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2
votes
1answer
27 views

Can anyone find “War Department General Order No. 207, 3 July 1863” in which “prisoner conduct after capture” was mentioned?

I started following rabbit hole after rabbit hole while I was looking in to the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program, and I wound up on the report of the Secretary of Defense’s Advisory Committee ...
-4
votes
1answer
28 views

Was the expansion of the U.S federal government after 1865 support the argument that U.S civil war itself was about states' rights? [closed]

Some people appeals to the fact that the U.S government had expanded in terms of bureaucracy after 1865 to support the argument that state's right is the leading cause of the U.S civil war. For ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices?

Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices? The Mishnah (Avodah Zarah 2:3) mentions a concept called עורות לבובין which Maimonides and other commentators ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

What is the meaning of this phrase in chapter 64 of the Book of the Dead?

In the aforementioned chapter, one can find the next sentence: "Come! Look! The leg is adhered to the neck, the buttock is over the head of the Western." (I'm sorry if this is not a ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

What is the name for the very first Polish state likely established around 966 by Mieszko I through baptism of Poland?

In the year of likely around 966, Mieszko I united all of the tribes occupying a part of today's western Poland through Christianization of it, therefore making Poland an official sovereign state (at ...
-4
votes
0answers
54 views

Did really all people in the Mongolian empire never bathed? [closed]

I was interested by the Mongolian empire lately, but I'm kind of upset after I read that the Mongols never bathed. Does this mean that all the people that lived in the Mongolian empire never bathed? I ...
-3
votes
1answer
109 views

Can you name some nations who became successful after religious conversion? [closed]

For instance, I can say Turks. Turks converted to Islam and built the Ottoman Empire. Can you name some nations who became successful like Turks after religious conversion? N.B. by "religious ...
6
votes
0answers
75 views

What happened to the Heart of Atlanta motel after the ruling of Heart of Atlanta v. United States?

The Heart of Altanta Motel was a resort motel in Georgia that infamously sued the United States for the right to discriminate against customers against the provisions of the public accommodations ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

To what extent is the flora and fauna on Guadalcanal edible?

At the battle of Guadalcanal,, the initial wave of 11,000 Americans were stranded with something like two weeks' worth of food (five days worth of "landed" rations, nine days worth of ...
5
votes
0answers
106 views

What is the emblem on this ring?

After cleaning up a local cave, among lots of trash this ring was found laying underneath. Can anyone identify this emblem? Location: Center, Israel
5
votes
1answer
165 views

What are the stages of traversals of the Mediterranean Sea?

Different tribes and nations have existed all around the Mediterranean sea in the bronze age and later. They would know their land-neighbors, and may have communicated and traded with each other ...
-4
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0answers
67 views

What made Karl Marx central in socialist and communist thought? [closed]

Needless to say Karl Marx and his works occupy a central role in thinking about socialism, communism, and in the critique of capitalism. Of course, Marx is not the first to write about socialist ideas ...
0
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0answers
66 views

Why were some slaves named with African names after they were bought by slave owners in North America (18th century)? [closed]

Why would some plantation owners name their slaves with African names? Was there a specific reason for this or were some just more "benevolent" towards the Africans they just bought? I might ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

Why were the Marines so badly outnumbered at the critical point at Guadalcanal?

Prior to the battle of Guadalcanal,, the Americans had landed 11,000 men on the island in August, 1942. This compares to the 5,000 or so men that the Japanese had on the island by the first week of ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

What was the ratio of people who were atheist prior to the French revolution or who adopted atheism as a result of the Cult of Reason?

I'm interested in the way the French people reacted to the religious policies during the French revolution, i. e. dechristianization and establishment of the Cult of Reason. Are there any estimates ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

What was an “alower of Society debts” in colonial America?

"Alower of Society debts" - one of my ancestors held this role in Colonial America. I can find a reference to the role of "tithingman" - but not this... seems self-explanatory, ...
0
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0answers
42 views

What source explains the norms, rules, and conventions of conservative society? [closed]

I am looking for literature in Social Science that discuss or explains why various norms, rules, convention of society are/were created, i.e. explain the reason of various norms, rules, convention in ...
6
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0answers
78 views

How were taxes collected for traveling merchants in the middle ages?

