All Questions

33
votes
1answer
4k views

What was the plan for an abort of the Enola Gay's mission to drop the atomic bomb?

Following up on this answer... @mark, in the answer, writes that "[i]n the event that the crew of Enola Gay had to abort their mission, they had no intention of trying to land with the bomb still ...
0
votes
2answers
130 views

Looking for good documentation about daily life under Stalinist USSR

I am contemplating the idea of making a role playing game set in USSR under Stalin, specifically the period between when he gained full power (roughly 1930) and operation barbarossa (June 1941). I am ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

How detailed were American Civil War medical records of the types of diseases that various soldiers had?

The Northern armies evidently kept at least somewhat detailed statistics on how many of their soldiers were sick. Shelby Foote's The Civil War: A Narrative recalls one incident where the Army of the ...
73
votes
5answers
8k views

Is there any evidence to support the claim that the United States was “suckered into WW1” by Zionists, made by Benjamin Freedman in his 1961 speech?

In the comments to another question another user of History:SE made a remarkable, if unbelievable, claim: Actually, Germany was shocked when the US declared war and entered on the side of Great ...
42
votes
3answers
10k views

Was there a contingency plan in place if Little Boy failed to detonate?

It's August 6th, 1945. The first atomic bomb ever dropped hurtles to the ground. Its fuse fails and with a thunk it buries itself in the ground. The Enola Gay flies home, its crew worried they did ...
1
vote
0answers
122 views

When did heliocentrism fall? [closed]

The rise of heliocentrism is well studied, and the "center of the universe" shifted from Earth to the sun once the dust settled on the Galileo affair. But when did we realize that the sun is not the ...
-1
votes
2answers
373 views

Why didn't slaves just leave? [closed]

How did ancient cultures keep their slaves from just walking away? Record-keeping in these societies was quite poor. Even if paperwork did exist stating that someone was a slave, the next town over ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Is Zonaras' epitome of Cassius Dio the fullest surviving ancient annalistic account of Roman history for the period 292–265 BC?

Is the Byzantine historian Zonaras' epitome of Cassius Dio's Roman History (as presented alongside Dio's fragments in the Loeb edition of the Roman History) our fullest surviving ancient annalistic ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

Was there a continuity in architecture from the Minoan civilisation to classical Greece?

The Minoans used columns in their palaces and the Mycenaeans used columns in their megarons which were inspired by the Minoan column, but were the columns of classical Greek temples and buildings a ...
2
votes
6answers
604 views

Where is the bloodiest area with most deaths within a single day?

Caused by war or other violent encounters, where have the most people died throughout history within a single day? These should include deaths at the hands of others, or themselves, using any ...
15
votes
1answer
3k views

What happened to the British convicts transported to America after the American Revolution?

From the early 1600s until the American Revolution of 1776, the British colonies in North America received transported British criminals for, what I have read, a term of 6 to 14 years. I have read (...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

How was the Lanfang Republic set up if emigration from China was illegal?

The Lanfang Republic (蘭芳共和國) was founded in 1777. The Qing Dynasty banned people from leaving China, so how did the republic get its founding citizens? How did it become a tributary state of China if ...
6
votes
4answers
318 views

Why wasn't Angelica Schuyler in danger in London despite supporting revolution?

I recently became fascinated by the musical "Hamilton". I heard that it's mostly historically accurate, but there's something that doesn't sound right to me. In the musical, it is suggested that King ...
5
votes
1answer
159 views

How long would it have taken to sail from Boston to Nova Scotia in 1775?

I have to write a diary for my Social Studies class on what life as a loyalist was like. How long would it have taken them to sail from Boston to Nova Scotia, also known as British North America in ...
15
votes
2answers
6k views

Is there a reason why Turkey took the Balkan territories of the Ottoman Empire, instead of Greece or another of the Balkan states?

After the Ottoman Empire collapsed, why did Turkey (i.e. its successor state) retain control of the Empire's Balkan holdings? Considering the historical origins of the Empire Turkey should have gotten ...
2
votes
1answer
240 views

Why Vladimir Ilyich Lenin is so popular in Russian?

