All Questions

3
votes
2answers
288 views

Can anyone help to identify and date this uniform or the medals?

Found in my late Aunt's possessions. Photograph of unidentified uniform:
2
votes
1answer
136 views

How is this pattern from Pompeii also in Cappella Sansevero?

The labyrinth tiles in Capella Sansevero where built between the mid 1760s to c. 1771 (according to http://www.museosansevero.it/floor/?lang=en). They look like this: I saw the same pattern in Villa ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Were prisons in Maine mixed race in 1947?

In the movie The Shawshank Redemption, white Andy Dufresne (played by Tim Robbins) and black Ellis "Red" Redding (played by Morgan Freeman) are in the same prison. I don't remember if it was said ...
2
votes
2answers
289 views

Why didn't Anne Boleyn consent to divorce?

In the recent past I've seen two televised depictions of the life-and-times of Henry VIII: The Tudors and Wolf Hall. Henry VIII wanted out from his marriage to Anne Boleyn because she failed to ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Are there descriptions of the weapons of the Nubian Empire?

Are their any descriptions or images of the weapons of Kushite /Nubian Empire? I have tried looking for sources but have been unable to find any, other than them just saying sword or spear or ...
20
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the meaning of a knight fighting a snail in medieval book illustrations?

Someone sent me this really weird picture of a medieval illustration. It depicted a knight fighting a snail, and was basically a viral snarky commentary about how weird medieval ideas were. I tried ...
31
votes
6answers
7k views

Was World War I a war of liberals against authoritarians?

An essay by Robert Kagan in the Washington Post, March 14, 2019, argues for rethinking the big theme of 20th-century history as a struggle between liberalism and authoritarianism, and for an ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Schism of 1054 - what were the positions of Jerusalem, Alexandria and Antioch?

Q1 Given that the validity of the Western legates' act is doubtful since Pope Leo had died and Cerularius' excommunication only applied to individuals, why was the schism allowed to continue to the ...
24
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does a Star of David appear at a rally with Francisco Franco?

In this web page, a photo from a repertory of photos from the Spanish Civil War, at the website of the archive of Italian Istituto Luce, shows a rally with Francisco Franco within a theatre. From the ...
0
votes
2answers
115 views

Did princess Maria von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen -Belgian king Albert's mother- have a child out of wedlock?

Maria Luise von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen in German. She was married to prince Philip of Belgium and was the mother of king Albert I. Just one source and no other more -Wikipedia in Spanish - claims ...
8
votes
1answer
211 views

Have any artifacts or archaeological remains from the White Ship disaster of 1120 ever been recovered?

After the White Ship disaster, which claimed the lives of all on board (except one), including William Adeline, the heir to the English throne, England was plunged into a civil war known as the ...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

Are there any histories of indigenous Americans who were brought to Europe?

I have read brief accounts of indigenous Americans who were brought to Europe in the wake of Columbus's arrival, including a family of Inuit who were brought to meet Elizabeth I but died shortly after ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

How did public debt financing through annuities worked in the States General of the Netherlands?

We're going through some readings regarding how the formation of modern states was structured through the many wars throughout Europe across the centuries, and one of the points that concerns me - ...
8
votes
3answers
185 views

What was the timetable for Germany's Invasion of the Low Countries (Fall Gelb) in WW2?

I was watching the 1969 classic movie 'Battle of Britain' the other day and noted numerous scenes where the British were very concerned about a German invasion; "what are they waiting for?" was a ...
49
votes
5answers
7k views

What is the significance behind “40 days” that often appears in the Bible?

Several times within the Old and New Testament of the Bible there are notes pertaining to a long time as "40 days," as in 40 days of fasting, rain, traveling, etc. Why 40? Is there a factual ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

What is this Uniform and Medal Ribbon?

I am trying to help someone. She has sent me a black & white photo. I think the battle dress is post WW2? And the man could be an officer? Ie the wearing of a tie. I just cannot work out the ...
6
votes
1answer
256 views

When Lenin met Mussolini, what was Mussolini's impression of Lenin?

