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How did Vauban develop his parallel siege technique first used during the 1673 siege of Maastricht?

During the second to last siege before Maastricht Vauban directed the 1672 siege of Orsoy, where he used what had been the long standing zigzag of the trenches to approach the city (lower right of the ...
Bob516's user avatar
  • 454
-6 votes
0 answers
123 views

Who built the internet, who were the first commercial users? [closed]

If I asked who built the pyramids in Egypt, the answer would not be who first discovered limestone, who first quarried limestone or who built the first building out of limestone. My question would be ...
JMS's user avatar
  • 255
-3 votes
0 answers
96 views

Was homelessness common in ancient Rome? [closed]

My guess would be either it existed or perhaps the law was very harsh and so such people were perhaps enslaved or imprisoned. Or maybe the absence of power other than that provided by humans and ...
releseabe's user avatar
  • 2,284
1 vote
1 answer
102 views

Did Jamal Husseini say "The blood will flow like rivers in the Middle East"?

On page 50 of his 2008 book 1948: A History of the First Arab–Israeli War, Benny Morris wrote: The Arab reaction was just as predictable: “The blood will flow like rivers in the Middle East,” ...
Onaano's user avatar
  • 11
0 votes
0 answers
79 views

Was there any mention of metal helmets in ancient India?

Primarily during the reign of the Guptas is their any mention of use of metal helmets and even armour if so how did these look like?
Haridasa's user avatar
  • 101
-1 votes
0 answers
65 views

Block 32 - Battles and Campaigns Explanation [duplicate]

On my father's WD AGO Honorable Discharge Form 53-55 form Box 32 states "Rhineland Central Europe "GO 105 WD 45." What does it mean?
Stan's user avatar
  • 1
-3 votes
1 answer
153 views

Why did Nazi Bishop François Auvity escape all punishment, both criminal and ecclesiastical, after the Liberation of France? [closed]

Why did Nazi Bishop François Auvity escape all punishment, both criminal and ecclesiastical, after the Liberation of France by the Allies, and how could his criminal role remain hushed up for EIGHTY ...
AlexfromRouen's user avatar
36 votes
1 answer
9k views

Was it known in ancient Rome and Greece that boiling water made it safe to drink and if so, what was the theory behind this?

I believe wine was mixed with water because it tasted better than plain water -- it had the positive side effect of killing bacteria. But if no wine was available, was plain water drunk? Did people ...
releseabe's user avatar
  • 2,284
-4 votes
0 answers
63 views

I'm seeking evidences to support my viewpoint on god and religion(they are all manmade things). Are there any books or references? [closed]

My viewpoint on god and religion: Gods and religions are manmade things to augment reality. People watch romance drama(or movie) when they feel their life is "lacked with romance". People ...
stay stay's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
128 views

What problems did the USA's transatlantic communication face during World War II?

I would be interested to know which means of communication (transatlantic cable?) were affected by the war compared to the pre-war period. Were new means of communication discovered/developed? I ...
klpu39's user avatar
  • 1
3 votes
1 answer
144 views

Did Arab nations send prisoners to fight in the Soviet-Afghan war?

The documentary "The Power of Nightmares (2004)" by Adam Curtis claims that various Arab nations like Egypt emptied prisons and sent prisoners to fight in Afghanistan against the Soviets. Is ...
Luke G's user avatar
  • 33
-3 votes
0 answers
78 views

Is there ever been a Law Repealed [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Has the US Congress Ever Repealed a Law? (4 answers) So once a Law is a Law, it is Never Appealed ... Right ? How about a Review say after 50 years, see if it still holds water ...
George W. Kauffman's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
156 views

Was the USS Panay in the Yangtze river to protect US citizens? [closed]

AP News' June 6, 2024 Former astronaut William Anders, who took iconic Earthrise photo, killed in Washington plane crash mentions: Anders was born on October 17, 1933, in Hong Kong. At the time, his ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 1,784
1 vote
1 answer
236 views

Is there any truth to this anecdote about Yugoslavian leader Tito?

Tito was on a ship traveling the Danube and one of his higher ranking officers (who had pronunciation issues) said to him: "Look at these hills, in this area grape is fantastic!". Upon ...
Danilo Jonić's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
3k views

How can I obtain a record of my fathers' medals from WW2?

My father was a Private First Class in the HQ BTRY 793rd Field Artillery Battalion of the US Army. His military occupation was Salvage Technician 194 and was inducted in January 1943. Where can I find ...
Neil Fisher's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
134 views

Did John Quincy Adams purge Freemasons from roles in government?

Bell 2024 ch. 7 claims that: The Skull and Bones Society also known as The Order of Death was founded at Yale University in 1832. The founding of this elite secret society came as a result of ...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 2,325
12 votes
1 answer
2k views

What was the nature of Yasir Arafat's difficulties in Arabic?