I've done research on taxation in the middle ages. I found this answer particularly helpful. (What was the average percentage of taxes in Europe during the Middle Ages?). It mentions that merchants ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Was there Church opposition to heliocentrism in 1600?

According to the Stanford encyclopedia (entry: Copernicus): Pope Clement VII (r. 1523–1534) had reacted favorably to a talk about Copernicus’s theories, rewarding the speaker with a rare manuscript. ...
5
votes
0answers
116 views

What were the requirements for Ancient Greek colonist groups?

Disclaimers Given that the colonies were not created in empty space, it may not have been necessary to equip each and every group of colonists with the skills needed to be self sufficient. Assuming, ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Was drowning a form of mercy killing in Colonial America?

In doing family history research I came across this death notice, "John French, his wife drown’d herself 13 May 1701." Curious wording. Last summer I visited the French-Andrews house, ...
3
votes
0answers
124 views

Why didn't the German population leave Dar es Salaam before the outbreak of WWII?

In the chapter 'The Beginning of the War' of his autobiography Going Solo, Roald Dahl recounts his role in stopping the German population of Dar es Salaam from fleeing to Portuguese East Africa (the ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

Did the people who jumped from the World Trade Center during 9/11 lose their life insurance policy due to committing suicide?

I know there is a contestability period in which the insurance company can deny a claim for suicide, and that it’s relatively short, but I’ve been wondering if anyone who jumped, was still in that ...
-1
votes
1answer
134 views

Why (are/)were food tasters human?

In the TV series The Borgias, there were people who tasted food or drink for others (eg pope, queen, king) just in case there would be poison. Looking this up on wiki, I find that there really were ...
10
votes
3answers
332 views

How close did the US come to removing the Electoral College in 1970?

A NY Times opinion article mentioned a failed 1970 bill that would have introduced a potential constitutional amendment removing the electoral college. It had passed the House of Representatives, but ...
6
votes
0answers
87 views

Which English king voided noble land claims after a certain date?

If my memory holds, a medieval English king ruled that noble lands were falsely held and should be returned to the crown. Parliament, of course, rejected this seizure. King and parliament compromised ...
4
votes
1answer
106 views

When were confederate veterans barred from office and voting after the civil war?

The Wikipedia article on the Wilmington coup of 1898 has this: In 1868, North Carolina ratified the 14th Amendment, resulting in the recognition of Reconstruction, and in the state legislature and ...
11
votes
1answer
755 views

When was the first intentional ricochet fired from a naval artillery?

Wikipedia states that the first ricochet firing was performed in 1688. This other website says it may have existed in 1587. All those historical events are for cannonballs fired from the ground ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

What was the political context of the Japanese “North Ezo” explorations?

Mamiya Rinzō explored Sakhalin in 1808. This seems to have been the culmination of a series of explorations, which started in the 1770's, and in which the Japanese discovered much of the northern ...
7
votes
1answer
185 views

Did the Soviet Union's successful northern campaign have an impact on Swedish iron ore shipments to Germany?

Late in World War II, the Soviet Union successfully invaded Finland and forced her to disassociate herself from Nazi Germany. This happened to the point where the Finns were forced to allow Soviet ...
18
votes
1answer
3k views

What are the hay effigies in this Japanese movie?

I am moving this question from Movies.SE in hope to get the answer here The Blind Swordsman Zaitochi (2003) movie takes places somewhere in small town in Japan, probably around 19th century (one of ...
-1
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0answers
32 views

Does the Don Carlo in the two Verdi operas--Ernani and Don Carlos--pertain to the same historical character? [closed]

In the Verdi opera, "Ernani", there is the role of Don Carlo, later Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, while in the Verdi opera, "Don Carlos", there is the role of Don Carlo, Infante ...
-4
votes
1answer
89 views

Race mixing, eugenics, and Fascism: What inspired differences of opinion between German, Spanish, Italian Fascists? [closed]

I have been reading about Fascism from various expert sources, presently Professor Roger Griffin's Oxford Readers book Fascism. From this, and other sources (Robert Paxton, Stanley Payne, etc) we can ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

Did Helsinki have higher standards of living than Saint Petersburg when it was a part of the Russian Empire?

