All Questions

29
votes
3answers
7k views

What is the oldest European royal house?

What is the oldest European royal or princely house, either enthroned or dethroned, that patrilineally survives nowadays?
92
votes
10answers
17k views

Has a sovereign Communist government ever run, and conceded loss, on a fair election?

Have there been cases where a sovereign Communist government ran in an open and fair multi-party election and conceded a loss? The reason for the sovereign qualifier is simple. If, for example, the ...
6
votes
1answer
293 views

What were the most common reactions to Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott?

I'm curious about the general reactions to historical events in civil rights by people wanting to keep the status quo. However, this information is hard to find. News clippings I can find are ...
5
votes
0answers
123 views

What was the rate of premarital conceptions in England from 1850 to 1890?

Much research has been done on the topic of prenuptially conceived births within England from the 1540s to 1830s, but I have yet to come across anything resembling a statistic for the period from ...
2
votes
0answers
219 views

Number of foreigners in the Waffen-SS and Wehrmacht during WWII

During World War II, thousands of non-German men fought in the Waffen-SS and in the Wehrmacht. People from all Europe, volunteers from neutral and occupied countries and enemy prisoners. Even Russian ...
2
votes
2answers
382 views

Has anyone recently seen Chinese old customary greeting pose?

This may be a personal question ( meaning, coincidentally the conduct of the question has not happened in my life. ). Fist and Palm Salute ( English ) is the traditional Chinese greeting pose, ...
3
votes
0answers
244 views

Does anyone recognize this signature

I have this beautiful painting and I am curious who the artist is? There is a signature on bottom rhs but I am having trouble reading it. thanks
19
votes
4answers
6k views

Non-Italian European mafias in USA?

Italian mafias are a well-known example of an ethnic-based mafia in USA but are there other examples of European mafias based in ethnicity in USA? I'm especially interested in North European examples,...
43
votes
3answers
11k views

When was drinking water recognized as crucial in marathon running?

The winner, John Hayes, of the first modern marathon in 1908 said that he thought drinking water during a marathon was a grave mistake, saying: "I merely bathed my face with florida water, and gargled ...
3
votes
0answers
180 views

What changes were made to address the Junkers 88 initial high accident losses?

There were three main German bombers in use during the Battle of Britain: the Dornier Do 17, the Heinkel He 111, Ju 87 Stuka and the Junkers Ju 88. The Dornier 17 was an old bomber, no longer in ...
3
votes
1answer
310 views

What was the population of late Pre-Islamic Arabia and the population of Arabic speakers before Islam?

The Arab tribes were spread out widely, and the land of Arabia was not as viable to live on as the Fertile Crescent, so I would expect the population to be lower. But, how much in an estimated range ...
1
vote
1answer
208 views

How did one look for missing people in the 19th century?

I was curious to know how a missing person might have been looked for in the 19th century or early 20th century - 1890s-1930s - as they didn’t have things like news broadcasts and such. Any ideas?
1
vote
0answers
74 views

helmet change from Greek to Macedon, Rome and Medieval period

Why did Roman helmets not cover the mouth like their greek counterparts? Did individual soldiers need to shout commands? Same for companion calvary Boeotian helmet vs that of medieval knights.
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Are the Zemstvo Statistics Digitized?

There were massive statistics collected during the late Russian Empire (1861-1917)-- the "Zemstvo Statistics." They are available on microform at Yale (http://www.library.yale.edu/slavic/microform/...
4
votes
1answer
224 views

Identity of pre 1930s US battleship

Need help in identifying this battleship--USS Nevada, Pennsylvannia or Arizona?
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Identify prior 1930's US Battleship and US Navy plane [duplicate]

Looking to identify this battleship--USS Nevada, Pennsylvania, Arizona?
1
vote
2answers
206 views

Did Lenin precisely say “Trust is good, control is better”?

I've first heard of that quote in French ("La confiance n'exclut pas le contrôle"), so I was a bit surprised when I learnt that its translation in English was "Trust is good, control is better". ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

Why did Jodrell Bank assist the Soviet Union to collect data from their spacecraft in the mid 1960's?

