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0answers
75 views

Did Anne Boleyn's father set her and Henry the 8th up?

In the TV show, The Tudors, they make it seems as though Anne and Mary were meant to sleep with Henry in order to sway him away from Cardinal Wolsey who had French interests in mind. Is this true? ...
7
votes
1answer
340 views

Identification of harbor and ships

Identification of port and country. Identification of ships. WWII era, from a German Kriegsmarine album
8
votes
1answer
506 views

In the early 1900s, how would an American returning from, say, Europe prove he was American and not just lying to avoid Ellis Island?

Apparently, international travelers didn't need any papers to travel (before WW1), at least in USA and most parts of Europe. So how did a person 'prove' their nationality? EDITED IN OP'S COMMENT I'...
6
votes
3answers
323 views

Did the Germans attempt the easier or harder of two possible objectives in the Caucasus?

During the summer and fall of 1942, German Army Group A advanced into the Caucasus pursuant to Fall Blau. This consisted of two armies, the First Panzer Army and the Seventeenth Army. The advanced ...
0
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1answer
124 views

William Penn and the Frame of Government of Pennsylvania

William Penn wrote three different frames of government documents. All three are different, so therefore which one do we go by? How do we read them? And which one is the final document that PA uses?
5
votes
1answer
338 views

Did people on the Bridge of Death in Pripyat actually die?

It is a long-circulating claim that the Pripyat residents and policemen who watched the Chernobyl explosion from a railway bridge, mostly (or even all) died. Sometimes even a dose of 500 rem (which is ...
8
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1answer
1k views

What is this tool/thing in an Aztec painting?

In between the warrior on the right, and the serpents in the center, is a small object. I’ve circled it in blue. This is from page 57 of the Codex Borgia. Full scans can be seen here. What is it? ...
3
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0answers
222 views

Was Frisbee criticized in the Soviet Union?

In the U.S. of the 1950s, the Space Age and molded plastic flying discs (Frisbees) were both novel. New materials and a supposed resemblance to UFOs made this linkage irresistible for early disc ...
3
votes
1answer
188 views

How popular was the name Imhotep?

How popular was the name Imhotep in Ancient Egypt, and what other great personages bore this name? His name is said to mean "the one who comes in peace", and there are similar names like Amenhotep, ...
0
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2answers
207 views

Who was the first American born citizen to become President? [closed]

Who was the first American born citizen to become President of the United States of America, we had this question recently in a pub quiz, the answer was George Washington, but several people said that ...
9
votes
1answer
142 views

When did Nuremberg adopt the Gregorian Calendar?

A similar question has been posed on this site in the past, "When did Frankfurt am Main adopt the Gregorian Calendar?. I'm trying to discern exactly when the city of Nuremberg adopted the Gregorian ...
25
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1answer
6k views

How long would it take to cross the Channel in 1890's?

For a story I'm writing, I'd like to know how long it would take to travel by ship from Calais to Dover in 1890's (as I read it was the easier way). Also, was it possible to take a boat from Calais ...
1
vote
1answer
161 views

What were the characteristics of the earliest varieties of European cattle, “bos tauros”, and how were they kept?

I know that all modern cattle, whether they are bos tauros or not, are descended from aurochs, and that aurochs were allowed to mix with early domesticated cattle several times. I want to know more ...
1
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0answers
160 views

Why did the Renaissance Italians paint (pagan) Greek myths? [duplicate]

The Italians were very religious Catholics but why did they paint/sculpt heroes from Greek mythology? Weren't the Greeks considered pagans? In the examples below, some artists like Michelangelo were ...
7
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1answer
308 views

Why is Papadopoulos such a common surname in Greece?

Papadopoulos is the most common Greek surname. It means "son of a priest". The female version is Papadopoulou. I wonder why. As far as I know, priests don't marry and are celibate, meaning they can'...
2
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3answers
217 views

How accessible was the port of Archangelsk from the east?

During World War II, something like one half of Lend Lease supplies reached Russia via Vladivostok and the Trans Siberian railroad (what I call the eastern route); one quarter to south Russia from the ...
3
votes
2answers
241 views

The history of rivalry between US and Britain in late 19th Century and early 20th Century [closed]

I have read the references from Wikipedia. But they were mostly talking about the American oversea trade in the Europe market. But I am more interested in Britain's reactions to the challenge posed by ...
9
votes
1answer
296 views

Was red associated with “stop” or “danger” before railroads?

