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0answers
281 views
+50

Did RAF fighter pilots wear ties while flying in WW2?

Did RAF fighter pilots wear ties while flying in WW2? It seems like that would be uncomfortable, if not dangerous, while you are experiencing high-Gs and low oxygen. However, the above movie includes ...
2
votes
2answers
184 views

Was it ever possible to see students with burka/paranji having education at the schools and universities of the Uzbek Soviet Republic?

Despite strict 'hujum' (assault in English) policies against veiling as part of liberation of women in Muslim populated less-developed areas of the Soviet Union during early years of the revolution, ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Did Lisa Chester miss her father's funeral?

In or about 1987 Lisa Chester, Casey Niccoli, and Perry Farrell enjoyed a three-day orgy of sex and heroin. Farrell commemorated the event in his ten-minute song "Three Days" and on his album cover ...
0
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0answers
48 views

What is the oldest known reference to “The Circle Game”?

The Circle Game] is certainly much older than the Baby Boomers, being already a boys' standard in Middle School when I arrived in the 1960's. But what is the oldest known reference to it (or a ...
15
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1answer
3k views

Could a German insult Hitler without being arrested?

According to Wikipedia, in its article about general Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, Later, when Hitler offered him the ambassadorship to the Court of St James's in 1935, he “declined with frigid ...
2
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0answers
34 views

Does Vietnamese government have an estimate of the number of civilians killed by US bombing in the northern part of the country?

So, in 1994 the Agence France Press (IIRC) had an article in which they reported that the Vietnamese government's new (as of then) estimate for civilian deaths in Vietnam, during the war with America, ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

What is the earliest example of Aryanization in Germany?

In the book by Martin Goldsmith Alex's Wake which describes the experiences of his family in Germany and the Nazi Germany, he tells (on page 46) of the forced sale of his grandfather's house for a ...
2
votes
5answers
164 views

Why did the First and Second Industrial Revolutions start in Europe?

Why did the First and Second Industrial Revolutions start in Europe? Both revolutions were very similar, or at least they were connected. They weren't very far apart (1st: 1760 - 1860 | 2nd: 1870-...
9
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3answers
2k views

When did streets get names?

Some intercity roads and highways have names (eg. the King's Highway in the Bible and the Appian Way in Rome) and others are named after the place that they go to (Jaffa road in Jerusalem). When did ...
6
votes
1answer
455 views

What are the top 5 bloodiest battles in terms of British casualties?

I have done a bit of research and it seems the Somme, Towton and maybe Bannockburn are up there? Any more to throw into the mix? Great site by the way!
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Did the US manage to eavesdrop on KMT communications during World War 2?

I was reading How frequently did the KMT use telegrams to communicate; from where (roughly) and to whom?, which contains a quote: Following is a telegram code "dictionary" used by Japan military ...
2
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1answer
236 views

What did participants experience in the Nazi one month training course for teachers?

Hitler set up one month training camps for teachers that emphasized Nazi ideology and the importance of promoting those idea in their classrooms. I am interested in how the training was organised, ...
37
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1answer
23k views

Why did Poland keep Warsaw as its capital instead of returning it to Krakow in the 20th century?

My recollection is that Krakow was Poland's capital for much of the Middle Ages, having moved there from Thorn(?) shortly after 1000 A.D. My understanding is that Warsaw, a newer city, became Poland'...
1
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0answers
40 views

Does anyone know of a good source on French folk customs?

I have been looking into French culture and was wondering if anyone knows of a book or collection of documents, etc... That contain prayers, customs, etc... That the French practiced. Kinda like a ...
7
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2answers
1k views

Are there any examples of single combat between kings/generals ending a war?

I have read various tales of two armies meeting on a battlefield, but rather than fight, the two leaders agree to one-on-one combat, and the winner decides the war, thus saving on bloodshed. Are ...
6
votes
2answers
681 views

Did anyone ever win a kingdom through single combat without a backing army or blood tie to the throne?

I've read of instances where historians suggest that single combat of champions has been used to preempt wholesale slaughter on the battlefield; and I think I've read instances where blood relatives ...
10
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7answers
4k views

In Dutch history two people are referred to as “William III”; are there any more cases where this happens?