I've just listened to the short BBC News audio podcast clip How British academics spied on the superpowers: Tim O’Brien from the Jodrell Bank radio telescope discusses 50 year old recordings which ...
0
votes
1answer
192 views

In a feudal system the king would give land to the knights in exchange for military services. Where did he get his money from then?

From what I've read (grossly oversimplifying) in a feudal system king owned all the land and would give parts of said land to his knights in exchange for military service. The knights would, in turn, ...
-2
votes
1answer
149 views

Which historians argue that WWII was caused by Fascism as a reaction to Communism?

It's been suggested that fascist movements of post-WW1 Europe emerged in reaction to the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and against worker sympathies to similar internationalist socialist movements ...
8
votes
3answers
303 views

Where in a city would a cathedral be built?

I am creating a medieval style village in a video game I am developing. Trying to be as accurate as possible I have studied the basic form Gothic Cathedrals and come to a pretty good understanding. ...
-2
votes
1answer
174 views

what ended the Islam golden age [closed]

please answer the question I will check back in a few days and thank you all. I have tried every website I could find and this is the last one on the list and I hope to get a result
0
votes
1answer
109 views

What is the difference between an extensive revolution and an intensive revolution?

I have tried Google, my textbook, and I just can't seem to find the difference between these two types of revolutions.
-3
votes
2answers
350 views

Why did emperors of India and China have so many mistresses?

Some Indian and Chinese emperors had more than 50 mistresses. Wasn't it difficult to please so many women and maintain peace among them? What caused them to have so many women?
4
votes
1answer
268 views

What “class” of soldiers were these soft targets?

In "The Battle for Stalingrad," Russia's Vasily Chuikov wrote that to the extent possible, Russian guerrillas and snipers tried to avoid "duels" with enemy fighting men, instead seeking out "soft" ...
3
votes
4answers
285 views

Does the ≈400,000 figure for US soldiers killed in WW2 include the ≈80,000 MIA?

There is general consensus that there were roughly 400,000 U.S. deaths in WW2, and 80,000 MIA: Of the 16 million Americans who served in World War II, more than 400,000 died during the war. At ...
3
votes
1answer
306 views

What is the science behind lead not contributing to the fall of Rome?

Did lead poisoning contribute to the fall of Rome? skeptics stack exchange I actually have had a couple professors in my time comment on how Roman leaders may have had lead poisoning which caused ...
21
votes
2answers
8k views

Why did other German political parties disband so fast when Hitler was appointed chancellor?

Not long after Hitler was appointed chancellor, opposition groups began to shut down. He, of course, had already criminalised the Communist KPD and alleged sympathisers, but I was astonished to learn ...
3
votes
2answers
298 views

Could medieval soldiers be organized into a Roman style legion order of battle?

Is there any reason why medieval soldiers could not have been organized into the order of battle of the Roman Empire by a ruler or empire that chose to do so? Integrating crossbowmen, longbowmen, ...
23
votes
2answers
3k views

How old is the day of 24 equal hours?

According to Wikipedia, concepts superficially similar to the modern system of hours have been around since at least ancient Egypt c. 2800 BC. But their system divided "daytime" (after dawn and ...
0
votes
1answer
185 views

Did Japan have secret films about going into the US in the 40s?

This film (narrated by Ronald Regan) was produced in the 40s. It discusses detailed planning for an air mission into an area in Japan. Did Japan have similar fims in the time period to aid them in ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Which year was the first leap year?

From the Wikipedia article on leap years, it appears that calendar systems that predated the Romans accounted for leap days, but do we know which calendar was the first to introduce a leap day, and if ...
4
votes
3answers
447 views

Why didn't Spain and Portugal become industrial powerhouses in the 20th century?

Although Spain experienced a gruesome civil war, neither Spain nor Portugal participated in either the first or the second world wars. Despite their losses of millions of people, widespread ...
8
votes
3answers
493 views

How accurate/realistic is the conception of 'the kindly slave owner'?

I'm reading an historical fiction novel New York by Edward Rutherfurd at the moment. One of the early chapters, set in New Amsterdam (New York City) in the mid 17th century, is told from the ...
8
votes
2answers
632 views

Were railway guns ever critical in any battle during WWI and WWII?

