Questions tagged [world-war-two]

Questions related to aspects of World War II (1939-1945 AD). An international conflict whose major participants were the fascist countries of Germany, Italy, and Japan engaged against the allied nations of the UK, France, China, the USSR, and the USA. The conflict began with the German invasion of Poland and formally ended with the American victory over Japan.

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How many troops did Hitler send back from the Eastern front to face the Allies' assault?

After the Battle of Kursk, Hitler called back a lot of his forces to defend against the British and American invasion. My question is how much of his forces did he call back from the Eastern front?
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Identification of harbor and ships

Identification of port and country. Identification of ships. WWII era, from a German Kriegsmarine album
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Did the Germans attempt the easier or harder of two possible objectives in the Caucasus?

During the summer and fall of 1942, German Army Group A advanced into the Caucasus pursuant to Fall Blau. This consisted of two armies, the First Panzer Army and the Seventeenth Army. The advanced ...
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How accessible was the port of Archangelsk from the east?

During World War II, something like one half of Lend Lease supplies reached Russia via Vladivostok and the Trans Siberian railroad (what I call the eastern route); one quarter to south Russia from the ...
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Were RMS Lancastria survivors strafed?

The bombing and sinking of RMS Lancastria popped up in the "on this day" Wikipedia feed. RMS Lancastria In the article there is this paragraph: When German aircraft began strafing survivors in ...
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Is it true that Winston Churchill said 'I bet my head on Crete' (or a similar statement)?

Long ago, I saw a Nazi propaganda caricature showing a headless Churchill serving his own severed head on a plate, the joke being that he foolishly claimed the Germans would be unable to take Crete. I ...
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Did private borrowers in the UK, Germany, France or the Netherlands have their debts forgiven after World War 1 and 2? [closed]

The growth of consumer and mortgage finance is a modern phenomenon but I've often wondered what happened to those with private debt obligations after World War One and World War Two. Obviously, people ...
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If Nietzsche was against anti-semitism, how did he become an inspiration to Hitler? [closed]

I recently read that Nietzsche was against anti-semitism, though I understand that that doesn't exempt him from being anti-Judaism (though, I'm not entirely sure how one would distinguish the two). ...
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What does “SS” mean in box 5 of the WD AGO 53-55 form?

I have my father's WD AGO 53-55 form. He was a WWII D Day veteran. I have not been able to decipher the Component code in Box 5. I've seen many examples with AUS (for Army of the United States) and a ...
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What happened to the cavalry corps of Simon Boudienny?

According to this question, there was a campaign led by the Russians in Ukraine where they engaged a cavalry unit. I imagine it was in 1941, and according to Wikipedia research, it might be the ...
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Where can I find a high tide for the Atlantic coast of France from 11 July to mid August 1941?

I am researching an alternate-history novel and have the raid on St. Nazaire happening in 1941. I need a high tide for the night-time raid. Is there any place I can find tide tables for that time ...
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Was there a revised English version of General Order 1 re: the division of Korea?

I stumbled upon this document (in Russian, use Google Translate). It seems to be a translation of the beginning of General Order No. 1 (Wikipedia, Wikisource). I noticed 2 peculiar differences in ...
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How long might the campaigning season in the Caucasus have lasted for the Germans?

The Caucasus Mountains included some of the most southerly points in the former Soviet Union, but also some of the highest altitude points. The book, "Marching Orders" referred to "ice and snow" for ...
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Did the Soviets have an official campaign to remove foreign nationals to Siberia?

Specifically, in the Ukraine. And more specifically, to remove foreign nationals out of the way of the impending German invasion during WW 2? The intent and impact always intersect. But the question ...
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Did significant numbers of Japanese officers escape prosecution during the Tokyo Trials?

Acclaimed novel The Narrow Road To The Deep North centres its plot around war crimes committed by Japan during World War 2, specifically slave labour on the Burma Railway.. The book strongly implies ...
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How did the Allies achieve air superiority on Sicily?

