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26 views

Why Wikipedia redirects Spanish State to Francoist Spain?

Why Spanish State @ Wikipedia redirects to Francoist Spain @ Wikipedia instead of Spain @ Wikipedia? To the utmost of my knowledge, the Spanish transition to democracy was not at all revolutionary, ...
-2
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1answer
40 views

Was the Horo Cavalry “Balloon cloak” effective?

Was the Horo Cavalry "Balloon cloak" effective? and if so is there a European/Non Japanese Variant? My understanding is to defend against arrowfire positioning armor away from the body is ...
-3
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2answers
106 views

Have there been any great female military commanders?

From Alexander the Great to Saladin, from Muqali to Horatio Nelson, from Napoleon I to Winfield Scott, history is loaded with great male generals. Have there been any great female generals? Warfare ...
0
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1answer
82 views

When did the spherical shape of the Earth become common knowledge?

It's well-known that intellectuals in the West have accepted a spherical Earth since antiquity, but I'm not sure how long it took for this to become common knowledge, worldwide. So a more concrete ...
0
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0answers
64 views

Why did Native Americans never unify into a single country?

At a time when Europe and Asia had already united into several powerful military nations, the American Indian still lived in a tribal society which numbered over 2000 tribes. Why, in over 10,000 years ...
1
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0answers
48 views

Why don't young Native American women go on vision quests?

According to many websites (such as ancientpages), Native American girls/young women don't go on vision quests. Ancient pages describes the reasoning behind it as: When a boy is young, he must try ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Why is the Easter Island such a frequent participant in Japanese Comics?

I recently came across a lot of questions on Anime and Manga Stack Exchange by this user who is the curator of an exhibition on Easter Island in popular culture (http://www.moaiculture.com) I ...
-2
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2answers
94 views

Do Pashtuns belong to Greek heritage?

From some of local Pashtuns people, I have heard that they belong to Greek Origin. There explanation was, When Alexander conquered Persia (Achaemenid Empire). he left some of the soldiers here. But I ...
2
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0answers
41 views

Why do numbered months in the ancient Roman calendar have different suffixes?

Wikipedia and other sites detail the (possibly legendary) ancient Roman "Calendar of Romulus": I'm curious about the suffixes to the "numbered" months, the fifth through tenth. The names of the ...
0
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2answers
81 views

How were British tea taxes collected in Boston in the early 1770s?

I assume the taxes were ultimately passed on to tea consumers, but that’s not my question. Who in Boston was responsible for the initial outlay of payment, and when in the lifecycle of a tea ...
1
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2answers
218 views

Is it true that Nazi Germany replaced prices ending in .99 by round prices and called this “Aryan pricing”?

On a shitty website full of revisionist pro-nazi propaganda, who is not worth linking to (*), I found the following statement. Along the same lines, I remember a National Socialist bookseller that ...
0
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0answers
77 views

Which juridical reasons lead the Netherlands to lose control of the seas?

It has always been my understanding that the Netherlands lost control of the seas because of land wars against France, especially Louis XIV, and because of the difficulties involved in holding ...
18
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3answers
2k views

Earliest evidence of objects intended for future archaeologists?

In modern times, it is not unusual for people to wonder what, if anything, will archeologists of the future (human or otherwise) will learn about our civilization from various artifacts we leave ...
19
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6answers
2k views

Has there ever been a truly bilingual country prior to the contemporary period? [on hold]

What I mean by this is, has there every been a country where the bulk of the population spoke two different languages as a matter of course. This question is somewhat inspired by this video in which ...
3
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0answers
124 views

Can anyone help identify this World War One uniform?

I have this photograph of my grandfather in uniform - taken in Seaford, Sussex, England, some time after 1914. Can anyone tell me anything about this uniform? He eventually joined 525 coy. 62nd ...
6
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2answers
251 views

When was the last time a country acquired territory by buying land from another country?

Reportedly, U.S. President Donald Trump has proposed for the U.S. to buy Greenland from Denmark, an idea that has been rejected by Greenland and Denmark, with one politician quoting it as this is not ...
1
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2answers
234 views

Does anyone know of any examples of the Magnus effect in a real battle?

