All Questions

0
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0answers
34 views

Are there historians who deny or have denied the Armenian genocide?

I heard that one of the The Young Turks' hosts denied it and should be heavily criticized, but what's the consensus on it among historians? Is it as taboo as denying the Holocaust or less taboo?
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Is this drawing made by Stanisław Szukalski

I was watching the documentary: Struggle: The Life And Lost Art Of Szukalski I'm trying to find out if this rabbit is made by Szukalski, and if so, i would like to find more of this kind of style ...
19
votes
1answer
3k views

Did Emanuel Lasker write a book declaring that Germany had to win World War I if civilization were to be saved?

Emanuel Lasker, the second chess world champion, was a very interesting person. I read here that During World War I, Lasker […] invested all of his money in German war bonds. At the end of ...
36
votes
8answers
6k views

Why did Lincoln wait to issue the Emancipation Proclamation?

(Apologies in advance: not being American, while I've read up somewhat about the military aspects of the Civil War, I am somewhat unclear as to its political dimension.) Lincoln did not declare the ...
4
votes
2answers
270 views

Did the Nazi regime always or often prioritize transport trains to the death camps over military transport?

Moishe Postone claims in his essay Anti‑Semitism and National Socialism (emphasis mine): No functionalist explanation of the Holocaust and no scapegoat theory of anti‑Semitism can even begin to ...
4
votes
0answers
299 views

Writing about oppressed peoples

This question is about responsible historiography. History as written by winners tends to devalue and misrepresent the experiences of subordinate groups (see Textbooks: Zinn People’s History; Labour: ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

What anti-Japanese guerrilla units were active in Manchuria from 1944-1945?

I am writing a historical fiction novel with a North Korean protagonist joining anti-Japanese guerrilla forces in Manchuria in 1944. I understand that major anti-Japanese resistance in Manchuria was ...
14
votes
2answers
5k views

Spanish Influence on the Netherlands and Belgium?

Spain had ruled the Netherlands (and Belgium) in varying degrees between the 16th and 17th centuries. However, I haven't noticed much of a cultural influence or impact with historical roots in Spanish ...
4
votes
1answer
284 views

Did the Soviet military in fact fear that the Space Shuttle would be used as an orbital bomber? If so, why?

I have read on this blog (scroll down to section "what happened to make it fail) dedicated to failed cold war space projects that the Soviet leadership was deeply concerned about the STS, fearing that ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Telegraph availability in Russia around year 1875

Were there any telegraph lines available in late 19th century Russia (let's say year 1875), which would go deep into mainland Russia? I can find some mentions about Moscow telegraph station being ...
-4
votes
1answer
112 views

What political party did Stalin belong to? [on hold]

What political party did Stalin belong to? I know he identified as a communist, but he didn't act like one: he occupied a somewhat large portion of the Baltic states(Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia). He ...
-4
votes
3answers
327 views

Why were women monarchs allowed to rule in patriarchal societies? [on hold]

It seems counter-intuitive to me that Elizabeth I was a powerful monarch at a time when women were considered inferior to men and when women didn't even have the right to vote in the UK until 1918. I ...
3
votes
1answer
300 views

An American Civil War battle where a general was ordered to advance to a certain point and wait . . . so waiting was all he did?

I'm trying to pin down something I once read about what went wrong with the Union's plans for a certain battle in the American Civil War. I think I once read a few paragraphs about this in a book by ...
5
votes
3answers
507 views

How did Lincoln know to stick with Grant before the completion of the Vicksburg campaign?

I'm reading Shelby Foote's book on the Civil War and something struck me: Lincoln was sticking by Grant, whom he'd never met, well before his big victories at Vicksburg and Chattanooga. How did ...
4
votes
1answer
228 views
+50

How can I understand the effect of the Sonderweg on the Revolution of 1848?

I'm trying to understand the effect that the German 'Sonderweg' had on the Revolution of 1848 in Germany. Are there authoritative/canonical references that would help? PS: Since I also speak German ...
1
vote
2answers
115 views

What was the earliest black advocacy for Palestinian rights?

