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Are there any references to entombed animals in ancient India?

The 13th century Hindu philosopher Arulnandi Shivacharya wrote a work called the Shiva Jnana Siddhiyar, which among other things contains a refutation of Buddhist philosophy. In this excerpt, various ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
13 votes
0 answers
738 views

Was Heisuke Yanagawa really censored out in photos, and why?

Heisuke Yanagawa (柳川 平助) was an IJA Lieutenant General who commanded one of the main armies in the Battle of Nanking. He would have been one of the generals photographed marching into Nanking. I've ...
congusbongus's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer
536 views

Did Arabs actually raise a red flag on the dome of their commander's marquee during the Haraam months?

This answer to the question What is the purpose of putting a red flag on the dome of Hussain ibn Ali(as)'s shrine? states that if Arabs were at war with each other, during the Haraam months there ...
Bleeding Fingers's user avatar
12 votes
0 answers
371 views

What does this lapel pin signify?

Metal with painted areas. Center area has an insignia. I have checked online at several places with no luck. https://i.sstatic.net/YR0Iz.jpg Palm sized. Gold sunburst cross 0°. Superimposed gold ...
Suzanne's user avatar
  • 121
11 votes
0 answers
226 views

Was Voltaire actually present at the British Raid on Lorient in 1746, which was attended by David Hume?

Voltaire wrote a satirical account of the raid at which Hume himself was personally in attendance with General St Clair. However, it is difficult to find out if Voltaire was actually an eyewitness ...
Bruce Long's user avatar
11 votes
0 answers
433 views

Does Patonce Cross symbol have any record of use in Hungary?

Hungary introduced new 10000 HUF notes that contain a symbol I couldn't relate to Hungary's history. There were no official notes known to me why they use Patonce Cross on Hungarian notes. And here ...
CsBalazsHungary's user avatar
10 votes
0 answers
602 views

Do any of the commercially produced Hinton cubes still exist?

In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, British mathematician Charles Howard Hinton developed a system for visualizing the fourth dimension in his books “A New Era of Thought” and “The Fourth Dimension”. ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes
0 answers
688 views

What is this old dual-disc metal object with a spindle? [more pictures added]

[Updated: There are now pictures of both top and side views. Scroll to bottom of post to see the side views.] While sorting through family artifacts, I found a black metal two-layer disc with a long ...
RJo's user avatar
  • 351
10 votes
0 answers
481 views

How did Tenochtitlan's Templo Mayor disappear for centuries?

According to Wikipedia (amongst other sources), after the Siege of Tenochtitlan, the Templo Mayor was dismantled and a church was built over its ruins. This church would eventually become Mexico City ...
Devin's user avatar
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10 votes
0 answers
434 views

How did the Belgians issue ID cards with ethnicity to women in Ruanda-Urundi?

I've read about how the Belgians issued ID cards to the inhabitants of their colony Ruanda-Urundi (later independent under the names of Rwanda and Burundi): Indeed, the Belgian colonists classified a ...
PikkuKatja's user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
178 views

Alexandria by Islam Issa--Did Artistotle know Latin or Hebrew?

I started reading the book Alexandria by Islam Issa, which is a history of the City of Alexandria, Egypt. However, early on, there was one detail that seemed really off, and I wanted to get feedback ...
Paul's user avatar
  • 199
9 votes
0 answers
124 views

Who was Ribeiro Pacheco, Portuguese journalist in colonial Mozambique during the 1960s/70s?

I am stuck in the search for information about Portuguese journalists in colonial Mozambique and would like to ask for help. I've asked the question already on /Historiaemportugues/ on Reddit, and was ...
Cornelius 's user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
175 views

What is this lapel pin logo?

I got this lapel pin in the mid-1980s from a retired communist partisan in Hungary. He had more pins, mostly of communist/socialist organisations, trade fairs, and combines.[1] cold-war era Eastern ...
kernpanik's user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
166 views

What is the earliest supported example of an African traveling to Southeast/East Asia?

There are quite a few famous cases of Africans who traveled to Asia (voluntarily or involuntarily) prior to 1700s such as Malik Ambar (India), Yasuke (Japan), and Ibn_Battuta (India, Sri Lanka, China, ...
Christian Bueno's user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
221 views

Did China repay Soviet grain aid?

The Sino-Soviet rift/split is a complicated issue. But there can be little doubt that it was complete by mid 1963, when the «Polemics on the General Line» were released by the Chinese Communist Party. ...
Ludi's user avatar
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9 votes
0 answers
601 views

Were Christians prohibited to pass Golden Horde - Rus border immediately before Black Death?

Note: this question is similar to earlier Were there any travel restrictions during the Black Death pandemic?, but asks about travel restrictions existing before the epidemic. Wikipedia article on ...
user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
204 views

What were the political beliefs of Sir Robert Hotung regarding socialism and communism?