The automobile street signal colors of red and green were adopted because those colors were already in use by the railroads. Was the color red associated with "stop" before railroads? Was it ever ...
10
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2answers
373 views

Communication lag during the Age of Sail: what if enemy claimed that peace agreement was signed?

In the past due to the communication lag the hostilities could proceed long after peace agreements were signed. This was especially severe for the overseas territories and ships. I'm somewhat more ...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

Who said “Anything a machine can do, a machine should do”?

Alternately, "anything that can be done by a machine, should be done by a machine". I have heard variants of these quotes attributed to Brigham Young, but I have not been able to find any reliable ...
4
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0answers
132 views

Were RMS Lancastria survivors strafed?

The bombing and sinking of RMS Lancastria popped up in the "on this day" Wikipedia feed. RMS Lancastria In the article there is this paragraph: When German aircraft began strafing survivors in ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What was the flower of Empress Taytu?

Addis Ababa is the capital of Ethiopia. Its name means "New Flower" in Amharic (አዲስ አበባ), and the tale of how it got its name is told thus: The location of Addis Ababa was chosen by the Empress ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

Did 9/11 change people's behavior during the playing of the national anthem?

The Star-Spangled Banner was adopted as the official national anthem of the United States in 1931. Up until June 1942 there were no guidelines given as to how people were to behave during the playing ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Why did the Party “Deutschkonservative” vote against renewing the “Sozialistengesetze” in 1890?

The German conservative Party "Deutschkonservative" voted in 1890 against the annual renewal of the "Sozialistengesetze" ("Laws against the revolutionary machinations of social democracy"). This ...
1
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0answers
52 views

What is the earliest instance of a celebrity endorsement of a commercial product?

Celebrity endorsements of various products, such as perfumes, soft drinks, or cars, are commonplace today. What is the earliest instance of such an occurrence? I’m considering a celebrity endorsement ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

How did currency exchange work in the Middle Ages, especially if the coins are not recognized?

According to Wikipedia, there were a wide range of currencies in the Middle Ages: The various Germanic states in the west all had coinages that imitated existing Roman and Byzantine forms. Gold ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

At what date did the Ostrogoths formally stop ruling as Roman tributaries?

During the decline of the Western Roman Empire, various Germanic tribes that had been settled as 'foederati' or federates effectively took over swathes of Roman territory, being settled in these ...
1
vote
2answers
289 views

Why the M24 Chaffee was not used as a tank at Dien Bien Phu?

According to the Wikipedia page of the M-24 Chaffee, ten of these tanks were sent to the french forces in Dien Bien Phu, where they provide "fire support". Considering the French were outgunned by ...
-1
votes
0answers
88 views

What are the achievements of Israeli M7 Priest?

According to the wikipedia page, the M7 Priest where in service in Tsahal during the 6-days War and the Kippur War, but also during the Attrition War. What were there achievements during these wars? ...
11
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4answers
717 views

What profession(s) would have used this folding 'ruler'?

This ruler was originally handed down to an aunt on my (English) mother's side of the family. One side is a standard ruler in inches but, curiously, the other side is unlike anything I've been able to ...
0
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0answers
85 views

How did European militia weaponry evolve over time? [closed]

I was wondering, as in the title, what stages the typical weapons employed by militias in European villages and towns went through. In particular, when reading about traditional German marksman's ...
1
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2answers
135 views

How did redenomination prevent the Weimar Republic from further decline?

My school is currently teaching us European History in the 20th century, and we were on the topic of the Weimar Republic. It got me thinking, how exactly did redenomination of currency save the ...
5
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2answers
3k views

Why did the USA sell so many airplanes prior to WW2?

I am wondering why there are so much airplanes made in USA in the world's air forces prior to WW2, since I don't think the US Air Force had the better reputation. You can count the: Glenn Martin ...
1
vote
0answers
181 views

Is it true that Winston Churchill said 'I bet my head on Crete' (or a similar statement)?

