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28 views

Book about risk of war over time that draws contrary conclusions to Pinker

I thought I recently read about a book arguing that trends in warfare, when you use the right statistics on the right timescales, do not show a clear decline over time. The book was characterized as ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Is there any source of the size of Axis vs Allied armies every month?

There are sources in the size of the German army. But no overall month by month breakdown of the size of different armies. Does this exist?
3
votes
1answer
208 views

Which trade ship did not return to California from China?

The Baltic German captain Otto von Kotzebue wrote (from "California Through Russian Eyes", Gibson, ed.): An attempt was even made to launch, at the Californios' own risk, trade with China, but it ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

What does “MET HLS INDIA” inscribed on a bottom of brass sugar bowl mean?

I've recently inherited two old Indian brass items, bought in 1970s (or earlier) in Poland, and I'm trying to work out where they come from. I've easily identified the origin of the ice bucket, since ...
7
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3answers
2k views

Is there a genetic link between North America and Vikings?

Is there any evidence of Viking genetics in the North East American Indian population? There is a blue eye trait in some East Coast tribes, especially the Iroquoian tribe of the Cherokee.
9
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3answers
347 views

What effect did the Bronze Age collapse have on India?

There was direct trade between Mesopotamia and India from the 3rd millennium BCE, and indirect trade as far back as the 9th millennium BCE. I'm wondering what effect the Bronze Age collapse (c. 1200 ...
27
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7answers
9k views

Was Japan known to be a potential threat to the USA in the 10 year period prior to 1941

In the years leading up to the Pearl Harbor attack, did non-military Americans see Japan as a potential threat to the USA?
6
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3answers
2k views

Did the 'founding fathers' of the United States see Oliver Cromwell as a role model?

Did they like Oliver Cromwell, who founded a republic after a dispute about taxes led to the overthrow of a king, or did they see him as a usurping Caesar who destroyed a republic and became a tyrant?
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Did the Buyids emerge as allies of the Abbasid Caliphate?

The Buyid dynasty were Shia sympathizers. However, I might have read somewhere that the Buyids came to power as allies of the Abbasids. This would have been as an anti Tabaristan or anti Ziyarid ...
2
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0answers
141 views

Did battle results prompt the retirement of metal armour in any European army? [duplicate]

Everyone has heard the conventional wisdom, that metal armour became obsolete, as guns improved. It should be fundamentally correct, but I am interested in understanding the process in more detail, ...
3
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0answers
81 views

Was the peak of the NBA aka popularity of basketball in 90's ( or including 80's ) “as I consider” or just my “Old days were good”?

I always wonder and argue with young boys in my country if today's so called superstar Lebron James remained nothing but a role player had he played in 90's or the 80's because back then there was ...
6
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1answer
272 views

Was there a bribery attempt by UK to get the Ottomans to switch sides in World War I?

While perusing Wikipedia article on Gallipoli Campaign, I saw an intriguing statement: an attempt by the British to bribe the Ottomans to join the Allied side ... failed. Wikipedia citing an ...
24
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3answers
11k views

What was Hitler like in private?

The image of Hitler is very well-formed in the modern public imagination: stern, stoic, focused, commanding and intimidating, with a powerful oratory skill and a terrifying ability to stir up passion ...
9
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1answer
437 views

Ancient Indian caste system in relation to martial arts

I know that in the area now known as India, there was a rigid caste system as a part of traditional Hindu beliefs. I also know that there are a number of Indian martial arts going back centuries. I ...
-1
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0answers
43 views

Lucius Lucullus etc among Etruscans and Romans- evidence for Trojan/ Lycian origin?

Isn’t the extreme popularity of names like Lucius and Lucullus indicative of at least where some ancestors were from, maybe Lycia-I have long wondered if classical Romans had as common knowledge much ...
6
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1answer
330 views

What was the impact of utilitarianism upon the development of psychiatric care in 18th-19th century England?

