All Questions

7
votes
3answers
375 views

Did Imperial Japan persecute Slavic people, as European fascists did?

Over the interwar period, fascist governments in Europe heavily promoted anti-Slavic propaganda. In Germany, they were labelled as Untermensch alongside the Jews, and in Italy, Slavic media, languages,...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Ports with ships in the commercial Halifax trade, late 18th Century

Halifax, Nova Scotia, was founded by the British in 1749; I am interested in the commercial trade during the French Revolutionary Wars, 1792 thru 1798, which is the period of the First Coalition. The ...
5
votes
1answer
206 views

Are there any books solely about the Umayyad Invasion of Gaul?

I am very fascinated by the Umayyad Invasion of Gaul (the Arabic wiki-page on this subject is very interesting, though it starts with a lengthy description of the condition of Franks) and I am looking ...
3
votes
2answers
159 views

Are there any Midas portraits from the ancient era?

This is not strictly a history question, but I hope you can help me: I'm looking for original ancient art depicting king Midas (Ideally a mosaic, but anything will work, as long as it is from the "...
9
votes
1answer
222 views

Why were the Yellow River dyke repairs delayed?

In 1938, in a desperate bid to slow the Japanese advance, Chinese forces breached the Yellow River dykes at Huayuankou, killing hundreds of thousands of civilians and displacing millions more. The ...
9
votes
3answers
289 views

What proportion of the population of Soviet Union were taken into custody by the state during Stalin's time?

Started reading The Gulag Archipelago, and its sort of mind numbing, the scale of it described in the book. Some were taken and summarily executed, some were tried and executed, some were sent to ...
1
vote
0answers
124 views

Did ancient Greeks harden steel weapons?

Let's limit this question to the Classical period (c. 5th-4th centuries BC) Did Greeks harden their iron swords, spearheads, arrowheads etc. before putting them into use? Was hardening technology ...
2
votes
2answers
258 views

Are there any images of the USS Enterprise at night?

As the title says, are there any images of the (CV-6) USS Enterprise at night? To specify I'm looking for the 1942 (or similar built version). I'm especially interested in the runway lights, but in ...
15
votes
4answers
4k views

What do historians mean when they talk about “supply side” and “demand side” explanations of the industrial revolution?

Joel Mokyr writes in Demand vs. Supply in the Industrial Revolution that The determination of 'when,' 'where,' and 'how fast' are to be sought first and foremost in supply, not demand-related ...
3
votes
1answer
216 views

Why was John Paul Jones pardoned in Whitehaven in 1999?

The Wikipedia page for John Paul Jones states that he was pardoned in Whitehaven in 1999 for his raid, but doesn't state why. So far, the article I have found that seems to contain the most ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

What were Stilwell's plans had his coup succeeded?

Joseph Stilwell, the caustic American Chief of Staff assigned to Chiang Kai-Shek, famously clashed with his superior over the prosecution of war in the China-Burma-India theatre. Things came to a head ...
-1
votes
1answer
108 views

Question about the Wars of the Roses [closed]

This question concerns the history of England in the 15th century. In Political Ideals (1917), Bertrand Russell wrote The stage we have reached in the affairs of Europe corresponds to the stage ...
-1
votes
0answers
95 views

Is this drawing made by Stanisław Szukalski

I was watching the documentary: Struggle: The Life And Lost Art Of Szukalski I'm trying to find out if this rabbit is made by Szukalski, and if so, I would like to find more of this kind of style ...
7
votes
1answer
183 views

Telegraph availability in Russia around year 1875

Were there any telegraph lines available in late 19th century Russia (let's say year 1875), which would go deep into mainland Russia? I can find some mentions about Moscow telegraph station being ...
-5
votes
1answer
151 views

What political party did Stalin belong to? [closed]

What political party did Stalin belong to? I know he identified as a communist, but he didn't act like one: he occupied a somewhat large portion of the Baltic states(Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia). He ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Impressionism and subjectivity in art [closed]

Did the impressionists make 'beauty is in the eye of the beholder' popular? I saw a youtube video that claims this but I'm not sure if its true.. I looked up impressionism movements and I couldnt find ...
1
vote
1answer
268 views

To what degree is Simone Weil correct in arguing that the third Reich under Hitler was merely a revival of imperial Rome?

