All Questions

-4
votes
0answers
37 views

What were the Ethiopians doing at Thermopylae?

Herodotus tells us that Cambisis does not conquer Ethiopia. Then what were the Ethiopians doing at Thermopylae in book 7? I tried google but failed.
0
votes
1answer
74 views

How were old wooden warships with structural damage to the hull repaired at dock?

How were ships, with cannon damage done to the hull, repaired at dock?
10
votes
2answers
607 views

How did the Allies achieve air superiority on Sicily?

The Allies had freed all of Africa by the start of 1943. Afterwards, they landed in Sicily with a huge air force and fleet. How did they manage to land with the opposition of the Luftwaffe and Regia ...
6
votes
5answers
799 views

Were there any developed countries that became “undeveloped” for reasons other than war? [on hold]

Per title. From what I know developed countries seem to have stayed developed (or at least recovered quickly) even if there was a devastating war, e.g. Germany after WW2. If it's indeed the case that ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

What is the historical accuracy of the film Valkyrie? [on hold]

How historically accurate are films made about Nazi Germany? Since they are made after WW2, are they inherently biased towards the Allies? Taking the movie Valkyrie for example, how historically ...
19
votes
5answers
2k views

Are there historical examples of audiences drawn to a work that was “so bad it's good”?

The concept of media that is enjoyable because it's incompetently executed is a big market nowadays. Movies probably have the biggest examples (Plan 9 From Outer Space, Troll 2, The Room, Samurai Cop, ...
9
votes
3answers
470 views

What was the primary motivation for a historical figure like Xenophon to create an extensive collection of written material?

Xenophon of Athens created a large amount of written material even by today's standards. Did he create this work knowing it would be read by future generations, or was it for his own satisfaction? I ...
3
votes
1answer
258 views

What does it mean to “take the Cross”

I am reading Simon Schama's A History of Britain Volume I, which often makes reference to this form of punishment. For example, on p144: "The assassin's made for Yorkshire, where they lived ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

After the split with Stalin, what was Yugoslavia's official attitude towards Soviet history before Stalin's takeover?

In 1939, Tito published a pamphlet attacking Trotsky and Trotskyism. Unsurprising since he was still no different to any other Communist at that time, and was a supporter of Stalin. Josip Broz Tito: ...
10
votes
3answers
677 views

How did Jean Parisot de Valette, 49th Grand Master of the Order of Malta, die?

I've just finished reading Sword and Scimitar by Simon Scarrow and wanted to know more about the non-fictional characters in the Siege of Malta. Jean Parisot de La Valette was the Grand Master and he ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

Did people during the Renaissance believe that the heart had two chambers?

Short question (adapted from @Oddthinking at Skeptics.SE): How many chambers did the scientific population of the world (excluding Leonardo da Vinci), think the human heart had during the Renaissance?...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

What factors contributed to the economic impact of the opium trade in China? [on hold]

How was the environment in China affected by the opium trade. Or, in better words, what factors contributed to the environment and economic impact of the opium trade in China?
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Did the Truman Doctrine contribute to the Cuban Missile Crisis?

I have heard that the brinkmanship foreign policy of Eisenhower and Kennedy lead, in part, to the Cuban Missile Crisis. However, I am curious: did the Truman Doctrine also contribute, in part, to the ...
6
votes
1answer
690 views

Identification of a badge with Russian text

Here's a curious badge that I found somewhere years ago, but didn't know whom to ask. (click to enlarge) Could someone please identify it? I learnt the Cyrillic script and tried googling it, but ...
0
votes
0answers
131 views

Why was the calendar chosen to have 7 long months and 5 short instead of a simpler opposite scheme? [on hold]

Having 7 long months and 5 short months lead to the odds of February sticking out with 28 days, or 29 in leap years. Having the opposite length of the months, 7 short and 5 long, would cive exactly ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Did American POW’s get manipulated into cooperation in Chinese camps during the Korean War?

In Robert Cialdini’s book “Influence: the psychology of persuasion”, he recounts how during the Korean War, Chinese captors were able to get American POW’s to inform on each other. There are, however, ...
-3
votes
0answers
72 views

Where were the Assyrians located in the crisis of the twelfth century BCE? [on hold]

Where were the Assyrians located in the crisis of the twelfth century BCE? Which were their main cities?
45
votes
2answers
9k views

Was murdering a slave illegal in American slavery, and if so, what punishments were given for it?