Shafiq al-Hout in his book My Life in the PLO says in relation to Arafat's first speech at the UN: He also asked Mahmoud Darwish and me to include all the vowel marks in the text clearly in bright ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
  • 4,052
3 votes
1 answer
160 views

Did the Pacific Rail Acts of 1862 create lines to nowhere?

This Video by 'ReasonTV' claims that the Pacific Rail Acts of 1862 subsidized railway construction based on distance, therefore causing rail lines to be unnecessarily extended to gain federal ...
Recessionman's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
231 views

When was the Viking first day of summer? Winter?

I am writing a historical Viking novel taking place in the early 11th century. I have done extensive research about basically everything, including the Viking calendar. Several places mention that the ...
Klaus Æ. Mogensen's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
339 views

Did Edward VIII aid Germany during the war?

In the Netflix TV series called The Crown, a several-season biopic about Queen Elizabeth II, it is reported that in the '50s, the Queen learned that her uncle, the Duke of Windsor, who was formerly ...
Michael Hardy's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
80 views

What are the languages proposed for international use by Max Müller?

In an article entitled 'Il latino quale lingua ausiliare internazionale' ('Latin as an international auxiliary language'), Giuseppe Peano mentions that various people have proposed that a certain ...
Anserin's user avatar
  • 131
-1 votes
1 answer
118 views

Did the idea of true/false Gods originate in Dharmic religions and migrate to Abrahamic religions, or could they have a common inspiration? [closed]

Bible verses I am the LORD thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Thou shalt have no other gods before Me. Deuteronomy 5:6 “You shall have no other gods ...
user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
113 views

Do we have revolutionary tribunal records for Robespierre et al, 10 Thermidor An 2?

I'm interested in records of the French revolutionary tribunal. Do we have the transcript of, for example, Robespierre's trial before the revolutionary tribunal during the Thermidorian reaction? Do ...
ifly6's user avatar
  • 303
-1 votes
2 answers
155 views

Was Prussia afraid of German unity during the first Schleswig War?

Engels once sustained that Prussia was afraid of German unity during the first Schleswig war. Is there any historical validity to this claim? This would be very interesting since only a decade later ...
16π Cent's user avatar
  • 107
2 votes
1 answer
572 views

Why are there so few people of sub-Saharan African descent in the lands of the former Ottoman Empire compared to the Americas?

Starkey's assertions about Islamic slavery are predicated on the following assumptions. Are these plausible? What data is available on which to better compare Islamic and European slavery frameworks? ...
Tom Hosker's user avatar
  • 2,337
3 votes
0 answers
135 views

What is the original source of the quote "Of all my 50 battles, the most terrible was the one I fought at Moscow"?

And how does the quote look in French? The reason I ask is that I see this quote attributed to Napoleon cited all over the Internet (e.g. this video on the Battle of Borodino), but nobody seems to ...
Daigaku no Baku's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
116 views

What did "Price Fourpence The Three" mean? [closed]

From the cover of a 1842 book published in Manchester and London (The Three Prize Essays on Agriculture and the Corn Law): What did the above mean? (In particular what did "the Three" mean?)...
user103496's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
3k views

Is there any evidence to back up David Starkey's claim that infanticide of mixed-race children was integral to the Ottoman slave trade?

David Starkey made some controversial remarks in an interview a couple of years ago, in which he compared the Atlantic Slave Trade to its Ottoman counterpart. This question is not an appropriate forum ...
Tom Hosker's user avatar
  • 2,337
1 vote
2 answers
159 views

Today, do we celebrate anniversaries of events that happened in time of Julian calendar, on Julian date or at corresponding Gregorian date?

Today do we celebrate anniversaries of events that happened in time of Julian calendar, on the Julian date or at the corresponding Gregorian date? Do historians write the dates of scientific works in ...
22flower's user avatar
  • 125
1 vote
1 answer
164 views

What was the relationship between Italy and the other provinces in the republican period?

It is often said that during the republican period the provinces were ruthlessly exploited by their ruling magistrate, that the senate had no consideration for the provinces, and that Augustus changed ...
16π Cent's user avatar
  • 107
-1 votes
1 answer
204 views

Are there any instances of ancient kings or chiefs dueling or engaging in other physical contests to assert their authority?

In popular fiction chiefs/kings or heirs to the throne often duel or engage in physical contests for kingship e.g the archery contest in the Odyssey. Did any such duels or physical contests occur?
user122938's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
101 views

What is the genetic composition of "Cemetery H" culture?

I was reading about post-Harappan cultures in India and I came to know about the "Cemetery H" culture in Harappa which was there in Indus Settlement after the Modern Harappan culture died ...
Adrish Chatterjee's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
69 views

How did Nelson Mandela stay relevant and a strong leader during his imprisonment? [closed]

While Nelson Mandela was in jail, what was happening in South Africa that made Mandela relevant? Mandela spent 27 years in jail, which was a long time. I'm curious about what was happening in South ...
user273747's user avatar
14 votes
1 answer
3k views

What flag had a black cross blue field 1589?

