All Questions

0
votes
1answer
272 views

Why are there so many Hungarian family names that have a pejorative tone? [closed]

I've never thought about this much since I grew up with it, but my wife is a foreigner and she thinks Hungarian family names are the weirdest thing ever. Common family names include (the Hungarian ...
5
votes
2answers
222 views

What are the earliest written accounts of Sub-Saharan Africa from the outside?

I've been researching African ethnography recently, and this path has led me to looking for early accounts of Sub-Saharan Africa. That they come from non-residents likely goes without saying, but I ...
4
votes
1answer
135 views

How were the earliest automatic traffic lights automated?

The first traffic light was operated by a policeman in 1868 and it was the only way things worked for a while. Modern traffic control systems are implemented with microcontrollers, networks and ...
0
votes
2answers
202 views

Are empires inherently stable over time? [closed]

Are empires stable organisational units with normalising tendencies, or do they have inherent instability? Has an empire ever demonstrated itself to be perpetually stable? If not, why not?
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Besides the USO, were there other organizations in New York City during WWll that provided entertainment for the troops?

I know the USO had the Stage Door canteen in NYC during the war, but were there other organizations that hosted dances/concerts at less permanent venues like at armories or community centers around ...
18
votes
4answers
4k views

What kind of evidence (if any) could be used to identify a large conquest in the time before writing?

From what I understand, writing wasn't completely developed during the Bronze Age. So, if there was an Alexander-the-Great-style conquest that united the known world for a short period of time, what ...
3
votes
2answers
219 views

Could the Circus Maximus audience distract the racers?

I have been trying to research about the spectators of Circus Maximus. I know there were different colored factions. But my question is; "Were spectators able to throw items at racers to hit them or ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

What's the Ancient Egyptian phrase/word for “Royal Road of Life”? And how would it have been spelt?

I have been looking to translate this for a while, but unfortunately I cannot find any Ancient Egyptian "dictionaries" nor do I possess any knowledge of the Ancient Egyptian grammar at all. So, maybe ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Who is “A Gentleman”? (The listed tranlator of the 1758 English edition of Tusculan Disputations)

While reading a free ebook version of Tusculan Disputations, apparently photo-captured from a long-out-of-copyright edition, and being interested in the unusual grammar in the older book, I "flipped" ...
-4
votes
5answers
393 views

Has there been a war in which the South conquered the North?

There've been many wars in which the side known as the "North" conquered the one known as the "South", e.g.: Three Kingdoms period in China: the Northern kingdom conquered the two Southern ones The ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Percentages of wealthy and educated European immigrants to the US through out history?

I'm interested in knowing the percentages of wealthy and educated European immigrants to the US through out the country's history, but I can't find that online. I'll leave the definition of being ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Can anyone identify this uniform, the rank and if possible the date

Can anyone identify and date this image:
3
votes
1answer
220 views

Strong movement to deregulate professions in the 1960's?

In chapter 11, page 209, of his book "predictably irrational", Dan Ariely writes: "The word profession comes from the Latin professus, meaning "affirmed publicly." Professions started somewhere ...
32
votes
2answers
5k views

What was the function of the walls of Jericho?

The walls of old Jericho have been dated to around 8000bc. This is thousands of years before the nascent civilisations of Babylon and Egypt built similar fortifications and thousands of years before ...
1
vote
1answer
205 views

What did Cosima Wagner mean by coating music?

I am reading the diary of Cosima Wagner (Piper, München, 1976) where she often writes: Die Noten überzogen. That means she has coated the music written by Richard Wagner. I cannot find an explanation ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

What time zone was used in Sikkim before it became a state of India in 1975?

UTC+5:30 is now used in the whole India including Sikkim. What time zone was used before 1975? According to the geographical location of Sikkim I guess UTC+6 might be used there. I searched online but ...
0
votes
1answer
215 views

Why were the Soviets better at replacing their lost men and material? [duplicate]

Battle of Kursk is considered a Soviet decisive victory, no doubt it was the last major German offensive at the Eastern front. But why so? Casualties indicate the Soviets suffered 1 million ...
2
votes
0answers
224 views

In the High Middle Ages, how did French nobility introduce each other?