Simone Weil wrote in her book, The Need for Roots: The Romans were really an atheistic and I idolatrous people, not idolatrous with regards to images made of stone and bronze, but idolatrous with ...
-1
votes
3answers
406 views

Why were women monarchs allowed to rule in patriarchal societies? [closed]

It seems counter-intuitive to me that Elizabeth I was a powerful monarch at a time when women were considered inferior to men and when women didn't even have the right to vote in the UK until 1918. I ...
4
votes
1answer
212 views

What specifically did Einstein have in mind when he called the Israeli Freedom Party fascistic?

In a blog published in the TLS, May 2016, Toby Lustig points out that Einstein in a letter to the New York Times, a few months after the declaration of Israeli idependence: wrote to complain of '...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Revolutions: which side does the nation's military join? [closed]

Historically, when there has been a notably significant revolution to overthrow the standing government, does the military typically defend the government or join the revolutionists?
0
votes
2answers
127 views

What was the earliest black advocacy for Palestinian rights?

According to a recent book published by Historian Michael Fischbach, Black Power and Palestine, the SNCC, the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, one of the main advocacy bodies for black ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Range of sailors' ages on a typical Pacific trading ship in 1810

This question is about crew ages on trading voyages in the North Pacific around 1810. The number of crew members on these voyages was often in the low dozens. Funding could come at least in part from ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

What anti-Japanese guerrilla units were active in Manchuria from 1944-1945?

I am writing a historical fiction novel with a North Korean protagonist joining anti-Japanese guerrilla forces in Manchuria in 1944. I understand that major anti-Japanese resistance in Manchuria was ...
6
votes
1answer
134 views

Hyrcanian Burial Practices

In Cicero's Tusculan Disputations (book I, section XLV), he remarks: It is customary with the Magi, to bury none of their order, unless they have been first torn by dogs. In Hyrcania, the people ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

For U.S. history 1800-1830, what was GDP by sector and industry?

The U.S. Census Bureau's Historical Statistics of the United States does not appear to break GDP down. I'm aware that the terminology is imprecise: GDP is a modern term, but is much shorter than the ...
4
votes
0answers
146 views

Why did this post card not allow communication with Japan?

In this postcard posted in Canterbury on 21 July 1908 (I assume) it is marked that: This space may be used for communicatin for Inland Postage and Foreign Countries, except Japan. Why?
3
votes
1answer
224 views

How large were Victorian British military forces?

I was wondering roughly how many people were members of military services in Britain during the later Victorian era, and had no luck finding any information on the subject online, apart from the ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Easter ornaments question

I know that there’s Christmas ornaments, but are there Easter ornaments? Have any been made historically? I’ve never seen them but that doesn’t mean that they don’t exist though.
38
votes
5answers
7k views

Why did Lincoln wait to issue the Emancipation Proclamation?

(Apologies in advance: not being American, while I've read up somewhat about the military aspects of the Civil War, I am somewhat unclear as to its political dimension.) Lincoln did not declare the ...
3
votes
3answers
337 views

How long would it take for a young lady in victorian England to walk this distance?

I'm working a story currently and I ran into what could be a time management issue. In my story I have a young woman (late teens-early 20's) walking from her home to town, having promised she would ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

When and how did David become the mascot of Florence?

My understanding is that David, son of Jesse, King of Israel was the mascot of Florence. And that that was the impetus for Michelangelo's statue being created in the first place. Certainly David ...
3
votes
1answer
290 views

Why was it deemed necessary that the “average person… knows they are on the border”, which resulted in the creation of the US-Canadian border slash?

The Atlas Obscura's US-Canada Border Slash, says: The Slash was initially deforested for the sole purpose of, according to the IBC, making sure that the “average person… knows they are on the ...
87
votes
1answer
22k views

Did Adolf Hitler ever address the fact that his own appearance was almost an exact opposite of what he considered the ideal Aryan appearance?

Hitler's ideal Aryan / Nordic appearance was: tall, blond, blue eyed, broad shouldered. Hitler's own appearance was: short, dark haired, brown eyed, slight and slumpy shoulders. And most of the Nazi ...
13
votes
2answers
380 views

Did the Inca Empire know about the Polynesians, or vice versa?