Recently I have seen a documentary film from "Star Media" (this is Russian film) called "The first world war". Up to this moment, I thought that the February Revolution had happened, because there was ...
-1
votes
1answer
119 views

Accurate “World History Timeline”

Many years ago I had in my possession a large poster of a timeline that attempted to depict the main events attached to all the cultures known to have existed. I think I found it in a Japanese ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

When did England stop being a Papal fief?

In 1213, King John surrendered England to the papacy making it a Papal fief where the Pope would be paid annual tribute. However King Edward I did not act as a vassal to the Pope because he got into ...
5
votes
3answers
531 views

What battle of WW2 is depicted in this Battlefield V level?

What battle of World War II is depicted in this Battlefield V level? Credit goes to the game makers of course, as it is their property. Slight update: I cannot quite remember the map name, but I ...
42
votes
2answers
8k views

Has the United States ever had a non-Christian President?

If Bernie Sanders wins the 2020 election, he would be the first Jewish POTUS in American history (regardless of how 'cultural' his Judaism may be). Given this, would him being the first Jewish POTUS ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

Why did WWI include Japan?

WWI mainly developed in Europe. It only included the USA because Germans attacked a US ship. What did Japan have to do with Europe?
6
votes
2answers
229 views

Did American colonists object to the protections of Catholicism in the Quebec Act?

One of the acts which helped precipitate the American Revolutionary War was the Quebec Act. This act was passed in the aftermath of the Seven Years' War (aka the French & Indian War), after the ...
4
votes
2answers
158 views

Was the Times of London available for sale in 19th century Singapore?

Were copies of The Times of London generally available for sale in 19th century Singapore? If so, how much did a copy cost? And how many days would the newspaper take to arrive in Singapore?
2
votes
1answer
186 views

What was the relationship between Ottoman emperor Murat IV and his mother Kosem Sultan?

Was the relationship between Murat IV and his mother Kosem Sultan really bad? Did Kosem Sultan intervene a lot when her son assumed absolute power?
1
vote
0answers
125 views

How did the poor survive during the collapse of empires? [closed]

This mostly pertains to people lower in the social hierarchy during great collapses such as the Ottoman Empire and Rome, although information about other classes may be helpful. What precautions and ...
4
votes
1answer
332 views

When were the Germans aware of British airborne radar during WWII?

During (and even before) WWII, the British developed Airborne Interception Radars. When were the Germans aware of these developments during WWII? I am asking partially because of curiosity and ...
1
vote
0answers
135 views

How long before someone was declared dead in ancient Greece?

In The Odyssey, everyone in Ithaca - except Penelope - assumes that since most surviving Greeks returned home shortly after the end of the Trojan War, Odysseus is dead. This legitimises a group of men,...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

Were there cases where an ethnic newspaper had the highest circulation in a country?

Were there cases where a locally-published newspaper catering to, and read by an ethnic minority group had a circulation exceeding that of any other newspaper in a country? Examples: Fictional ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

Seeking identification of a military uniform in a watercolor painting

Can anyone provide information for the uniform in this watercolor? It was discovered in an estate sale in New York City as part of a larger art collection (no other similar pieces). The lettering at ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Whom did Vernon Jordan help secure affirmative-action jobs in the (pre-)Clinton White House?

In his book about Bill Clinton -- No one left to lie to : the triangulations of William Jefferson Clinton -- Christopher Hitchens tells the story about the sacking of Dr. Lani Guinier as the nominee ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Did Boris Tarasov return from Mexico to Russia?

Boris Tarasov, employee of the Russian-American Company, was arrested in San Pedro, California in 1815. As a prisoner of some political value, in 1816 he was sent from Monterey to San Blas and then ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

Was it Legal for Sheriff Don Chafin to Raise an Army and Air Force?

In 1921 Sheriff Don Chafin of Logan County West Virginia participated in a major conflict with coal miners. The concluding battle of that conflict is known as The Battle for Blair Mountain. Faced ...
5
votes
1answer
201 views

Was there a coup in the Netherlands in 1672?

From 1650 to 1672, the Dutch Republic lacked a stadtholder because the Government was dominated by Republicans who didn’t want William Prince of Orange to become stadtholder. However in 1672, during ...
10
votes
1answer
364 views

Sugar Island - why does it belong to USA?