Say two lord, or lord and a lady are talking. Would they start a conversation with a person whose name they don't know? And if so, how would they ask for the other's name/introduce themselves? I'm ...
3
votes
3answers
374 views

Why did Titanic need two steering wheels?

The quote beneath doesn't explain why the wheel in the navigating bridge wasn't the main one. If the bridge's wheel suffices for 'frequent changes of course or maneuvering', why not make the bridge ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Which Greeks besides Cappadocian Karamanlis spoke native Turkish, who went to Greece after 1922/23?

I am interested in Greeks of Asia Minor, who were Turkish speaking but not Greek speaking, and who fled to Greece after the Turkish-Greek War; but before Lausanne Treaty. I am not looking for those ...
1
vote
2answers
137 views

How did the HMAS Sydney know the real Straat Malakka's secret callsign, “IIKP”, but not HSK Kormoran?

It's outlandish that the Kormoran didn't know the secret callsign of the ship they were imitating. How were they unaware? Clumsiness? Couldn't the Kriegsmarine inform them? Please see the question in ...
3
votes
3answers
441 views

Were slave plantations economically superior or inferior to plantations with paid labor?

According to certain Marxist authors (Mostly Georgi Plekhanov (and some others), but I'm afraid I cannot quote because the text is not in electronic form and not in English.), slavery in US and latter ...
-3
votes
3answers
325 views

Was it possible to organize a women's uprising or feminist movement in the Middle Ages? [closed]

Women in Europe endured thousands of years of gender inequality, culminating in the Middle Ages. Women in the Middle Ages had few rights and were treated like minors and properties, yet they did very ...
1
vote
1answer
242 views

To prevent sex were men bound in bags or locked in beds?

I remember in the past, before marriage, a woman’s family would bind her man when he stayed with her in a sleeping bag or bed. Essentially it would lock him into this bag/bed thing so he couldn’t ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Why is the Queen Anne flintlock pistol named after Queen Anne? [closed]

Why is the Queen Anne flintlock pistol named after Queen Anne? She didn't reign until the early 1700's, and the pistol was created about 50 years before?
2
votes
1answer
202 views

Why there is no Islamic architecture with glass in windows before 18th century?

Why there is no Islamic architecture with glass in windows before 18th century? Glass windows frequently appear in gothic architecture since 11th century but why Medieval Islamic architecture lack ...
17
votes
1answer
3k views

About how many immigrants were on the Titanic?

All that I can find is that the majority of the 709 third class passengers were immigrants. Was it the vast majority, or nearly all of them? Would there have been any immigrants in second class? Is ...
1
vote
2answers
167 views

How were the Roman Triarii trained?

Unlike the Hastati and Principe, the Triarii were spear based and they also the oldest veteran elite troops. So did they initially fight with the sword and then go to the spear (and if so why) or were ...
5
votes
4answers
534 views

In the Middle Ages, adultery was strictly condemned by the Church. How did Kings justify their extra-marital affairs?

In the Middle Ages, it was not uncommon for kings and other nobles to have extra-marital affairs. Sometimes such affairs were semi-public. Even a few Popes (such as Alexander VI) had girlfriends ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Did Karl Marx Fight in the Second Schleswig War?

I have recently seen the Danish made series (1864) which is about two brothers fighting in the Second Schleswig War between Prussia and Denmark. It's a really gory and "raw" series about how brutal ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Was Emperor Francis II & I present at the Battle of Austerlitz?

The Battle of Austerlitz between France, Austria, and Russia on 2 December 1805 is also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, because of the presence of Napoleon I, Alexander I, and Francis II &...
1
vote
0answers
124 views

Did German civilians really offer the Red Army to publicly shoot 30-40 civilians in exhange for free food?

According to this article (Russian), in June 1945 General Serov reported to Beriia about the following incident. On May 28th, 1945, a Red Army soldier was shot at by someone from a window in Berlin’s ...
3
votes
3answers
143 views

What is the best book to learn about medicine in medieval times? (research for a novel)

I am writing a novel where the main character is a healer in medieval times / a low-technology environment. Most of his work would involve field medicine, or treating people generally as a village ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Have revolutions been won without the military establishment?

