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2
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0answers
15 views

Does any of John Sutter's tin money survive?

John Sutter was a Swiss settler and investor in the late Mexican era of California. I have only seen secondary sources on the matter, but apparently his colony New Helvetia had bespoke coinage: ... ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Were the arches on any medieval bridges large enough to permit river traffic?

I’ve been looking through the Civitates Orbis Terrarum to get a sense of the way Medieval cities and their surroundings were organized, but there are some questions I haven’t been able to answer about ...
-1
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0answers
40 views

Is there any example of a cow, bull or other domestic animal group being used in a fight? [on hold]

I found some examples in entertainment of a cow or bull group being used as a weapon: the animals are being afraid by their guards and made to run in the ennemy. A notable example could be found in ...
-1
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0answers
99 views

After the end of slavery at the closure of the US civil war, what percentage of former slaves stayed at their previous workplaces?

Upon the abolition of slavery in the USA, there were suddenly millions of former slaves set free. But they were left without an obvious workplace. On the other side, millions of jobs done previously ...
0
votes
3answers
131 views

What happened to Hitler's personal possessions and real estate?

When World War II ended and Hitler committed suicide, what happened to his personal possessions and real estate? I presume that given his defeat, any will he might have had wasn't honored. Did certain ...
1
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1answer
53 views

Has China ever sent officials to collect tribute under the tributary system, instead of receiving missions, besides Zheng He's voyages?

The usual picture I have of tribute to the Chinese emperor, is that tributaries were dispatched to present their tribute to the court, that is in China. But it seems there were exceptions to this ...
23
votes
2answers
4k views

Was Hitler exclaiming “Heil Hitler!” himself when saluting?

Boris Johnson in his book “The Churchill Factor: How One Man Made History” writes: The only man to come through it with colours flying was Churchill’s parliamentary aide Bob Boothby, MP, who ...
-1
votes
1answer
148 views

How did scientific racism become so mainstream in the confederacy? [on hold]

How did scientific racism become so prominent in the southern states that came to comprise the confederacy? When you read the works of the Founders, they didn't espouse these kinds of theories. So ...
7
votes
2answers
146 views

Are views in Thailand on axis powers influenced by colonization?

John Oliver talked on how nazi depictions are used commercially in Thailand. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Nqa4XKkXp4 However, Thailand regained land from the British and the French during WW2, ...
5
votes
1answer
264 views

Just how fanciful is Egyptology?

I've just started learning about Ancient Egypt, and it's fascinating, but it's making me wonder about the reliability of my information. For instance, it is claimed that the Ogdoad governed the four ...
24
votes
6answers
4k views

Why didn't Aboriginal Australians discover agriculture?

From what I've gathered at a glance, Aborigine Australians have about 50000 years of history on their continent, roughly equivalent to that of people on other continents. Yet from what I can gather, ...
19
votes
1answer
3k views

Was Switzerland pressured either by Allies or Axis to take part in World War 2 at any time?

In the second world war, Switzerland mostly maintained it's neutrality and served as protecting power and mediated communications between the Axis and Allied powers. A Wikipedia article Switzerland ...
0
votes
1answer
118 views

What are the Ancient Egyptian words for these concepts?

I just want to know what words ancient Egyptians might have used for "country", "nation", "state", "kingdom", and "empire" (especially empire), preferably in their oldest forms. Can anybody help me ...
-3
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0answers
49 views

What were some grand narratives of the Renaissance? [on hold]

Just like any other era, there some prevalent grand narratives in the Renaissance. Could you please elaborate on some of them? By grand narratives I mean some historical themes particular to the ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

Who is this statue of?

Purchased it from an Italian leather shop in Budapest Hungary. Curious to find out the history behind it. I was recently informed it may be of a Hungarian cowboy. His outfit looks a bit formal. It ...
31
votes
2answers
7k views

How were Kurds involved (or not) in the invasion of Normandy?

In defending his decision to withdraw from northern Syria and cease supporting Kurdish fighters in the face of the 2019 Turkish invasion, Donald Trump said: [The Kurds] didn’t help us in the second ...
0
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0answers
82 views

What clothing did 14th century Javanese wear? [on hold]

Where can I find learn about daily clothing worn by regular people around 14th century Java? Preferably with a lot of pictures.
50
votes
6answers
15k views

Did it take 3 minutes to reload a musket when the second amendment to the US constitution was ratified?