Long ago, I saw a Nazi propaganda caricature showing a headless Churchill serving his own severed head on a plate, the joke being that he foolishly claimed the Germans would be unable to take Crete. I ...
26
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3answers
6k views

What is the context for Napoleon's quote “[the Austrians] did not know the value of five minutes”?

Is this a real quote from Napoleon, and if so, what is the context? “The reason I beat the Austrians is, they did not know the value of five minutes.” Found on many 'quotes' sites like azquotes
2
votes
2answers
361 views

What is under the Great Sphinx of Giza?

This video (8:16) shows a tourist displaying a ladder going into an underground shaft at the base of Sphinx. Just wondering what is inside it and its purpose.
0
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1answer
159 views

How old is the practice of a woman accompanying another woman to the ladies restroom? [closed]

I am curious to know how old is the practice of a woman accompanying another woman to the ladies restroom. I assume that this practice began in America and Europe when indoor plumbing and indoor ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Reference request - Books on Israel-Palestine conflict [closed]

I am searching for a good even-handed account of the Israel-Palestine conflict. I read James Gelvin's book which was ok but I found lacking in detail when it came to the situation in more recent times....
0
votes
3answers
670 views

In World War 1, why were the Australian and Canadian troops so good?

I'm reading a book about the first world war, and makes it clear that the Canadian and Australian troops made quite a name for themselves. They acquitted themselves very well in many of the actions ...
4
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0answers
88 views

Can this British Army uniform, worn in India circa 1920, be identified?

This is my grandfather, John P Lockton, and he was based at Raniket in North India. My grandmother died in 1925 while giving birth to my twin uncles; both survived! My mothers was only 5 years old at ...
5
votes
1answer
560 views

How was nut milk made before blenders?

I didn't find any info online. I'd imagine it was made by grinding up the nut, then mixing it with water. But how would they strain it then? Cloth was all hand made back when almond milk was first ...
1
vote
0answers
124 views

How do the Cambodians and the rest of the world feel about the Vietnamese invasion (1975-1978)?

Despite the genocide happening in Cambodia, the world seems to be against the Vietnamese invasion. Even ignoring the genocide, Vietnam seems well within their right to retaliate against Cambodia given ...
0
votes
1answer
168 views

If Nietzsche was against anti-semitism, how did he become an inspiration to Hitler? [closed]

I recently read that Nietzsche was against anti-semitism, though I understand that that doesn't exempt him from being anti-Judaism (though, I'm not entirely sure how one would distinguish the two). ...
22
votes
2answers
7k views

What publication claimed that Michael Jackson died in a nuclear holocaust?

I have a question about some paragraph in Finkelstein's Holocaust Industry. He writes that Some years back, the parody of a New York tabloid was headlined: “Michael Jackson, 60 Million Others, Die ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Was there ever a single collection of the Corpus Juris Civilis and has it survived?

Title just about says it. The parts (the Codex, Digesta, Institutiones, and Novellae) of the Corpus Juris Civilis were finished in 529, 533, and 534. So it is possible that by the time one was ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

What does “SS” mean in box 5 of the WD AGO 53-55 form?

I have my father's WD AGO 53-55 form. He was a WWII D Day veteran. I have not been able to decipher the Component code in Box 5. I've seen many examples with AUS (for Army of the United States) and a ...
5
votes
0answers
152 views

Were princes and other large landowners motivated to support the Reformation by the frequency of Church holidays?

Church holidays or holy days were very frequent in the middle ages. Here is one link Medieval Holidays that testifies this: "The rural population of the Middle Ages had their days of rest and ...
8
votes
2answers
324 views

Why, apart from religious reasons, might someone in thirteenth century England give land to a Church?

In 1285 the following grant of land was made: Be it known that I, Robert son of Alan de Waley have given for the salvation of my soul and of my ancestors and successors to God and the Blessed Mary ...
4
votes
1answer
259 views

Did the “ancients” use lead plates to prevent pain in their knees?

While reading The Secret Diaries of Miss Anne Lister, I came upon the following line: Just before tea I told Nantz the anecdote of the ancients using lead plates to prevent pain in their knees, the ...
16
votes
1answer
4k views

What is this metallic object with teeth in mouth, screw to tighten and a handle?

What is this metallic object with teeth in mouth, screw to tighten and a handle? I can't find out anything about it.

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