All Questions

0
votes
0answers
30 views

differences and similarities between Hamas, IRA and ANC? [on hold]

My knowledge of the exact histories is spotty so I am curious to have someone compare how we look back on the legacy of the IRA in Ireland and the ANC in South Africa and how that compares to Hamas in ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Were there any non-Mischling Jews in the Nazi party or military?

It's known that a number of people of Jewish descent served in the German armed forces or other aspects of the Nazi apparatus, despite the policy of systematic Nazi exclusion and later extermination ...
-4
votes
0answers
39 views

Were only the Jews singled out for complete annihilation as a race or group of people by the Nazis? [on hold]

As far as I understand the Nazis targeted not only Jews, but a lot of different groups of people for complete annihilation including: Gypsies Slavs People with disabilities and probably other groups ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Why were fragments of the Mongol empire named after colors?

Why were the successor fragments of the Mongol empire named after colors after the death of Genghis Khan? For example, blue horde, golden horde and white horde.
-2
votes
0answers
47 views

Why doesn’t the flag of the German Empire include the colour gold found in the current German flag? [on hold]

The flag of the German Empire had a black-white-red colour scheme, rather than the black-red-gold colour scheme of today’s German flag. What was the significance, symbolism and meaning of the flag of ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Why is ancient chinese rocket so decorated?

This picture doesn't make sense. Who would want to carve a head statue just for a rocket that will blow up? How does it work?
3
votes
0answers
33 views

What was Masada's Roman ramp steep angle?

One thing that puzzled me about the story of Masada, is the ramp for the ram. The angle looked bizarre to me. I suppose it wore out over the years by the harsh winds, and maybe floods, but from ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Stonehenge like olive presses described in Gregory S. Aldrete History of the Ancient World A Global Perspective

Sorry if this is a stupid question, but does anyone know of what olive presses are refered to in Gregory S. Aldrete History of the Ancient World A Global Perspective where he talks about olive ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Was early Mari Sumerian or multicultural?

Mari was a multicultural Semitic and Sumerian city in central Mesopotamia. Despite its rich history during the historical period, I have found almost no discussion of the earliest period. This was ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Trying to identify what military service, war and rank by the uniform

I have been searching google images, tried a reverse search and found nothing. I have looked on many sites and cannot identify the service. I do know he has 9 buttons on his coat, 3 on the cuffs, red ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Are there examples of historical figures making decisions because “history will judge” them? [on hold]

Watching news in UK re Brexit tonight I'm hear various figures backing up there arguments that "history will judge" them correct and those they disagree with as incorrect. Is this threat of how ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

What title did the merchants permitted to deal with Canton's 13 Factories carry?

What I know: During the period leading up to the Opium Wars, trade into China from Europe was locked down to 13 buildings in Canton known as the 13 factories. European merchants were only permitted to ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Why is this hat identified as the Byzantine Imperial kamelaukion?

Concerning the word kamelaukion/kalemaukion (footnote), we must assume it had several meanings. The common one occurs in Nikephoros Phocas and is head gear for ordinary infantrymen. The second one is ...
-5
votes
1answer
93 views

Can it be argued that mathematics was discovered and the study was for the most part, ancient Indian scientists? [on hold]

Numerous evidence that many mathematical knowledge was known to Indians long before the Europeans (binomial coefficients, trigonometric formulas, complex numbers, and so on) has been preserved. Why do ...
4
votes
3answers
168 views

Micromanagement before the modern era?

We read a lot about the problem of micromanagement today, particularly in examples of failed leadership. And Google Ngram Viewer shows the first occurrences of the word in the 1970s. Did ancient (...
30
votes
4answers
7k views

Has any country ever had 2 former presidents in jail simultaneously?

I suspect that today, this achievement has been granted for the first time to Brazil, with the arresting of Michel Temer, and considering that Lula da Silva is still under arrest. It is normally big ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

When was the last coal mine in Germany established?

