All Questions

3
votes
1answer
416 views

U-Boat Mutiny in WW2?

In the 2018 'Das Boot' TV series, the crew of the U-Boat mutinies against their captain as they perceive him to be too cautious and unwilling to engage the enemy. Is there any historical record of a ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

What explains this dip in Indonesian GDP growth rate in 1982?

In the years preceding it, Indonesia had been growing swimmingly, with rates as high as 9.9%, and just 8.1% in 1981. Suddenly, a solitary dip to 2.2% occurred in 1982: Google helpfully produced a ...
3
votes
3answers
317 views

To what extent were practitioners of Judaism persecuted during the Soviet Union?

I know that as a result of the policy that atheism was to be the only public religion, the Soviet Union did their best to attack Christianity. However, I am interested in knowing the extent that ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Was the village of Campalagian in West Sulawesi originally a Cham settlement?

I could not find any evidence on this, except an ancestral story my grandparents told me. My great-grandmother was said to come from Campalagian, a village near Polewali, in West Sulawesi. They said ...
8
votes
2answers
296 views

Were the first African Americans in Jamestown slaves or indentured servants?

Recently, Governor Ralph Northam of Virginia referred to the first African Americans to arrive in Jamestown as indentured servants. This quickly created a twitter storm of corrections, first by ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

What would have been the consequences of not citing a casus belli? [closed]

Are there any exceptions to the rule of always having a justification for going to war? Did not having an ostensible reason (proschema) for war up one’s sleeve ever result in any consequences? Could ...
29
votes
1answer
8k views

Why did the Republic of China retract its simplified Chinese characters?

The image below shows part of the list of simplified Chinese characters introduced by the Republic of China Department of Education in 1935. They were retracted in 1936, so China continued to use ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

At what age could you hold custody of another in 12th century England?

My question is as stated in the title. My reason for asking is that I know girls could marry at twelve, and boys at fourteen. I am wondering at what age could each have legal custody of another? I ...
3
votes
0answers
198 views

What “exactly” is the difference between “Clan” and “Family”? [closed]

The reason why I ask this question, is, because there are many non Japanese who would like to say ( For example ) Takeda Clan, instead of Takeda Family. We Japanese do not hold a huge meeting like ...
1
vote
2answers
158 views

On the Ezana Stone, who are the black and red people that the Ethiopian king was referring to?

On the Ezana stone, the Axumite (modern day Ethiopia) king wrote in Ge'ez, Sabaean and Greek to describe his victory over the Kasu (Kushites) and Nuba (Nubians). He mentions the black and red peoples,...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

What is the social history of British popular opposition to Thatcher over the miner’s strike?

I tend to watch a lot of UK panel shows and while most of the comedians are Labour/liberal I'm still surprised at just how much they seem to hate Margaret Thatcher. Particularly this seems to be about ...
-1
votes
2answers
185 views

Why Christianity was “forked” from Judaism? [closed]

I was just interest why it happened that at the foundation of Christianity lies the Old Testament? It was just most authoritative religion 2000 years ago? Or any another reason?
6
votes
2answers
872 views

Is the Persian name or title Khosrow related to the name Caesar?

From what I understand Khosrow I, being the leader of the Persian Empire of 532 CE, had the title/name. What is the origin of the name Khosrow? According to Google Translate, "khosrow" in Persian ...
5
votes
2answers
417 views

Why would high-ranking officers wear a helmet exhibiting their rank near the enemy?

Buckner had arrived with his standard three stars showing on the front of his steel helmet and a nearby Marine outpost sent a signal to Buckner's position stating that they could clearly see the ...
2
votes
0answers
126 views

Which country had the largest indigenous itinerant population?

Which country has or had the largest numbers (in absolute and/or relative terms) of indigenous itinerants in any period of history? For this question, I consider itinerants to mean a group for which ...
13
votes
1answer
311 views

Was Donald Knuth the first person to typeset a book using a computer?

I came across this article, which recommends a few books. Below is a quite from the article from the part about Digital Typography by Donald Knuth: For another, the book is, well, charming. Donald'...
0
votes
1answer
210 views

Why were general and flag officers allowed to fly aircraft in combat?

