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0answers
9 views

Where could I find a list of the Roman Senators of 49 BC?

I am creating a college Model UN committee about the fall of the Republic, in which our delegates will represent senators from the time. Is there such a list, as well as information about their ...
0
votes
2answers
189 views

When did the US start using sniper + spotter teams, rather than solo snipers?

The US sniper teams are a definite trope of TV and movies, but historically many armies have used solo snipers, without the spotter. When I look for info, I either find gun info, sniper statistics or ...
10
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5answers
5k views

Did the North give the South its debt after Civil War ended?

In discussions with a colleague of mine many years ago, concerning the American Civil War (aka the War Between the States), he mentioned that “... the North left/gave all the [financial] debt to the ...
-4
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0answers
45 views

When did democrats become republicans? [closed]

At what point did democrats in the south become republicans?
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Has Morocco ever claimed ownership of the Canary and Madeira islands?

Has Morocco ever claimed ownership of the Canary and Madeira islands? If no, then why not? How about the island countries Cabo Verde and São Tomé and their African continental neighbours?
-2
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0answers
58 views

In which instances in history did an attacker ask the attackee to borrow some of their ammunition in order to continue the fight?

I read on https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Peter_Tordenskjold&oldid=937200048#Court-martial: In 1714, Wessel was court-martialled after an indecisive sea battle with a Swedish frigate....
27
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2answers
3k views

Why did Persia adopt the movable-type printing so late?

According to Iranica, the first books in Persian characters were published in Leiden in 1639, almost 200 years after Gutenberg's invention, and in Asia it was used even before that. Given that Persia ...
21
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2answers
6k views

Who is depicted in this Soleimani propaganda image?

While reading news and analytics about Soleimani and the fuss his death made, there is a teaser image, where I cannot identify the shown persons. The news is in German, which can be found on telepolis....
5
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1answer
108 views

Did any relatives of Fritz Haber (the inventor of poison gas) die in the gas chambers?

I am sorry if this seems a ghoulish question. However, German scientist Fritz Haber (1860-1934), winner of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry and co-inventor of the Haber-Bosch process to make nitrates ...
9
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1answer
881 views

Is there a historical source that might explain why so many countries use 35 as a minimum age for the president or similar position?

Reading the list of presidential qualifications by country I have noticed that in many countries the minimum required age is 35 (some countries raise it to 40). I am wondering if there is any ...
10
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2answers
3k views

How much power and influence could a child monarch have?

As I understand, if a monarch died before his heir reached adulthood, the heir would still become a king or queen regardless of age, but the country would be temporarily governed by a regent. I want ...
9
votes
1answer
6k views

How were Chinese Dynasties named?

What were the rules or conventions for choosing the name of a new dynasty chosen? Was there a single method for naming all of the Chinese dynasties?
12
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4answers
3k views

Did the Russian Empire have a claim to Sweden? Was there ever a time where they could have pursued it?

Consider that Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and the one that all Russian emperors after Catherine were descended from, would have been king of Sweden had his aunt not stolen the throne ...
5
votes
1answer
149 views

Why could George Washington and the revolutionaries not stop Governor Tryon in New York Harbor?

On October 19, 1775, New York Governor Tryon fled the city and took refuge in the harbor, first on the British ship Halifax, then later on the Duchess of Gordon [1] [2] [3]. The book "The First ...
2
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4answers
3k views

What explanations have been given as to why the Jews were not killed in Italy? [closed]

Jews were mass murdered in Germany during World War II. Why did the same thing not happen in Italy?
8
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4answers
1k views

Why did people stop building square-rigged ships?

Sailing ships are still being built, but square riggers are a thing of the past. Why? Did fore-and-aft rigging prove superior? If so, why not earlier? Does it have to do with the disappearance of ...
16
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3answers
4k views

Can anyone identify the regiment and rank from this WWI photograph?

