All Questions

2
votes
1answer
194 views

Are there historic examples of slave emancipation leading to mass starvation?

I was reading this article about "1 Million New Afrikan / Blacks Died From Starvation & Disease When Slavery Ended & Reconstruction Period ( Largest Biological Crisis of 19th Century)" and I ...
4
votes
0answers
54 views

Which ship took Tolman to Kamchatka?

William Tolman was reportedly a mechanic from New England who got to Petropavlovsk on a whaling ship in 1813. Somehow he stayed behind and lived his whole long life in Kamchatka. None of the sources ...
-3
votes
3answers
342 views

Did a villein ever rise to the nobility in Medieval England?

I know that there are tales of burghers and other commoners getting rich through trade. Was it unknown for villeins to climb the social scale?
4
votes
1answer
264 views

What restrictions were in place after WWII on the German aircraft industry?

A question on Aviation.StackExchange asked why the German aircraft industry is smaller than other countries in Europe. I know that the Allies did not want German rearmament after the war and had ...
4
votes
2answers
543 views

How was Herodotus able to get accounts of the Battle of Thermopylae?

How was Herodotus able to get accounts of the last stand of Thermopylae if the entire rear guard died alongside Leonidas? It is said he recorded the last words of the Spartans "stranger go tell Sparta ...
7
votes
1answer
311 views

Why did the British take Hong Kong instead of any other of the later treaty ports?

The aftermath of the first Opium War declared that Hong Kong and the island of Kowloon should be ceded to the UK as a port for refitting ships and storing cargo. It also meant there was easy access ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

Is there any evidence for American atrocities during the Soviet-Afghan War? [closed]

I just spoke to someone that was convinced that US soldiers committed rapes against Afghan women during the Cold War. Is there any truth to this? Were there any US soldiers deployed to Afghanistan ...
5
votes
1answer
230 views

What happened to Soviet POWs taken by non-German armies on WW2 Eastern front?

I have initially posted this question in relation to the Romanian army, which was second to the German on the Eastern front, but I have updated the title to include all other non-German armies on that ...
2
votes
2answers
242 views

Did Army Group Center have easier going up to Smolensk than between Smolensk and Moscow?

To try to get an answer to this question, I would like to explore its factual bases, including, but not limited to the following: 1) How did the road/railroad communication network west of Smolensk ...
5
votes
1answer
130 views

How would ancient Sumerian astronomers predict length of the next lunar month?

I know we can do these predictions with extreme degree of precision now, using our extensive knowledge of celestial orbiting patterns and principles. With Sumerian civilization being one of the ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

What is the origin of the name Fallopian tubes?

I read that the Fallopian tubes were described by the Italian anatomist Gabrielle Fallopio, somewhere in the 16th century. The Wikipedia describes that the structure reminded the musical instrument, ...
4
votes
0answers
119 views

Does Bob Hope hold the record for headlining the most USO tours?

Bob Hope entertaining the troops in 1944. Source: Wikipedia Question Multiple sources indicate that Bob Hope headlined 57 USO tours, including Wikipedia and Legacy's article on Bob Hope's USO, ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Has more than 1/3 of Congress ever opposed a war?

Basically all the bills to start a war had 90-99% congressional support from what I've seen on Wikipedia. I just wonder if there was any war that 30% or more of Congress opposed starting. I am only ...
1
vote
2answers
219 views

Was there the idea of “peaceful Crusades”?

Was there the idea of "peaceful Crusades", which had symbolic meanings for pilgrims, or was it just the political invasion of Palestine territory, initiated by religious people (Pope Sylvester II and ...
4
votes
2answers
214 views

Was Romania under German command during WWII?

At the beginning of WWII, Romania was independent, but then the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact came and parts of the country were invaded by Russians. This pact triggered Romania to join the war on the ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Which Imperial Russian officials created and verified passports?

In Imperial Russia (as in other states) passports were required for interior travel. They were issued to individuals and had a finite duration. I'm guessing that being found away from home without a ...
6
votes
4answers
508 views

Why did Robert E. Lee say that George McClellan was the best general he ever faced?

In administration, preparation, and morale, he may have been excellent, but in starting campaigns he was ruinously cautious and in battles he was reluctant to sustain casualties. In the the Peninsula ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

What's the history of this mortar shell?