LTG Frank M Andrews and Maj Gen Robert Worley both died while piloting combat aircraft in a war. I'm assuming that generals and admirals are less skilled or prepared to pilot aircraft, as their ...
2
votes
3answers
195 views

Had any 20th century navies used damage-control specialized vessels in battle fleets?

A followup or extension of this question: Was the tugboat ever part of a WWII battle group? Was there ever a ship in a modern navy specially equipped or converted so that it could keep pace with ...
5
votes
1answer
234 views

Is there any economic history account of the role of Japan's precious metal deposits in the roles of the country's early industrialization?

The Japanese archipelago is generally scarce in natural resources, but Japan has a large deposit of precious metals in the Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine, and a few other mines, to a smaller extent. Japan ...
0
votes
1answer
315 views

How low on ammunition were the Germans at Stalingrad when they surrendered?

Hitler ordered his forces in Stalingrad to fight to the “last man and last round.” A century and half earlier, a more respected German commander, Marshal Blücher claimed upon his surrender to the ...
21
votes
3answers
739 views

Does the Catholic church have a long history of child abuse, or is it something that started in our time?

There has been a debate on the causes of clerical child abuse is a major aspect of the academic literature surrounding Catholic sex abuse cases. However, I wonder what is the history of child abuse in ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Did Richard II of England willingly abdicate the throne to Henry of Bolingbroke?

The Wikipedia article for Richard II explains that there are contradictory accounts of what happened when Henry of Bolingbroke usurped Richard II's throne in 1399. According to the official record (...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Was 2019 the first state of the union to have sung happy birthday?

I watched the state of the union and they sang the happy birthday song to the holocaust survivor because it was his birthday. Has something like this ever happened before?
25
votes
8answers
5k views

Operation Vengeance and Individual Targeting of Enemy Commanders

Operation Vengeance (1943) was a US military operation aimed specifically to kill Japanese Admiral Yamamoto. It looks like something weird in contemporary era: are there any similar military ...
-3
votes
1answer
321 views

Why there are more people of red hair among Arabs than Mongols when both populations are naturally born with dark hair?

Question Title is edited by J Asia, see OP's comments in my answer, below. Have left rest of OP's question as is (the body of question). This question, in my limited understanding of genetics, is ...
7
votes
1answer
335 views

Great Sphinx photo from WW2 shows a big platform under the chin

This photo is in a TV documentary about World War 2 in Africa. I see a large square platform build of bricks that goes right up to the chin. What is this and why was it removed? And why is nothing ...
1
vote
0answers
119 views

Can anyone tell me what uniform this man is wearing. .

It was thought he was a member of the Coast Guard or Civil Defence. The picture was taken in S.Wales just before the War.
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Are there any reliable documented records of members or operations of the French Resistance during World War 2?

I am working on a research project in which a Polish World War 2 veteran has received a number of medals from France. These medals are as follows: Commemorative Medal of the War 1939 - 1945 War ...
4
votes
1answer
411 views

Were bricks instead of bombs occasionally thrown out of war planes in WWI?

I remember reading in a school textbook or perhaps hearing my history teacher tell the story of how bricks instead of bombs were occasionally thrown out of war planes in WWI, perhaps because of ...
1
vote
3answers
388 views

How did attitudes of German citizens toward Hitler and the Nazi Party change over the course of the pre-war and the post-war periods?

The March 1933 federal election was the final democratic election before WWII - in which the the Nazi party recieved 43% of the vote. I'm curious how quickly the attitudes of ordinary German ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

Why was the Federal government's assumption of state debt so significant?

Alexander Hamilton advocated for the assumption of the states’ debts by the Federal government. Why was this so significant? The reasons Chernow gives in his book are: the wealthy bond holders would ...
5
votes
0answers
63 views

Who revoked their signatures from the union agreement at the Council of Florence?

In many Byzantine history books, a general statement is made that from the 700 strong delegation to the council of Florence, "many Orthodox bishops revoked their signatures" after the council ...
33
votes
6answers
6k views

Was the tugboat ever part of a WWII battle group?

It would seem a pretty logical addition to a WWII battle group to have one of more tugs for the capital ships (heck, any ship), yet I don't see much evidence of that. Let me elaborate. I was an Army ...
1
vote
0answers
157 views

How accepted were public displays of affection in medieval France?