Recently, the last German coal mine (excluding brown coal) was closed. For more than 50 years, German mines were struggling because their coal was too expensive. I wonder when and where the last ...
2
votes
2answers
180 views

Economic status of whites in the US South at the height of slavery?

In Tony Horwitz' book Midnight Rising about John Brown's raid, on page 23 discusses Calhoun's stance on slavery: he asserted that slavery freed Whites from drudgery and class conflict. I wonder if at ...
28
votes
1answer
4k views

Is there any evidence that Cleopatra and Caesarion considered fleeing to India to escape the Romans?

In a book, Land of the Seven Rivers by Sanjeev Sanyal, I saw a claim made by the author which says that Cleopatra and her son Caesarion wanted to flee to India to evade Roman arrest. Sanjeev Sanyal ...
0
votes
3answers
168 views

Unofficial title for third or fourth son of a king? [on hold]

So, this is possibly a dumb question, but is there an unofficial title for the third or fourth son of a king? Like the first son is "the heir" and the second is "the spare" but is there something ...
3
votes
0answers
138 views

What does the date on the tombstone mean?

This photo was taken in the Cathedral of St. Martin in Bratislava. I found information about the genus Palffy, but not one of his representatives died in 1845; moreover, it turns out that this person ...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

How did cultural area change affect Christianity? [on hold]

When religion goes to different cultural area it affects religious beliefs. Christianity was formed in Middle East, but Christianity has a different culture than the Middle East. How is Christian ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Can you explain how officers were able to refuse orders historically in France? Elsewhere?

I've read several biographies that pertained to military history in England and France especially around the time of Napoleon. I noticed that the authors referenced the ruler requesting the service of ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

How were servants to the Kaiser of Imperial Germany treated and where may I find more information on them?

I'd like to know how the Kaisers treated the servants in their palace, along with where I can find more information on this subject. In "The Kaiser and His Court: Wilhelm II and the Government of ...
-2
votes
0answers
95 views

Did Ptolemy XIII run a brutal regime that oppressed the Egyptian population?

Assassin's Creed Origins is a video game set in Egypt under the rule of Ptolemy XIII. The game is praised for its historical accuracy (apart from the fantasy elements!) My reading suggests that the ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Why did Kennedy refuse any military action in Laos at first and then decided otherwise by sending combat troops?

I was lately reading a lot about the civil war in Laos and the American involvement in there and now I am quite confused about the following: What is the special thing about the administration of ...
1
vote
2answers
240 views

When is the first recorded instance of someone dying for a principle?

When we think of martyrs, we often go back to the early Christians as the typical examples - dying for the idea that they should worship one God and no other. Another often quoted example is Socrates -...
-3
votes
0answers
82 views

Would Bernie Sanders have been arrested during the red scare? [on hold]

I mean, if he was equally as active, running for president, and publically known vocalizing socialism in America?
0
votes
0answers
91 views

How old is international recognition of countries? [on hold]

How old is the concept of a country "recognizing" another country? When did it become widespread?
-1
votes
1answer
131 views

Flag flying dynamics

How many flags are allowed to be on one pole? Is a flag ever flown up side down at half-mast, more than 1 and why?
3
votes
2answers
206 views

Was Woodrow Wilson really a Liberal?

In a related question Ben Crowell asked, Was World War I a war of liberals against authoritarians? in that discussion, Woodrow Wilson was called a liberal. I have always believed, this has become a ...
7
votes
0answers
116 views

What Happened to the Undergrad Students who Attended the Feynman Lecture Series in 1961-63?

In the academic years of 1962-2 and 1962-3, Richard Feynman gave his celebrated series of lectures to a cohort of undergraduate physics students at Caltech. It has been claimed, probably tongue in ...
-2
votes
1answer
138 views

Were the British lucky during WW2? [on hold]

When WW2 started, the Nazi's quickly swept much of Mainland Europe under their control thanks to the Blitzkrieg. NOW UK WAS NEXT But as we know, the UK fought back and defeated the Nazis. Now my ...
11
votes
3answers
848 views

What is the period/term used describe Giuseppe Arcimboldo's style of painting?

