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3
votes
1answer
28 views

What is the logic for the map maker classifying the map this way, specifically in Canada?

I recently came across the map displayed above. It is a map showing the spread of totalitarian and authoritarian governments right before WWII. The countries that are black are totalitarian ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Was it ever possible to see students with burka/paranji having education at the schools and universities of the Uzbek Soviet Republic?

Despite strict 'hujum' (assault in English) policies against veiling as part of liberation of women in Muslim populated less-developed areas of the Soviet Union during early years of the revolution, ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Why did Oliver Cromwell ban Christmas in 1644

I am aware of the religious conflicts between Catholics and Protestants during and after the reign of King Henry VIII, but can't imagine why Cromwell would ban Christmas. I read this in an article ...
0
votes
2answers
342 views

What would a 9th-century German count do if he wanted to spend some time with his wife? [closed]

It is the Year of our LORD 821. Count Aldwin (31) of Hattuaria and Countess Sigihild (26)'s relationship has gone sour after her miscarriage and his alleged affair with the kitchen maid (which is ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

c1890s canvas bag, possibly military/Army, who used it & for what?

I have an OLD canvas bag measuring 14 x 11", opens to two pouches. It has a leather strap on the back that makes it look like it was possibly used as a backpack. Printed on the front is "2 SEP.CO. ...
-5
votes
2answers
99 views

How to you reply to Henry Ford and Otto von Bismarck? [closed]

All history is bunk -- Ford All history is fairy tales rewritten by the winner of the last war -- Bismarck There is a LOT of truth to what they say. And with PhD thesis like the courtmartial of ...
3
votes
1answer
221 views

Would an Illegitimate child of a monarch have been recognized at the Russian court?

For purposes of a novel I am writing I would like to know if an illegitimate son or daughter of a 19th century Russian tsar would have been recognized by the court. Would it matter if the birth was ...
22
votes
6answers
3k views

What was the most recent country to be conquered and disappear?

In the Old Days, one country would conquer another and add it to its empire. What was the most recent country to be conquered and cease to exist as a country?
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Help needed to identify detail from Soviet military uniform

My family on my great-grandfather's side came from Romania and I have a picture of one of his brothers in a soviet military uniform. I know nothing of his involvement in the military and was hoping ...
6
votes
1answer
115 views

Were surname upgrades a well known practice in the Spanish Empire?

People everywhere have names, and some seek to change their name. Spanish speaking people in particular generally have two surnames, paternal and maternal, in that order. Whether the maternal one ...
3
votes
2answers
945 views

How does history as a scholarly discipline or disciplinary practice justify its existence as a social practice?

The discipline of history as emergent in the 19th century in its scholarly practice or intellectual discipline exists as a social phenomena in many contemporary societies. Contemporary societies ...
1
vote
0answers
221 views

What did Moshe Dayan say about fighting Arabs?

I am looking for the details of a quote that goes something along the lines of "It is easy to look like a great general when you fight Arabs" by Moshe Dayan (or maybe Golda Meier). I believe the ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Did Empress Cixi divert funds for the Beiyang Fleet to build the Summer Palace?

There is a popular story that Empress Dowager Cixi diverted funds originally intended for the Beiyang Fleet in order to upgrade the Summer Palace. This is significant because the amount - approx. 22 ...
13
votes
4answers
16k views

Are these remarks by Napoleon on Jesus genuine?

The German edition of Wikiquote contains the following alleged words of Napoleon (in translation): I know men and I tell you that Jesus Christ is no mere man. Between Him and every other person ...
16
votes
5answers
6k views

“More Frenchmen bore arms for the Axis than for the Allies during the Second World War”?

True or false? This is claimed by Andrew Roberts in The Storm of War. Quote: As more Frenchmen bore arms for the Axis than for the Allies during the Second World War, it is unsurprising that ...
-2
votes
0answers
40 views

How did the allied powers and central powers differ [closed]

In both the triple entente and triple alliance. How did the allied powers and central powers differ from the two pre-war alliances?
0
votes
2answers
217 views

Independent development of ocean navigation

I am wondering about who can reasonably claim to independently have developed navigating oceans. It is quite clear that the Iberians had the technology around 1500; and that the proto-Polynesians had ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Who was the Scottish philosopher that came up with the idea of a Scottish militia?