According to a recent book published by Historian Michael Fischbach, Black Power and Palestine, the SNCC, the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, one of the main advocacy bodies for black ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Range of sailors' ages on a typical Pacific trading ship in 1810

This question is about crew ages on trading voyages in the North Pacific around 1810. The number of crew members on these voyages was often in the low dozens. Funding could come at least in part from ...
1
vote
1answer
220 views

To what degree is Simone Weil correct in arguing that the third Reich under Hitler was merely a revival of imperial Rome?

Simone Weil wrote in her book, The Need for Roots: The Romans were really an atheistic and I idolatrous people, not idolatrous with regards to images made of stone and bronze, but idolatrous with ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Typical units for exposure levels of light-sensitive materials: lux-hours, or…? [on hold]

I am looking for the typical scientific units that are used when defining acceptable light levels for light-sensitive materials, like historical fabrics when they are on display. Is it lux-hours (...
5
votes
1answer
109 views

Hyrcanian Burial Practices

In Cicero's Tusculan Disputations (book I, section XLV), he remarks: It is customary with the Magi, to bury none of their order, unless they have been first torn by dogs. In Hyrcania, the people ...
86
votes
1answer
22k views

Did Adolf Hitler ever address the fact that his own appearance was almost an exact opposite of what he considered the ideal Aryan appearance?

Hitler's ideal Aryan / Nordic appearance was: tall, blond, blue eyed, broad shouldered. Hitler's own appearance was: short, dark haired, brown eyed, slight and slumpy shoulders. And most of the Nazi ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Impressionism and subjectivity in art [on hold]

Did the impressionists make 'beauty is in the eye of the beholder' popular? I saw a youtube video that claims this but I'm not sure if its true.. I looked up impressionism movements and I couldnt find ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

How was body temperature checked before thermometers?

Medicine always advances, and it's obvious that many decades or centuries ago, some medical procedures were done differently. I'd like to find out about how body temperature was checked in the past ...
14
votes
5answers
41k views

What is the context of Lincoln saying: “if I could save the union without freeing any slave I would do it”

Lincoln said (emphasis mine): Executive Mansion, Washington, August 22, 1862. Hon. Horace Greeley: Dear Sir. I have just read yours of the 19th. addressed to myself through the New-York ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Revolutions: which side does the nation's military join? [on hold]

Historically, when there has been a notably significant revolution to overthrow the standing government, does the military typically defend the government or join the revolutionists?
2
votes
1answer
142 views

What specifically did Einstein have in mind when he called the Israeli Freedom Party fascistic?

In a blog published in the TLS, May 2016, Toby Lustig points out that Einstein in a letter to the New York Times, a few months after the declaration of Israeli idependence: wrote to complain of '...
3
votes
1answer
201 views

How large were Victorian British military forces?

I was wondering roughly how many people were members of military services in Britain during the later Victorian era, and had no luck finding any information on the subject online, apart from the ...
0
votes
0answers
124 views

What was the origin of the two-centered pointed arch? [on hold]

Was the "two-centered pointed arch" developed during Islamic period? Which building or monument has the oldest two-centered arch?
2
votes
0answers
47 views

For U.S. history 1800-1830, what was GDP by sector and industry?

The U.S. Census Bureau's Historical Statistics of the United States does not appear to break GDP down. I'm aware that the terminology is imprecise: GDP is a modern term, but is much shorter than the ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Resources for writing History [on hold]

Could you please suggest good resources for arranging the explanation in history of ideas? I've finished doing the research, and now I need good guides to guide me in the arrangement of the material ...
12
votes
2answers
327 views

Did the Inca Empire know about the Polynesians, or vice versa?

I'll split this question into two parts. Pre-Columbus: There's some evidence that Polynesians traveled back and forth between Oceania and South America before the arrival of Europeans. The sweet ...
3
votes
0answers
118 views

Why did this post card not allow communication with Japan?

In this postcard posted in Canterbury on 21 July 1908 (I assume) it is marked that: This space may be used for communicatin for Inland Postage and Foreign Countries, except Japan. Why?
6
votes
4answers
508 views

Why did Robert E. Lee say that George McClellan was the best general he ever faced?