For over a century Finland was a part of the Russian Empire. It seems that overall Finland was significantly richer than Russia proper in the early XX century (look at these estimates). Was Helsinki ...
-2
votes
1answer
51 views

What are some good references for the history of legal business entities? [closed]

I'm looking for books and articles that can elucidate how different legal business entities and types of corporate personhood came to be. I've already found the book “The Company: A Short History of a ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

How were immigrant doctors and nurses sponsored in 1960/1970s?

Original Post I understand President Johnson passed Immigration Act of 1965. And there was shortage of Doctors and Nurses in the United States during 1960s, 1970s. People in countries such as India ...
45
votes
4answers
7k views

What do the numbers on this 1960s anti-integration sign mean?

I was reading a CNN article this morning that features the below image: Protests over integrating schools is not new. In 1965 members of a parents’ association picketed outside the Board of Education ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

What percentage of the German population worked on gathering the harvest in 1917?

It is a well-known fact that Germany suffered from food shortage during World War I, and that there were several causes of this, including in no particular order: The blockade restricting food ...
3
votes
0answers
112 views

What happened where in 1541? (Portuguese in the Horn of Africa)

Was trying to check the following description from the introduction to a board game: In 1541, Portuguese soldiers [...] slipped into the port of Massawa [and] join[ed] the Christian forces. At the ...
5
votes
1answer
209 views

How did people in Athens 500 BCE refer to Homer's era?

I know that there is probably not just one answer, so let's restrict the question to the golden era of 4th/5th century BC, in Athens. If they wanted to refer to Homer's time, who lived 300 years ...
-1
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0answers
47 views

How have Greeks impacted Australian society? [closed]

How have Greeks impacted Australian society? What are the economic, social and environmental impacts that Greeks have had on Australia?
0
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0answers
40 views

As Rome began to decline is there any contemporary accounts from time as to the cause? [duplicate]

I guess fall of Rome seems amazing to me in that they had things we recognise in modern states Militia, ability to buy property with paper rather than gold and manufacturing. As decline began as there ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

During the time of the British Mandate, who opposed the term “Hashemite Kingdom of Palestine” and who if any were OK with it being called that?

During the time of the British Mandate, who in the British Government opposed the term "Hashemite Kingdom Of Palestine"? " the Hashemite Kingdom of Palestine. This was the name that ...
3
votes
0answers
118 views

Which Soviet submarine was HMS Splendid tracking on 30th March 1982?

In 'Vulcan 607', R. White describes the background of the submarines that headed to the Falkland Islands. For the HMS Splendid, he notes that the submarine, under CO Lane-Nott was engaged in a mission ...
2
votes
0answers
137 views

Did 12th century French nobles really sleep in the great hall of the castle? [closed]

I've been on so many sites and each one seems to tell a different story. Some say that nobles had their own bedrooms (evidenced by the fact that castles had bedrooms) but I have also seen people say ...
0
votes
2answers
166 views

Did Nathan Bedford Forrest wear a wig or dye his hair?

I have seen pictures of Nathan Bedford Forrest with a dark beard and light hair on his head. Given that his head hair color does not match his beard color, did he wear a wig or dye his hair? I have ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

What was the purpose of the “strange crow mask” during the Black Death? [duplicate]

I looked at the Costumes which the doctors used during the Plague and saw that they wore a strange crow mask what is the reason for this? The mask does not provide any special protection as far as I ...
7
votes
2answers
281 views

What did the Japanese military do to maintain their fighting edge during the Edo era/Bakufu (1603-1868)?

After Tokugawa unified Japan, it entered a long era of militarized peace 1603-1868, with very limited warfare, a severely isolationist attitude and strict limits to weaponry (guns were essentially ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

After the 1947 India Partition, why did Sikhs & Hindus fleeing Pakistan travel to Delhi rather than stay in Amritsar?

After 1947 Partition of India, why did Sikhs and Hindus (escaping newly created Pakistan) not stay in a nearby city such as Amritsar, but instead migrate another 400 miles away to Delhi? According to ...
5
votes
1answer
190 views

What criteria are used to determine the popularity of Medieval European rulers?

It is relatively common to see certain monarchs described as "popular" while others are "unpopular". It confounds me as to what specific evidence has been used to determine this, ...

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