According to Wikipedia, BM met VL in Switzerland in the 1900s. Lenin is said to have lamented the loss of 'such a capable person' to the cause later on in the 20s: "What a waste that we lost ...
1
vote
2answers
150 views

“…as stated by its atheistic leaders more than 30 years ago” in McCarthy speech

I read this quote in a speech given on June 2, 1950 by Joseph McCarthy that said: "We know that the major aim of communism, as stated by its atheistic leaders more than 30 years ago, is to create ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

Did the Maya civilization recognize that it was into an ecological crisis?

As I currently read so much about pessimistic ecological forecast of today's society, I'm wondering if the Maya or eastern islands society became aware of their heading into or state of an ecological ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

How do vetoes affect re-votes in US Congress?

I would think that a president challenging the will of congress would cause congress to vote differently out of principle but am curious if this is true. Throughout history, what is the percentage ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Were there socioeconomic reasons for the decline of Athenian democracy?

Historians often emphasize socioeconomic causes when describing the fall of the Roman republic, which began centuries before Augustus won the civil wars. For example, the sudden influx of wealth and ...
36
votes
10answers
7k views

Why did it take so long to abandon sail after steamships were demonstrated?

1807, Robert Fulton's Clermont the first ship to demonstrate the feasibility of steam propulsion for commercial use, but it also carried sail. 1819, The first steamship to cross the Atlantic was the ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Rose tattoo used to mark convicts condemned to death?

I recall from my university history courses a factoid about rose tattoos being used to mark convicts condemned to death in Europe during the Renaissance period (in case of escape), and was wondering ...
3
votes
4answers
207 views

Did Time magazine aid Al Capone?

Note: maybe this should be on the law stack exchange, I really am not sure! In 1930, Al Capone made the cover of Time Magazine. Assuming this image was taken by Time Magazine, they would have had to ...
5
votes
2answers
315 views

Why did people stop building square-rigged ships?

Sailing ships are still being built, but square riggers are a thing of the past. Why? Did fore-and-aft rigging prove superior? If so, why not earlier? Does it have to do with the disappearance of ...
-1
votes
0answers
97 views

Language and meaning of stamp on a wood carving

I recently acquired a hand-carved object in wood that has the stamps shown ^. I would love to be able to understand what they signify! Can anyone help? Or at least point me to where my question might ...
2
votes
0answers
118 views

Why do schools in Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea use the Westminster Quarters as school chime?

Today, I read about the Westminister Quarters, the chime used by Big Ben in Westminster, London. In that article, I see this assertion: Most schools in Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea play the ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

What are the per capita alcohol consumption rates of England from 1700 to 1900?

The rates are readily available for the period 1800 onwards but there is some trouble finding equivalent data for the period prior to 1800. Moreover, the data that I have some across so far even for ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

Does anyone have information about a pre-1859 church in Villers-Bretonneux?

The current church of Villers-Bretonneux, Église Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Villers-Bretonneux was built after WWI. Before this was a church built in 1859; here is an historic photo. There was a church ...
5
votes
2answers
170 views

How did the design of the hull differ between an indiaman and a frigate?

Indiamen and frigates look similar. The Indiaman seems a little bigger, but both are similar in the following ways: full rigged design for overseas operation (able to cross oceans) armed As indiamen ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Military reforms after the battle of Manzikert

After the battle of Manzikert and during Alexius's reign was there any attempt towards military reform to go back to the theme peasant-soldier system instead of mercenaries? In John Julius Norwich's ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Did Cimabue also paint the Last Supper?

May I ask if the painter Cimabue also painted the Last Supper? I am trying to draw some comparison between the different paintings of The Last Supper in different eras... But Cimabue (1240-1302) has ...
0
votes
2answers
407 views

Why was fellatio considered so horrible during the XIX century in Europe?

The mentioned sexual practice was extremely frowned upon during that period, basically only prostitutes were to do them and even in this case, only with huge amounts of received money, that, in the ...
-2
votes
1answer
94 views

Why did new religions flourish more easily in the past than they can possibly do today? [closed]

Historically, we've seen religions replace other (mostly pagan) religions. However, something like that happening in the 21st century seems extremely remote. What aspect of the historical world made ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

What was the postage from Japan to US in 1945?

