Questions tagged [world-war-two]

Questions related to aspects of World War II (1939-1945 AD). An international conflict whose major participants were the fascist countries of Germany, Italy, and Japan engaged against the allied nations of the UK, France, China, the USSR, and the USA. The conflict began with the German invasion of Poland and formally ended with the American victory over Japan.

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Where can I find Japanese oil production figures through WWII?

I am searching for scientific or statistical sources for data on petroleum production in Japan from 1920 till 1945. I had found some statistics in League of Nations Statistical Bulletins, but there is ...
Mikhail Zhokhov's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
421 views

Why did NSDAP hate communism (socialism), despite having socialism within the party? [closed]

Why did Germany during the era of NSDAP have a different point of view on socialism? It was not like the socialism that formed communism in the Soviet Union. I believe that Germany's fight against the ...
Yusril Dewantara's user avatar
15 votes
3 answers
7k views

Why did Germany decide not to restore the Hohenzollern dynasty to the throne of a German Empire after the defeat of Hitler in World War Two?

During World War Two, Hitler removed the Hohenzollern princes from serving in the German Army after he saw the outpouring of grief and sympathy from the German public upon the death of one of the ...
Excel r 8's user avatar
  • 413
2 votes
1 answer
461 views

How were Mercy Dogs of WWI and WWII trained to know which soldier is from their side and which one isn't?

So, I have been reading about the Mercy Dogs of WWI and WWII. I was wondering, how did they actually train dogs to know which soldier belonged to their 'side', and which soldier belonged to the 'enemy ...
Tsar Asterov XVII's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
685 views

Where did Carlson's Raiders get Boys anti-tank rifles in 1942 and why?

According to English Wikipedia, during the 1942 Raid on Makin Atoll (modern-day Butaritari, Kiribati) the Marine Raiders used Boys anti-tank rifles to attack the Japanese flying boats that attempted ...
Jessie Kirk's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
289 views

Did Nazi Germany ever actually make it illegal to practice Judaism?

While I appreciate that the Nazis tried to portray their anti-Semitism as based on racial, and not religious differences per se, and I understand that if one converted to Judaism, one would be ...
user22453's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
183 views

How well were early WW2 naval tactics and strategy accounting for the importance of aircraft carriers? [closed]

I'm not an expert in WW2, but I've heard some conflicting claims about aircraft carriers and how they changed the nature of naval warfare. I know carriers entered wide use in WW2, but not how their ...
dsollen's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
2k views

What are the grenades and artillery cited in this testimony?

In the testimony of a Soviet officer of the raid on Tatsinskaya cited by Wikipedia, the Soviet officer speaks of two elements faced by Soviet tanks: Enemy artillery Germans "launching grenades [...
totalMongot's user avatar
  • 6,597
0 votes
0 answers
161 views

Did the Luftwaffe tactically support Tobruk's capture in 1942?

In the comic AfrikaKorps, the capture of Tobruk in 1942 is highlighted as the consequence of tactical bombings of the Tobruk perimeter. The reasons of the defeat are given as: Lack of antitank ...
totalMongot's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
381 views

What was the true extent of German losses at Prokhorovka?

Recently I came accross what seemed to be a new thesis about the battle of Prokhorovka. I read the book Kursk of the German author and historian Roman Töppel, who explains alongside other "new ...
totalMongot's user avatar
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24 votes
1 answer
12k views

Why did the United States drop a uranium bomb instead of a plutonium bomb on Hiroshima?

Why did the United States choose to use an untested uranium-fueled (Little Boy) bomb at Hiroshima instead of a plutonium-fueled (Fat Man) bomb, which had been successfully tested at Trinity? Surely ...
WillO's user avatar
  • 373
3 votes
1 answer
265 views

After World War 2, why did European farmers switch from crop cultivation to grazing?

In George Marshall's speech announcing the Marshall Plan, he claims: There is a phase of this matter which is both interesting and serious. The farmer has always produced the foodstuffs to exchange ...
kbala444's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
89 views

How could Stutthof's inmates reach Palmnicken?

There's a Palmnicken Massacre section in Polish article about Stutthof concentration camp (not available in English version). It says (translation mine): The female prisoners of the sub-camps were ...
trejder's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
1k views

What happened to the Soviet emissaries at the siege of Budapest?

Before the siege of Budapest, the Soviets sent two emissaries to the German to offer them a chance to surrender. According to one version of the story (recounted on the English Wikipedia, see the end ...
domotorp's user avatar
  • 411
-2 votes
1 answer
144 views

What to do about historical Wikipedia articles contradicting each other in different languages? [closed]

There are several examples where two versions of the same Wikipedia page in different languages contradict each other. One concrete historical example, is this recount of how two Soviet emissaries ...
domotorp's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
59 views

How is "Jones series" used in the National Archives Office of Strategic Services records?