The Allies had freed all of Africa by the start of 1943. Afterwards, they landed in Sicily with a huge air force and fleet. How did they manage to land with the opposition of the Luftwaffe and Regia ...
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283 views

Is this a Masonic Ring?

I told by my Auntie that she had a Masonic ring that came from my Great Grandfather from my mum’s side of the family and I’m skeptical if this ring she sent a photo of is really a Masonic ring. I ...
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Did Cossack cavalry defeat German tanks during WW2?

I came across a reference in a history book to the Soviet 4th Cossack Cavalry Corps attacking and defeating Axis tanks during the Battle of Kushchevskaya. In the book this is presented as an "actual" ...
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What was the plan for an abort of the Enola Gay's mission to drop the atomic bomb?

Following up on this answer... @mark, in the answer, writes that "[i]n the event that the crew of Enola Gay had to abort their mission, they had no intention of trying to land with the bomb still ...
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Was there a contingency plan in place if Little Boy failed to detonate?

It's August 6th, 1945. The first atomic bomb ever dropped hurtles to the ground. Its fuse fails and with a thunk it buries itself in the ground. The Enola Gay flies home, its crew worried they did ...
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What battle of WW2 is depicted in this Battlefield V level?

What battle of World War II is depicted in this Battlefield V level? Credit goes to the game makers of course, as it is their property. Slight update: I cannot quite remember the map name, but I ...
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When were the Germans aware of British airborne radar during WWII?

During (and even before) WWII, the British developed Airborne Interception Radars. When were the Germans aware of these developments during WWII? I am asking partially because of curiosity and ...
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Catholic vs Protestant Support for Nazism in Germany

The German population before WW2 was roughly half Catholic half Protestant. Before and during WW2, was there any significant disparity between the support for NSDAP across the religious line? In other ...
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Torpedo boat with mechanical problems accompanying the Wilhelm Gustloff

The Wilhelm Gustloff was a german cruise ship that was used as part as a means of evacuating refugees from Gotenhafen (today Gdynia) in January 1945. The Wikipedia article reads: The ship left ...
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How many people died in the nazi concentration camps and death trains and marches?

My 11-y. daughter is making a year-schoolwork about children in WWII. And she wanted to know how many people were destroyed by the nazi camp system. At first I thought she is searching incorrectly and ...
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Did war bonds have better investment alternatives during WWII?

The American government put a lot of effort into convincing the American populace to purchase WWII bonds. But did American citizens have good alternatives for investment during the same years? For ...
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“Destructive force” carried by a B-52?

In the 1957 film Bombers B-52 an instructor says of the then-new B-52 Stratofortress: “On a single mission one of these airplanes, just one, can carry greater destructive force than that of all ...
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Can anyone tell me if this is legit WW2 Nazi ring?

My little ten year old brother found a rusted can that had this 925 prooved silver ring in it, with a small note/letter that only said some numbers, which he said looked like born/died dates. He only ...
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Found a bullet shell with 'Winchester 30-06 SPRG' on it, how old is it? [closed]

The shell is a dark brown.. I don't know much about guns but anyone know anything?
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Was Nazi science that involved human experimentation ever actually used for anything?

There is a rather ferocious debate about using Nazi human experimentation and whether citation should be given for obvious ethical reasons. What I noticed however is that most of the research on ...
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Why didn't the Japanese disbelieve (1) an unencrypted emergency and (2) a report in a captured code?

The Wikipedia page on Joseph Rochefort states: One of the Station HYPO staff, Jasper Holmes, had the idea of faking a failure of the water supply on Midway Island. He suggested using an ...
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How were the day-to-day activities of the French Resistance financed?

Fighting a war, even as loosely-organised or underground force, is expensive - you need places to stay and keep things; you need to feed and equip people; you need to obtain, maintain and fuel ...
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Where can I find data on the amount of fuel carried by WWII Warships and what their operational ranges were?

I am looking for a fairly comprehensive source where can I find data on the amount of fuel carried by WWII Warships and what their operational ranges were? I mean, I want to look up this information ...
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Who were the police of Vichy France?