I've read a lot about the Magnus effect altering the trajectories of cannonballs and musketballs. Robins noticed it with Musket balls and Magnus with canonballs, but presumably they weren't the first ...
1
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0answers
81 views

Why were Law Lords created peers of different ranks?

I cross-referenced the men below with List of law life peerages to check that these Law Lords were created life peers, and didn't inherit peerage. Most Law Lords are created as Barons, but note the ...
8
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1answer
165 views

When in September 1939 did the British diplomatic mission leave Warsaw?

On September first 1939, at 4:45 in the morning, the Schleswig-Holstein opened fire on Danzig/Gdansk. September twenty-second is when German troops completed their encirclement of Warsaw. Somewhere in ...
0
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0answers
64 views

Where can I find English letters written to someone's superior to commend that someone, between 1700-1900?

I'm trying to find missives written in Modern English between 1700-1900, where after Person 1 helps Person 2 with something, P2 writes P1's superior (call her P3) to commend P1. I'm hoping to read ...
7
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1answer
199 views

How serious was the initiative to create “One World Airline”?

I came across this in the provenance of a map of airmail routes in 1940: Lloyd Welch Pogue (October 21, 1899 – May 10, 2003) American aviation lawyer and chairman of the Civil Aeronautics Board. ...
5
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0answers
127 views

What effect did the Bronze Age collapse have on India?

There was direct trade between Mesopotamia and India from the 3rd millennium BCE, and indirect trade as far back as the 9th millennium BCE. I'm wondering what effect the Bronze Age collapse (c. 1200 ...
0
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0answers
101 views

Why were the Amarna letters written on clay tablets?

Papyrus had been known for 1500 years when the Amarna letters were written on clay tablets. Why were they written on clay and not papyrus?
0
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2answers
220 views

How rigorously do combat engineers follow command hierarchy?

This is related to chain of command I am interested if certain branches are looser than others when it comes to chain of command. The reason being that engineering, especially combat engineering, ...
51
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2answers
11k views

Why does Japan use the same type of AC power outlet as the US?

Does it have something to do with the US taking part in aiding reconstruction of the country after WWII? I've tried googling around for an answer, but every site I find simply states the outlet style, ...
28
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5answers
6k views

Did Pope Urban II issue the papal bull “terra nullius” in 1095?

Countless sources claim that the origin of the term terra nullius is from a papal bull issued by Pope Urban II in 1095 called "Terra nullius". Here are a two: Pramod K. Nayar, The Postcolonial ...
9
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1answer
3k views

How many British prisoners of war were taken by the Wehrmacht and how many died?

I've read here that 3.5% of British POW's held in Germany died. But haven't been able to find an estimate with sources of how many were taken and how many died. Here it says 170,000 were captured and ...
0
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0answers
41 views

starting point (books/other_media) about history of arts [closed]

I am STEM minded and I would like to know more about arts in general less about literature but more about paintings, sculpture, maybe music etc. also about history how trends changed across time from ...
0
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0answers
67 views

Do “financial advisors” retire earlier those with similar levels of education? Similarly, do they outperform as a net worth metric? [closed]

Intuitively it would seem they should have higher net worth and retire earlier than those with similar levels of education. Is there historical data to compare retirement age to others of similar ...
0
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2answers
214 views

How common are the following activities historically? [closed]

In present day India the ruling party has started to rename the cities by claiming to take them to their origins. It has been discussed here, here and here. Primarily the cities with Muslim Names for ...
2
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0answers
118 views

How did Indian diets change after arrival of Muslim kings?

I would like to know how did the diets of people changed due to the new kingdoms that came in and took over the Indian Subcontinent. Was it earlier more vegetarian due to religious reasons and shifted ...
29
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6answers
8k views

Why command hierarchy, if the chain of command is standing next to each other?

Screenshot's from 1:08:19. I transcribe: 2: Order the 58th to withdraw. 1 to 3: Fraser, order the 58th to withdraw. 3: Yes sir. I don't understand this command hierachy: Similarly, an ...
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2answers
307 views

What rectangular object would is this Boer War era officer carrying on his left hand side?

The screenshots are from 32:34. This scene portrays Lt Col Philip Robert Anstruther at the Battle of Bronkhorstspruit, played by Kerry Jordan. I know this is a movie, but what rectangular object are ...
2
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1answer
241 views

Was Queen Elizabeth II ever the head of state of Namibia?