I'm interested in the impact of utilitarianism upon English psychiatric care by way of the philosophy's influence on social reformers. More tenuously, I want to know whether and in what ways ...
0
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0answers
78 views

When US soldiers shipped to Europe in WW2, where did they stay? [on hold]

So basically in ww2 when a country (lets say USA now but I don't think it should make much of a difference, personally) sent their troops onto foreign soil, but not on the frontlines, where did they ...
9
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3answers
3k views

Was it illegal to blaspheme God in Antioch in 360.-410.?

We know that the Roman Empire became a Christian state. Was it illegal to blaspheme God in Antioch in 360.-410.? What punishment was prescribed (if it was illegal)? If it was punishable, who could ...
3
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1answer
124 views

Could British India have realistically allied with both Afghanistan and the Punjab?

In his book The Return of a King, historian William Dalrymple is strongly critical of British policy toward Afghanistan prior to the disastrous invasion of 1839. He implies, quoting the British envoy ...
-4
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1answer
52 views

Analysis of the Cold War, Particularly its Origins [on hold]

I have been doing an in-depth study of the Cold War for a while now, and I really want to understand the main reasons why it began. There are a few questions I have regarding a few specifics that I ...
9
votes
1answer
335 views

Why did the UK Parliament sit on Saturday 30 July 1949?

Good question by Andrew Sparrow on the Guardian Politics' live blog: According to the House of Commons website, the Commons has only sat on Saturdays four times since 1939. Three of those ...
1
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0answers
84 views

How and when did the surname “Apibus” become “de Apapis”?

The Maltese surname Apap derives from "De Apapis", and the family crest features bees. Family lore tells that the surname originates from a person who kept bees. In Latin, Apis is bee, and the most ...
4
votes
2answers
501 views

Where is the sword used when Queen Anne Boleyn was executed?

If a 'skilled' (with sword) executioner was summoned from Calais, did he bring his own 'equipment' and, if so, is there record of him & it there? Was the sword seized when Francis, Duke of Guise ...
0
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0answers
69 views

In recent court trials against death camp guards in Germany, why are seemingly only Hungarian victims considered? [on hold]

German death camp guard Oskar Gröning has been sentenced to four years for being an accessory to murder in 300,000 cases during the so-called "Ungarn Aktion" in 1944. However, Gröning was a guard at ...
8
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1answer
330 views

Was Operation Kugelblitz really a success for the partisans?

Every source that I have looked at says that the Germans practically accomplished nothing during this offensive. Yet at the same time it is claimed that the Partisans suffered a staggering 9,000-11,...
74
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8answers
7k views

How accurate or supported is Jared Diamond's “Guns, Germs, and Steel”?

Jared Diamond wrote a fascinating book that purports to explain, in a very broad way, the development of civilization. It has several explanations for the development of Eurasian civilization rather ...
47
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2answers
9k views

Has the United States ever had a non-Christian President?

If Bernie Sanders won the 2020 election, he would be the first Jewish POTUS in American history, regardless of how 'cultural' his Judaism may be. Given this, would his being the first Jewish POTUS ...
1
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0answers
159 views

What is the origin of the idea to cover genitals with clothes or other materials? [on hold]

This question was difficult to word. Please edit if it can be worded better. I've seen many murals and ancient drawing as far back as 3,000BC (Kemetian, Sumerian) of society wearing atleast some ...
0
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0answers
56 views

When did major protests asking to free someone that was sent to jail take place? [on hold]

When in history did people go down into the streets asking to free people that where maintained in jail? How many people did these protests gather? What was the outcome?
6
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0answers
99 views

Who revoked their signatures from the union agreement at the Council of Florence?

In many Byzantine history books, a general statement is made that from the 700 strong delegation to the council of Florence, "many Orthodox bishops revoked their signatures" after the council ...
-6
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0answers
56 views

How are Stock Exchange portfolio's management? And votes on case reserves? [on hold]

My question is on votes (public, or private, or corp), stock exchange and portfolio management moving forward, and transcripts entitlement to buying an selling. How is this calculated and management ...
15
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1answer
3k views

Why was the “Cave of the Patriarchs” forbidden to Jews?