Was there any punishment for killing slaves, and what punishment was given for it, and was it enforced?
-2
votes
3answers
236 views

Women in the Iranian revolution

Iranian women are now always portrayed as oppressed in the media and social media compared to the 1970s. I expected their situation to be similar to that for women in Saudi Arabia but after reading a ...
10
votes
7answers
4k views

In Dutch history two people are referred to as “William III”; are there any more cases where this happens?

William of Orange was also called William the third, one of the descendants in the same family was again called William the third. Is this common in history? are there any more cases where this ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

How did a student grant work in 18th/19th century Western Europe

I am making research for a book, and I need details about grants/scholarships in Western Europe around the beginning of the 19th century, ideally for a teenager living far away from the applied school....
5
votes
1answer
242 views

Is this a Masonic Ring?

I told by my Auntie that she had a Masonic ring that came from my Great Grandfather from my mum’s side of the family and I’m skeptical if this ring she sent a photo of is really a Masonic ring. I ...
6
votes
1answer
182 views

Is the term “chainmail” historically accurate, or a modern invention?

I've heard the claim that the armour widely known today as "chainmail" or "chain mail" was never historically never called by that name in the era when it was used in Europe, rather known as "mail" or ...
29
votes
3answers
7k views

When did Britain learn about the American Declaration of Independence?

When did Britain learn about the American Declaration of Independence? We all know the declaration was made on July 4th, 1776. But when did news reach Buckingham Palace and do we have records of ...
3
votes
2answers
235 views

How could the 4/5 devaluation of Franc Poincaré in 1928 end the financial crisis France was going through?

In June 1928, the French government ran by Raymond Poincaré decided to devalue the country's currency by 4/5. Thus, if I understand correctly, it created a new currency called the "Franc Poincaré" ...
-2
votes
1answer
60 views

What was regicide conspiracy and what was the role of Djordje Gencic in it? [on hold]

I'm reading the book The Sleepwalkers by Christopher Clarke, and it says that the interior minister during the rule of Alexander in Serbia (late 1890s), was involved in regicide conspiracy. However I ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Was Fakhri Pasha really nicknamed “Tiger of the Desert” by the British?

It is mentioned in multiple places (eg. in "With Lawrence in Arabia" by L.J. Thomas, in this article, and even in the Wikipedia page about him) that Fakhri Pasha (Fahreddin Paşa), the commander of the ...
4
votes
0answers
232 views

Did Cossack cavalry defeat German tanks during WW2?

I came across a reference in a history book to the Soviet 4th Cossack Cavalry Corps attacking and defeating Axis tanks during the Battle of Kushchevskaya. In the book this is presented as an "actual" ...
14
votes
1answer
7k views

How could it be that 80% of townspeople were farmers during the Edo period in Japan?

I've read in the book "A modern history of Japan" by Andrew Gordon and other articles, that most of the Japanese townspeople were farmers(about 80% I suppose) during the Edo period. But according to ...
0
votes
2answers
270 views

Did ancient people understand divinity in the same way we do today? [closed]

I'm not sure if this kind of question -being about religion- belongs here. But since this is asked from a historical perspective, it may fit here. How did people understand the concept of 'divinity' ...
-1
votes
1answer
347 views

Why did German U-boats not sink American ships carrying soldiers during WW1?

During WW1, the Germans used U-boats to blockade the British. When they started using unrestricted submarine warfare the US joined the war. Why didn't the Germans sink American ships bringing US ...
-2
votes
0answers
124 views

I would like to know about the history of the Avignonian Illuminati [closed]

I would like to know about the history of the Avignonian Illuminati since I tend to feel that the Bavarian Illuminati founded by Adam Weishaupt tends to be the centre of NWO-conspiracy theorist wet ...
-2
votes
0answers
73 views

In the middle ages, which craftsman was responsible for crafting blunt weapons such as hammers, maces, etc? [closed]

It seems to me that weaponsmith is generally just a different name for bladesmith.
21
votes
1answer
6k views

Did galley captains put corks in the mouths of slave rowers to keep them quiet?