Various historical and political theorists (for instance, Bruce Bueno de Mesquita) have asserted that the support, or, at most, the abstention of a country's military is necessary for a successful ...
0
votes
2answers
180 views

Why weren't crow's nests safeguarded?

What's the safeguard called, which I marked with a red arrow in the picture underneath? Anyway, why didn't ships in the past have them, to safeguard their crow's nest lookouts? The picture on the ...
-2
votes
2answers
205 views

Is “losing around 100 000 men” and “100 000 casualties” the same thing?

I wanted to know if "losing around 100 000 men" and "100 000 casualties" is the same thing. Or does "losing around 100 000 men" correspond to the death of 100 000 soldiers? More generally are "losses"...
-6
votes
1answer
78 views

Does the phrase “The empire on which the sun never sets” predate knowledge that the world is round? [closed]

I always assumed that this phrase was coined for the British Empire in relatively modern history, and therefore refers to there being British territories in every time zone. However, the Wikipedia ...
6
votes
1answer
231 views

Why was the WW2 air war over Europe fought considerably higher than the Eastern Front?

I have read on various Wikipedia pages on WW2 aircraft that the tactical situation of the western European theater and the Eastern Front led to very different engagement altitudes for air warfare. See ...
-3
votes
0answers
71 views

At the start of the Second Punic War, why didn't Hannibal engage Publius Scipio in Hispania, but crossed the alps instead? edited [duplicate]

Sorry, I forgot exactly where I remember this from but as Hannibal moved towards the Alps with around 50,000 troops, he was pursued by Scipio with fewer troops (actually, if anyone can find a source ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

If SS Californian were within 5 miles of Titanic, could she have saved more passengers?

At 8:11 in this Oct 22 1962 BBC interview, Fourth Officer Boxhall of the RMS Titanic contended: When I heard the crow's nest reported a light on the starboard bow, I went on the bridge right ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Creating a “focused research question” for a history paper, unsure how to create a question that inspires debate [closed]

My topic: Systematic oppression through education as demonstrated in black children (in the 1900s) I'll explain each of my drafts and why they didn't work: Why where black children oppressed through ...
3
votes
3answers
452 views

Is there a consensus on when history began? [closed]

When did history begin, according to the most accepted view among Western historians'? (credible sources would be appreciated) I vaguely remember from my Marxist-oriented history courses in high ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

How long ago was the yo-yo first used as a weapon?

How long ago was the yo-yo first used as a weapon?
1
vote
1answer
171 views

Were the 35,000 helots freed after Plataea and were they then Spartan citizens?

What happened to the 35,000 helots that fought at Plataea? Were they made Spartan citizens? I just felt this might have been disruptive to Spartan society.
1
vote
0answers
147 views

Who is this person depicted on a wall in Estonia?

Took this photo in Estonia... anybody know who the person pictured is?
0
votes
1answer
186 views

Are the Nazi Party, Communist Party, and Bolsheviks far-right or far-left? [closed]

I am really confused why some or all of these parties are considered to be far-right and not far-left. They are mostly socialist parties which took the ideology too far. What are the academic criteria ...
4
votes
2answers
400 views

Did the British really bail out the Americans at the Battle of the Bulge?

Just read this article on the Battle of Kasserine Pass America's Most Humiliating Defeat The author made the following statement regarding British help during the battle: As at the Battle of the ...
3
votes
2answers
352 views

What's the most ancient known example of a woman challenging feminine gender roles?

One example of that would be the goddess Inanna from Sumerian pantheon. She rejected to live as her culture felt a woman should live, namely, bear and raise children, do the housework, etc. In most ...
4
votes
0answers
216 views

What did “Dr.” after a person's or a business's name mean around the turn of the 20th Century?

I am putting together a historical presentation about a late-19th / early 20th-century U. S. ruralite who was involved in many things including operating a general store. I have seen the abbreviation "...
4
votes
0answers
59 views

How did tobacco affect the English colonies economically during the 17th Century?

During the Age of Exploration (focusing on 17th century), England went and colonized the Americas, founding the original 13 colonies. They brought back many new wonders, namely, tobacco. I know that ...

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