I was wondering how many postage stamps it would require to send a letter from Japan to the US (and vice versa) around 1945, and during the occupation? And perhaps you might know what the stamps ...
3
votes
2answers
236 views

What was the South actually afraid Lincoln or Congress would do that precipitated the Civil War?

While the US Civil War was fought over slavery, it doesn't appear that an interpretation of law from the 19th century supports the notion that Congress or the President could have eliminated slavery ...
4
votes
2answers
178 views

How did Qing China keep in contact with other places?

Imperial China received diplomatic missions from other places whenever those places decide to send a mission (for example: Japanese missions to Imperial China). These missions were irregular, and were ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

What is meant by “state people” in this context? (Governments of new Balkan states post-WWI)

I'm reading The Origins of Totalitarianism by Hannah Arendt, but since my background is science I find the history a little hard to follow. What is the meaning of state people in the following quote? ...
-4
votes
2answers
136 views

European Life Expectancy Comparable? Now or When?

Question: Was their ever a people in European history where life expectancy was similar to Now? 21st century? 70+ years of age? Average or Median? I realize conventional wisdom would inform us ...
31
votes
5answers
6k views

Are there historical instances of the capital of a colonising country being temporarily or permanently shifted to one of its colonies?

When the Portuguese Royal Court (over 15,000 souls) fled the Napoleonic invasion of Portugal in 1807, and installed itself in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Rio became the capital of the pluricontinental ...
4
votes
1answer
284 views

In Germany 1935, what happened to the Jews in the armed forces?

In Germany, in 1935, after the Nuremberg Laws were put into effect, what happened to all of the German Jews that were enlisted in the German army? You never hear anything about them in all of the ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

How far did climate affect civilisation development in the Americas?

The shapes and orientations of Eurasia and Africa result in the former having larger regions of similar climate. This video discusses the hypothesis that: regions of similar climate can more readily ...
-1
votes
0answers
48 views

Who were the wealthiest i.e. richest person year by year since 19th century?

I'm not looking for lists of wealthiest persons globally in certain years, but looking for the top wealthy person per year. I.e. the top ones in 1890, 1891, ... (single person per year)
3
votes
2answers
345 views

Is this wrench from 1881, or is it just a serial number?

One of my facebook group's member posted these pictures, he found them in their garden buried. He made cleaning, and they look old, but are they from 1880's? If the location helps: it is in Hungary, ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

What present-day monarchs descend from Rodrigo de Borgia, a.k.a., Pope Alexander VI?

I understand all enthroned and dethroned Catholic royal families (except for the Grimaldis) and even some Protestant German royal families like Hessen, Mecklenburg and the Prussian Hohenzollern ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

How much would it cost to bribe a prison warden in New England in the year 1800?

The value of money from one decade to another is a very confusing topic - in my opinion, anyway. For instance, something called the CPI Inflation Calculator states that $1 in 1800 was the equivalent ...
10
votes
2answers
258 views

Where did the Roman money involved in the spice and luxury trade end up?

In the book "The Roman Empire and the Indian Ocean" by McLaughlin, which is a very interesting read, he states that annual bullion going to buy luxuries in India was around 50-100 million sesterces ...
5
votes
1answer
171 views

What happened to the colonial estates belonging to loyalists after the American Revolution?

What happened to the colonial estates of the rich, elite Loyalist families after the American Revolution? I assume they were just broken up and sold off to small farmers to appease some of the land ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

Why did Ancient Greek city-states fight each other and how did they morally justify it? [closed]

I'm curious about why the different city-states in Ancient Greece fought war against each other and how did their leaders motivate their people to take up arms, leave their families and farms and go ...
-3
votes
1answer
93 views

Is the entire history, we read, accurate? [closed]

In today's era, having great advanced technologies, we get many rumors. So how can we write the historical facts so firmly. We talk about ancient personalities, their quotes, their lives, etc. so ...

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