The attached map below is just a picture from google maps I know posting such pictures might not be a good practice, but I needed to specify the position of Sugar Island and St Joseph Island. My ...
16
votes
2answers
3k views

Catholic vs Protestant Support for Nazism in Germany

The German population before WW2 was roughly half Catholic half Protestant. Before and during WW2, was there any significant disparity between the support for NSDAP across the religious line? In other ...
-1
votes
1answer
175 views

Why didn't captains of ships like the MS St Louis beach on uninhabited islands, after being rejected by North America and UK? [closed]

For Jewish refugees, any island west of UK would be safer than continental Europe. Even if these deserted islands (like Greenland, Ireland's Blasket Islands, Scotland's Barra Isles, most of Canada's ...
3
votes
2answers
274 views

Did the Babylonians know the Pythagorean Theorem before Pythagoras formulated it?

Came across a clip on TV from an (unidentified) BBC documentary showcasing the Plimpton 322 tablet, written in cuneiform c.1800 BC (1200 years before Pythagoras). The narrator says the tablet was ...
1
vote
0answers
133 views

How realistic where the tactics employed to defend winterfell in game of thrones? [closed]

The fantasy series game of thrones has been largely based on a number of historic events. However I have had several people tell me the tactics in defending winterfell make no sense and would not have ...
5
votes
2answers
259 views

What was the place of a catapult in a formation

My question is where would you usually keep a catapult on a battlefield. It feels as if you shouldn't keep it in the rear back of the army since it won't reach the target, and also you want to have as ...
7
votes
2answers
236 views

Has any place exhumed more dead bodies than San Francisco?

San Francisco's cemeteries of the 1800s relied upon burial fees for maintenance, and so fell into disrepair when they filled up. Simultaneously, land became more expensive and public health fears ...
23
votes
3answers
5k views

What was the state of the German rail system in 1944?

Could an SS officer get from Auschwitz to Berlin by train in July/August/September 1944? I need to know how Allied bombing might have disrupted the system. For context: I am writing a mystery which ...
4
votes
1answer
259 views

How long did it take biologists to adopt the theory of evolution?

My textbook (Freeman, S. and Herron, J.C., 2007. Evolutionary analysis p. 66) says Before Charles Darwin published on the origin of Species in 1859, special creation was the leading explanation for ...
2
votes
0answers
273 views

Did the Picture Post publish the 1857 photo “Two Sepoys of the 31st Native Infantry Who Were Hanged at Lucknow” in 1939?

On the front line of empire, colonials had been developing an increasingly aestheticised response to violence since at least the 1850s, when the Italian-British commercial photographer Felice Beato ...
19
votes
1answer
3k views

Did Henry V’s archers at Agincourt fight with no pants / breeches on because of dysentery?

At the Battle of Agincourt (1415), according to the War History Online article The Time English Soldiers went to Battle without Pants, and Won The conditions for the archers at the start of the ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Torpedo boat with mechanical problems accompanying the Wilhelm Gustloff

The Wilhelm Gustloff was a german cruise ship that was used as part as a means of evacuating refugees from Gotenhafen (today Gdynia) in January 1945. The Wikipedia article reads: The ship left ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

What exactly is the “revolution from the bourgeois” referred to in flow?

I was reading the book Flow by Mihaly Csizkszentmihalyi, wherein the following quote is made on page 67: “The much more subtle but equally coercive social controls of bourgeois Vienna made Freud’s ...
5
votes
4answers
283 views

What was this slender hooked rod thing that John Wilkes Booth posed with?

In this photo (¿daguerreotype?):     John Wilkes Booth is posing with some kind of hooked rod. It does not seem to be a pipe, cane, umbrella, or writing instrument. What is it? Here ...
1
vote
4answers
291 views

Troy: How could a city be built on top of an older one?

As far as I know, archaeological excavation discovered several layers of the city of Troy, each one built on top of the ruins of the older ones. I just can imagine how that might have happened. One ...
12
votes
1answer
556 views

What route did the Hindenburg take when traveling from Germany to the U.S.?

Today's passenger jets travel the shortest (northern) route, which takes them over Iceland, Greenland, and Newfoundland. However, that's where the Hindenburg would have encountered the Westerlies, ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

How would one muzzle a full grown polar bear in the 13th century?

In his answer to a recent question on whether there had been a Viking Exchange between Europe and the Americas, LangLangC brings up that the King of Norway offered a polar bear to Henry the 3rd in ...

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