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0answers
44 views

Why does some US banknotes have abstract art on the reverse instead of detailed scenes of history/monuments?

Most US paper currency has detailed images of national monuments or historical scenes on the reverse side. Why wasn't the same treatment given to all currency, such as the $500 bill? It simply ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Could the U.S. have used “Lend Lease” to force Germany onto the horns of a dilemma?

During the fall of 1941 (but before December), the United States waged a "war short of war" against Nazi Germany's submarines using escort vessels, the Reuben James, the (James) Greer, and the Kearny ...
0
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0answers
65 views

What were the procedures when the lead group bombardier missed the target? [closed]

When the lead group bombardier missed the target for any reason what were the procedures for a 2nd bomb run on the target? What factors were considered prior to the attempted 2nd run?
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is late Russian Empire associated with Byzantium while having little in common with it?

I have started reading the book A people's tragedy by Orlando Figes about the Russian revolution. I am no historian, however having read a few pages I have a few questions about the repeated ...
0
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0answers
46 views

What primary sources mention Ivar the Boneless [closed]

My understanding of the legend of Ragnar Lothbrock was that Ragnar is a figure of folklore, but the sons Ivar the Boneless, Bjorn Ironsides, Sigurd et Al, are all mentioned in primary sources like the ...
11
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1answer
3k views

Why did the Germans use the Enigma machine rather than the far superior “Lorenz” cipher machine?

Basically, the only good thing about the "Enigma" cipher machine was its name. Other than that, it was grossly inferior to the "Lorenz" one, apparently only used by some of the main, top-ranking ...
-1
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0answers
30 views

What’s a film about Eastern European Jewish immigrants in the United States in the 19th century?

I’m a history student studying Eastern European Jews in the US in the 19th century. I’m searching for a film or documentary on this topic. What’s a film about Eastern European Jewish immigrants in the ...
0
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0answers
70 views

Whom and when were the peoples of the ancient Levant before Israel, Judea and Edom?

It is widely accepted among ancient Levant historians that before Israel, Judea and perhaps also Edom states were created, their area included groups such as: Shasu tribes (one of them in north ...
-2
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0answers
41 views

What sort of combination did the weavers use?

I'm interested in fraternal societies which I define as societies which use or have used coded regalia, secret signs and passwords and a philosophy of mutual aid. I'm not wanting to argue definitions ...
2
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0answers
69 views

Could women make contracts in ancient Rome? [closed]

I'm writing a story and the main character is a wealthy widow who runs the estate for her rather lazy son. Could women in ancient Rome (specifically the 3rd Century Empire) legally make contracts, or ...
-8
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0answers
89 views

Has the City of Atlantis Been Discovered in the Eye of the Sahara? [closed]

Has the City of Atlantis Been Discovered in the Eye of the Sahara? Given the proximity of this natural structure to ancient Egypt, could it have been the cornerstone of an ancient city. i. e., ...
3
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1answer
72 views

Having had his policy judged unlawful, which Home Secretary asked to meet Lord Bingham to discuss?

I quote p 27, in the Winter 2018 Issue 13 of the Hong Kong Student Law Gazette. The tension between executive and judiciary exists in many jurisdictions practising separation of powers, and the UK ...
-2
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0answers
98 views

Why did the Ming dynasty stop expanding? [closed]

I am just wondering if there is any historical reason why the Ming dynasty did not expand in territory to the size of the Tang, Yuan or Qing dynasties.
4
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1answer
187 views

What happened to the cross on the dome of Hagia Sophia?

There are some images that show the cross on the dome of Hagia Sophia. For example; Miniature 38 from the Constantine Manasses (1130 - 1187) Chronicle, 14 century: Construction of Hagia Sophia ...
-4
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2answers
166 views

How long did it take for Japanese high command to believe 1 bomb could destroy a city? [closed]

In 1776, had a man walked into the Continental Congress and told the Founding Fathers that the city of Boston seemed to be "gone". A few days prior, as he approached Boston, in the distance he'd seen ...
-1
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0answers
76 views

Have there really been disputes settled by combat of two chosen champions? [duplicate]

It seems to me that the losing side might still fight on unless part of the idea was to give both sides a way to judge what the likely outcome of a full-scale war would be. I know that if they simply ...
-1
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0answers
46 views