Were a man and a woman allowed to kiss/hug/hold hands in public? Did it differ depending on whether they were married or not? What about if they were engaged? If it was forbidden, what punishment did ...
5
votes
0answers
138 views

Are there any sources of historical land use/land cover data for the United Kingdom and Ireland?

Are there any sources of historical land use/land cover data for the United Kingdom and Ireland? (Not just Northern Ireland) I'm specifically interested in datasets that, for each point/area in the UK/...
0
votes
1answer
445 views

What was the image of Jhwh before it was almost erased from history?

Clay tablets found in Mesopotamia tell us that Adam was an earth god. In Genesis Adam was demoted to human status probably to make a monotheistic text possible. Did Jhwh have an image (idol) before ...
21
votes
1answer
3k views

Did firing trials of pre-WW1 British dreadnoughts involve actually firing at them?

On the Wikipedia page of HMS Dreadnought it is mentioned that during firing trials against HMS Hero there were some vulnerabilities of its fire control systems revealed: namely, wiring and voice tubes ...
0
votes
1answer
285 views

Is it really true that more high-ranking Nazis died in Tatra cars than in combat?

I find this citationless claim hard to believe: "More high-ranking Nazi officers were killed in Tatra-manufactured cars than in active combat" Telegraph
5
votes
0answers
135 views

Are “pots of memory” an historical custom?

I found a term "pots of memory" in a novel. I searched on the web but I could not find any clues. The novel, "Kokushikan Satsujinjiken" by Mushitaro Oguri was published 1934 in Japan and people ...
4
votes
0answers
80 views

Was the ancient Pontic city of Athenai (Ἀθῆναι) related to Athens?

The city of Athenai (Ἀθῆναι, modern Pazar, Turkey), in some contexts referred to as Pontic Athens, situated on the Pontic shore about halfway between Trapezus (modern Trabzon, Turkey) and Bathys Limen ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

What were the legal and societal conditions concerning “interracial love” during 1870s?

For the timeframe 1850–1880 I have a question related to the slave trade and love, specifically so-called "interracial love". Was it possible in any way for a slave woman to marry a white man who had ...
3
votes
1answer
331 views

Which SF author was unable to check his own work out of the library due to insufficient security clearance?

Following up on the question Public knowledge of hypothetical nuclear weapons before Hiroshima?: I recall reading (many many years ago) an autobiographical anecdote by a science fiction author who ...
10
votes
4answers
387 views

Public knowledge of hypothetical nuclear weapons before Hiroshima?

The following is an account of an impromptu conversation aboard the Enola Gay while in flight toward Hiroshima. According to Rhodes, The making of the atomic bomb, p. 707, the pilot, Colonel Paul ...
1
vote
1answer
308 views

Did people 'go to the beach' for pleasure in classical antiquity?

Swimming in the sea was necessary for many in ancient Rome or Greece, but did they do it for recreation?
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is the name “Tecumseh” used for US Navy ships?

It is common practice to name warships after historical heroes of a nation. The US Navy had four vessel named USS Tecumseh Two of them were tugboats, but the other two were a then-cutting-edge ...
4
votes
0answers
115 views

Looking for information on “Schwartz Toy Mfg. Corp.” and products

I found a stuffed animal in my attic of a masked mouse with a label having "Schwartz Toy Mfg. Corp." on it. The spelling differs from FAO Schwarz, and I can't find much on Google except a few sites ...
0
votes
1answer
285 views

Why are there so many Hungarian family names that have a pejorative tone? [closed]

I've never thought about this much since I grew up with it, but my wife is a foreigner and she thinks Hungarian family names are the weirdest thing ever. Common family names include (the Hungarian ...
5
votes
2answers
241 views

What are the earliest written accounts of Sub-Saharan Africa from the outside?

I've been researching African ethnography recently, and this path has led me to looking for early accounts of Sub-Saharan Africa. That they come from non-residents likely goes without saying, but I ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

How were the earliest automatic traffic lights automated?

The first traffic light was operated by a policeman in 1868 and it was the only way things worked for a while. Modern traffic control systems are implemented with microcontrollers, networks and ...
0
votes
2answers
205 views

Are empires inherently stable over time? [closed]

Are empires stable organisational units with normalising tendencies, or do they have inherent instability? Has an empire ever demonstrated itself to be perpetually stable? If not, why not?

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