What flag is blue background and black cross flags 1589? Used by Giovanni Batista Boazio
William J Warman Sr.'s user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
98 views

Looking for a Globe and Mail editorial cartoon about the return of Hong Kong to China

Sometime in 1997, or shortly after, the Globe and Mail ran an editorial cartoon commenting on the return of Hong Kong to China. The setting was a drab boardroom, with several drab functionaries ...
Barnaby's user avatar
  • 101
6 votes
1 answer
254 views

Why did nucleated communities never form in medieval Iceland?

The Icelandic language is surprisingly homogeneous compared to other regions settled by Norsemen. It is theorized that villages and isolated communities never form in Iceland, where there are only ...
Simonster's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
354 views

Is this Groß-Deutschland 1938-1948 poster real (and produced/published by Nazi Germany)?

Source I found the anticlockwise swastikas strange. The poster is supposed to be from 1938. Some Reddit comments suggest this (or a very similar poster) is fake. (The above poster appears in the movie ...
user103496's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
68 views

What are the key differences in the demographics and support base of DNSAP in Austria compared to Germany before Anschluss?

During the interwar years, the DNSAP in Czechoslovakia comprised a more varied group of members compared to their German counterparts. This was due to the party's nationalistic stance in ...
user1258481's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
156 views

Did Philo ever mention crucifixion as a punishment in any of his writings? If he didn't, was there ever a reason he didn't?

Philo was a prominent Roman writer and philosopher during the first century AD, it seems that in one of his books 'Against Flaccus' Philo mentions the multiple persecutions and punishments Jews of ...
How why e's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
145 views

Exactly what year did Newton first write about calculus, 1664, 1665 or 1666? [closed]

Exactly what year did Newton first write about calculus? I find from different sources three years; 1664 citation needed , 1665 and 1666, but which year is correct? 1665 source 1666 source 1665 source ...
22flower's user avatar
  • 125
-1 votes
0 answers
92 views

Who provided the arms supply to Burundi in 1972?

Which countries were the main arms suppliers to Burundi during 1972 and did that play a part in enabling the Ikiza? I checked some arms sales reportscitation needed and apparently China was also a ...
Booho Hoho's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
281 views

Did Nazi Germany have the Highest Per-Capita Rate of Capital Punishment?

I am not talking about extra-judicial murders but actual judicial sentencing to Germany's own citizens. I read in the Wikipedia article that 40K executions occurred during the nazi period which I ...
releseabe's user avatar
  • 2,284
0 votes
0 answers
187 views

When, and in what manner, did horizontal writing in East Asian languages switch from right-to-left to left-to-right?

East Asian languages (Chinese, Japanese, and Vietnamese) imported the Western style of horizontal writing as contact with the West increased, but it was always still written in the traditional ...
LittleWhole's user avatar
27 votes
1 answer
4k views

What is the latest scientific consensus on the peopling of the Americas?

I found https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/sciadv.aat5473 Some recent academic and popular literature implies that the problem of the colonization of the Americas has been largely resolved in favor ...
chx's user avatar
  • 501
3 votes
1 answer
125 views

Were the Novgorodians aware of Romanesque architecture in the 11th century?

The Cathedral of St Sophia in Novgorod was completed in 1050. Many online sources note that the style bears resemblance to the Western European Romanesque style. Is it possible that knowledge of this ...
16π Cent's user avatar
  • 107
9 votes
4 answers
3k views

What would military spies in 17th century Europe be looking for inside a city, before a siege?

In the article Een officier en een gentleman: Willem Norwood en het beleg van Maastricht, (An Officer and a Gentleman: William Norwood and the siege of Maastricht), on page 7 it mentions concern about ...
Bob516's user avatar
  • 454
1 vote
2 answers
191 views

What weapon is being used in this video from the Kosovo War?

In this Internet archive video , what is weapon used for blasting window pane at 02:49-02:51 Also please tell a bit of history about where it was developed and how?
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
136 views

Is there ancient Egyptian literature surviving today? [closed]

In short: is there anything like the Gilgamesh epic surviving from Ancient Egypt? Similarly old and similarly secular? The Wikipedia article talks at length about who would write and what they were ...
Mikhail T.'s user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
72 views

Seeking confirmation and detailed contextualization of that the founding fathers of the US opposed direct democracy

I recently read a number of quotes from people like James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and Thomas Jefferson which all espoused the view that direct democracy was basically historically proven to be a ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
-4 votes
3 answers
161 views

Do revolutions invariably lead to more chaos and suffering? [closed]

It is a common perception that revolutions lead to increased chaos and suffering. However, are there instances where a revolution has resulted in immediate benefits for the people of a nation (many ...
Mathematics enjoyer's user avatar

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