I just found out a tweet of Ben Shapiro stating the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron was closed to Jews for 700 years. I searched and didn't find any name but this article mentions that In the ...
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0answers
57 views

Comparison between the Law of the Roman Empire under the rule of 2 Emperors

What were the differences of the Law of the Roman Empire under the rule of Justinian I(with his Corpus Juris Civilis and the rest of his Legal Order) and under the rule of Basil II? I am interested ...
-2
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1answer
346 views

To what extent is the Catholic church responsible for historical Antisemitism in Europe? [closed]

Jews faced a great deal of Antisemitism, as defined by radically different treatment compared to their Christain counterparts, with particular attention to violence, throughout their history. ...
0
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0answers
98 views

Are there a records of the cost of Medieval war reparations? [on hold]

I have come across some actual numbers for individual war reparations, e.g. this or that medieval city-state had to pay N amount of gold to this or that other state, for war reparations after losing X ...
9
votes
1answer
111 views

Help identify Venetian headpiece

So I’ve been trying to find the technical term for these headpieces usually worn during Venetian Carnevale. I’m unsure if they are medieval in origin or a type of turban. What is the difference ...
2
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0answers
80 views

Are there any records of Foreign investments or Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) in history from pre-medieval or medieval period?

A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country. If we look at the articles about the ...
11
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1answer
412 views

Has Mohenjo-daro been reconstructured?

What is the extent of current knowledge on the physical structure of the city of Mohenjo Daro? Have all possible roads and buildings (possibly in 3d) been reconstructed? Do we completely know the ...
-3
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0answers
179 views

Has a hegemon ever, at the height of its economic and military dominance, just packed up and abandoned its place in the world?

Athens, Rome, China, the Brits....etc. all dominated their part of the world (or the world itself, I guess). All of them lost their dominance and became lesser powers. Have any of them, at the ...
13
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3answers
2k views

Did the Romans have writing desks?

I am just rekindling my interest in Ancient Rome, and reading Rome:Its people, life and customs by Ugo Enrico Paoli. He goes into considerable detail about tables, but only dining tables. There is a ...
2
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0answers
53 views

How and in what ways has our understanding of the historical method improved since the publication of E. H. Carr's “What is History” in 1961?

This is partially answered in this question, but that only characterizes the modern consensus on what history is able to answer - it does not go into depth about how that modern consensus has evolved. ...
-3
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0answers
107 views
3
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1answer
174 views

Can someone identify this military uniform?

I would really appreciate it if someone could tell me anything about this military uniform. Thanks so much for any help!
0
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0answers
92 views

What caused the price revolution? [on hold]

The price revolution. From what I know, it was an event in occurring between the 16th and 17th century, and it caused massive rates of inflation in Europe. But what caused this? I know that the ...
3
votes
1answer
217 views

If adultery was a felony during Hamilton era, why isn't he prosecuted?

Wikipedia says that Hamilton confessed to adultery. However, adultery is a crime, and a felony. Why isn't he charged? Statue of limitations?
69
votes
1answer
11k views

Which culture used no personal names?

The blog post Falsehoods Programmers Believe About Names – With Examples claims that: There was an isolated culture in which no one had names – they referred to everyone in relative terms, such ...
51
votes
5answers
15k views

Did it take 3 minutes to reload a musket when the second amendment to the US constitution was ratified?

The NPR News podcast and video Beto O'Rourke Wants To Ban, Confiscate Some Guns. Texas Voters Want Details (about 6.5 minutes long) contains the following assertion by Congressman O'Rourke: In ...
29
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11answers
4k views

How to rebut Holocaust denial argument?

I came across a Holocaust denier who claims that there is a plaque outside Auschwitz which says that the Nazis murdered 1.5 million people there (mostly Jewish). However, the plaque used to say 4 ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Examples from history, way forward for failed states [closed]

What are the historic examples of countries that were failed states and then became normal states? To narrow it down, are there historic examples of countries that were once in a similar situation ...
4
votes
1answer
226 views

Was the U.S. planning an invasion of Afghanistan before 9/11? [closed]

Some sources seem to indicate that the U.S. was planning a military attack against Afghanistan before September 11. Niaz Naik, a former Pakistani Foreign Secretary, was told by senior American ...

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