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Besides the USO, were there other organizations in New York City during WWll that provided entertainment for the troops?

I know the USO had the Stage Door canteen in NYC during the war, but were there other organizations that hosted dances/concerts at less permanent venues like at armories or community centers around ...
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Why were the Soviets better at replacing their lost men and material? [duplicate]

Battle of Kursk is considered a Soviet decisive victory, no doubt it was the last major German offensive at the Eastern front. But why so? Casualties indicate the Soviets suffered 1 million ...
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How did the HMAS Sydney know the real Straat Malakka's secret callsign, “IIKP”, but not HSK Kormoran?

It's outlandish that the Kormoran didn't know the secret callsign of the ship they were imitating. How were they unaware? Clumsiness? Couldn't the Kriegsmarine inform them? Please see the question in ...
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Did German civilians really offer the Red Army to publicly shoot 30-40 civilians in exhange for free food?

According to this article (Russian), in June 1945 General Serov reported to Beriia about the following incident. On May 28th, 1945, a Red Army soldier was shot at by someone from a window in Berlin’s ...
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Why was the WW2 air war over Europe fought considerably higher than the Eastern Front?

I have read on various Wikipedia pages on WW2 aircraft that the tactical situation of the western European theater and the Eastern Front led to very different engagement altitudes for air warfare. See ...
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Did the British really bail out the Americans at the Battle of the Bulge?

Just read this article on the Battle of Kasserine Pass America's Most Humiliating Defeat The author made the following statement regarding British help during the battle: As at the Battle of the ...
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Did Imperial Japan persecute Slavic people, as European fascists did?

Over the interwar period, fascist governments in Europe heavily promoted anti-Slavic propaganda. In Germany, they were labelled as Untermensch alongside the Jews, and in Italy, Slavic media, languages,...
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Are there any images of the USS Enterprise at night?

As the title says, are there any images of the (CV-6) USS Enterprise at night? To specify I'm looking for the 1942 (or similar built version). I'm especially interested in the runway lights, but in ...
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What were Stilwell's plans had his coup succeeded?

Joseph Stilwell, the caustic American Chief of Staff assigned to Chiang Kai-Shek, famously clashed with his superior over the prosecution of war in the China-Burma-India theatre. Things came to a head ...
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Is this drawing made by Stanisław Szukalski

I was watching the documentary: Struggle: The Life And Lost Art Of Szukalski I'm trying to find out if this rabbit is made by Szukalski, and if so, I would like to find more of this kind of style ...
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At Pearl Harbor was a Japanese Third Wave of attack in the original plan or was Nagumo expected to improvise?

I was having an interesting conversation about Pearl Harbor and Japans third wave of attack which never occurred with David Thornley in the related question: Was the attack on Pearl Harbor totally ...
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How did age affect the probability of being drafted during WWII?

Did the Selective Service System and the draft boards select younger registrants first? Were 30-year olds less likely to be selected in the early years of the war, or more likely to be selected in ...
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Has a German U-Boat ever transported an American during WW2?

In the new TV series Das Boot (not the movie), a German U-Boat is used to transport an American civilian during the war. Is this inspired by real events in any way, or is this pure fantasia nonsense?
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How motivated were the Australian, Canadian and NZ soldiers in the British army during the two world wars? [closed]

How motivated were the Australian, Canadian and NZ soldiers in the British army during the two world wars? Did they feel that their homeland was under threat or did they have problem understanding why ...
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Is the UK the last Allied nation closing the bases established in post-WW2 Germany?

An article in The Irish Times, titled "Fintan O’Toole: The second World War will finally end in 2019" says that At some point in 2019, British troops will withdraw from Germany. This has nothing ...
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Why is a pocket-battleship large in size ?

Why is it called a pocket-battleship when it’s large in size? Isn’t anything with pocket as prefix meant to be small ? I was reading up on Graf Spee - The German pocket-battleship.
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Is there a location to find the personnel roster of the No. 300 Polish Bomber Squadron during WW2?

I'm working on a research project and I am looking to confirm that certain individuals were part of the No. 300 Polish Bomber Squadron during WW2. Is there a place online or offline where one could ...
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What is Street’s Jorrocks?

In the book “All Hell Let Loose” by Max Hastings, the writer mentions about the condition of British farmers during WWII: "Wiltshire farmer Arthur Street ploughed up his grassland as the government ...
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After the Japanese declaration of War, what happened to the Japanese Embassy in Washington DC? [duplicate]

The Japanese Declaration of War against the UK and USA was given on 1941 Dec 7. This happened in Washington DC via the Japanese Embassy. I would like to know what happened to that embassy and the ...
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What is the name and meaning of a World War 2 CCC Medal with both the Polish Eagle and British Statant Gardant Lion?