I read a book on the Scottish Enlightenment a couple of weeks ago and am trying to remember the name of the Scottish Philosopher that feared the ideas of a polite society would weaken the British ...
-1
votes
1answer
746 views

What responsibility did Golda Meir have for the Yom Kippur war?

I read in the book "The Iron Wall" by Avi Shlaim, there was a description of the Yom Kippur war that happened due to Golda Meir's insistence on keeping parts of Sinai and not trading them to Egypt ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Identify the cover model from an issue of Life Magazine

Could someone identify the cover model for the Life Magazine issue dated August 22, 1969: https://twitter.com/historylvrsclub/status/1050574006632570880/photo/1 The issue itself is silent on this ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Was Napoleon's General Joachim Murat of Turkish descent?

Joachim Murat was a General allegiant to Napoleon and very successfull in his military career. Though his very German first name I wondered if he has Turkish origin too because his second name ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Did Robert Devereux's monopoly on sweet wine encroach upon Sir Christopher Hatton's monopoly on wine?

I know that Robert Devereux was given a monopoly on sweet wine following the death of Robert Dudley, his step-father and the previous holder of this monopoly, but I recently read that Sir Christopher ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Why didn't the Chinese attack Hungnam during the evacuation?

The Hungnam evacuation was a notable event during the early years of the Korean War. Retreating to the port of Hungnam from the recent defeat at Chosin Reservoir, UN forces managed to evacuate about ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

How widely accepted are Tolstoy's views on history within the academic community?

Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace is a historic fiction and part essay in which Tolstoy regularly expresses his views on how events happen. More specifically, Tolstoy says that the actions of great men such ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Who were the social elites of the European middle ages?

I have recently been reading into the European Middle Ages, where one of the challenges is the limited sources available. I have often seen seen this described as a source bias towards the elite ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Were any tactical missiles used during the 1971 Indo Pakistan war?

During the Indo-Pakistan war of 1971, some Sidewinder and Atoll missiles were used in the air. The SA 2 guidline was used by the Indian side as SAM, and on sea the Indian navy struck Pakistani bases ...
-5
votes
3answers
169 views

Was there ever a series of leaders who passed their positions to the most capable candidate?

There're been many kings and emperors in history that passed their thrones to their children. Often this doesn't work well because although the king can be very capable, the child may not be. I'm ...
11
votes
0answers
508 views

Was Heisuke Yanagawa really censored out in photos, and why?

Heisuke Yanagawa (柳川 平助) was an IJA Lieutenant General who commanded one of the main armies in the Battle of Nanking. He would have been one of the generals photographed marching into Nanking. I've ...
16
votes
0answers
340 views

What is the spiral-looking device shown in this wall painting?

A colleague found this wall painting. We are sure about the elements related to mining and the divining rods. But we've got no clue for the spiral element that seems to be operated/carried by two ...
17
votes
0answers
463 views

Did men and women feast together in the early medieval East Francia?

I am interested in important feasts of the upper classes (nobility), e.g., Easter or the baptism of important heirs, in the Eastern Frankish kingdom around 900 AD, specifically the Duchy of Saxony. ...
-4
votes
1answer
974 views

How was Washington and Jefferson's relationship in Dec 1799?

Bottom Line Up Front(BLUF) George Washington died December 14th, 1799. My question is what are some examples that demonstrate this period when these two preeminent founding fathers were bitter ...
0
votes
8answers
5k views

Does the Ottoman Empire count as a colonial power?

Their role in the Middle East and North Africa was pretty similar to that of the French and British, who succeeded them. The French and British rule of their areas is generally called colonial rule, ...
19
votes
3answers
83k views

What is the truth behind this speech by (Lord Macaulay)?