The NPR News podcast and video Beto O'Rourke Wants To Ban, Confiscate Some Guns. Texas Voters Want Details (about 6.5 minutes long) contains the following assertion by Congressman O'Rourke: In ...
-2
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0answers
65 views

Why were indigenous alliances important to the imperial wars of the mid-eighteenth century? [on hold]

Why were indigenous alliances important to the imperial wars of the mid-eighteenth century? What was the role of indigenous alliances and how were they wielded during the Seven Years’ War? How were ...
7
votes
1answer
241 views

Why did the UK Parliament sit on Saturday 30 July 1949?

Good question by Andrew Sparrow on the Guardian Politics' live blog: According to the House of Commons website, the Commons has only sat on Saturdays four times since 1939. Three of those ...
-2
votes
0answers
100 views

What severed Lewis Carroll's(Dodgson's) relationship with young Alice Liddell? [on hold]

Dodgson till 1863 is said to be quite close to the Dean's (of Oxford University, and the father of Alice and her sisters) family. However, after 1863, I'm not sure what caused him to part ways. Some ...
-1
votes
1answer
160 views

What are the seven levels of knowledge? [on hold]

My teacher said that in the medieval Germany they had seven level about the knowledges one man had, for example, a child and a university student must be different, so they had a different level. i ...
5
votes
0answers
156 views

How did American colonial rights and conditions compare to those within the British Isles?

A major point of contention between American colonists and British administrators was that the American colonists, being the descendants of Englishmen, allegedly should have been entitled to ...
1
vote
2answers
344 views

Why was the Deutschland so ineffective compared to the Admiral Graf Spee and the Admiral Scheer

Before World War II, Germany created the Deutschland Class of heavily armored cruisers in order to comply with the regulations in the Treaty of Versailles. Three of these cruisers (called pocket-...
4
votes
1answer
187 views

What was the de facto rule by which the imperial title was transmitted in various Chinese dynasties?

I seek to find information about which rules or trends - if any - applied in Chinese imperial succession during different dynasties. I found this source, but I can’t get access and what I see in the ...
5
votes
2answers
213 views

Can anyone identify what uniform this child soldier from Switzerland c1870 is wearing?

I don't have any information about this card apart from the photo itself. Carte de visite circa 1860-1880 from Lausanne, Switzerland. As you can see, this child is wearing a soldier's uniform and is ...
67
votes
1answer
11k views

Which culture used no personal names?

The blog post Falsehoods Programmers Believe About Names – With Examples claims that: There was an isolated culture in which no one had names – they referred to everyone in relative terms, such ...
-3
votes
0answers
74 views

Who ruled India before Mauryans? [closed]

I would like to know who ruled different states in India during that time. The only king I know of is Nanda who was king of Magadh, other than that I don't know much.
8
votes
1answer
220 views

What would a Roman education include in the years 77 - 85?

In the year 77 Gnaeus Julius Agricola under Vespasian was made consul and governor of Britannia, among a series of military campaigns into north and west Britain he also pushed for various civil and ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Can anyone identify the uniforms in these pics, dated 1903 - 1904, Calcutta?

A little background... his father was a merchant with offices in Bremen and Calcutta; his mother tutored the children of the Viceroy of India. In later documents he states he was a member of the Royal ...
-2
votes
0answers
125 views

What information is there about the Catholic Church being opposed to “democracy, liberalism and human rights”, in the 20th Century? [closed]

I read this in a BBC article about married priests: "The Catholic church always changes, like any institution that lasts so long," [Professor Linda Woodhead MBE] says. "It has changed ...
36
votes
3answers
11k views

Is there a historical explanation as to why the USA people are so litigious compared to the French?

I'm French and I often hear that people in USA tend to sue for almost anything. I don't hear the same about countries neighboring France (Spain, Italia, Belgium, etc..) and, since a good part of USA ...
1
vote
1answer
221 views

Are there examples of cities planned for urban combat that actually experienced it?