While looking through a collection of World War 2 medals, I came across this one (picture attached) and have been unable to identify it. It is in the form of a shield, appears to have a Polish eagle ...
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Did the defense of the Brest fortress make sense?

I came across an opinion of an alternative "historian"/conspiracy theorist who claims that the defense of Brest fortress did not make sense. According to his theory, its inhabitants should have left ...
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Articles 3 & 5 of the Tripartite Pact are unclearly formulated. Was this standard for the period?

Tripartite Pact: ARTICLE 3 and ARTICLE 5 ARTICLE 3. Japan, Germany, and Italy agree to cooperate in their efforts on aforesaid lines. They further undertake to assist one another with all ...
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Anti militarism

I am reading “All Hell Let Loose” by Max Hastings and into the second chapter of The Polish Campaign. The writer mentions that British had a anti-militarist tradition and which was a source of pride ...
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Was the internment of Japanese Americans in WWII a public affair?

Was the internment of Japanese Americans in WWII public affair; meaning, was it in any way discussed or reported in the contemporary American media? Did the authorities conduct any explanatory ...
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Why did Yamamoto reprimand Nagumo after Pearl Harbor?

I am reading the book "Shattered Sword" and it states that Yamamoto "rebuked" Nagumo after Pearl Harbor. I thought Pearl Harbor was considered a great success? Anyone know why Yamamoto thought it ...
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Why did the USA invade Okinawa instead of one of the many other islands in southern Japan

There are many other islands in southern Japan that seem large enough for B29 runways (the current runway is 2 miles). Why didn't the USA pick the island of least resistance? I'd assume Okinawa was ...
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British ship movements immediately after the armistice of 22 June 1940

The armistice of 22 June 1940 provided that northern and western France would come under German occupation. Walter Rudin, a Jew from Vienna, and a fellow Austrian were together in France at the time. ...
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How many men were lost on the USAT Arcata and was she loaded with troops when she was hit?

On the 14th of July 1942 the 2,722-ton US Army Troopship (USAT) Arcata was attacked and sunk by Japanese Submarine I-7 at 53-41N, 157-45W. The records that I could find show that this ship as a ...
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What were the flaws in the U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey?

According to this source, "Some historians have identified flaws in the [U.S. Strategic Bombing] survey, based on contemporary evidence." I have unsuccessfully searched the internet for these ...
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What was the inheritance tax rate in the UK during WWI and WWII?

I've read somewhere that rich people were heavily taxed during World War I and World War II. What was the inheritance tax rate like in the UK at the time?
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What was the income tax rate in the UK during WWI and WWII?

I found that the highest income tax rate was 99.25% during the Second World War, but I can't find anything related to the income tax during the First World War. Would you have some numbers to give ...
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Why were the Japanese so much better at night flying early in WWII? [closed]

I have heard of stories of the Japanese conducting night aerial operations as early as the Guadalcanal campaign without the aid of radar while the Americans really didn't do anything until almost a ...
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Under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, how many of each aircraft did the USSR receive?

The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was signed 1939 Aug 23, and lasted till 1941 Jun 22. During that time, how many aircraft were delivered to the Soviet Union, and what types were they? I'm especially ...
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Why did General Billy Mitchell regard war with Japan as inevitable as early as 1912?

llama stated in Comments about General Billy Mitchell's observation from March 1912 after touring Russo Japanese War Battle Fields, "war between the United States and Japan is inevitable". @llama ...
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Was Japan known to be a potential threat to the USA in the 10 year period prior to 1941

In the years leading up to the Pearl Harbor attack, did non-military Americans see Japan as a potential threat to the USA?
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What was the purpose of Lt. Gen. Frank M. Andrews' flight when he was killed in the Iceland crash on May 3, 1943?

Lt. General Frank Maxwell Andrews. Source: Wikipedia Question What was the purpose of Lt. Gen. Andrews' flight in May, 1943 aboard the B-24 Liberator Hot Stuff? Was it a routine inspection tour of ...
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In WW2, what was the barrel-change rate of the Bofors 40-mm?

I was just reading about the 37-mm 70K Naval gun that the Soviet Navy used for AA. I wanted to see how it compared to the Bofors 40-mm. These were both guns used on naval ships for anti-aircraft ...
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Was there a Japanese equivalent of the Gestapo during WW2

Colonial Japanese rule on occupied territories has been described as harsh as has been their treatment of prisoners of war. In some cases, this was not a fleeting occupation but one lasting years or ...
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Were there any elections under the Vichy regime?

My question is as in the title: during the Vichy regime in France, from July 1940 to, say, June 1944 were there any official election of any kind - for mayors, lawmakers, etc? If none, do you have a ...