I was wondering if anyone could give me some history on this shell, which was left to my son by his great grandmother. Could anyone give me information about these markings on this mortar shell. ...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

Are there any ancient sources clearly testifying a frozen Tiber river in the year 398, 396, 271, and 177 BCE?

Multiple sources, ranging from Wikipedia to journal articles over the years (such as this one), record a series of severe winters which caused the Tiber river to be frozen in the above-listed years. ...
16
votes
1answer
348 views

The WWI Christmas truce of 1914 resulted in no consequences, in spite of clear warnings against such beforehand - why were there no courts-martial?

British and German Soldiers photographed together during 1914 Christmas Truce. Source: The Daily Mirror, Friday January 8, 1915. Question What factors led to no courts-martial charges being pursued ...
8
votes
4answers
602 views

Did the Nazis identify as being Fascists? How exactly did they view themselves?

In the 1920s, Italy established the National Fascist Party (Italian: Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF ) Hitler adopted much from his Italian allies including their fascist ideals. Even the infamous ...
0
votes
1answer
168 views

Caesar's comments on Celts(?)

Recall reading somewhere a description by Julius Caesar of the Celts(?) as being fast talking, often through gestures and half words. And often saying the opposite of what was intended. Like to find ...
38
votes
10answers
14k views

Does any country have an official celebration for the annexation of foreign territory?

Most nations/countries celebrate their independence from some foreign power, a historical victory over aggressors or the end of a war. Are there any modern era examples where a historical event of ...
3
votes
2answers
152 views

Oppression of non-ethnic Hungarians in Hungary pre 1800s

I was reading about Magyarization and it is noted that this process only began in the 1800s. However, I was wondering about earlier oppression of Romanians specifically in the Transylvania regions pre-...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Codex A for Herodotus' Histories and questions about discovery of the fragments of the Oxyrhynchus Papyri

This question is related to this one: Where can I find the primary source for Herodotus' Histories?. Thank you to everyone who provided information there. That really helped! I have some ...
-3
votes
1answer
90 views

In the late 1800s how did American Indians portray resiliency in the in the midst of oppression? [closed]

In the late 1800s how did American Indians portray resiliency in the in the midst of oppression?
2
votes
1answer
88 views

What do we know about Hennig Brand's family?

What do we know about Hennig Brand's family? He is credited with the discovery of Phosphorus of course, but it appears he was married twice during his life. Did he have any children, and if so do we ...
6
votes
1answer
243 views

Were smoke signal used to trigger a company-scale infantry advance by the US during WWII?

In the context of WW2, US land forces, any non-Pacific theater (Africa, Italy, Normandy--Germany campaign): Was there a doctrine in place utilizing smoke grenade signals for triggering an infantry ...
-2
votes
1answer
93 views

How did the Egyptian Pharaohs get their title?

I recently watched a presentation where the presenter said there was a man named "Rikayon" who became wealthy from charging people a death tax to bury their dead. After an ancient king (Nimrod) ...
5
votes
0answers
82 views

History of the Ruins near Chagyl in Turkmenistan

In the Balkan Region of Turkmenistan, there is a small (possibly abandoned) modern village built on top of what looks to be some sort of ancient ruins near the remote town of Chagyl. (Some of the ...
5
votes
1answer
213 views

Why didn't the Trafalgar Way messengers sail up the English Channel?

The dispatches from the British fleet at the battle of Trafalgar were brought by ship to Falmouth. From there, messengers rode by horse over land to the Admiralty in London, following a route known as ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

What kind of apparel did Carthaginians wear?

Did Carthaginians wear togas like the Romans did? Did they wear laurels? What kind of other clothing might they have worn? (If you're looking for a specific time period - around the beginning of the ...
5
votes
2answers
271 views

When (and where) did public polling start taking place on topics other than elections?

Image Source: The Roper Center on Cornell.edu Question When did public opinion polling on topics other than elections begin? Are there examples prior to the 1930's when Gallup and Roper began ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Southern Manifesto main idea

What is/are the central idea(s) underlying the Southern Manifesto of 1956? Is it a concern with local autonomy vs. federal power? Is it racism? I have found out that it repudiated the Supreme Court ...
2
votes
2answers
273 views

Why couldn't the Ottoman Empire modernise the way Meiji Japan did? [closed]

What makes it appear to me that Japan modernised to come to a level of advancement comparable to Western powers was, unlike Ottoman Empire Japan had universal compulsory education the level of ...
1
vote
3answers
364 views

Who was the first to point out that transmutation of gold would be mostly useless, since it would simply lead to inflation?