Giuseppe Arcimboldo was best known for creating portrait heads entirely up of objects. Here are some examples: He is described as a '16th century Mannerist' and the 'Grandfather of Surrealism'. ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

When was 'reason' first revered as one of the great human faculties?

Generally the answer to this question returns, squarely, as 'the Greeks'. Wikipedia says The proposal that reason gives humanity a special position in nature has been argued to be a defining ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

How young of a child could do significant labor?

I've been trying to find out whether, in some cultures historically, a child of age 3 or 4 could do enough work to "pay for their keep", so to speak. In the search I've found out that modern child ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

Britain's position on American Civil War [closed]

What was the position of the British Empire on American Civil War that broke out between North and South from 1861 to 1865 ?
6
votes
1answer
95 views

Where are the agrarian reforms of Basil II codified?

I am interested in Byzantine law, especially under Basil II. Much weight is always attached to his agrarian reforms. I would like to read some of his laws in the original. I guess these reforms were ...
5
votes
2answers
198 views

Did bronze metallurgical development peak by the end of the bronze age?

There is a lot of talk, books, and science about the development of iron into increasing qualities and types of steel, but I do not see the same attention given to bronze. This is not counting the ...
-1
votes
0answers
116 views

What is the oldest man-made smell? [closed]

What is the oldest man-made smell on record? When was the first spice burned for its aromatic properties?
-2
votes
0answers
188 views

What is antisemitism? Was it ever anti-“Semitic”? [on hold]

Off-Topic Reason Correction: The referenced Wikipedia article does not in fact address whether the history of antisemitic sentiment in Europe was exclusive to Hebrews or was also inclusive of Arabs. ...
6
votes
1answer
889 views

What was the average age of first marriage in 18th century Russia?

I found the following claim on Wikipedia (Women in Russia) and I wonder if it is true: Early in the eighteenth-century, the average age for peasant girls to marry was around twelve years old. In ...
3
votes
2answers
287 views

Can anyone help to identify and date this uniform or the medals?

Found in my late Aunt's possessions. Photograph of unidentified uniform:
2
votes
1answer
135 views

How is this pattern from Pompeii also in Cappella Sansevero?

The labyrinth tiles in Capella Sansevero where built between the mid 1760s to c. 1771 (according to http://www.museosansevero.it/floor/?lang=en). They look like this: I saw the same pattern in Villa ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Were prisons in Maine mixed race in 1947?

In the movie The Shawshank Redemption, white Andy Dufresne (played by Tim Robbins) and black Ellis "Red" Redding (played by Morgan Freeman) are in the same prison. I don't remember if it was said ...
2
votes
2answers
286 views

Why didn't Anne Boleyn consent to divorce?

In the recent past I've seen two televised depictions of the life-and-times of Henry VIII: The Tudors and Wolf Hall. Henry VIII wanted out from his marriage to Anne Boleyn because she failed to ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Are there descriptions of the weapons of the Nubian Empire?

Are their any descriptions or images of the weapons of Kushite /Nubian Empire? I have tried looking for sources but have been unable to find any, other than them just saying sword or spear or ...
20
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the meaning of a knight fighting a snail in medieval book illustrations?

Someone sent me this really weird picture of a medieval illustration. It depicted a knight fighting a snail, and was basically a viral snarky commentary about how weird medieval ideas were. I tried ...
31
votes
6answers
7k views

Was World War I a war of liberals against authoritarians?

An essay by Robert Kagan in the Washington Post, March 14, 2019, argues for rethinking the big theme of 20th-century history as a struggle between liberalism and authoritarianism, and for an ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Schism of 1054 - what were the positions of Jerusalem, Alexandria and Antioch?

Q1 Given that the validity of the Western legates' act is doubtful since Pope Leo had died and Cerularius' excommunication only applied to individuals, why was the schism allowed to continue to the ...

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