In administration, preparation, and morale, he may have been excellent, but in starting campaigns he was ruinously cautious and in battles he was reluctant to sustain casualties. In the the Peninsula ...
2
votes
2answers
257 views

How long would it take for a young lady in victorian England to walk this distance?

I'm working a story currently and I ran into what could be a time management issue. In my story I have a young woman (late teens-early 20's) walking from her home to town, having promised she would ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Easter ornaments question

I know that there’s Christmas ornaments, but are there Easter ornaments? Have any been made historically? I’ve never seen them but that doesn’t mean that they don’t exist though.
3
votes
1answer
268 views

Why was it deemed necessary that the “average person… knows they are on the border”, which resulted in the creation of the US-Canadian border slash?

The Atlas Obscura's US-Canada Border Slash, says: The Slash was initially deforested for the sole purpose of, according to the IBC, making sure that the “average person… knows they are on the ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Why exactly did Harold Godwinson's brother Tostig help Harald Hardrada? [on hold]

I just really want to know why Harold Godwinson’s brother Tostig decided to help Harald Hardrada instead of his own blood relation.
18
votes
4answers
5k views

Was there a “secret” recording of the American founding fathers' deliberations?

I remember that there was someone who wrote down the stuff the founding fathers talked about behind closed doors. Can't remember his name. Who was he again?
4
votes
2answers
315 views

In WWI, How were the Germans able to maintain a submarine blockade of Britain?

How come that in WWI, the Germans were able to maintain a submarine blockade of Britain when GB was clearly the dominant naval power? Did the British Empire have no subs of their own? Were they bound ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

When and how did David become the mascot of Florence?

My understanding is that David, son of Jesse, King of Israel was the mascot of Florence. And that that was the impetus for Michelangelo's statue being created in the first place. Certainly David ...
29
votes
3answers
6k views

Where (if anywhere) were X-ray machines put on trains or trolleys to image “Everybody over 14 years old”?

The background image in this X-ray analysis sotfware page shows what looks like a trolley or train car on tracks with a sign that says "X-ray Now: Everybody over 14 years old". Where might this have ...
2
votes
2answers
186 views

Articles 3 & 5 of the Tripartite Pact are unclearly formulated. Was this standard for the period?

Tripartite Pact: ARTICLE 3 and ARTICLE 5 ARTICLE 3. Japan, Germany, and Italy agree to cooperate in their efforts on aforesaid lines. They further undertake to assist one another with all ...
33
votes
2answers
15k views

Normandy: Why did the landing craft open on the front?

I assume this beach scenario was typical on D-Day. (Graphic violence) It shows a landing craft reaching the shore, where it lowers a hatch on the front of the craft, exposing the invading soldiers to ...
4
votes
1answer
238 views

Where is an image of the oracle bone that describes the nova?

(Related to my previous question) Does anyone have a link to an image of the oracle bone that has this specific inscription: The inscriptions include the oldest observation of a nova (1300BCE) ‘A ...
2
votes
1answer
236 views

Why did China begin persecuting Falun Gong after tolerating the movement for nearly a decade?

My Question: Why did China begin persecution of Falun Gong midway through 1999 following nearly a decade of tolerating the movement? Freedom House - The Battle for China's Spirit ...
-2
votes
0answers
86 views

Is there any time the outnumbered side won without any of these advantages? [on hold]

Superior equipment Superior morale Superior terrain Superior supplies Has the outnumbered side ever won if it didnt have any of these advantages?
6
votes
1answer
111 views

How were maps drawn and printed in the late 19th-early 20th centuries?

Old books published in the late 19th to early 20th centuries AD (e.g. the Loeb Classical Library) may contain one or more topographical maps of world regions. How were these maps drawn and printed ...
4
votes
0answers
182 views

What is the history of the “surrender” gesture?

The surrender gesture seems to be obvious to us - you drop your weapon, put your hands up and maybe drop to your knees or even prostrate yourself. But were those gestures universal across the globe ...
5
votes
1answer
816 views

Does the HMHS Britannic wreck still have a grand staircase or any staterooms?

Does the wreck of HMHS Britannic still have a grand staircase or any staterooms or were they all removed prior to being converted into a hospital ship?

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