I’m reading Sword and Scimitar by Simon Scarrow and there’s this bit about rowers in galleys of the Knights of St. John (Malta). In the story, it is important the Knights' galley keeps silence so that ...
1
vote
1answer
177 views

Why didn't the abdication of the Nicholas Tsar II duing the Russian Revolution solve Russia's political and social problems? [closed]

Why didn't the abdication of the Nicholas Tsar II duing the Russian Revolution solve Russia's political and social problems? Can you give examples using primary or secondary sources? Thanks :)
17
votes
1answer
571 views

What's the backstory behind the US federal regulation that requires buses to stop at railway crossings?

This Travel SE question's accepted answer raises that there's a Federal Regulation in the US, namely 49 CFR § 392.10 - Railroad grade crossings; stopping required, that requires buses that transport ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Did the Governor of Virginia in 1786 have the authority to veto laws passed by the Virginia General Assembly?

I believe that the Act for Establishing Religious Freedom was passed by the Virginia General Assembly on January 16, 1786. Did the Governor of Virginia at the time have the right to veto it?
5
votes
1answer
244 views

How would an SS officer travel from Auschwitz to Berlin?

To get to Berlin from Auschwitz in early July 1944, before the attempt on Hitler's life, would an SS officer be apt to take a night train? How regularly would trains run from Oswiecim, i.e. would ...
2
votes
2answers
262 views

What do we mean when we say history is a science?

When Mark the moderator says "history is a science", what does he mean? I know what someone means when they say "biology is a science". They mean "I can express my rationality in terms of the living ...
15
votes
1answer
256 views

Is Caesar's birth year more certain now than it was when disputed by Mommsen?

In Mommsen's History of Rome from the 1850s he argues that although the year of Caesar's birth is usually given as 100 B.C. because Suetonius, Plutarch, and Appian all state that he was in his fifty-...
-1
votes
0answers
64 views

What percentage of first births were illegitimate in 19th century England?

One peculiarity of Victorian England is the rather very high number of illegitimate births and premarital conceptions relative to the periods before it. Illegitimate births and premarital conceptions ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the significance of 4200 BCE in context of farming replacing foraging in Europe?

This is a question relating to how and, in particular, why foragers were colonized by farmers (settled societies) of Hilly Flanks (uplands of Fertile Crescent of Southwest Asia). According to Ian ...
6
votes
3answers
186 views

How did the Romans mint coins?

I would like to understand how the Romans minted coins. Mining, smelting and refining are no mystery; I can envision ways in which uniform coin-blanks might have been made : but the big problems are (...
9
votes
0answers
232 views

Did men and women feast together in the early Middle Ages?

I am interested in important feasts of the upper classes (nobility), e.g., Easter or the baptism of important heirs, in the Eastern Frankish kingdom around 900 AD, specifically the duchy of Saxony. ...
8
votes
1answer
215 views

Why didn’t the U.S. annex the entire Spanish East Indies at the end of the Spanish-American War?

The Spanish East Indies were a large territory comprising mainly the Philippines,1 plus a large scattering of Micronesian islands in four main groups (the Marianas, the Carolines, the Marshalls,2 and ...
19
votes
3answers
628 views

Did ancient Romans anticipate the fall of Rome?

Background: The Fall of Rome The Roman Empire collapsed as a political entity in several stages during the 5th, 6th, and 7th century CE. Specifically, these are: the crossing of the Rhine by the ...
33
votes
1answer
4k views

What was the plan for an abort of the Enola Gay's mission to drop the atomic bomb?

Following up on this answer... @mark, in the answer, writes that "[i]n the event that the crew of Enola Gay had to abort their mission, they had no intention of trying to land with the bomb still ...
0
votes
2answers
119 views

Looking for good documentation about daily life under Stalinist USSR

I am contemplating the idea of making a role playing game set in USSR under Stalin, specifically the period between when he gained full power (roughly 1930) and operation barbarossa (June 1941). I am ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

How detailed were American Civil War medical records of the types of diseases that various soldiers had?

The Northern armies evidently kept at least somewhat detailed statistics on how many of their soldiers were sick. Shelby Foote's The Civil War: A Narrative recalls one incident where the Army of the ...
74
votes
5answers
8k views

Is there any evidence to support the claim that the United States was “suckered into WW1” by Zionists, made by Benjamin Freedman in his 1961 speech?

In the comments to another question another user of History:SE made a remarkable, if unbelievable, claim: Actually, Germany was shocked when the US declared war and entered on the side of Great ...

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