I was under the impression some cities are built to make urban combat more of a mess than it already is. Specifically they are built to have bad sight lines, confusing routes for the enemy and planned ...
-1
votes
3answers
138 views

Do we know of any course of action chosen based on historical precedents which was successful?

Hegel famously held that we could not learn from history, since the particular circumstances are always too special. The German quote from his „Lectures on the Philosophy of History“ goes as follows: ...
4
votes
1answer
226 views

Did Yuri Gagarin really mention Anna Magnani in his flight in space?

This NYTimes article about the Italian actress Anna Magnani states: Perhaps the best way to describe her effect on audiences is to quote from a documentary on the Italian actress by the Belgian ...
1
vote
1answer
196 views

Are there examples of wrong / inaccurate translations that had a major impact?

Are there examples of wrong or inaccurate translations that had a major impact on the historic course of events (e.g. prevent a conflict from escalate)? And are there examples where the interpreter ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Help for identifying a shell

After a few hours of search, I can't identify this shell. I know it's a 75 mm shell, from one of the WW (probably WWI, but can't guarantee it), found in France, but that's about it. Could be from any ...
2
votes
2answers
175 views

Why has the 18th and not the 19th century come to be called „the age of reason“?

Not withstanding the romantic counter movement, nothing communicates to me the sense of belief in rationality and associated progress more than 19th century works. If I was to cite an emblematic book, ...
3
votes
0answers
179 views

Was lobster considered a poor man's food in the Georgian era?

Many years ago I took a tour through a restored Georgian-era house in Dublin (best €2 I spent that summer). This included some pretty good explanations on the everyday life and customs in that period, ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Have two generals ever agreed to fight one on one to avoid a battle? [duplicate]

In fiction, there's a scene sometimes occur where 2 armies are facing each other in preparation for battle, but the leaders parlay and agree to fight one on one to determine the outcome with minimum ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

What were the divisions of the city of Paris between the 12th and 13th centuries?

What were the divisions (neighborhoods/districts) of the city of Paris during the medieval period? I know there is a division between left and right bank and Ilé de la cité, but I believe there should ...
1
vote
2answers
157 views

What does Deng Xiaoping mean by "Hide your capacities, bide your time '?

I came across this interesting quote by Deng Xiaoping: Hide your capacities and bide your time however I didn't find much about this quote on the Internet explaining the exact context and meaning ...
0
votes
5answers
575 views

Were Allied high commanders that bad at the end of WW2?

I have heard by some friends, speaking of military history, that Allied commanders were well known for being, at best, mediocre in their performance of fight. They were not able to give precise ...
5
votes
1answer
338 views

When did Europeans realize Native Americans had weaker immunity to Old World diseases?

The question is fairly simple: when did Europeans come to a general knowledge that the Native Americans had weak immunity specifically to Old World diseases? I'm looking for the first person to ...
5
votes
1answer
478 views

What are the red and white sectors of The Tower of Babel (Rotterdam)?

If you look at the finished lower levels, they are homogenous colored, but two small sectors, separated by another two sectors. Those different colored sectors are colored red and white. Looking at ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

How useful are mythological king lists and geneologies for historians? [closed]

(some sources distinguish between mythology and legends; for the purpose of this question, I'm asking about narrations about human beings. For example stories of everyday human beings, genealogies of ...
4
votes
2answers
452 views

Where is the sword used in Queen Anne Boleyn's execution?

If a 'skilled' (with sword) executioner was summoned from Calais, did he bring his own 'equipment' and, if so, is there record of him & it there? Was the sword seized when Francis, Duke of Guise ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Where can I find a blank outline of Silk Road routes?

I am looking for a blank outline map of Silk Road routes from the Pacific to Europe including African and European cities and outposts. Ideally the route(s) will be pre-drawn. Students label cities/...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Can anyone identify this military uniform (1900-1915)?

Can anyone identify this uniform? Uncertain of the time frame, suspect it is 1900 - 1915.
4
votes
1answer
112 views

Where to find a comprehensive list of proto-cuneiform Sumerian glyphs?

I'm looking for representations and meanings of the logographs of the Uruk period (3500–3000 BC), such as those on the Kish tablet. I've only been able to find a few examples, but over 1000 are known. ...

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