William of Orange was also called William the third, one of the descendants in the same family was again called William the third. Is this common in history? are there any more cases where this ...
-2
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0answers
71 views

How can we date the Trojan war? [closed]

I have read a book about the Trojan War, the one described by Homer in the Iliad text. It often refers to multiple theories on the geography and other issues about this historical event. However, I ...
2
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0answers
56 views

What was the consequence of Gestapo being declared a criminal organization in the Nuremberg trials in 1945?

As read in Wikipedia's article on Gestapo: Between 14 November 1945 and 3 October 1946, the Allies established an International Military Tribunal (IMT) to try 22 major Nazi war criminals and six ...
34
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2answers
6k views

How kind were the Muslim occupations of North Africa?

I grew up in Egypt and although I was raised in Muslim-majority country, I am atheist now. In history classes we were told a doubtful story: The Muslims would have been kind and merciful invaders ...
2
votes
1answer
271 views

How isolated were Yemenite Jews in the last millenium?

Following up a related question, how isolated was the Jewish Yemenite community from the rest of the Jewish world in the last 1000 years?
5
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1answer
133 views

Are there sources that record ancient women in patriarchal societies' thoughts about patriarchy?

Are there any sources describing what women in ancient patriarchal societies (like Greece, Rome, etc.) thought about the patriarchy? I've heard of feminist movements throughout history; this ...
17
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1answer
2k views

Were there punishments in the Roman Empire for not believing in the official religion?

In popular culture Christians were being killed in the Colosseum because they did not want to accept the Emperor as a god. An example can be the novel Quo Vadis by Henryk Sienkiewicz, who won the ...
0
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1answer
100 views

Was it common to address politicians by their first names / nicknames in the past? [closed]

To me, it seems like politicians are increasingly more frequently being called by their first name (Bernie, Hillary, Donald) or they're being reffered to in the name's more familiar form (Jo Swinson, ...
7
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1answer
2k views

What were the ethnic backgrounds of the slaves in Ancient Greece?

When studying Ancient Greek history, one can often come across the historical fact that slavery did exist in the Greek world 2000 plus years ago. There were the Helots in Ancient Sparta and of course ...
1
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0answers
28 views

Are there primary source to learn about trade in Southeast Asia circa 1450-1750?

I was wondering if anyone knew any primary sources that will help me learn more about trade in Southeast Asia from 1450-1750. Years are a bit flexible. I only have two in mind The Suma Oriental by ...
-2
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0answers
31 views

Schulunglagers Nazi Re-education Centres. N7 [duplicate]

Hitler set up one month training camps for teachers that emphasised Nazi ideology and the importance of promoting those idea in their classrooms. I am interested in how the training was organised, ...
1
vote
2answers
455 views

Why did towns became ghost towns after the mines dried up?

It seems that the gold rushes on every country produced a number of ghost mining towns, when the mines that supported said towns produced no more ore, or it was too expensive to continue mining. My ...
3
votes
3answers
700 views

Did B-17 crews run into difficulty releasing their bombs and does data exist on this?

The B-17 was used for a significant portion of the Allied campaign during WWII. My understanding is the earliest bombs in aviation consisted of just throwing stuff out of the open cockpit of planes. ...
18
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2answers
1k views

Why were Germanic languages able to spread over much of northern Europe after 500BC? Did they mostly replace Celtic?

I understand it is usually believed (see Germanic peoples (Wikipedia)) that up till roughly 500 BC the common ancestor of the Germanic languages (which today include English, Dutch, German, Danish, ...
-2
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0answers
85 views

Was there ever a war between Slavs and Germanic tribes? [closed]

Is there evidence of a war between Slavic and Germanic tribes?
18
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0answers
522 views

Did men and women feast together in the early medieval East Francia?

I am interested in important feasts of the upper classes (nobility), e.g., Easter or the baptism of important heirs, in the Eastern Frankish kingdom around 900 AD, specifically the Duchy of Saxony. ...
15
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1answer
4k views

When was the 50 billionth human born? [closed]

I don't know if this question belongs precisely at History.SE, but I can't think of a more fitting alternative. I've heard the estimate several times that about 100 billion humans have existed ...
8
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4answers
3k views

How much did we know about heredity pre-Mendel?

As is common knowledge, the founder (more-or-less) of modern genetics was Gregor Mendel, who first laid down the laws of Mendelian inheritance. In particular, he discovered the existence of dominant ...
6
votes
1answer
658 views

Is there historical evidence that Emperor Ashoka converted to Buddhism?