I was looking around on the National Archives' website in their World War II archives and came across Records of the Office of Strategic Services 1940-1946 (RG 226). One of the contents of the records ...
Curious Layman's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
191 views

Can you identify a location based on the traditional dress in a photo from WW2?

Could anyone assist us in identifying the possible location of this photo, based on the woman's dress? My grandfather is in the photo, which was taken during WW2. We know that he served in both the ...
Juniper's user avatar
  • 41
4 votes
1 answer
725 views

Why did the Red Army change uniforms in 1943?

In 1943, the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Rabóče-krestʹjánskaja Krásnaja ármija, RKKA) of the Soviet Union decided to adopt shoulder boards instead of collar tabs for rank identification. This is ...
MKN's user avatar
  • 155
0 votes
0 answers
86 views

Where can I find military records for soldiers in Merrill's Marauders?

My uncle fought with Merrill's Marauders. Can I get more information on his military awards?
Rocketman's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
417 views

Why didn't American POWs in Germany seek support from Russian infantry, in WWII?

Why didn't Robert Anderson Hoover, and Jerome "Jerry" Ennis, request assistance from Russians that they ran into — to return to USA or UK? Sadly, the Russians (have) mistreated civilians. ...
user avatar
33 votes
4 answers
6k views

Where does the name 'D-Day' come from?

What is the significance of the name D-Day? My whole life I thought it was a 4 day plan, starting with A-Day, then B-Day, C-Day and finally D-Day. I just learned that in French, it's referred to as... ...
Fredy31's user avatar
  • 819
40 votes
4 answers
8k views

Where would the first nuke have been dropped in Germany? [closed]

Germany surrendered before the nuclear bomb was ready for production. The Allies had a Germany first policy: if the German government hadn't surrendered, Hiroshima wouldn't have been the first city to ...
Jos's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
219 views

Was the contemporaneity of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan coincidental or somehow structural?

Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan embarked on aggressive war plans on opposite sides of the globe at nearly the same time. Was this a coincidence, or were there structural factors in the world system ...
raindog308's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
269 views

Is the assertion that the A-bomb deterred Stalin plausible? [closed]

An answer on Quora asserted that if the USA had not dropped the a-bomb on Japan that Stalin would've invaded France and not stopped to meet the rest of the allies in Germany? Is there any evidence to ...
user59755's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
423 views

Help identifying my great grandfather’s WWI Italian Army uniform, rank, regiment

My great grandfather was an immigrant to the USA in 1907 but wasn’t a citizen yet so couldn’t enlist. He went back to Italy to fight in the war. He was from Sellia Marina. From the research I’ve done, ...
Summer's user avatar
  • 31
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is a WW2 German bank note with a LITZMANNSTAND symbol possibly fake?

Was German currency used in the Lodz ghetto? I recently bought a 50 reichsmark bank note which has got a LITZMANNSTAND symbol stamped on it in red ink, are these fake? Here's what the seller replied ...
Tony's user avatar
  • 41
4 votes
1 answer
422 views

What is this Tiger tank wingman UGV?

Schneider, Tiger Battalion 507: "For some time it was expected that in action every Tiger commander would ‘pull the strings’ of two midget panzers loaded with explosives. The idea was eventually ...
Tomas By's user avatar
  • 2,701
-2 votes
3 answers
352 views

Had anyone envisioned a "wipeout" scenario for Japan in the Pacific for World War II? [closed]

By "anyone," I mean experts such as military or political leaders contemporaneously, or professional historians in retrospect. By "wipeout," I mean a scenario in which Japan sinks ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
359 views

Was there anything similar to the World War 1 Christmas truce in World War 2?

I know that there was an unofficial Christmas truce during World War I, so now my question is this: was there anything similar during World War 2? It is close to the holidays as I am writing this ...
Abraham Ray's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
207 views

What does "APT" mean in box 34 of the WD AGO 53-55?

Reviewed my father's WD AGO Form 53-55 discharge papers from the army (Nov 1945). Does anyone know what the acronym "APT" in block 34 mean. Block 34 is titled "Wounds Received in ...
R Carter's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
80 views

What battle did the German and US join forces in WW2? [duplicate]

I remember learning about a battle towards the end of WW2 when some German and American forces fought side by side. What was that Battle? and Were they both fighting against the SS?
Bri Han's user avatar
  • 159
3 votes
3 answers
370 views

How possible was it for Japan to convert her naval aircraft to land uses?

Some years ago, I created a World War II computer game in which I obtained interesting results by having Japan use her naval aviation (the planes that fought at Coral Sea, Midway, and elsewhere in the ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

How have estimates of the deaths in WWI and WWII changed over time?

I am curious about what the generally accepted death figures in the two world wars were at times between the wars and the present time. There are many sources on the internet today which give numbers ...
MAGolding's user avatar
  • 19.3k
5 votes
1 answer
937 views

Were North African silver certificates actually printed in 1935?