I am trying to identify the person in this WWI era photograph. I believe it may be my great great uncle John Hunt Marshall born Dec 29 1893 in Motherwell, Scotland. He graduated with a BSc from the ...
-5
votes
1answer
140 views

Could there have been wars between the Aztecs and the Persians? [closed]

In the Book of the Kings of Ferdowsi there is a king named Zahak or Azhidahak. I would probably equate it with what we know today as Aztecs. Some also claim that Atlan (from Atlantis) is another name ...
2
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3answers
279 views

What authority did the Catholic Church have over European monarchs from 900–1450?

I recently described the Catholic Church as a superpower during the Middle Ages and was surprised a respected member of the board (LangLangC) objected to that characterization and thought the Catholic ...
8
votes
1answer
359 views

Was Yahweh a god in a possible Edomite Pantheon?

I understand from the Bible, from the Wikipedia articles Yahweh and Yahwism and from lectures of various scholars that polytheism was practiced by at least some religious leaders, priests, kings and ...
-7
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0answers
86 views

Did the people of the ancient Middle East control the world thousands of years before Christ? [closed]

Numerous documents, evidences and structures have been found around the world that resemble those of the Middle East. such as: Sacsayhuamán Monte d’Accoddi – Mesopotamian Ziggurat In Europe Did ...
19
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2answers
7k views

How did Columbus calculate the size of the Earth?

Eratosthenes' calculations of the size of the Earth were very precise and very accepted during Columbus' time. Still, Columbus was convinced that the world was significatively smaller and that getting ...
0
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0answers
75 views

How your cost in taxes to be paid for going to or staying in Egypt depends on your religion [closed]

Were there Jewish people living in Egypt before the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was born, or did they arrive only after Muslims (a people without a land) arrived in Egypt (a land without people)? Were ...
5
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0answers
166 views

Why are stamps put in the top-right corner of post?

I've recently been sending a few letters and one of them has not been delivered yet, and I don't think I stuck the stamp in the top-right corner of the letter. So does it matter if a stamp is not ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

How did Adam Worth make sure his crooks didn't keep what they stole?

I'm currently reading through the The Life and Times of Adam Worth and as much as I'm fascinated by Adam Worth and his mastermind for 19th century crime, there is one thing that the book fails to ...
8
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4answers
894 views

Were armed merchantmen effective against submarines?

The armed merchantman Jervis Bay was no match for the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer in a ship to ship duel. Nevertheless, the merchantman put up a brave fight lasting over an hour, allowing ...
12
votes
3answers
717 views

Why are the historical large cities in the southern US not the large cities in the South today?

When you think about the large and prosperous cities in the historical Southern United States, you think of cities like Charleston, Richmond, Savannah, and New Orleans. However, when you look at the ...
5
votes
2answers
592 views

What does this Italian soldier's 1930’s uniform tell us about his job and rank?

The below photo of a soldier was taken in Sicily in the mid to late 1930’s. I have been told he may have served in Libya for the Italians. What type of soldier was he and what rank did he have? What ...
55
votes
3answers
16k views

Why were so many more Jewish men than Jewish women killed during the Holocaust?

On the Wikipedia page Jewish Women in the Holocaust, it says: Of the estimated six million Jews who were killed1 during the Holocaust, 2 million of them were women.2 Conversely, this means that ...
3
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0answers
81 views

Which ancient Indian texts refer to megaliths?

From Alain Daniélou, Gods of Love and Ecstasy: The Traditions of Shiva and Dionysus, p. 59: [...] the megaliths found in England, Brittany, Corsica, and all over the world, from India to the ...
-2
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4answers
266 views

Have any countries peacefully merged into one country? [closed]

Have any countries peacefully merged into one country? I am particularly interested if a modern example exists.
-11
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1answer
138 views

If jewish people are originally from the Middle East, why were they in poland during the Holocaust? [closed]

Jews-Wikipedia says Jews originated as an ethnic and religious group in the Middle East during the second millennium BCE, so why were they in poland during the Holocaust?
1
vote
1answer
103 views

How could I determine the value of a a 1921 Yuan Shikai Chinese silver dollar? [closed]

I have a 1921 Yuan Shikai Chinese silver dollar. What is the history of this coin, and how could I determine the worth/value of my coin?
42
votes
3answers
11k views

When did humans develop the ability to sail any direction regardless of wind direction?