Sir Robert Hotung Bosman, KBE JP (1862 – 1956) was a Hong Kong businessman and philanthropist in British Hong Kong known as "the grand old man of Hong Kong". He has a colorful history, being the ...
Johan88's user avatar
  • 1,319
9 votes
0 answers
723 views

Is there evidence for the use of the solenarion in late Medieval Ethiopia?

Shihab al-Umari, an Arab historian of the 14th century, wrote much of what's know of Emperor of Ethiopia Amda Seyon I campaigns against the Muslim States, namely Awfat, Dawaru, Arababni, Hadya, ...
Firebug's user avatar
  • 510
9 votes
1 answer
308 views

Did Americans in the later half of the 18th-century have more freedom in choosing a partner?

According to this article, starting from the last half of the 18th century there was a decline in parents' influence over young people's choice of partners, and the idea of romantic love started to be ...
Twinkling Star's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
216 views

Do any sources besides Livy record the first incident of serial murder by prominent Roman women in 331 B.C.?

Titus Livy lived during the turn of the first century A.D. and in Book 8, Chapter 8 of The History of Rome, he relays the story of some sort of plague that was ravaging Rome in 331 B.C., afflicting ...
Curious Layman's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
184 views

Why is there such a dramatic shift in Tamil script during the 3rd to 5th centuries AD?

I have already asked this question in Linguistics.SE but I didn't get any answers and the comments there spoke of historical reasons rather than Linguistics shifts so I'm asking here. Recently, I was ...
WantARevolution's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
351 views

Can anyone identify these uniforms (stated to be "Austrian")?

I recently purchased these uniforms, in which I was told that they were "Austro-Hungarian/Austrian." Upon looking further at the lighter-green one, I noticed that it had a trim pattern ...
user54463's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
284 views

Where can I find a historic recipe for red cherry-onion jam?

A while back, I had duck with red cherry-onion jam at a medieval restaurant. Allegedly, it was a historic recipe, originally prepared in 1445 for the wedding of one of René d’Anjou’s daughters. As for ...
user149408's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
208 views

Did the Kriegsmarine allow crewmen and sailors to own and bring aboard pets on their ships?

My question is inspired by reading about the Unsinkable Sam story, where according to Wikipedia the Unsinkable Sam was initially living aboard the German battleship Bismarck. Now my question isn't ...
Soorena Aban's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
745 views

What is the origin of this quote from the Book of the Dead, "May he journey in the Boat of a Million Years"?

At the beginning of the book The Boat of a Million Years by Poul Anderson is a quote from the Book of the Dead: Labelled as 18th dynasty, and translated as: May he go forth in the sunrise boat May he ...
tim_hutton's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
168 views

What did a 19th century New Orleans Yellow Fever immunity passport look like?

In response to proposals for a so-called "immunity passport" system to be developed so that people who have recovered from COVID-19 can return to life as usual (without being subject to ...
Robert Columbia's user avatar
  • 3,717
8 votes
0 answers
211 views

Where were Allied soldiers in Switzerland typically kept?

I've been researching for a short story, but I've been having trouble working out the exact trajectory of POWs who escaped from German camps into Switzerland. I know many were put up in hotels for the ...
KitKatKit's user avatar
  • 231
8 votes
0 answers
187 views

Do these depictions of hunt in medieval Catholic churches have the same symbolic meaning? If not, what is it?

I have come across 3 depictions of a hunt in Catholic churches. The first two are tiles that were on the floors of an English abbey and a church not far from Reims, France; I could not find any ...
Yulia V's user avatar
  • 1,581
8 votes
0 answers
191 views

How many Me Bf 109 were produced in Czechoslovakia during WW2

It is known fact that Czechoslovak factories(or at least Avia) produced Messerschmitt Bf 109 during WW2. After the war ended, they for some time continued production, called Avia S-99 and when engines ...
Failus Maximus's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
214 views

What is the context for Glennon's 1956 intelligence gathering trip to the USSR?

In 1956, my father, John J. Glennon (Librarian of the Institute of the Aeronautical Sciences, now the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics) was one of the few fluent Russian speakers in ...
user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
302 views

Did the British Queen raise young women of humble lineage to serve her?

The House of the Portuguese Queens in the 13th and 14th century could be described more or less as the following: high social class - donas or ladies-in-waiting (widows or women married to important ...
SC for reinstatement of Monica's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
537 views

Could depicted items (brooch, urn, key) really be 3000 years old?

My father, who died a few years ago, has left the depicted items to me. Apparently he found them as fragments near a local hill. He had the items dated by some authority and according to that source ...
Drux's user avatar
  • 14.5k
8 votes
1 answer
811 views

Are there any archeological finds or primary source drawings of the Chinese "blade shaped" bamboo-copter or rotary fans?

Bamboo-copter was a toy in China, dated to 400 BC. A Rotary Fan also existed in China around 180 AD. I'm interested in both of those things, as they work on the exact same principle. Do we have any ...
DrZ214's user avatar
  • 17.3k
8 votes
1 answer
537 views

Can anyone identify this sword guard?