The U.S. government printed special silver certificates (U.S. Banknotes) with yellow seals (instead of red or blue seals) so if the North African campaign failed, we could devalue those notes after ...
viggity's user avatar
  • 161
3 votes
1 answer
201 views

Which WWII Medal and ribbon are these?

I am trying to identify a possible medal that my great grandfather was awarded as I am putting his medals together for my grandmother. Though I'm not quite sure it's a medal. I looked through his ...
Alexis's user avatar
  • 39
25 votes
1 answer
4k views

What was the strategy to protect the British Museum during the World Wars?

Today I was surprised with the claim by the CNN, that the Rosetta Stone was: on display in The British Museum since 1802 with only one two-year break during World War I I assumed at first that it ...
Quora Feans's user avatar
-6 votes
1 answer
204 views

When Hitler started WW2, did he realize that if he lost he would die? [closed]

Was it the rule back then "if you start a war for no reason, you should die"? I know that it was a question for the Nuremberg trial, but was there an informal rule that "starting wars ...
Censored to protect the guilty's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
178 views

What is the origin of the claim of the 27 million Soviets dead in WWII? [closed]

All throughout the existence of the USSR, there was always the claim that the number of USSR citizens who died in WWII was 20 million. Lately, I am seeing a persistent claim that that number was 27 ...
wrod's user avatar
  • 129
0 votes
1 answer
301 views

Why did Hitler's order to give SS members German Citizen remain in force until the 1960s? [closed]

Heinrich Boere was allowed to find refuge in Germany while under death sentence from the Dutch. I guess the obvious answer to why Germany honored laws that applied to a criminal organization is that ...
releseabe's user avatar
  • 1,910
-1 votes
2 answers
491 views

Is there any evidence that the US strategy at Midway was deliberate?

The Battle of Midway was a crushing US victory over the Empire of Japan that, at face value, appears to be due to good SIGINT and a huge amount of luck by the Americans. In particular, the piecemeal ...
Ian Kemp's user avatar
  • 261
1 vote
0 answers
233 views

What happened to the British universities during WWII?

For one of my courses at university, I chose to work on the topic of British students during the Second World war. I suppose many of them interrupted their studies to go and fight, but what was the ...
Benoite Gott's user avatar
16 votes
1 answer
6k views

Where can I find all Hitler speeches in original German?

I would like to find all Hitler speeches in original German, but the more I look, the less I find. Sure there are a few here and there, but his complete speeches in German are nowhere to find. I did ...
Herlock's user avatar
  • 177
21 votes
1 answer
6k views

Was the use of captured tanks an effective strategy for Germany?

Throughout WWII it was not uncommon for armor to be captured and reused by belligerent nations. It seems like Germany was the leading force on this, being recorded as frequently incorporating captured ...
PausePause's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
233 views

What happened on July the 5th, 1943, at the Gerbini airfield on Sicily?

I read on this site an event that happened on July, the 5th 1943: About 30 Flying Fortresses which set out to bomb the Sicilian airfield at Gerbini are attacked by more than 100 enemy fighters, 35 of ...
totalMongot's user avatar
  • 6,597
3 votes
5 answers
2k views

Why are early submarines faster on the surface, while later types are faster when submerged?

In early submarine designs we see that a surfaced submarines are faster, while submerged submarines are slower, but gain the obvious benefits of stealth and being harder to target (requiring ...
fgysin's user avatar
  • 1,320
4 votes
3 answers
535 views

Why were some German conquered territories (eg: Poland) referred to as 'Generalgouvernement'?

In 1939-45 Germany - the German ocupying forces - referred to Poland as a Generalgouvernement. What in German eyes merited this title for Poland, a title which was not applied e.g. to Bohemia or ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
238 views

Did any French generals or politicians argue for pressing the Saar offensive?

There is still considerable controversy on the question of whether Gamelin could have ordered a SERIOUS offensive in the Saar in early September, 1939 with the operation having a decent chance of ...
John Olsen's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
172 views

How accurately did Victory Through Air Power portray the state of the war at the time?

I have just watched Disney's 1943 wartime propaganda film, Victory Through Air Power. The film (which was based on Alexander P. de Seversky's book by the same name) was intended to convince government ...
T Hummus's user avatar
  • 171
1 vote
1 answer
300 views

Who destroyed the leading brigade of the 6th Guards Tank corps?

From Tony Le Tissier, Slaughter at Halbe: With Koniev’s exhortations urging it on, 3rd Guards Tank Army succeeded in covering sixty kilometres on 20 April [1945], taking Baruth during the course of ...
Tomas By's user avatar
  • 2,701
9 votes
5 answers
2k views

What other ships were with USS Saratoga when it was hit by a torpedo on 1942 Jan 11?

USS Saratoga (CV-3) was a Lexington-class Carrier of the USN. On 1942 Jan 11 it was hit by a torpedo from the Japanese submarine I-6, and then went in for repairs. However, I would like to know what ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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