Was this speech was delivered by Macaulay in British parliament? Got many articles saying that this speech was not delivered by Macaulay. Is it true? What are the facts behind this speech? I have ...
19
votes
5answers
5k views

Is the USA a superpower today because of WW2?

I understand that the USA funded the war effort against the Axis, although the Allies in Europe had to pay for this help in one way or another. It's fascinating to see how not that long ago (...
5
votes
2answers
956 views

How do totalitarian states/empires usually fall?

How do totalitarian states/empires usually fall? Are there cases or plausible where these states fall without it necessarily being invaded or face a rebellion? When i say fall, i mean the move from ...
5
votes
1answer
158 views

At what point after the war did Confederate money begin to attain value again?

At the start of the U.S. Civil War, the Confederate States of America began to print their own money. Almost immediately it began to lose value due to inflation (except in 1864). By the end of the ...
8
votes
2answers
351 views

What is the meaning of the hand gesture performed by King James II in the portrait by Peter Lely?

This portrait by Peter Lely is one of the most well-known images of James II of England (aka James VII of Scotland). It is used to illustrate his Wikipedia article. Is there some meaning behind the ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

“Gang signs” in the Dutch Republic [duplicate]

While reading about William III of England I came across paintings of two of his tutors, Grand Pensionaries Johan de Witt and Gaspar Fagel, and noticed that both are holding their left hand in a ...
13
votes
2answers
756 views

How did France worsen its relationship with Turkey?

Several years back Turkey barred some French companies to participate in one of its arms procurement tender. Turkey doesn't allow French military air-crafts or ships to pass its territorial space. ...
8
votes
1answer
461 views

What are these items in this 16th century plan of an English town?

This plan or picture map of Great Yarmouth is from the reign of Elizabeth I (1558-1603). According to the Norfolk Record Office (pdf), It shows the town’s defences at the time of the Spanish Armada ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Are there factors which caused the printing revolution to begin in Europe in 1450 and not some other place some other time?

The printing press was a big deal. It brought a communication revolution and led to the development of larger collective consciousnesses. What I am refering to the printing revolution is the ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

How long to travel from Ireland or England in 1680 to Plymouth in the Massachusetts Bay Colony?

I'm writing a historical fiction romance novel and I'm trying to gain a perspective of the travel times. The story is set in 1692, but the hero and his family arrived around 1680 from Ireland.
2
votes
0answers
180 views

Why did the Mafia respect Jimmy Hoffa so much? [closed]

The information that I have about Jimmy Hoffa has come (the impetus,I must say honestly, came from Scorsese's The Irishman) from here. Jimmy Hoffa was a man with wealth and political connections ...
5
votes
1answer
157 views

What made Missouri the “Show Me” State?

This nickname was apparently based on a quote by a Congressman who said, "I come from a land that raises corn and cotton and cockleburs...I am from Missouri. You have got to show me." That is to say ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does the US House of Representatives have a ceremonial mace, but the Senate does not?

The US House of Representatives has its own ceremonial mace, which was apparently one of the first things that they authorized once they met for the first time. However, the Senate does not seem to ...
18
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the large blue object on the right in this picture showing Greek fire?

This well-known image showing a Byzantine dromon type ship using Greek fire has a blue object behind or on the ship on the right for which I have not been able to find any explanation: Image source: ...
21
votes
3answers
1k views

What were the first local currency systems in history?

What were the first local currency systems in history we have detailed information on? I don't think it was gold/silver or other hard to produce materials. Probably these became more important ...
26
votes
3answers
3k views

Were there Muslims in 12th century England?

Ever since the 1984 ITV adaptation of Robin Hood, the addition of a Muslim warrior to the band of Merry Men has been a staple of the mythology. From a storytelling perspective, the benefits are clear: ...
19
votes
4answers
18k views

Who invented the first flag?

An answer on this site claims that the first flags were heraldic flags used in battles. But when was this, and for which nations?
-3
votes
0answers
92 views

What caused the U.S. to decide to annex Texas? [closed]

Was the balance of slave states and free states maintained when Texas was annexed into the United States as was stated in the Missouri Compromise? What caused the U.S. to decide to annex Texas?

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