I dug this sword guard while I was metal detecting at a Revolutionary War site. I have been researching for days and asking for assistance on other forums but I have not had any success. I would ...
lowcountry's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
207 views

Were there attempts at coup d'état against Nicholas II of Russia?

Richard Pipes in The Russian Revolution mentions that Empress Alexandra disliked Grand Duke Nikolas Nikolaevich (First commander of the Russian forces in WW1), because she suspected him of designs for ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
  • 4,062
7 votes
0 answers
217 views

Re-imposition of slavery and racist laws in France under Napoleon

The last chapter of the Tom Reiss's biography of General Alex Dumas tells in some detail the dark story of the re-imposition of slavery and very harsh race-based oppression by Napoleon, abrogating ...
Felix Goldberg's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
245 views

What's the significance of a wreath hung on the traverse / ridge pole of a tent in a military camp?

The first time I saw it, I thought it was odd, but then, 18th century artists love putting strange details in things, so I went on my merry way. But I've seen it a few times since, and now I've got ...
l'Abeille's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
134 views

What did US presidential ballots look like when unpledged electors were offered?

Unpledged presidential electors have run in at least four US presidential elections. In 1960, 14 were elected. In this age, where the electoral college is almost a mere formality and we rarely think ...
Mr. Bultitude's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
106 views

Are there 15th or 16th century English sources that exemplify Empress Matilda as an impediment to having a Queen Regnant?

I'm reading Alison Weir's 'Elizabeth of York', and she makes claims as to why Elizabeth of York couldn't succeed to the throne after Richard III which are not supported by evidence. Legally, there ...
gktscrk's user avatar
  • 10.8k
7 votes
0 answers
225 views

Did Henrietta Maria leave any writings in which she described her thoughts with respect to Charles I's afterlife?

Henrietta Maria, Charles I's queen consort, was a famously strident Roman Catholic. She outraged her husband's subjects by praying publicly under the gallows at Tyburn, where many Roman Catholics had ...
Tom Hosker's user avatar
  • 2,337
7 votes
0 answers
2k views

Was the peak of the NBA aka popularity of basketball in 90's ( or including 80's ) "as I consider" or just my "Old days were good"?

I always wonder and argue with young boys in my country if today's so called superstar Lebron James remained nothing but a role player had he played in 90's or the 80's because back then there was ...
user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
229 views

When was the top spring on umbrellas invented?

Modern umbrellas have a rider (a hollow cylinder) that slides up the shaft to force the umbrella vanes open. It is held in place by a spring latch that protrudes close to the top of the shaft - I've ...
Reinstate Monica's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
550 views

What is this Olympic Coin with USA and Japan flags?

A friend has found a coin which has been a hassle to identify. It is a silver coin, which on one side has a Japanese flag and an USA flag crossed. On the reverse side is the Olympic Rings and some ...
fishyflop's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
2k views

How common were duels in Tokugawa Japan?

It is my understanding that during Tokugawa era Japan, Samurai could and would occasionally engage in duels to the death. But how often? Do we know from any record keeping how common deadly duels were?...
mart's user avatar
  • 4,774
7 votes
0 answers
344 views

How did the Romans remove graffiti?

There is plenty of evidence that people painted or etched graffiti in Ancient Rome. I was curious whether and how the authorities removed the graffiti, did they paint over it or wash it off (and ...
Pete Leaman's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
158 views

How did 18th-century gubernatorial elections in Vermont compare to similar elections in other states?

In an disorganized way I have been reading various things about the 18th-century history of Vermont and I wondered whether their way of choosing and installing governors was unique, or the same as ...
Michael Hardy's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
118 views

What property relations existed between peasants and those who took from peasants in early Ottoman rule in Anatolia?

What property relations existed between peasants and those who took from peasants in early Ottoman rule (1300-1450) in Anatolia? How was social surplus extracted from peasants, by who, with what ...
Samuel Russell's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
298 views

The Rosenberg diary and the functionalist-intentionalist debate

Today it was announced that the diary of Alfred Rosenberg was been found, after it had disappeared in 1946. Prima facie, this would seem to be a major piece of historical evidence for the ...
Felix Goldberg's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
3k views

In what contexts did male friends kiss in Europe in the 1700s?

In Stanley Kubrick's film Barry Lyndon, there's an scene where the title character's mentor, Captain Grogan, is gunned down by French troops. As he lies dying he asks Barry to "kiss me, my boy, for we ...
Random's user avatar
  • 3,686
7 votes
1 answer
743 views

Was Frederick Douglass right that in his day 'religious slaveholders are the worst'? If so why would this be?

I am quoting from the autobiography of Frederick Douglass (1818-1895), who as many readers will probably know escaped from slavery in Maryland in 1838, settled in Massachusetts and became an anti-...
Timothy's user avatar
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