Bloodshed of Roman army was largest under which emperor? [closed]

Is it known, or can it be estimated under which Roman emperor did the Roman army kill the largest number of its enemies?
0
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0answers
62 views

Did any historical leaders prepare their own food to avoid poisoning? [closed]

Throughout history, leaders have been worried, often justifiably, about the possibility of poisoning, which probably accounts for the prevalance of food tasters. Some of them have taken this ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Could besieged medieval cities develop a micro-economy during wars to endure the siege for long time? [closed]

During the medieval age, one of the main reasons that pushed besieged cities to capitulate was the exhaustion of provisions (foods,water,drugs...) that maintain the every-day life of the city ...
0
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0answers
85 views

Can anyone help identify the country, rank, and unit this WWI uniform is from?

I am looking to ID country, rank, and unit of this picture. I have already tried googling the collar insignia with no luck
-2
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1answer
108 views

How do we know the tonnages U-boats sank?

In the videogame series, Silent Hunter, which simulates being a submarine captain in WW2, after a patrol you are told how much tonnage you sank. I always thought that was just a reward mechanism to ...
22
votes
7answers
4k views

Who was the last European king to actively engage in combat?

Specifically, I would like to know who the most recent European monarch (or monarchs, if they lived roughly at the same time) is that actively engaged in combat whilst reigning: that is, used a sword, ...
2
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1answer
188 views

How important was the Suez Canal to the Allies during WWII?

The Suez Canal allows one to travel from the Mediterranean or North Atlantic to the Indian Ocean without having to circumvent the continent of Africa. A ship traveling from the UK to India could ...
1
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0answers
48 views

Why did Mark Antony not report Trebonius’ plot to kill Julius Caesar?

Trebonius approached Mark Antony at Narbo and asked him to join a plot to kill Caesar, I don’t understand why one of Caesar’s most loyal men, Antony, wouldn’t report the plot. Considering Trebonius ...
0
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0answers
60 views

Were there farms in the early 19th century in England, which only focused on agriculture?

I think back in the day most farms consisted of both agriculture and livestock, but I think, there must have been exceptions. I'm also especially interested in small-scale family-based farms. The ...
0
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1answer
82 views

Is this photo of Gavrilo Princip or Nedeljko Čabrinović?

It seems most websites say this is Gavrilo Princip who shot Franz Ferdinand, but some say it is Nedeljko Čabrinović who threw the bomb at him. I was wondering if anyone knew for sure?
-2
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0answers
84 views

What Was The Economy Like in Ancient Rome for the Working-Class? [closed]

As a current member of the working-class living in the United States, I am wondering what was the economy like during Ancient Rome, particularly during the time of Jesus Christ. As you probably know, ...
0
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0answers
109 views

Why did the cobra breeders set the snakes free after the “cobra bounty” was removed in the UK? [closed]

A perverse incentive is an incentive that has an unintended and undesirable result which is contrary to the intentions of its designers. Perverse incentives are a type of negative unintended ...
-5
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1answer
107 views

What are the odds Fascism could ever make a comeback in the West? [closed]

TRUE Fascism, not "Trumpism." Using Wikipedia definition: Fascism (/ˈfæʃɪzəm/) is a form of far-right, authoritarian ultranationalism characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of ...
65
votes
3answers
12k views

Why exactly did telegraphs have to use “STOP” instead of a period and “QUOTE” instead of a quotation mark? (Or special codes.)

I've seen/read numerous old telegraph messages. They contain a lot of spelled-out punctuation. Why didn't they simply have the most basic few characters as part of the code, or at least turn a "STOP" ...
-4
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3answers
126 views

Why did people “back in the day” seemingly have no concept of safety in regards to heavy machinery? [closed]

I'm fascinated by old, large machines. Fascinated, but I'm not sure I really "like" them. That is, I can very much appreciate and admire the sheer fact that they exist in all their massiveness, which ...
2
votes
1answer
309 views

How did an immigrant become a citizen in the nineteenth century? [closed]

I’m studying the history of emigration and immigration in the 19th century. My question is: How did an immigrant become a citizen in the nineteenth century? Thank you!
2
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0answers
91 views

Is this “Westinghouse All Electric House” video, called a “promo from the mid 1950s”, a hoax?