I'll split this question into two parts. Pre-Columbus: There's some evidence that Polynesians traveled back and forth between Oceania and South America before the arrival of Europeans. The sweet ...
6
votes
1answer
116 views

How were maps drawn and printed in the late 19th-early 20th centuries?

Old books published in the late 19th to early 20th centuries AD (e.g. the Loeb Classical Library) may contain one or more topographical maps of world regions. How were these maps drawn and printed ...
29
votes
3answers
6k views

Where (if anywhere) were X-ray machines put on trains or trolleys to image “Everybody over 14 years old”?

The background image in this X-ray analysis sotfware page shows what looks like a trolley or train car on tracks with a sign that says "X-ray Now: Everybody over 14 years old". Where might this have ...
4
votes
0answers
192 views

What is the history of the “surrender” gesture?

The surrender gesture seems to be obvious to us - you drop your weapon, put your hands up and maybe drop to your knees or even prostrate yourself. But were those gestures universal across the globe ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Did 20th century militaries have their own fire-fighter units?

I tried googling this but fire-fighter is too similar to fire-fight (as in gun fight or shootout) so I keep getting the wrong results. I'm asking about fire-fighting as in containing and extinguishing ...
4
votes
1answer
336 views

Did the Soviet military in fact fear that the Space Shuttle would be used as an orbital bomber? If so, why?

I have read on this blog (scroll down to section "what happened to make it fail) dedicated to failed cold war space projects that the Soviet leadership was deeply concerned about the STS, fearing that ...
5
votes
1answer
844 views

Does the HMHS Britannic wreck still have a grand staircase or any staterooms?

Does the wreck of HMHS Britannic still have a grand staircase or any staterooms or were they all removed prior to being converted into a hospital ship?
1
vote
1answer
563 views

Is a wheel older than a wall?

I caught a snippet from the president’s remarks. He was talking about the wheel and how it is older than the wall. Is there historical fact to back such a statement? Or the other way around?
1
vote
0answers
103 views

Did medieval ransom taking have agents?

Medieval ransom taking was big- people were taken of all types of social standing for wide ranges of payments for their release- virtually a business. Did the business have agents who provide various ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

What language is this and what does it say? [closed]

It looks like japanese but I'm not sure. It's inscribed on my sword (https://i.stack.imgur.com/jWo97.jpg)
3
votes
1answer
204 views

Early concepts of property rights and market exchange among native North Americans?

I just saw a documentary about the colonial time in North America and how the Lenape people sold the Delaware valley to Europeans. In this program a current Lenape "chieftain" claimed that the Lenape ...
1
vote
2answers
354 views

At the start of the Second Punic War, why didn't Hannibal engage Publius Scipio in Hispania, but crossed the alps instead?

Sorry, I forgot exactly where I remember this from but as Hannibal moved towards the Alps with around 50,000 troops, he was pursued by Scipio with fewer troops (actually, if anyone can find a source ...
2
votes
3answers
328 views

What is this 120 yr old Japanese tool?

I bought this from an antique shop in Japan. Beside the price tag it said it was 120 years old. The shop owner didn't speak much English. All he kept saying was "boat" and kept making a motion like ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

At Pearl Harbor was a Japanese Third Wave of attack in the original plan or was Nagumo expected to improvise?

I was having an interesting conversation about Pearl Harbor and Japans third wave of attack which never occurred with David Thornley in the related question: Was the attack on Pearl Harbor totally ...
5
votes
1answer
262 views

How can I understand the effect of the Sonderweg on the Revolution of 1848?

I'm trying to understand the effect that the German 'Sonderweg' had on the Revolution of 1848 in Germany. Are there authoritative/canonical references that would help? PS: Since I also speak German ...
7
votes
2answers
403 views

How realistic were von Papen's plans to invade Canada using “German cowboys” during the Great War?

While reading biography of Franz von Papen, I've found this hilarious information: Apparently, in attempt to stop Canadian support for Britain, he planned to dress up German and Irish Americans as ...
3
votes
0answers
89 views

Are there any sources on the Tempestarii?

The Tempestarii were weather mages in the Frankish Empire Recorded and were recorded on by Agobard of Lyons. I read the text he wrote on them but I cannot find other texts on them that go into more ...

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