When did humans develop the sail technology and skills to be able to use the wind to sail in any direction, including using techniques such as beating to effectively sail into the wind? I checked ...
7
votes
0answers
283 views

How did the Belgians issue ID cards with ethnicity to women in Ruanda-Urundi?

I've read about how the Belgians issued ID cards to the inhabitants of their colony Ruanda-Urundi (later independent under the names of Rwanda and Burundi): Indeed, the Belgian colonists ...
0
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0answers
194 views

How did Roman law change between Justinian and Basil II?

What were the ways in which Roman law changed between under the rule of Justinian I (with his Corpus Juris Civilis and the rest of his Legal Order) and under the rule of Basil II? I am interested in ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Why was Saturnino Martín Cerezo honored by the Spanish government?

Saturnino Martín Cerezo (page not available in English) a lieutenant in the Spanish army, was involved in the famous Siege of Baler, in which a small contingent of Spanish soldiers held out against ...
4
votes
1answer
264 views

How have African countries kept the boundaries divided by colonists and countries unified for decades, despite the many ethnical groups and conflicts?

How have sub-Saharan African countries generally kept the boundaries divided by the previous colonists and kept countries unified for decades, despite the many ethnical groups and conflicts between ...
-4
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0answers
64 views

Role of religion in the dark ages? [closed]

What role did religion play in the daily life of communities in the Dark Ages, hundreds of years after the fall of the Roman Empire?
6
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2answers
441 views

Why did the price of eggs in Britain increase much more than for other basic foods during WWI?

At the beginning of WWI, Britain was only about 40% self-sufficient in food, a major problem given the tonnage of ships sunk by German submarines. Unsurprisingly, food prices rose. In First World War ...
1
vote
2answers
158 views

What is the minimum safe speed when dropping depth charges?

What is the minimum safe speed when dropping depth charges - especially if they are set for shallow depth ? I wonder if a slow merchant man really can use depth charges in a safe manner i.e. without ...
3
votes
2answers
459 views

When & where were three masted ships invented?

My friend and I got a speaking assignment for History about three-masted ships (and how they changed exploration trips), we've been googling for a few hours now but we can't seem to find a lot of ...
25
votes
4answers
4k views

Why were so many of the earliest banks founded by cloth merchants?

I recently noticed that a lot of early banks, including Metzler and Berenberg, were founded by cloth merchants. Any idea why this particular line of trade was most conducive to setting up investment ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

In which banking institute was Soren Kierkegaard a customer?

Is there any information about which bank the danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) used in Copenhagen? I might think it is 'Sparekassen for Kjøbenhavn og Omegn', literally 'The Savings ...
2
votes
4answers
345 views

Has the majority ever seceded?

I am curious if there are any historical examples whereby the territorial and/or demographic majority of a country seceded from a minority as perhaps they realize maintaining it is more trouble than ...
1
vote
1answer
374 views

Why were Axis bombings deadlier than Allied ones?

I had been gathering data on some bombings during WW2. I mainly used wikipedia articles, since they are very well sourced. I consider only city bombings, and civilian losses. The losses are ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Does Iran or Saudi Arabia have more regional influence in the Middle East? [migrated]

I have read about the Iran-Saudi Arabia proxy conflict and I would like to know who has more regional influence in the Middle East in terms of political and cultural influence, Iran or Saudi Arabia?
-2
votes
1answer
100 views

What was the military background of the Irish company at the Siege of Jadotville?

During the Siege of Jadotville, the Irish "A" company under Quinlan's command and UN mandate seems to have fought pretty well. It is especially mentioned in the linked article a good capacity in ...
2
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3answers
181 views

Were Israeli-Arab conflicts in the Cold war testing grounds for NATO and Warsaw Pact equipment?

During the Cold War, Israel and it's Arab neighbors often came into conflict with each other and fought a number of wars during which Israel often used weaponry from the West (USA, UK and France) ...
2
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3answers
1k views

Beside the USSR and the Chinese communist history, have there been other counterintelligence operations that turned into large scale witchhunt?

Few people realize that, when war is elected to settle disputes, one's comrades are just as dangerous as their enemies due to counter-intelligence operations. Allegations are often made to settle ...

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