For millenia it was a goal of princes and alchemists to produce the Philosopher's Stone, a device by which common metals could be transmuted into gold. To modern people who know about economics, it ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

What was the role of Midnapore town in present day West Bengal of India in the armed struggle for freedom in Bengal province of British India?

The famous extremist freedom fighter Khudiram Bose from Midnapore who was the first extremist freedom fighter in British India to be hung is quite famous. Who were all the famous extremist freedom ...
2
votes
3answers
337 views

What was the miitary strength of the participants in the Falkland conflict?

Wikipedia entry for Falkland war does not specify the strength of the belligerents i.e the size of the military of each size. Are there details of the military size of the two countries at that time ...
7
votes
2answers
308 views

Why was it Spain, not Tlaxcala, that dominated over Mesoamerica despite the Tlaxcaltecs being the major force in the conquest of Tenochtitlan?

It has been a question that makes me wonder, since the very first time I read about the history of the Aztecs. In the fall of Tenochtitlan, as commonly known, the Tlaxcalans (Tlaxcaltecs) was the ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Did the founding members of the Black Panthers ever mention the role of Malcolm X in creating their group?

I'm trying to find out if the Black Panther Party (BPP) ever said (preferably in an interview of some kind) whether Malcolm X or the Nation of Islam's more active approach to civil rights helped to ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Which prayer did sailors in Russian America expect to hear?

Father Ioann Veniaminov (Saint Innocent) was a Russian Orthodox priest who ministered in Russian America. Leaving Sitka, he recorded the following in his journal: Tuesday, June 30, 1836. Having ...
4
votes
1answer
149 views

Who conducted the first “straw poll” in U.S. election politics, and when was it conducted?

Prior to Gallup and Roper et al in the 1930's and The Literary Digest in 1916, what was the first election straw poll in US elections? Three sources that I found cite three different answers (though ...
2
votes
0answers
118 views

What is the history of the Molly, which became the USS Reprisal

According to Wikipedia, the USS Reprisal ...was the first ship of what was to become the United States Navy to be given the name promising hostile action in response to an offense. Originally ...
114
votes
7answers
30k views

Do historians agree that most wars are caused by religion?

I'm not a historian, but this is a very common claim that crops up in debates over God's existence and religious scripture. What is the opinion of the community of professional historians?
4
votes
1answer
240 views

Was there any distinction between the 13 Colonies and the Canadian provinces prior to the American Revolution?

Was there any distinction between the 13 Colonies that became the United States and the Canadian colonies/provinces prior to the American Revolution? For example, did New Brunswick and New Hampshire ...
14
votes
1answer
489 views

Did anyone face consequences (charges / court-martial) for the 1914 Christmas truce in WWI?

A copy of the Daily Mail from Dec. 31, 1914 reports on the Christmas truce. Source: The Star As a follow-up to this question about impromptu football / soccer games between troops from opposite ...
5
votes
1answer
131 views

Apart from the Inuit, and candlefish on the northwest coast, did pre-Columbian America have lamps or candles?

Lamps have been around in the Old World since the Palaeolithic (one was found in the Lascaux cave). Candles are thought to have originated in the Bronze Age, but were certainly used by ancient Greeks, ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Why were the Istein and Schliengen enclaves transferred from Switzerland to Baden?

Before the French revolutionary wars, the principality of Basel had 2 enclaves in the Rhine valley of what is modern Germany. Istein (also including Huttingen and maybe Wintersweiler) Schliengen (...
0
votes
2answers
309 views

Earliest Traces of Slavery

The earliest example I know is from Sumer. That would be the earliest example of institutionalized slavery, because that's (one of) the earliest forms of urbanized civilization. However, what's the ...
5
votes
1answer
104 views

What were John Milton's daily reading habits?

In a college course on John Milton, I believe I remember the professor saying that Milton had an extremely rigorous daily reading schedule, something like one hour of Greek and two hours of Hebrew ...

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