As far as I know, the only evidence having claim over the fact about Ashoka's conversion to Buddhism is the Ashokavadana, a work of the Buddhists themselves. Nor is this fact verifiable by Ashoka's ...
4
votes
1answer
334 views

Why did the US use so much ordnance during the Vietnam War?

Never 100% on these numbers but the US evidently dropped c. 4000000 tons of bombs, including c. 400,000 of napalm, on South Vietnam, around 2000000 on Laos, over 2500000 on Cambodia, and 1000000 on ...
0
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0answers
100 views

Are there examples of militarily weak but independent nations? [closed]

Are there any good examples in history when a military weak country situated among some superpowers (like between USSR and Third Reich for instance) remained independent thanks to its cunning politics?...
33
votes
1answer
8k views

Why did Bayer lose aspirin and heroin trademarks under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles?

As read in the article Heroin by Wikipedia: Bayer lost some of its trademark rights to heroin (as well as aspirin) under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles following the German defeat in World War I. 83 ...
3
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0answers
205 views

How did the Romans salute the Republic?

Are there any known phrases that were used by Romans to celebrate or cheer for the Republic? I've searched for some phrases I came up with, like Ave Res Publica, and some other derivatives I've ...
1
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1answer
235 views

Were there trains to anonymous concentration camps?

At the start of this year, my family visited Terezin Ghetto and camp - the middle daughter was writing a school report about children in WWII. There were many dreadful and surprising pieces of ...
4
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1answer
242 views

What is the earliest recorded reference to a bubble floating in the air?

What is the earliest reference to a bubble floating in the air?
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Why did Sparta turn on its ally Elis during the First Macedonian War?

According to Book 28, Chapter 7 of Livy's Ab Urbe Condita Libri, in 207 BC, Machanidas, the Tyrant of Sparta, suddenly moved to attack Elis while its people (the Eleans) were preparing for the Olympic ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

During the Korean War, what B-29 crew roles did the abbreviations IVO, CFC, and VC mean?

I was researching a B-29 crash that my grandfather was in during the Korean War, and he was listed as the IVO on the flight. I couldn't find what that abbreviation meant, nor could I find some of the ...
0
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2answers
305 views

How did Red Army achieve to manipulate German Army in 1942 and 1943?

I had read during past days some books and internet texts about the East front campaign, during WW2. I took some information out of that, and it is very surprising to me. First, I read that Russian ...
34
votes
2answers
8k views

Did Vladimir Lenin have a cat?

According to Wikipedia: He [Lenin] was... fond of pets, in particular cats. So did Lenin, at some point, have a cat? I have seen some pictures of him holding cats, but I guess they could just be ...
21
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2answers
11k views

Why didn't the British consider the USS President's attempted flight as a fake surrender?

In the War of 1812, the USS President was captured by the Royal Navy. Wikipedia gives the final actions of the day: President ceased fire at 7:58 pm and hoisted a light in her rigging, indicating ...
-2
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0answers
100 views

In Operation Market Garden, why did British officers just stand and cheer, while a lone lad was shot in the back trying to fetch an airdrop? [closed]

I don't understand 1:55:14/2:56:12 of A Bridge Too Far (1977). I quote this script: He'll never make it. Those bleeding snipers will get him. Come back! Come on, Ginger mate. - He'll never ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Who were the highest-ranking officers of each belligerent nation, who parachuted with troops in Operation Market Garden?

Was erstwhile (MG) James M. Gavin the highest-ranking US general officer? Please see the question's title. I know that U.K. soldiers parachuted, but don't know if any Canadians, Polish did. Gavin ...
0
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0answers
11 views

Who sloppily brought plans to a glider later found by the Germans? [migrated]

In 1:03:26/2:56:12 of A Bridge Too Far (1977), a German soldier chances on a copy of operation plans. Who irresponsibly brought them on the glider? Captured Market Garden battleplan - Axis History ...
0
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0answers
8 views

In Operation Market Garden, why didn't airplanes scout for Germans along the road, rather than rely on purple smoke? [migrated]

In 59:05/2:56:12 of A Bridge Too Far (1977), German artillery raze at least 5 UK tanks, but I'm surmising from (erstwhile) Lt Col J.O.E. Vandeleur (portrayed by Michael Caine)'s order to fire purple ...

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