This video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jyrTgtPTz3M It barely has any description, the comments are turned off, and the Wikipedia article on "Westinghouse Electric Company" does not help to clear ...
0
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0answers
70 views

What's a good primary source produced by a European immigrant to the United States in the nineteenth century? [closed]

I’m looking for a good primary source produced by a European immigrant to the United States in the nineteenth century. I’m seeking a source that will provide insight into the author’s hybrid identity ...
1
vote
0answers
210 views

What language did Nazi German occupying forces speak in France?

I am watching the TV series "Das Boot", playing in La Rochelle in occupied France during the second world war. Partially, the German occupying forces are speaking English when working together with ...
1
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0answers
74 views

What is the rank and date of this Italian Army uniform?

This a photo of my uncle from Cosenza, Italy. I believe it was taken around 1910. I would like to confirm a more accurate date range, as well as his rank. Thanks!
1
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0answers
137 views

What is the most severe punishment a priest could have in history for violating his vows of celibacy?

I am doing a research about this topic, because I wanted to know if at some point in the history of Chirstian Church (specially the Catholic Chuch) would have a punishment for priests violating their ...
-1
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0answers
68 views

How was the Metric System affected by the age of Enlightenment? [closed]

The metric system was first proposed in 1791. It was adopted by the French revolutionary assembly in 1795 how do you think the Metric System was affected by the age of Enlightenment?
0
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0answers
71 views

Did the Jesuit missions in New Spain coerce native labor?

Several Catholic orders operated missions in colonial Mexico; Dominicans, Franciscans, and Jesuits (before their expulsion) all had their own strategies. Alejandro Murguía in The Medicine of Memory ...
0
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1answer
173 views

What was the value of a thousand talents in Roman Palestine about AD 33?

My question is simple, "what was the value of a thousand talents in Roman Palestine about AD 33?" It is my impression that a thousand talents would have been a vast amount of wealth for that time. ...
-1
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0answers
122 views

Were the Ottomans more than willing to industrialize? [closed]

I am writing an SAQ for my AP world history class and i was wondering if the Ottoman Empire was "forced" by the Europeans (just like the Japanese) to industrialize.
0
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0answers
84 views

How did Roman slaves show they were free? [closed]

I need to know this answer because we are doing a project in social studies class about this. If anyone finds out the answer please let me know.
2
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3answers
204 views

Are there any examples of recurring payments in ancient times?

I'm interested in the history of recurring payments. The farthest I could get to is the feudal system, where peasants paid rent to knights once every so often. Obviously the banking system in the late ...
-2
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0answers
149 views

Why didn't the Luftwaffe use Stukas against Britain? [closed]

The German bombing campaign against Britain in 1940, and the subsequent British and American bombing campaign against Germany, involved dropping a great deal of unguided ordinance, which killed some ...
-1
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1answer
254 views

What is this smoke or steam coming from the Japanese Mitsubishi Zero Plane (WW2)? [closed]

What is this smoke/steam think behind the Japanese fighter planes like the Zero?
3
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1answer
253 views

In which East Europe country in the 1990s did people put their TVs in front of windows and turn them facing outside?

Years ago, I read an article about the period which regime changes happened in Eastern European countries in late 1980s and early 1990s. It was told in the article that, in one of those countries, ...
5
votes
1answer
343 views

What was the relationship between Angles, Saxons, and Jutes; and the Vikings?

I'm reading Seamus Heaney's translation of Beowulf and I cannot get my head around how Angles, Saxons, and Jutes relate to the Geats, Danes, and/or the Vikings and/or the Scandinavians generally. ...
2
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0answers
53 views

Brass tablet at a museum in Rouen: “A tous les temps, a tous les peuples”

In the book by Sheppard from 1817 "Letters descriptive of a Tour through some parts of France, Italy, Switzerland, and Germany in 1816, with incidental reflections on some topics connected with ...
0
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2answers
243 views

How did an advancing force walk during WW1?

I am searching for any noticeable orders, doctrine or any piece of information about how an advancing force should be organized. I am interested in the scope 1914-1918, on European and Middle-East ...
2
votes
2answers
308 views

How to find out if this sword is real or just a souvenir?

I received an old looking sword as a gift. The giving party has no information on the piece whatsoever, as it was bought online, on our local version of craigslist. The blade is very blunt. So blunt ...

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