Note: this is a question about railway - mounted artillery, NOT about armored trains (which were more akin to tanks-on-rails and had much smaller guns) The idea behind railway gun is quite sound: a ...
3
votes
0answers
121 views

What evidence do we have to claim the Ancient Romans kept African grey parrots as pets?

The book Birds: Myth, Lore and Legend by Rachel Warren Chadd and Marianne Taylor states: [...] The Ancient Romans, who kept both Rose-ringed Parakeets and African Greys (Psittacus erithacus), right,...
0
votes
1answer
257 views

Can anyone help identify this painting? (Western, representative, c19-c21)

This is the cover of a Penguin classic - the Love Letters of Keats. But I can't find the painting identified anywhere. Does anyone know it?
3
votes
1answer
93 views

What were the circumstances surrounding Forrest's injury at Shiloh?

In Shelby Foote's, "The Civil War", he describes how Nathan Bedford Forrest was injured during the organized rebel retreat from Shiloh on day 2. According to Foote, Forrest and his troopers ...
1
vote
0answers
122 views

Can you help identify a pistol believed to be Ottoman Empire (Turkish)?

Trying to identify a pistol believed to be Ottoman Empire (Turkish
1
vote
0answers
68 views

How many total speakers of German were there in pre-WWI USA?

The 1910 US Census enumerates some 2.7 million foreign-born speakers of German in the United States then. That number must be an understatement because there were many communities of heritage German ...
2
votes
2answers
176 views

Can anyone identify this sword, believe to be Ottoman Empire (Turkish)?

I am trying to identify a sword believe to be Ottoman Empire (Turkish).
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Which RAF squadrons and aircraft types took part in the bombing of Berlin on the 25th of August 1940?

The first RAF raid of Berlin in WW2 took place on the 25th of August 1940 in retaliation for German bombing of London. The accounts I can find claim that there were 81 or 95 aircraft involved, (...
-3
votes
1answer
123 views

Was the Eye of Providence also a symbol of Bavarian illuminati? [closed]

If no, then where did it come from? This site (How the secret Illuminati society really did start in Germany) claims that the owl of Minerva was the symbol of the Bavarian Illuminati. I did my ...
1
vote
0answers
102 views

Were there any sanctions put on Germany after the war? [closed]

During and before the war, WW2, sanctions were put on Germany. After WW2, Germany was helped by the Allies to reconstruct its economy, but were any sanctions put on Germany post-war? If so, what kind ...
1
vote
0answers
226 views

Is this coin a reject or a fake or what? [closed]

It is a UK 2000 £2 coin. It has the letter 'R' struck in the centre of the reverse. In all other respects it appears to be normal. Have you any idea how this 'R' got impressed on the coin?
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Does somebody know anything about the original “Tour de Croy” tower?

In Chatillion one can find today this tower. Before this, there was the Biret tower, built in 1870. Before the Biret tower there was the Croy tower (tour de Croy). A short history of the towers The ...
21
votes
3answers
4k views

Was there a pre-determined arrangement for the division of Germany in case it surrendered before any Soviet forces entered its territory?

Listening to the audiobook D-day through German eyes, I thought: what if Germany had surrendered before any Soviet force entered its territory? In the book, a German soldier says that his motivation ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

Why did Americans stop calling the Olympic basketball team the “Dream Team”?

Was it because of the decline of the popularity of the NBA or the retirement of Michael Jordan, the living legend the GOAT? I am just curious. Since the "prior research" was requited, I would like to ...
9
votes
1answer
231 views

What is the earliest example of the usage of 'Nazis' to refer clearly and exclusively to the National-Socialists?

The term 'Nazi' is now commonly explained as being an abbreviation of 'National-Socialist'. That was not always the case. The use of the term Nazi is a well-established convention in English. It ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

What was life like in the 1920s to 1930s in Bruno, Saskatchewan?

What was the population, demographics, and types of services that they would have had? Looking for an overview of that whole area during the 1920s and '30s. Would most babies been born at a ...

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