I'm starting a small project with some friends, but before I got started, I wanted to make sure I had all my facts straight. My question is about France in 1940, during the Second World War. When ...
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Where can I find documents from the Nuremberg trials about war crimes of the Wehrmacht in the Soviet Union?

I want to read documents that were used to prove German war crimes in the Soviet Union, incl. crimes against civilians and treatment of Soviet prisoners of war. So far I found the following: ...
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Why did the Germans forbid the possession of pet pigeons in Rostov-on-Don in 1941?

Photograph made by Max Alpert shows a dead boy holding a pigeon. It seems that the child has been tortured before he was killed. Source: Federal Archive Agency of Russia, Russian state archive of ...
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Why did the USSR stop in the Winter War against Finland in 1940?

To me, this is one of the biggest history mysteries. By the end of February 1940, the USSR breached the Mannerheim line, and the Finnish troops were exhausted and short of ammunition. I have little ...
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How long did it take US fleet submarines during World War 2 to charge their batteries?

How long did it take a US fleet submarine running on the surface to recharge its battery fully for maximum duration submergence? I realize that the answer depends on how many engines were being used ...
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Are these outfits of children of Nazis historically accurate, and if so, what is their meaning?

In the Spanish film the photographer of Mauthausen there is a scene of a party held to celebrate the birthday of the son of Mauthausen Concentration Camp commander (Franz Ziereis). In the party at ...
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Help to identify WW1 or WWII badge

Can someone identify this badge please. It has a number on the back that looks like 742299. What is the significance of the number and why is there a 60 in the crown on the front of the badge.
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How did the forces required for invading Norway compare to those actually used for invading North Africa?

During World War II, Churchill envisioned a possible Allied invasion of northern Norway called Operation Jupiter. This idea was "tabled" (postponed) in 1941, because Britain felt that it lacked the ...
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Difference between acts of “merit” and acts of “valor” in military decorations? (e.g. V device)

I used to think valor is for combat and merit is non-combat. Then I realize Purple heart, a successor of Badge of Military Merit, is awarded for "being wounded or killed in any action against an enemy"...
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What was the timetable for Germany's Invasion of the Low Countries (Fall Gelb) in WW2?

I was watching the 1969 classic movie 'Battle of Britain' the other day and noted numerous scenes where the British were very concerned about a German invasion; "what are they waiting for?" was a ...
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What was the postage from Japan to US in 1945?

I was wondering how many postage stamps it would require to send a letter from Japan to the US (and vice versa) around 1945, and during the occupation? And perhaps you might know what the stamps ...
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Number of foreigners in the Waffen-SS and Wehrmacht during WWII

During World War II, thousands of non-German men fought in the Waffen-SS and in the Wehrmacht. People from all Europe, volunteers from neutral and occupied countries and enemy prisoners. Even Russian ...
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What changes were made to address the Junkers 88 initial high accident losses?

There were three main German bombers in use during the Battle of Britain: the Dornier Do 17, the Heinkel He 111, Ju 87 Stuka and the Junkers Ju 88. The Dornier 17 was an old bomber, no longer in ...
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Which historians argue that WWII was caused by Fascism as a reaction to Communism?

It's been suggested that fascist movements of post-WW1 Europe emerged in reaction to the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and against worker sympathies to similar internationalist socialist movements ...
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What “class” of soldiers were these soft targets?

In "The Battle for Stalingrad," Russia's Vasily Chuikov wrote that to the extent possible, Russian guerrillas and snipers tried to avoid "duels" with enemy fighting men, instead seeking out "soft" ...
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Does the ≈400,000 figure for US soldiers killed in WW2 include the ≈80,000 MIA?

There is general consensus that there were roughly 400,000 U.S. deaths in WW2, and 80,000 MIA: Of the 16 million Americans who served in World War II, more than 400,000 died during the war. At ...
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Did Japan have secret films about going into the US in the 40s?

This film (narrated by Ronald Regan) was produced in the 40s. It discusses detailed planning for an air mission into an area in Japan. Did Japan have similar fims in the time period to aid them in ...