Let's set the scene, WW1 is over and part of the negotiations, and the only thing we're really focusing on here, is that Deutsch-Südwestafrika becomes administered by the Union of South Africa, the ...
1
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4answers
617 views

Was WW2 necessary for Germany economically?

Many point to improvements in Germany's economy that took place under Hitler prior to WW2. To a certain extent, some of this must have been attributable to theft of Jewish property and the jobs in ...
0
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0answers
72 views

Are there examples of successful army building? [closed]

Army building is the process of organizing an army in a country where the army has been either: destroyed by a war dissolved by a government ... In the history, some countries have built armies from ...
0
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0answers
96 views

When to drop AD and BC from dates? [closed]

I see some texts using AD and BC or BCE and CE. But other texts just have the date, like 1992 and it is understood. Is there a rule of thumb for when to add these prefixes? I'm using Chicago-Turabian.
0
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0answers
20 views

How could I find the original name of John Cusey? [migrated]

My ancestor, John Cusey, deserted from the British army and joined the colonists, even being wounded in battle. My problem is, we believe when he deserted, to avoid punishment, he changed his name, ...
17
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3answers
6k views

What should I call bands of armed men in the Middle Ages?

I am writing a fiction short story roughly based off medieval times in Europe. In it I have a group of men who live in a castle and fight for the castle's lord. (They mainly protect the surrounding ...
5
votes
1answer
238 views

What does this quote from the Roman imperial poet Rutilius mean?

Reading about the little Italian isle of Capraia, I've seen a quote attributed to Claudio Rutilio Namaziano, from his De Reditu, that in Latin goes: "Processu pelagi iam se Capraria tollit; squalet ...
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0answers
90 views

Is England still a fiefdom of the Roman Church [duplicate]

Has the Roman Catholic Church relinquished its claim to England as a fiefdom since the oath of King John in 1213 and the decision of the English parliament in 1365 that what John did was illegal and ...
-1
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2answers
293 views

Why were Hoplite shields circular?

why were Hoplite shields circular? Given that humans are much taller than they are wide even taking into account that the shield has to protect the person to their left the horizontal to vertical ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

Would Lauri Törni have recieved the Waffen-SS blood type tattoo?

Lauri Allen Törni served with Finland during the Winter war, and due to being an officer, visited Vienna to obtain Waffen-SS training. Does this mean he would have had the SS blood type tattoo applied?...
9
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1answer
286 views

Was WWII Systemic Drug Use by Axis and Allies Supported By Scholarship?

Both sides in WWII widely used addictive drugs in an attempt to boost the performance of their soldiers and sometimes even their leadership. The American Military institutionalized this practice in ...
5
votes
3answers
375 views

What exactly do eyewitness testimonies say about Hitler's behavior during the Munich Putsch?

To be more specific, I'm wondering if I can find any primary statements from the people who accompanied Hitler on the street where 16 National Socialists were gunned down by the police; this is the ...
48
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2answers
10k views

Why couldn't soldiers sight their own weapons without officers' orders?

The 4th bullet here contends Gen. Joubert viewed the aftermath of the battle and noted that the British rifles were sighted at 400-600 yards when the battle raged at about 50-100 yards, as the ...
4
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1answer
89 views

What is the name of this hat and the function of those wearing them (worn by Nansouty's French Guard cavalry)?

Horace Vernet's painting "Battle of Hanau", held at the National Gallery in London. This scene depicts the Austro-Bavarian cavalry charge on the French Grand Battery and the countercharge of Nansouty'...
8
votes
1answer
206 views

When was bicycle ridership highest in North America?

Bike commuting share in the United States is currently less than 1%; but in some cities (college towns, really) it is 10% or higher (source). Is there a time in US history when bicycle ridership was ...
8
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1answer
124 views

Historical examples and numbers for the value of ‘Jizya’ levied by Muslim states

Context From the early Islamic conquests in the seventh and eighth centuries, down to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries, under Sharia law, Muslim rulers generally allowed non-Muslim ...
27
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1answer
2k views

Was Richard I's imprisonment by Leopold of Austria justified?

I read in Wikipedia and Britannica about Richard I of England regarding his imprisonment and I was perplexed by the fact that a sovereign monarch, and a crusader at that, could be imprisoned by a ...

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